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accusator

Μὴ φῦναι τὸν ἅπαντα νικᾷ λόγον -> Not to be born is, past all prizing, best.
Sophocles, Oedipus Coloneus l. 1225

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

accūsātor: ōris, m. id., orig.
I one who calls another to account; hence, transferred to public life, an accuser, a plaintiff, esp. in a state-offence (while petitor signifies a plaintiff in private causes; yet accusator is often used for every kind of accuser, and then includes the petitor, v. accuso no. II. A.).
I In gen. (very freq.): accusatorem pro omni actore et petitore appello, Cic. Part. Or. 32, 110: possumus petitoris personam capere, accusatoris deponere? id. Quint. 13 fin.; cf. Quint. 6, 1, 36: accusatores multos esse in civitate utile est, ut metu contineatur audacia, Cic. Rosc. Am. 20: acres atque acerbi, id. Brut. 36: vehemens et molestus, id. ib. 34 fin.: graves, voluntarii, id. Leg. 3, 20, 47: firmus verusque, id. Div. in Caecil. 9, 29 al.: eundem accusatorem capitis sui ac judicem esse, Liv. 8, 32, 9: ita ille imprudens ipse suus fuit accusator, Nep. Lys. 4, 3: graviter eos accusat quod, etc., Caes. B. G. 1, 16, 5: accusatores tui, Vulg. Act. 23, 35; 25, 18 al.—
II Esp., in silv. age, an informer, a denouncer (= delator): accusatorum denuntiationes, Suet. Aug. 66; so Juv. 1, 161.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

accūsātŏr,⁸ ōris, m., accusateur, celui qui intente une accusation ; accusateur de métier : Cic. de Or. 2, 220 ; Br. 131 ; Off. 2, 50 || délateur : Tac. H. 4, 44 ; Ann. 2, 28, etc.

Latin > German (Georges)

accūsātor, ōris, m. (accuso), der Anschuldiger, Beschuldiger, I) im allg., Nep. Lys. 4, 3. – II) insbes. a) der öffentliche Kläger, Ankläger, selten in Zivilsachen, wie Cic. part. or. 110; gew. in Kriminalsachen (Ggstz. reus od. defensor od. patronus od. petitor [der Kläger in Zivilsachen]), acc. sat bonus, Cic.: alqm accusatorem apponere, Cic.: accusatorem parare, alci od. in alqm comparare, Cic.: accusatorem constituere (aufstellen), Cic.: accusatorem instituere, Cic.: accusatores instruere et subornare, Cic.: crimina et accusatorem moliri, Tac.: accusatorem subdere, Tac.: eundem accusatorem capitis sui ac iudicem esse, Liv. – b) der heimliche Ankläger, der Angeber, Denunziant (delator), Iuven. 1, 161. Suet. Aug. 66, 2. – III) übh., der Ankläger = Tadler, Socrates morum vitiorumque publicorum accusator acerrimus fuit, Lact. 5, 9, 19.

Latin > English

accusator accusatoris N M :: accuser, prosecutor at trial; plaintiff; informer