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extra

Ἓν οἶδα, ὅτι οὐδὲν οἶδα –> I know only one thing, that I know nothing | all I know is that I know nothing.
Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Philosophers, Book 2 sec. 32.

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 297.jpg

adv.

In addition: P. and V. ἔτι, πρὸς τούτοις, ἐπὶ τούτοις, V. καὶ πρός, πρός (rare P.), Ar. and P. προσέτι. Extra pay, subs.: P. ἐπιφορά, ἡ.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

extrā: (old form EXTRAD repeatedly in the S. C. de Bacchan.; v. below, and cf. the letter D.), adv. and
I praep. [contr. from exterā, sc. parte, from exter.
I Adv. (comp. exterius, see below), on the outside, without (syn.: extrinsecus, foris; opp. intra, intus, in).
   A Lit.: vitiles (alvos apium) fimo bubulo oblinunt intus et extra, Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 16; cf.: cum extra et intus hostem haberent, Caes. B. C. 3, 69, 4; Cels. 6, 18, 7; 9: maceries levigatur extra intraque, Col. 8, 15, 2; for which without a copula: extra intra, Plin. 6, 32, 38, § 205; cf.: nil intra est oleam, nil extra est in nuce duri, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 31: et in corpore et extra esse quaedam bona, Cic. Fin. 2, 21, 68; cf.: aut in animis aut in corporibus aut extra esse possunt, id. Part. Or. 11, 37: ea, quae extra sunt, id. Rep. 6, 26; cf. id. N. D. 2, 59, 147; and: illa, quae sunt extra, outward goods (τὰ ἔξω), id. Fin. 5, 23 fin.: sint extra licet usus belli, remain aloof, Quint. 1, 10, 48 Spald.—With verbs of motion: ut nulla pars hujusce generis excederet extra, Cic. Univ. 5: ubi jam nihil tale extra fertur, Cels. 7, 27: cum extra fulgorem spargunt, Plin. 37, 8, 37, § 117: ad causam extra arcessitum, Quint. 5, 12, 4; cf.: extra petita, id. 5, 11, 44.—Comp. in nearly the sense of the positive: Exteriusque sitae (urbes) bimari spectantur ab Isthmo, situated without, Ov. M. 6, 420: vasa intrinsecus et exterius crasse picari (jubebat), on the outside, externally, Col. 12, 44, 5.—
   B Transf., to indicate that which, being beyond or outside of a thing, forms an exception or addition to it, except, besides.
   1    So freq. in the expression extra quam, in conditional sentences usually extra quam si, like praeterquam, except that, unless that, except in case (orig. in the civil law lang.; elsewh. rare): VTEI. EA. BACANALIA. SEI. QVA. SVNT. EXTRAD. QVAM. SEI. QVID. IBEI. SACRI. EST, etc., S. C. de Bacch. fin.; cf. respecting this senatusconsultum in Livy: ut omnia Bacchanalia diruerent: extra quam si qua ibi vetusta ara aut signum consecratum esset, Liv. 39, 18, 7: si addat exceptionem hanc: extra quam si quis, etc., Cic. Inv. 1, 33, 56; cf. id. Att. 6, 1, 15; Liv. 38, 38, 9; Dig. 43, 12, 1, § 16: extra quam qui, etc., Liv. 26, 34, 6: postulat is, quicum agitur, a praetore exceptionem: extra quam in reum capitis praejudicium fiat, Cic. Inv. 2, 20, 59.—
   b Beyond the technical lang.: negant, sapientem suscepturum ullam rei publicae partem, extra quam si eum tempus et necessitas coëgerit? unless. Cic. Rep. 1, 6: extra quam si nolint fame perire, id. Inv. 2, 57, 172.—*
