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irrito

Γελᾷ δ' ὁ μωρός, κἄν τι μὴ γέλοιον ᾖ -> The fool laughs even when there's nothing to laugh at
Menander

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

irrĭto: (inr-), āre, v. a. 1. irritus,
I to make void, invalidate (late Lat.), Cod. Th. 3, 12, 2.
irrīto: (inr-), āvi, ātum, 1 (
I perf. subj. inritassis for inritaveris, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 298), v. a. cf. ἔρις, ἐρέθω, ἐρεθίζω,> Curt. Gr. Etym. p. 342, ed. 4, to incite, excite, stimulate, instigate, provoke, exasperate, irritate.
I Lit.: inritare dictum est proprie provocare, Non. 31, 21: si me inritassis, etc., Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 298; id. Stich. 2, 2, 22: ne si magis inritatus siet, Ter. Ad. 2, 4, 18: ita sum inritatus, ut, etc., id. Phorm. 2, 1, 10: ut vi inritare ferroque lacessere fortissimum virum auderet, Cic. Mil. 31, 84: virum telis, Verg. A. 10, 644: Terra, ira irritata deorum, id. ib. 4, 178: bello gentes, Just. 12, 6, 16: sibi simultates, Liv. 33, 46: aliquem ad necem alicujus, Vell. 2, 66.— Poet.: cum fera diluvies quietos Irritat amnes, enrages, Hor. C. 3, 29, 41: flammas, to kindle, Ov. F. 2, 649.—
II In gen., to incite, move, stir up, provoke, vex, inflame: crabrones, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 75: tribunos plebis fama ea ipsa inritaverat magis ad certamen, Liv. 6, 27: animos ad bellum, id. 31, 5: iracundiam, Sen. de Ira, 3, 8: infantiam ad discendum, Quint. 1, 1, 26: forma meos irritat amores, Ov. Am. 2, 4, 9: vitia, id. ib. 3, 4, 11: cupiditatem, Sen. Ep. 7: suspiciones, Tac. H. 3, 4: animos, Hor. A. P. 180: ingenium, Prop. 4 (5), 6, 75: naturam per se pronam ad humanitatem, Sen. Ben. 6, 29: princeps, qui delatores non castigat, irritat, encourages, Suet. Dom. 9: exitium, to hasten, Tac. A. 13, 1: tussim, to excite, make worse, Cels. 2, 1; 5, 28, 2. — Hence, irrī-tātus, a, um, P. a., excited, enraged, provoked, irritated: canem inritatam imitarier, Plaut. Capt. 3, 1, 25: ad aliquid, Suet. Galb. 21: in aliquid, Sen. Ep. 97.— Comp.: ego his ejus verbis irritatior, Gell. 15, 9, 7; 10, 9, 2; id. praef. § 20.—Adv.: irrītātē, in an irritated manner; only in comp., Amm. 22, 15, 19.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) irrītō(inr-), āvī, ātum, āre, tr.,
1 exciter, stimuler, provoquer : Cic. Rep. 1, 30 ; ad bellum Liv. 31, 5, exciter à la guerre, cf. Liv. 6, 27 ; Quint. 1, 1, 26 || iracundiam Sen. Ira 3, 8, 3 ; iras Liv. 29, 16, 5, provoquer la colère ; exitium Tac. Ann. 13, 1, provoquer la perte de qqn ; sibi simultates Liv. 33, 46, 8, s’attirer des haines
2 irriter, indisposer, provoquer : aliquem Cic. Mil. 84, irriter qqn, cf. Virg. En. 10, 644. inritassis, fut. antér., Pl. Amph. 454.
(2) irrĭtō, āre (irritus), annuler : Cod. Th. 3, 12, 2.
(3) irrĭtō, adv., vainement : Paneg. 189, 18.

Latin > German (Georges)

(1) ir-rīto1, āvī, ātum, āre (in u. rito), erregen, reizen, anreizen, I) physisch: 1) eig.: dentes, Cels.: membranam, Cels. – 2) übtr., erregen = verursachen, capitis dolores, tussim, Cels. – II) gemütlich od. politisch: 1) im allg.: a) jmd., alqm, Tac. u. Suet.: fata, das Schicksal herausfordern, Sil.: virum telis, Verg.: alqm ad certamen, Liv.: inimicum in mortem meam, Sen. rhet.: vult negando irritare ad confirmanda quae vult, Donat. Ter. Andr. 4, 4, 29. – b) Lebl.: α) einen Affekt erregen, gewaltsam hervorrufen (griech. επισεύειν), voluptatem, amores, vitia, Ov.: virtutem animi, Lucr.: proprias sibi simultates, Liv.: iram et odium, Liv. – β) einen Zustand gewaltsam herbeiführen, provozieren, bellum, Sall. fr.: seditionem, Liv.: exitium, Tac.: necem, Vell. – 2) insbes., zum Zorne reizen, aufbringen, erbittern (Ggstz. conterrere, einschüchtern), alqm, Cic.: animos barbarorum, Liv.: poet. übtr., quietos amnes, Hor.: mit folg. Infin., Ov. am. 2, 14, 33. – Partiz. irrītātus, zum Zorne gereizt, zornig, canis, Plaut.: dum animus irritatus est, Ter. – Compar., his eius verbis inritatior, Gell. 15, 9, 7: latratus irritatiores (canum), Iul. Vict. – / arch. Perf.-Form inritassis = inritaveris, Plaut. Amph. 454; Pers. 828; Stich. 345.
(2) irrito2, āre (irritus), ungültig machen, Cod. Theod. 3, 12, 2 extr.
(3) irritō3, Adv. (irritus), vergeblich, id quod irr. petebatur, Eumen. grat. act. 11, 4.

Latin > English

irrito irritare, irritavi, irritatus V :: excite; exasperate, provoke, aggravate, annoy, irritate