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κραδάω

Γελᾷ δ' ὁ μωρός, κἄν τι μὴ γέλοιον ᾖ -> The fool laughs even when there's nothing to laugh at
Menander
Full diacritics: κραδάω Medium diacritics: κραδάω Low diacritics: κραδάω Capitals: ΚΡΑΔΑΩ
Transliteration A: kradáō Transliteration B: kradaō Transliteration C: kradao Beta Code: krada/w

English (LSJ)

   A = κραδαίνω, only in part., κραδάων δολιχόσκιον ἔγχος Il.7.213, Od.19.438; ὀξὺ δόρυ κραδάων Il.13.583, 20.423.    II of trees, suffer from blight (κράδη 11), Thphr.HP4.14.4. (Cf. Skt. kū´rdati 'leap', Lat. cardo 'that which turns, pivot'.)

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

κρᾰδάω: ὡς τὸ κραδαίνω, ἀλλὰ μόνον κατὰ μετοχ., κραδάων δολιχόσκιον ἔγχος Ἰλ. Η. 213, Ὀδ. Τ. 438· ὀξὺ δόρυ κραδάων Ἰλ. Ν. 583, Υ. 483. ΙΙ. ἐπὶ δένδρων, πάσχω ἐκ τῆς φθοροποιοῦ νόσου κράδης, Θεοφρ. π. Φυτ. Ἱστ. 4. 14. 4. (Ἐκ τῆς √ΚΡΑΔ παράγονται ὡσαύτως τὰ κράδη, κραδαίνω· πρβλ. Σανσκρ. kurd (saltus)· Λατ. card-o (Οὐεργιλ. Αἰν. 1. 572)· Ἀρχ. Γερμ. hrad (agilis).)

French (Bailly abrégé)

-ῶ :
seul. part. prés;
c.
κραδαίνω.

English (Autenrieth)

part. κραδάων: brandish.

Greek Monotonic

κρᾰδάω: κουνώ, ταρακουνώ, μόνο στη μτχ., κραδάων δολιχόσκιον ἔγχος, σε Όμηρ.

Dutch (Woordenboekgrieks.nl)

κραδάω [κράδη?] zwaaien (met wapens).

Russian (Dvoretsky)

κρᾰδάω: (только part. praes. κραδάων) потрясать, трясти (ἔγχος, δόρυ Hom.).

Etymological

Grammatical information: v.
Meaning: swing, brandish, midd. `tremble, be agitated; κραδεύειν H. as explanation of κραδαίνειν (Hom.)
Other forms: only ptc. κραδάων; κραδαίνω (Il.)
Compounds: Rarely with prefix: ἐπι-κραδάω (A. R., Opp.); ἐπι-, δια-, συγ-κραδαίνω (Tim. Pers., Arist.); ἀνακραδεύει σείει, σαλεύει H.
Derivatives: κράδη f. `spray at the end of branches, twig, esp. of figs (IA., Hes. Op. 681) with ἀπο-κράδιος plucked from a fig (AP), ἀπο-κραδίζω pluck from a fig (Nic.); also `diseased formation of small shoots in a tree with κραδάω have κράδη (Thphr.; cf. Strömberg Theophrastea 195); also name of a machine, that shows actors hovering in the air (Poll. 4, 128, H.). Also κράδος blight in figtrees (Thphr. HP 4, 14, 4), after Thphr. l. c. also name of the twig. - κραδησίτης φαρμακός ('scapegoat'), ὁ ταῖς κράδαις βαλλόμενος H. (cf. Redard Les noms grecs en -της 242 n. 29); κραδίης m. `prepared with fig-twigs, provided with ...' (H., Hippon.); κραδιαῖος connected with ...' (Orph.); κράδαλοι κλάδοι H. κραδαλός trembling (Eust.).
Origin: XX [etym. unknown]
Etymology: On κραδευταί s. κρατευταί. That κράδη and κράδος with κραδάω (to which κραδαίνω as enlargement) belong together, seems certain; their relation however can be interpreted in different ways. Prob. κραδάω is a denomin., whereby for κράδη an original meaning the swinging can be assumed, what agrees well with the meanings crown (of a tree)' and `suspension-machine (Fraenkel Denom. 19f.). Or κραδάω is as zero grade iterative derived from a lost primary verb (cf. Schwyzer 719 Mom. 4, Leumann Lat. Gramm.317c) to which κράδη, -ος is a backformation. Diff. (hardly correct) Schwyzer 682 and Chantraine Gramm. hom. 1, 356: κραδάω old (orig. athematic) root present. - [Hardly here κόρδαξ, a dance.] Hypothetical combinations in W.-Hofmann s. cardō , Pok. 934; s. also Fraenkel Lit. et. Wb. s. (pa)-kìrsti. - A very old root noun to κραδάω is supposed by SchulzeKZ 57, 75 = Kl. Schr. 217 in the IE word for heart, Gr. κῆρ.

Middle Liddell

κρᾰδάω,
to shake, brandish, only in part., κραδάων δολιχόσκιον ἔγχος Hom. [from κρά˘δη]