   2    Additional, for the more usual praeterea, besides, extra, additional: quaedam, inquit, pluris sunt quam venierunt, et ob hoc aliquid mihi extra pro illis, quamvis empta sint, debes, Sen. Ben. 6, 15, 2.
II Praep. with acc. (rarely following its case: urbem extra, Tac. A. 13, 47; in late Lat. sometimes also with abl., as extra fano, extra sanctuario, Hyg. de Lim.; cf. Salmas. ad Capitol. Ver. 9, p. 431), outside of, without, beyond.
   A Lit.: aut intra muros aut extra, Enn. ap. Prisc. p. 725 P. (Ann. v. 391 ed. Vahl.); imitated by Horace: Iliacos intra muros peccatur et extra, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 16: quid sic te extra aedes exanimata eliminas? Enn. ap. Non. 39, 4 (Trag. v. 290 ed. Vahl.): NEVE EXTRAD VRBEM SACRA QVISQVAM FECISE VELET, S. C. de Bacchan.: extra portam Collinam, Cic. Leg. 2, 23, 58: extra Peloponnesum, id. Rep. 2, 4: extra provinciam, Caes. B. G. 1, 10 fin.: extra ostium limenque carceris, Cic. Tusc. 5, 5, 13; so, extra limen Apuliae, Hor. C. 3, 4, 10 et saep.—With abstract substantives: esse extra noxiam, Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 57: extra noxiam, id. Hec. 2, 3, 3: extra noxam, extra famam noxae, Liv. 34, 61, 9; cf.: ut extra ruinam sint eam, quae impendet, beyond, apart from, Cic. Att. 11, 24, 2: extra causam esse, id. Caecin. 32, 94; so, extra hanc contentionem certamenque nostrum, id. Div. in Caecil. 12, 37: extra ordinem, id. Prov. Cons. 8, 19; id. Clu. 31, 85; id. Fam. 6, 5, 6: extra quotidianam consuetudinem, Caes. B. C. 3, 85, 3: extra numerum, Plaut. Men. 1, 3, 1; Cic. Par. 3, 2, 26; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 59: extra modum, Cic. de Or. 3, 11, 41: extra jocum, joking apart, seriously, id. Fam. 7, 16, 2 et saep.: ne quo ad cenam exiret extra consilium meum, without my advice, Titin. ap. Non. 95, 2; cf.: ipsi medium ingenium, magis extra vitia quam cum virtutibus, Tac. H. 1, 49: extra honorem, Suet. Claud. 14; Plin. 2, 59, 60, § 150. —With verbs of motion: imperatores in medium exeunt extra turbam ordinum, beyond, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 68: extra portam deducere, id. Capt. 3, 5, 78; cf.: extra portam perire, id. Mil. 2, 4, 7: fines terminique, extra quos egredi non possim, Cic. Quint. 10, 35; cf.: extra cancellos egredi, id. ib. § 36: extra modum sumptu et magnificentia prodire, id. Off. 1, 39, 140: ut extra tabulam non emineat, Cels. 6, 7, 9 et saep.—
   B Transf. (acc. to I. B.), in indicating an exception or addition (= praeter).
   1    Excepting, except: optumam progeniem Priamo peperisti extra me (= me exceptā), Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 31, 66 (Trag. v. 83 ed. Vahl.): extra unum te, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 203; cf.: extra unum Palaestrionem, id. Mil. 2, 2, 6: extra unam aniculam, Ter. Ph. 1, 2, 48: extra ducem paucosque praeterea reliqui primum in ipso bello rapaces, deinde, etc., Cic. Fam. 7, 3, 2: vacationem militiae esse extra tumultum Gallicum, id. Phil. 5, 19, 53: ad haec, quae interrogatus es, responde: extra ea cave vocem mittas, Liv. 8, 32, 8.— *
   2    Besides, in addition to: quod Cato si voluit, extra familiam debuit dicere vilicum et vilicam, Varr. R. R. 1, 18, 3.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

