ὁ (Hebrew מֹלֶך, מִלְכֹּם, also מַלְכָּם; cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus, ii., p. 794 f), indeclinable, Moloch, name of the idol-god of the Ammonites, to which human victims, particularly young children, were offered in sacrifice. According to the description in the Jalkut (Rashi (Vulg. Jarchi)) on Jeremiah 7:(31)), its image was a hollow brazen figure, with the head of an ox, and outstretched human arms. It was heated red-hot by fire from within, and the little ones placed in its arms to be slowly burned, while to prevent their parents from hearing their dying cries the sacrificing-priests beat drums (see γηννα): Sept., where Hebrew מַלְכְּכֶם, which ought to have been translated βασιλέως ὑμῶν, i. e. of your idol. Cf. Winer s RWB, under the word, Moloch; J. G. Müller in Herzog ix. 714 f; Merx in Schenkel see 194 f; (BB. DD. under the words Molech, Moloch; Winer s Grammar, Robertson Smith in Encyc. Brit. edition 9, under the word; Baudissin, Jahve et Moloch etc. and especially in Herzog 2vol. 10:168-178).
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