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fornix

Ἐς δὲ τὰ ἔσχατα νουσήματα αἱ ἔσχαται θεραπεῖαι ἐς ἀκριβείην, κράτισται -> For extreme diseases, extreme methods of cure, as to restriction, are most suitable.
Corpus Hippocraticum, Aphorisms 1.6.2

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

fornix: ĭcis, m.,
I an arch or vault (cf.: camera, testudo, tholus, lacunar).
I Lit.: Democritus invenisse dicitur fornicem, ut lapidum curvatura paulatim inclinatorum medio saxo alligaretur, Sen. Ep. 90 med.: si quis in pariete communi demoliendo damni infecti promiserit, non debebit praestare, quod fornix vitii fecerit, Cic. Top. 4, 22; Auct. Her. 3, 16, 29: aqua fornicibus structis perducta (Romam), Plin. 31, 3, 24, § 41: conspicio adverso fornice portas, the entrance under the archway over against us, Verg. A. 6, 631: fornices in muro erant apti ad excurrendum, vaulted openings from which to make sallies, Liv. 36, 23, 3; a covered way, id. 44, 11, 5.—Poet., of the arches of heaven: caeli ingentes fornices, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 19 Müll. (Trag. v. 423 ed. Vahl.), a figure found fault with by Cicero, Cic. de Or. 3, 40, 162.—
   B In partic.: Fornix Făbĭus, a triumphal arch built by Q. Fabius Allobrogicus in the Sacra Via, near the Regia. Cic. Planc. 7, 17; Quint. 6, 3, 67; also called Fornix Fabianus, Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19 (for which: Arcus Fabianus, Sen. Const. Sap. 1); and: Fornix Fabii, Cic. de Or. 2, 66, 267; cf. Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 239 sq.—
II Transf., a brothel, bagnio, stew, situated in underground vaults, Hor. S. 1, 2, 30 sq.; id. Ep. 1, 14, 21; Juv. 3, 156; 11, 171.—Hence, transf., of one who gave himself up to prostitution: (Caesarem) Curio stabulum Nicomedis et Bithynicum fornicem dicit, Suet. Caes. 49.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

fornix,¹² ĭcis, m.,
1 cintre, arc, arche : Cic. Top. 22 ; Sen. Ep. 90, 32 || aqueduc : Plin. 31, 41 ; Liv. 40, 51, 7 || porte cintrée, voûtée : Liv. 36, 23, 3 || passage couvert, Liv. 44, 11, 5 || arc de triomphe : Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 19 ; de Or. 2, 267
2 lieu de prostitution, lupanar : Hor. S. 1, 2, 30 || prostitué : Suet. Cæs. 49.

Latin > German (Georges)

fornix, icis, m., die Wölbung, der Bogen, Schwibbogen, I) im allg.: parietis, Cic.: fornices aedificiorum, Plin.: pilis (pontis) fornices imponere, Liv.: camera lapideis fornicibus vincta, Sall.: poet., alti f. saxi, Höhle, Verg.: caeli ingentes fornices, Gewölbe, Enn. fr. – mit solchen fornices waren die Zugänge zu den fora überwölbt, duos fornices in foro boario etc. fecit, Liv. – II) insbes., A) Fornix Fabii, s. Fabius. – B) als milit. t. t.: a) eine überwölbte Ausfallspforte, Liv. 36, 23, 3. – b) ein bedeckter Weg, Liv. 44, 11. § 5 u. 8. – C) ein unterirdisches Gewölbe, als Aufenthaltsort der öffentl. Buhldirnen, ein Bordell, Hor. sat. 1, 2, 30; ep. 1, 14, 21. Sen. de vit. beat. 7, 3. Petron. 7, 4. Mart. 12, 61, 8. Iuven. 10, 239. – übtr., v. einem pathicus, Suet. Caes. 49, 1. – / arch. furnix, Gloss. bei Löwe Prodr. p. 361.

Latin > English

fornix fornicis N M :: arch, vault, vaulted opening; monument arch; brothel, cellar for prostitution