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societas

Μή, φίλα ψυχά, βίον ἀθάνατον σπεῦδε, τὰν δ' ἔμπρακτον ἄντλει μαχανάν -> Oh! my soul do not aspire to eternal life, but exhaust the limits of the possible
Pindar, Pythian, 3.61f.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

sŏcĭĕtas: ātis, f. id.,
I fellowship, association, union, community, society (implying union for a common purpose; cf.: conjunctio, consociatio; and not a mere assembly; cf.: circulus, coetus; conventus, sodalitas; freq. and class.).
I In gen.: hominum inter ipsos societas conjunctioque, Cic. Leg. 1, 10, 28: (nos) natos esse ad societatem communitatemque generis humani, id. Fin. 4, 2, 4: societas generis humani, quam conciliavit ipsa natura, id. Lael. 5, 20: fides et societas generis humani, id. N. D. 1, 2, 4: societas et communicatio utilitatum, id. Fin. 5, 23, 65: nulla societas nobis cum tyrannis, sed potius summa distractio est, id. Off. 3, 6, 32: societatem cum aliquo coire ... dirimere, id. Phil. 2, 10, 24: societatem coire de municipis cognitique fortunis cum alienissimo, id. Rosc. Am. 31, 87: quasi societatem coit conparandi cibi, id. N. D. 2, 48, 123: societatem confirmare, id. Phil. 2, 35, 89: nefarias pactiones societatesque conflare, id. Har. Resp. 20, 42: consiliorum omnium societas, id. Brut. 1, 2; Hirt. B. G. 8, 3: juris, Cic. Rep. 1, 32, 49: humanitatis, id. ib. 2, 26, 48: beate et honeste vivendi, id. ib. 4, 3, 3: gravitatis cum humanitate, id. Leg. 3, 1, 1: belli, Sall. C. 40, 1: omnium facinorum sibi cum Dolabellā societatem initam confiteri, Cic. Phil. 13, 17, 36: nominum, names in common, Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 218 et saep.; cf.: nulla sancta societas nec fides regni est, Enn. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 8, 26, and id. Rep. 1, 32 (Trag. v. 411 Vahl.): neque naturae est societas ulla cum somniis, Cic. Div. 2, 71, 147.—
II In partic.
   A A copartnership, association for trading purposes.
   1    In abstr.: qui societatem cum Sex. Naevio fecerit, etc.... fecit societatem earum rerum, quae in Galliā comparabantur, Cic. Quint. 3, 11: qui magnā fide societatem gererent, etc., id. ib. 3, 13: cum annos jam compluris societas esset, id. ib. 4, 14: quae (pecunia) tibi ex societate debeatur, id. Rosc. Com. 6, 16: societatem contrahere, Dig. 17, 2, 5; 17, 2, 74: coire, ib. 17, 2, 1 sq.; 17, 2, 5.—Plur.: societates contrahuntur sive universorum bonorum, sive negotiationis alicujus, sive vectigalis, sive etiam rei unius, Dig. 17, 2, 5.—
   2    In concr., a company or society of the farmers of the public revenue: nulla Romae societas vectigalium, nullum collegium aut concilium, etc., Cic. Sest. 14, 32; cf. id. Fam. 13, 9, 2: si omnes societates venerunt, quarum ex numero multi sedent judices, id. Mur. 33, 69: provinciarum, Caes. B. C. 3, 3 fin.: maximarum societatum auctor, Cic. Planc. 13, 32; Plin. 33, 7, 40, § 118. —
   B A political league, an alliance, confederacy: cum Ptolemaeo societas erat facta, Caes. B. C. 3, 107 fin.: Ambiorigem sibi societate et foedere adjungunt, id. B. G. 6, 2: Leptitani Romam miserant amicitiam societatemque rogatum, Sall. J. 77, 2; so with amicitia, id. ib. 83, 1: impellere ad societatem belli, id. C. 40, 1: cum Lacedaemonii in societate non manerent, Nep. Con. 2, 2: Ioniam a societate averterunt Atheniensium, id. Alcib. 4, 7: societatem alicujus induere, Tac. A. 12, 13.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