extrā,⁷ (p. extera, de exter ).
    I adv.,
1 au dehors, à l’extérieur : Cic. Fin. 2, 68 ; Nat. 2, 147 ; Part. 37, etc.; Cæs. C. 3, 69, 4 || comp. exterius, même sens : Ov. M. 6, 420 ; Col. Rust. 12, 44, 5
2 extra quam : a) excepté que, à moins que : Cic. Inv. 2, 59 ; [surtout] extra quam si, excepté le cas où : Cic. Att. 6, 1, 15 ; Rep. 1, 10 ; Liv. 38, 38, 39 ; 39, 18, 7 ; b) à l’exception de : extra quam qui Liv. 26, 34, 6, en dehors de ceux qui, exception faite pour ceux qui
3 en outre, en sus : Sen. Ben. 6, 15, 3.
    II prép., avec acc.
1 en dehors de, hors de : Cic. Leg. 2, 58 ; Tusc. 5, 13, etc. ; Cæs. G. 1, 10, 5, etc. || extra fines egredi Cic. Quinct. 35, franchir des limites || urbem extra Tac. Ann. 13, 47, hors de la ville
2 [fig.] en dehors de : extra causam Cic. Cæc. 94, en dehors de la cause ; extra ordinem Cic. Prov. 19, en dehors de l’ordre, extraordinairement ; extra culpam esse Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 134, être sans reproche ; extra jocum Cic. Fam. 7, 16, 2, sans plaisanterie || à l’exception de : extra ducem Cic. Fam. 7, 3, 2, excepté le général, cf. Pl. Amph. 833 ; Ter. Phorm. 98 ; Cic. Phil. 5, 53 ; Liv. 26, 34, 3. arch. extrad S. C. Bacch. CIL 1, 581, 16 et 28.

Latin > German (Georges)

extrā (= exterā [sc. parte] v. exter), I) Adv.: 1) außerhalb, (von) außen, äußerlich (Ggstz. intra, intus), oras omnium et litora (expediam), ut intra extraque sunt, Mela: nil intra est oleam, nil extra est in nuce duri, Hor.: cum extra et intus hostem haberent, Caes.: et in corpore et extra esse quaedam bona, Cic.: ea quae extra sunt, Außendinge, Außenwelt, Cic. – Compar., exterius sitae (urbes), Ov. met. 6, 420: eaque (vasa) intrinsecus et exterius crasse picari iubebat, Col. 12, 44, 5. – 2) übtr.: a) extra quam, außer, m. folg. si, Cic. de inv. 1, 56; de rep. 1, 10; ad Att. 6, 1, 15. Liv. 38, 38, 9; 39, 18, 7: u. bl. extra quam, außer wenn, im prätor. Edikt bei Cic. de inv. 2, 59 u. Ulp. dig. 43, 12, 1. § 16. – extra quam qui eorum etc., außer (ausgenommen) diejenigen von ihnen, die usw., Liv. 26, 34, 6. – b) außerdem, überdies, Sen. de ben. 6, 15, 3. Augustin. conf. 3, 8. – II) Praep.: 1) eig.: a) außer, außerhalb, draußen vor usw. (Ggstz. intra), intra extraque munitiones, Caes.: extra portam, Plaut.: extra provinciam, Caes.: extra limen Apuliae, Hor.: nachgestellt, urbem extra, Tac. – b) über... hinaus, extra munitiones egredi, procedere, procurrere, Caes.: extra vallum progredi, Auct. b. Afr.: extra aciem procurrere, Caes. – 2) übtr.: a) außer = ausgenommen, mit Ausnahme (Ausschluß) von usw. (s. Weißenb. Liv. 26, 34, 3), extra unum te, Plaut.: extra unam aniculam, Ter.: extra ducem, Cic.: extra filias, Liv.: extra tumultum Gallicum, Cic. – b) außerhalb, außer, über etw. hinaus, ohne Beziehung auf etw., gegen etw., extra modum, Cic.: extra ordinem, Cic.: extra cotidianam consuetudinem, Caes.: extra coniurationem esse, nicht in die V. verwickelt sein, Cic.: extra quaestionem contentionis esse, außer Fr. sein, Quint. – c) außer = ohne, frei von usw., extra iocum, Cic.: extra periculum esse, Cic. u. Liv.: esse extra culpam, Cic. – / arch. extrād, Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 106, 16 u. 29.

Latin > English

extra ADV :: outside
extra extra PREP ACC :: outside of, beyond, without, beside; except