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guard

Γελᾷ δ' ὁ μωρός, κἄν τι μὴ γέλοιον ᾖ -> The fool laughs even when there's nothing to laugh at
Menander

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 376.jpg

v. trans.

P. and V. φυλάσσειν, φρουρεῖν, διαφυλάσσειν, περιστέλλειν, V. ἐκφυλάσσειν, ῥύεσθαι, Ar. and P. τηρεῖν.

defend: P. and V. ἀμύνειν (dat.).

champion: P. and V. προστατεῖν (gen.), προΐστασθαι (gen.), V. ὑπερστατεῖν (gen).

guard a place (as a tutelary deity does): Ar. and V. προστατεῖν (gen.), ἐπισκοπεῖν (acc.), V. ἀμφέπειν (acc.), P. and V. ἔχειν (acc.) (Dem. 274), P. λαγχάνειν (acc.) (Plat.). easy to guard, adj.: P. and V. εὐφύλακτος.

watch: P. and V. φυλάσσειν, φρουρεῖν, Ar. and P. τηρεῖν.

save: P. and V. σώζειν, ἐκσώζειν, διασώζειν.

join in guarding: P. συμφυλάσσειν (absol.).

guard against: P. and V. φυλάσσεσθαι (acc.), εὐλαβεῖσθαι (acc.), ἐξευλαβεῖσθαι (acc.), P. διευλαβεῖσθαι (acc.), V. φρουρεῖσθαι (acc.).

hard to guard against, adj.: V. δυσφύλακτος.

subs.

one who guards: P. and V. φύλαξ, ὁ or ἡ, φρουρός, ὁ, ἐπίσκοπος, ὁ (Plat. but rare P.), V. φρούρημα, τό.

body of guards, garrison: P. and V. φρουρά, ἡ, φρούριον, τό, V. φρούρημα, τό, Ar. and P. φυλακή, ἡ.

warder, porter: P. and V. θυρωρός, ὁ or ἡ (Plat.), V. πυλωρός, ὁ or ἡ; see warder.

champion: P. and V. προστάτης, ὁ.

body-guard: P. and V. δορύφοροι, οἱ.

advance-guard: P. προφυλακή, ἡ, οἱ προφύλακες.

rear-guard: P. οἱ ὀπισθοφύλακες (Xen.).

be the rear-guard: P. ὀπισθοφυλακεῖν (Xen.).

act of guarding: P. and V. φυλακή, ἡ, φρουρά, ἡ, τήρησις, ἡ (Eur., Frag.), V. φρούρημα, τό. be on one's guard, v.: P. and V. φυλάσσεσθαι, εὐλαβεῖσθαι, ἐξευλαβεῖσθαι, φρουρεῖν, P. φυλακὴν ἔχειν, Ar. and P. τηρεῖν, V. ἐν εὐφυλάκτῳ εἶναι, φυλακὰς ἔχειν (Eur., And. 961).

be on guard (in a place), v.: P. ἐμφρουρεῖν (absol.).

I see a sword keeping guard over my daughter's neck: V. ὁρῶ ξίφος ἐμῆς θυγατρὸς ἐπίφρουρον δέρῃ (Eur., Or. 1575).

off one's guard, adj.: P. and V. ἀφύλακτος, ἄφρακτος (Thuc.), P. ἀπαράσκευος, ἀπροσδόκητος.

put on one's guard, warn, v.: P. and V. νουθετεῖν; see forewarn.

detention under guard: P. φυλακή, ἡ.

keep under guard: P. ἐν φυλακῇ ἔχειν (acc.).

put under guard: P. εἰς φυλακὴν ποιεῖσθαι.

be under guard, v.: P. and V. φυλάσσεσθαι, Ar. and P. τηρεῖσθαι, P. ἐν φυλακῇ εἶναι.