sŏcĭĕtās,⁷ ātis, f. (socius),
1 association, réunion, communauté, société : hominum inter ipsos Cic. Leg. 1, 28, la société humaine ; societas generis humani Cic. Læl. 20, la société du genre humain ; societatem cum aliquo coire... dirimere Cic. Phil. 2, 24, nouer une association avec qqn, la rompre ; nulla societas nobis cum tyrannis est Cic. Off. 3, 32, il n’y a pas de société entre nous et les tyrans ; societas vitæ Cic. Amer. 111, la vie sociale ; vir conjunctissimus mecum consiliorum omnium societate Cic. Br. 2, homme qu’une complète communauté d’idées liait à moi étroitement ; facti, consilii societas Cic. Phil. 2, 26 ; 2, 32, participation à un acte, à une entreprise, cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 136 ; omnium facinorum sibi cum Dolabella societatem initam confiteri Cic. Phil. 13, 36, avouer qu’une association pour tous les crimes le lie à Dolabella
2 association commerciale, industrielle ; société, compagnie : fecit societatem earum rerum quæ in Gallia comparabantur Cic. Quinct. 12, il forma une association relative aux produits que l’on se procurait en Gaule ; magna fide societatem gerere Cic. Quinct. 13, gérer une association très honnêtement || société fermière, compagnie des fermiers publics : Cic. Br. 85 ; Sest. 32 ; Mur. 69 ; Planc. 32
3 union politique, alliance : cum Ptolomæo societas erat facta Cæs. C. 3, 107, 2, une alliance avait été contractée avec Ptolémée, cf. Cæs. G. 6, 2, 2 ; Sall. J. 77, 2 ; Nep. Con. 2, 2 ; Alc. 4, 7.

Latin > German (Georges)

societās, ātis, f. (socius), I) jede Gesellschaft, Verbindung mit anderen im Guten und Bösen, die Teilnahme, Gemeinschaft, das Bündnis, Komplott, die Verbindung unter den Völkern einer Sprache, Nationalverbindung, die Verbindung durch Ehe und Blutsverwandtschaft, hominum inter ipsos, Cic.: latronum societās, Räuberbande, Augustin.: vitae, geselliges Leben, Cic.: regni, Liv.: nominum, Plin.: sceleris, Cic.: gravissimi facti, Verb. zu einer so höchst ruhmvollen Tat, Cic.: societatem coire, statuere, inire, conflare, Cic.: societatem conciliare, Cic.: societatem confirmare, Cic.: ad societatem periculorum accedere, Cic.: venire in societatem laudum alcis, teilnehmen an usw., Cic.: nulla societas nobis cum tyrannis, et potius summa distractio est, Cic.: neque naturae societas ulla cum somniis est, Cic.: societatem labefactare, dirimere, Cic.: a societate se seiungere, Cic.: alqm ad gaudii societatem vocare, teilnehmen lassen an der Fr., Fronto. – II) insbes.: 1) die Handelsgesellschaft, a) übh.; societatem facere, Cic.: societatem gerere, führen, besorgen, Cic.: iudicium societatis, gerichtliche Untersuchung wegen Untreue jmds. gegen seinen Handelskompagnon, Cic. – b) die Gesellschhaft der General- oder Staatspächter (publicani), die in Gemeinschaft vom Staate pachteten, Bithynica, Cic.: magister societatis, Cic. – 2) das förm liche Bündnis zwischen zwei Staaten od. Fürsten, societatem cum alqo coniungere, Sall.: societatem habere cum alqo, Nep.: societatem belli facere, Liv.

Latin > English

societas societatis N F :: society (association of people)
societas societas societatis N F :: society; alliance/partnership; trading company; fellowship, communion
societas societas societatis N F :: joint pursuit/enjoyment/possession; connection, affinity; conjugal union