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Ἓν οἶδα, ὅτι οὐδὲν οἶδα –> I know only one thing, that I know nothing | all I know is that I know nothing.
Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Philosophers, Book 2 sec. 32.

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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v. trans.

Lean, rest: P. and V. ἐρείδειν (Plat. but rare P.); see lean.

Support oneself on: Ar. and P. ἐπερείδεσθαι (dat.), P. ἀπερείδεσθαι (dat.).

Supporting your figure on a staff: Ar. διερεισαμένη τὸ σχῆμα τῇ βακτηρίᾳ (Eccles. 150).

Met., maintain, feed: P. and V. τρέφειν, βόσκειν (Thuc. 7, 48, but rare P.), V. φέρβειν, P. διατρέφειν (Dem. 419).

Support oneself, make a living: Ar. and P. ζῆν, P. and V. διαζῆν, P. βιοτεύειν, V. συλλέγειν βίον.

Hold out: P. and V. ἀντέχειν.

Preserve: P. and V. σώζειν, διασώζειν, φυλάσσειν, διαφυλάσσειν; see defend.

Reinforce: P. and V. βοηθεῖν (dat.); see rainforce.

Help: P. and V. ὠφελεῖν (acc. or dat.); see help.

Endure: P. and V. ἀνέχεσθαι, φέρειν; see endure.

Substantiate: P. βεβαιοῦν.

Support in the courts or council chamber (a person or course of action): P. συναγορεύειν (acc. or dat.), P. and V. συνηγορεῖν (dat.), ὑπερδικεῖν (gen.) (Plat.).

Support a person as advocate: P. and V. συνηγορεῖν (dat.), συνδικεῖν (dat.), P. συνειπεῖν (dat.).

Did you support those in favour of death or did you oppose? P. πότερον συνηγόρευες τοῖς κελεύουσιν ἀποκτεῖναι ἢ ἀντέλεγες; (Lys. 122).

Support the policy of the state: P. τοῖς κοινῇ δόξασι βοηθεῖν.

Side with (a party or person): P. and V. εὐνοεῖν (dat.).

Stand by: see aid.

Support the Lacedaemonians: P. τὰ Λακεδαιμονίων φρονεῖν (Thuc. 5, 84), or use P. Λακωνίζειν.

I support your cause V. εὖ φρονῶ τὰ σά (Soph., Aj. 491).

Support the Athenians: P. Ἀττικίζειν.

Support the Persians: P. Μηδίζειν.

The party among the Athenians who supported them: P. οἱ αὐτοῖς τῶν Ἀθηναίων συμπράσσοντες (Thuc. 3, 36).


Prop: P. and V. ἔρεισμα, τό (Plat.).

Pillar: V. στῦλος, ὁ; see pillar.

The steps of an old man are wont to wait upon the support of another's hand: V. ποὺς... πρεσβύτου φιλεῖ χειρὸς θυραίας ἀναμένειν κουφίσματα (Eur., Phoen. 847).

Met., of a person: V. ἔρεισμα, τό, στῦλος, ὁ; see bulwark.

Sustenance: P. and V. τροφή, ἡ, βίος, ὁ, Ar. and V. βίοτος, ὁ.

Help: P. βοήθεια, ἡ.

Advocacy: P. συνηγορία, ἡ.

In support of: use prep., P. and V. ὑπέρ (gen.).

Preservation: P. and V. φυλακή, ἡ, σωτηρία, ἡ.

Confirmation: P. βεβαίωσις, ἡ.

Favour, good-will: P. and V. εὔνοια, ἡ.

Support of the Athenians: P. Ἀττικισμός, ὁ.

Support of the Persians: P. Μηδισμός, ὁ.

Support of the Lacedaemonians: P. Λακωνισμός, ὁ (Xen.).