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Ὁ δὲ μὴ δυνάμενος κοινωνεῖν ἢ μηδὲν δεόμενος δι' αὐτάρκειαν οὐθὲν μέρος πόλεως, ὥστε ἢ θηρίονθεός → Whoever is incapable of associating, or has no need to because of self-sufficiency, is no part of a state; so he is either a beast or a god
Aristotle, Politics

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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verb transitive

P. and V. πάσχειν (acc. or absol.).

endure: P. and V. φέρω, φέρειν, ἀνέχεσθαι, ὑπέχειν, ὑφίστασθαι, P. ὑπομένειν, V. καρτερεῖν, Ar. and V. ἐξανέχεσθαι, ἀνατλῆναι (2nd aor. of ἀνατλᾶν) (also Plato but rare P.), τλῆναι (2nd aor. of τλᾶν) (also Isoc. but rare P.).

suffer to the end: P. and V. διαφέρω, διαφέρειν, V. ἀντλεῖν, διαντλεῖν, ἐξαντλεῖν, ἐκκομίζειν.

put up with: P. and V. στέργειν (acc. or dat.), V. αἰνεῖν (acc.).

suffer beforehand: P. προπάσχειν (acc. or absol.).

suffer in return: P. and V. ἀντιπάσχειν (acc. or absol.).

allow (a person): P. and V. ἐᾶν, ἐφιέναι (dat.), μεθιέναι (dat.), παριέναι (dat.); see allow.

verb intransitive

be in pain: P. and V. ἀλγεῖν, λυπεῖσθαι.

be distressed: P. and V. πονεῖν, πιέζεσθαι, κάμνειν, P. κακοπαθεῖν, V. μογεῖν, Ar. and V. τείρεσθαι; see under distress.

suffer for., pay penalty for: P. and V. δίκην διδόναι (gen.).

endure suffering for another: P. and V. ὑπερπονεῖν (acc. of thing suffered) (Plato), V. ὑπερκάμνειν (gen. of person).

you shall suffer for it: Ar. οἰμώξει, Ar. and V. κλαύσει.

suffer from (illness, etc.): P. and V. νοσεῖν (dat.), πονεῖν (dat.), κάμνειν (dat.); see labour under.

they suffered at the same time from hunger and thirst: P. λιμῷ ἅμα καὶ δίψει ἐπιέζοντο (Thuc. 7, 87).

the ships which had suffered from the storm he repaired: P. τὰς ναῦς ὅσαι ἐπόνησαν ὑπὸ τοῦ χειμῶνος ἐπισκεύαζε (Thuc. 6, 104).

suffer loss: P. and V. ζημιοῦσθαι (absol.), P. ἐλασσοῦσθαι (absol.).

suffer with another: P. and V. συνδυστυχεῖν.