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sacerdos

Ὄττω τις ἔραται -> Whatever one loves best | Whom you desire most
Sappho

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

săcerdos: ōtis, comm. (
I fem. collat. form SACERDOTA, Inscr. Orell. 2184; cf. antistes init.; gen. plur. SACERDOTIVM, Inscr. Orell. 1942) sacer, a priest; a priestess: divis aliis alii sacerdotes, omnibus pontifices, singulis flamines sunto.… sacerdotum duo genera sunto: unum quod praesit caerimoniis et sacris, alterum quod interpretetur fatidicorum et vatum effata incognita, etc., Cic. Leg. 2, 8, 20; cf. Liv. 1, 19; Suet. Tib. 26: in collegio sacerdotum, Cic. Brut. 33, 127: publici, Liv. 5, 40; 26, 23; 42, 28; Suet. Vit. 11: Phoebi, Verg. A. 3, 80: sacerdotes casti, id. ib. 6, 661: populi Romani, Gell. 10, 24, 9: Jovis, Suet. Galb. 9; cf. Dialis, id. Dom. 4: Dianae Ephesiae, Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 73: maximus (Syracusanorum), Cic. Verr. 2,2,52, § 128: tumuloque sacerdos additur Anchiseo, Verg. A. 5, 760.—In fem.: sacra Cereris per Graecas semper curata sunt sacerdotes, etc., Cic. Balb. 24, 55; id. Verr. 2, 4, 45, § 99: Veneris, Plaut. Rud. 2, 4, 17; cf. Veneria, id. ib. 2, 2, 23; 2, 3, 20; 3, 2, 30: hujus fani, id. ib. 1, 5, 27.—Absol., Plaut. Rud. 2, 3, 73; 2, 4, 27; 2, 5, 22 al.: Vestae, a Vestal, Ov. F. 5, 573; Cic. Font. 17, 47 (37): Vestalis, an old formula ap. Gell. 1, 12, 14: Troïa, i. e. Ilia, Hor. C. 3, 3, 32 et saep.; v. the inscriptions in Orell. 2160 sq.—In apposition: proximi nobilissimis ac sacerdotibus viris, Vell. 2, 124: in illo adultero sacerdote, Quint. 5, 10, 104: sacerdotem anum praecipem Reppulit, Plaut. Rud. 3, 3, 8; cf. regina (i. e. Rhea Silvia), Verg. A. 1, 273.— Transf., sarcastically: ille popularis, i. e. Clodius (on account of his smuggling himself in among the priestesses of the Bona Dea), Cic. Sest. 30, 66; of the same: stuprorum sacerdos, id. ib. 17, 39: tyranni sacerdos, id. Phil. 2, 43, 110.—In eccl. Lat., of Christ as a mediator between God and men, Vulg. Heb. 7, 15.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) săcerdōs,⁸ ōtis, m. (sacer), prêtre : Cic. Leg. 2, 20 ; Virg. En. 5, 760 ; sacerdotes viri Vell. 2, 124, prêtres || f., prêtresse : Cic. Balbo 55 || [fig.] ministre [de] : Cic. Phil. 2, 110. gén. pl. ordt -tum ; [rart] -tium CIL 6, 2242.

Latin > German (Georges)

sacerdōs, ōtis, c. (aus *sacri-dōs, ›qui sacra dat‹), I) der Priester, die Priesterin (wie der Augur, Pontifex, Flamen, die Vestalin usw.), 1) im allg.: sacerdotes populi Rom., Priester, Cic.: sacerdotes Cereris, Priesterinnen, Cic.: Fonteia sacerdos, Vestalin, Cic.: Vestae sacerdos, Vestalin, Ov.: Phoebi sacerdos, Priester, Verg.: sacerdotes arvorum, Flurpriester (fratres arvales), Plin.: sacerdotes et antistites religionum, Lact. – summus sacerdos, der hohe Priester (bei den Juden), Vulg.: ebenso sacerdotes maximi, Lact. – spöttisch von Klodius, sacerdos popularis, weil er sich in weiblicher Kleidung in die Kapelle der Bona Dea schleichen wollte, Cic. – als Apposition, regina sacerdos, v. der Rhea, die eine Vestalin war, Verg. – 2) insbes., der Bischof, Sulp. Sev. chron. 2, 31, 4; 2, 46, 8 u.a. – II) Sacerdos, ein röm. Beiname, namentlich einiger Licinii, s. Orelli Onomast. Tull. 2. p. 355 (a). – / Genet. Plur. sacerdotum, selten sacerdotium, wie Corp. inscr. Lat. 6, 2242.

Latin > English

sacerdos sacerdotis N C :: priest, priestess