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barbaria

Ἐς δὲ τὰ ἔσχατα νουσήματα αἱ ἔσχαται θεραπεῖαι ἐς ἀκριβείην, κράτισται -> For extreme diseases, extreme methods of cure, as to restriction, are most suitable.
Corpus Hippocraticum, Aphorisms 1.6.2

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

barbărĭa: ae (poet., or in post-Aug. prose barbărĭes, acc. -em; so once in Cic. Brut. 74, 258), f. barbarus.
I Lit., a foreign country, in opposition to Greece or Rome.
   A In gen.: a quo (philosopho) non solum Graecia et Italia, sed etiam omnis barbaria commota est, Cic. Fin. 2, 15, 49; 5, 4, 11; id. N. D. 1, 29, 81; cf.: non solum cum exercitu suo, sed etiam cum omni inmanitate barbariae bellum inferre nobis. id. Phil. 5, 13, 37; 13, 8, 18: quid tibi barbariem. gentes ab utroque jacentes Oceano numerem? Ov. M. 15, 829: in mediā vivere barbarie, id. Tr. 3, 10, 4; Luc. 8, 812; Just. 9, 5, 7 al.—
   B Esp., of a particular country, aside from Greece or Rome. Thus (in the mouth of a Greek), of Italy, as opp. to Greece (only in Plaut.), Plaut. Poen. 3, 2, 21; id. Fragm. ap. Fest. s. v. vapula, p. 278. —Of Persia: Themistoclem non in Graeciae portus, sed in barbariae sinus confugisse, Cic. Rep. 1, 3, 5.—Of Phrygia: Graecia barbariae lento collisa duello, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 7.—Of Gaul, in opp. to Rome, Cic. Font. 20, 44 (16, 34).—Of Scythia and Britain, Cic. N. D. 2, 34, 88; in gen.: quae barbaria Indiā vastior aut agrestior? id. Tusc. 5, 27, 77 al.—
II Meton., mental or moral barbarism, according to the notion of the ancients.
   A Rudeness, rusticity, stupidity: barbaria forensis, Cic. de Or. 1, 26, 118: grandis, Ov. Am. 3, 8, 4.—Hence of barbarism in language: omnes tum fere, qui nec extra urbem hanc vixerant, nec eos aliqua barbaries domestica infuscaverat, recte loquebantur, Cic. Brut. 74, 258.—And of faulty reading, Petr. 68, 5.—
   B Savageness, barbarousness, rudeness, uncivilized manners: inveterata barbaria, Cic. Balb. 19, 43: ferum et immane facinus, quod nulla barbaria posset agnoscere, id. Phil. 14, 3, 8: ista vero quae et quanta barbaria est, id. ib. 2, 42, 108; 11, 2, 6: tanta barbaries (Sarmatorum) est, ut pacem non intellegant, Flor. 4, 12, 20; Just. 43, 4, 1; Quint. 11, 3, 69; Petr. 68.—
   C = barbari: quale bellum nulla umquam barbaria cum suā gente gessit, Cic. Cat. 3, 10, 25; cf.: hoc poëtae nomen, quod nulla umquam barbaria violavit, id. Arch. 8, 19.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

barbarĭa,¹² æ, f.,
1 pays barbare [pour les Grecs] = l’Italie : Pl. Pœn. 598 || plus souv.] pays étranger, nation étrangère (= tous les pays en dehors de la Grèce et de l’Italie) : Cic. Domo 60 ; Phil. 13, 18 ; Fin. 5, 11 ; Tusc. 5, 77, etc.
2 barbarie, manque de culture ; mœurs barbares, incultes, sauvages : Cic. Balbo 43 ; Phil. 2, 108 ; 11, 6, etc. || langage barbare (vicieux) : Cic. Br. 258.

Latin > German (Georges)

barbaria, ae (Nbf. barbariēs, Akk. em, Abl. ē, bei Cic. im Text bis jetzt nur Brut. 258, aber öfter in guten Hdschrn., s. Ellendts krit. Anm. z. a. St.), f. (barbarus), I) das Ausland (Staat und bes. Bewohner) im Ggstz. zu Griechenland und Rom, a) im allg.: a quo (philosopho) non solum Graecia et Italia, sed etiam omnis barbaria commota est, Cic.: quod nulla in barbaria quisquam tyrannus fecit, Cic.: extra hanc summam (Graeci exercitus) et Macedoniae exercitus erant et confinis domitarum gentium barbaria, Iustin.: ut omnes fere Italiae gentes tamquam saeva barbaries domarentur, Augustin. de civ. dei 3, 26: barbaria omnis, alle Barbaren, Eutr. 8, 23. – b) insbes., von einem bestimmten Staate außer Griechenland u. Rom: α) (im Munde eines Griechen) von Rom, im Ggstz. zu Griechenland, Plaut. Poen. 597. – β) im Munde eines Römers von Persien, im Ggstz. zu Griechenland, Cic. de rep. 1, 5: von Phrygien, ebenf. im Ggstz. zu Gr., Hor. ep. 1, 2, 7: von Gallien, im Ggstz. zu Rom, Cic. Font. 44: von Szythien und Britannien, in dems. Ggstz., Cic. de nat. deor. 2, 88: v. Szythien, Isid. 14, 4, 3 cod. Gu. – II) meton.: A) geistige Barbarei, Unkultur, Roheit, si multitudo litium, si haec turba et barbaria forensis dat locum vel vitiosissimis oratoribus etc., Cic.: ingenium fuerat pretiosius auro, at nunc barbaries grandis, Ov. – vom »barbarischen (fehlerhaften) Ausdruck« in der Rede, omnes tum fere, qui nec extra urbem hanc vixerant nec eos aliqua barbaries domestica infuscaverat, recte loquebantur, Cic. Brut. 258: v. »fehlerhaften Ton« der Rede, Petr. 68, 5. – B) moral. Barbarei, Roheit, Ungeschliffenheit, Ungeschlachtheit, Wildheit, (C. Caesar) inveteratam quandam barbariam ex Gaditanorum moribus disciplinā delevit, Cic.: tanta barbaria (Sarmatarum) est, ut pacem non intellegant, Flor.

Latin > English

barbaria barbariae N F :: strange/foreign land; uncivilized races, barbarity; brutality; barbarism