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suffer

τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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v. trans.

P. and V. πάσχειν (acc. or absol.).

Endure: P. and V. φέρειν, ἀνέχεσθαι, ὑπέχειν, ὑφίστασθαι, P. ὑπομένειν, V. καρτερεῖν, Ar. and V. ἐξανέχεσθαι, ἀνατλῆναι (2nd aor. of ἀνατλᾶν) (also Plat. but rare P.), τλῆναι (2nd aor. of τλᾶν) (also Isoc. but rare P.).

Suffer to the end: P. and V. διαφέρειν, V. ἀντλεῖν, διαντλεῖν, ἐξαντλεῖν, ἐκκομίζειν.

Put up with: P. and V. στέργειν (acc. or dat.), V. αἰνεῖν (acc.).

Suffer beforehand: P. προπάσχειν (acc. or absol.).

Suffer in return: P. and V. ἀντιπάσχειν (acc. or absol.).

Allow (a person): P. and V. ἐᾶν, ἐφιέναι (dat.), μεθιέναι (dat.), παριέναι (dat.); see allow.

V. intrans. Be in pain: P. and V. ἀλγεῖν, λυπεῖσθαι.

Be distressed: P. and V. πονεῖν, πιέζεσθαι, κάμνειν, P. κακοπαθεῖν, V. μογεῖν, Ar. and V. τείρεσθαι; see under distress.

Suffer for., pay penalty for: P. and V. δίκην διδόναι (gen.).

Endure suffering for another: P. and V. ὑπερπονεῖν (acc. of thing suffered) (Plat.), V. ὑπερκάμνειν (gen. of person).

You shall suffer for it: Ar. οἰμώξει, Ar. and V. κλαύσει.

Suffer from (illness, etc.): P. and V. νοσεῖν (dat.), πονεῖν (dat.), κάμνειν (dat.); see labour under.

They suffered at the same time from hunger and thirst: P. λιμῷ ἅμα καὶ δίψει ἐπιέζοντο (Thuc. 7, 87).

The ships which had suffered from the storm he repaired: P. τὰς ναῦς ὅσαι ἐπόνησαν ὑπὸ τοῦ χειμῶνος ἐπισκεύαζε (Thuc. 6, 104).

Suffer loss: P. and V. ζημιοῦσθαι (absol.), P. ἐλασσοῦσθαι (absol.).

Suffer with another: P. and V. συνδυστυχεῖν.