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Τροία

τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883
Full diacritics: Τροία Medium diacritics: Τροία Low diacritics: Τροία Capitals: ΤΡΟΙΑ
Transliteration A: Troía Transliteration B: Troia Transliteration C: Troia Beta Code: *troi/a

English (LSJ)

Ion. Τροίη, ἡ,

   A Troy, whether of the city, 'Troy-town', Il. 9.46, etc.; or the country, the Troad, Τροίην ἐριβώλακα 3.74, etc.:—also Τροΐα as trisyll., Sapph.Supp.5.9, Scol.17,18, dub. in S.Aj.1190 (lyr., v. ad fin.); Dor. Τρωΐα Pi.N.2.14, 3.60, A.Ch.363 (lyr.); contr. Τρῴα Pi.O.2.81 (cj. Boeckh for Τροίας):—hence Τροίᾱθεν, Ion. Τροίηθεν, from Troy, Od.3.257, etc.; ἀπὸ Τροίηθεν Il.24.492; Dor. Τρωΐᾱθεν Pi.N.7.41:—Τροίανδε, Ion. Τροίηνδε, to Troy, Il.7.390, etc.; Dor. Τρῴανδε Pi.I.4(3).36(54).    II a game, the Lat. Troja (Verg.A.5.602), Τροίαν ἱππεῦσαι D.C.59.7, cf. 11. [Zenod. and Aristarch. scanned Τροίη (Troy) as disyll. everywhere in Hom., but Aristarch. scanned (and wrote) (πόλιν) Τροΐην as trisyll. in Il.1.129, Od.11.510, understanding 'a Trojan city (city of the Troad)', v. Sch. Il. l.c.; cf. Τρώϊος: Τροίη (Τροίης, Τροίῃ, Τροίην) stands at the beginning of the line in the phrase Τροίῃ ἐν εὐρείῃ Il.24.256,494, Od.1.62, 4.99, 5.307; in the other 82 occurrences the trisyll. form is admitted by the metre, but should perh. not be restored, as disyll. Τροίη (Τροίης etc.) is almost inevitably so placed in a hexam.:—codd.Pi. (in contrast to codd.Hom.) have Τρωΐα N.4.25, al., and Τροΐα ib.2.14, al. (with either spelling the word may begin with ), cf. Eust.65.22.]

Greek (Liddell-Scott)

Τροία: Ἰων. Τροίη, ἡ, εἴτεπόλις, ἡ Ἴλιος, Ὅμ., κλπ.· εἴτεχώρα, Τροίην ἐριβώλακα Ἰλ. Γ. 74, κλπ.· - ὡσαύτως, ὡς τρισύλλ. Τροΐα, Σοφ. Αἴ. 1190· Δωρ. Τρωία Πινδ. Ν. 2. 21., 3. 104, Αἰσχύλ. Χο. 363· συνῃρ. Τρῴα Πινδ. Ο. 2. 145· - ἐντεῦθεν Τροίᾱθεν, Ἰων. -ηθεν, ἐκ τῆς Τροίας, Ὀδ. Γ. 257, κλπ.· ἀπὸ Τροίηθε Ἰλ. Ω. 492· Δωρ. Τρωίᾱθεν Πινδ. Ν. 7. 60· - Τροίανδε, Ἰων. -ηνδε, εἰς Τροίαν, Ἰλ. Η. 390, κλπ.· Δωρ. Τρῴανδε Πινδ. Ι. 4 (3). 62. ΙΙ. παιδιά τις, Λατ. Troja (Virg. Aen. 5. 602), Τροίαν ἱππεύειν Δίων Κ. 59. 7 καὶ 11.

French (Bailly abrégé)

ας (ἡ) :
1 Troie, ville de Troade, en Asie Mineure;
2 p. ext. la Troade.

English (Slater)

Τροία (-οας, -οίας, -οᾳ, -οαν.)
   1 Troy cf. Ἴλιος, Πέργαμος. Ἕκτορα Τροίας ἄμαχον ἀστραβῆ κίονα (O. 2.81) ἐν Τροίᾳ μὲν Ἕκτωρ Αἴαντος ἄκουσεν (N. 2.14) θαλασσίαις ἀνέμων ῥιπαῖσι πεμφθεὶς ὑπὸ Τροαν (sc. Ἀχιλλεύς) (N. 3.60) (Ἡρακλέης) σὺν ᾧ ποτε Τροαν κραταιὸς Τελαμὼν πόρθησε (N. 4.25) (Τελαμών) τὸν χαλκοχάρμαν ἐς πόλεμον ἆγε σὺν Τιρυνθίοισιν πρόφρονα σύμμαχον ἐς Τροαν (sc. Ἡρακλέης) (I. 6.28) Ἑλέναν τ' ἐλύσατο, Τροας ἶνας ἐκταμὼν δορί (sc. Ἀχιλλεύς) (I. 8.51) ἐς Τροα[ν (Pae. 6.75)

Greek Monolingual

η, ΝΜΑ, και ιων. τ. Τροίη και δωρ. τ. Τρωΐα και ως τρισύλλαβο Τρόϊα και συνηρ. Τρῴα, Α
αρχαία πόλη της βορειοδυτικής Μικράς Ασίας στην επαρχία της Μυσίας, όπου διεξήχθη ο Τρωικός Πόλεμος, αλλ. Ίλιο ή Ίλιος
αρχ.
είδος παιδιάς στην οποία έπαιρναν μέρος μόνον ιππείς ευγενούς καταγωγής.
[ΕΤΥΜΟΛ. Άγνωστης ετυμολ.].

Greek Monotonic

Τροία: Ιων. Τροίη, ἡ, είτε η πόλη, σε Όμηρ. κ.λπ.· είτε η χώρα, σε Ομήρ. Ιλ.· επίσης, ως τρισύλλ. Τροΐα, σε Σοφ.· Δωρ. Τρωία, σε Πίνδ., Αισχύλ.· συνηρ. Τρῴα, σε Πίνδ.· απ' όπου, Τροίᾱθεν, Ιων. -ηθεν, από την Τροία, σε Ομήρ. Οδ.· ἀπὸ Τροίηθε, σε Ομήρ. Ιλ.· Δωρ. Τρωιᾱθεν, σε Πίνδ.· Τροίανδε, Ιων. -ηνδε, στην Τροία, σε Ομήρ. Ιλ. κ.λπ.· Δωρ. Τρῴανδε, σε Πίνδ.

Russian (Dvoretsky)

Τροία: эп.-ион. Τροίη, у Soph. тж. Τροΐα, дор. Τρωΐα - стяж. Τρῴα ἡ Троя
1) главный город Троады Hom. etc.;
2) Hom. = Τρῳάς.

Middle Liddell

Τροία, ιονιξ Τροίη, ἡ,
Troy, whether of the city, "Troytown, " Hom., etc.; or the country, the Troad, Il.:— also Τροΐα, as trisyll., Soph.; doric Τρωία, Pind., Aesch.; contr. Τρῴα, Pind.

Wikipedia EN

Walls of Troy
Walls of Troy

Troy (Ancient Greek: Τροία, Troía, Ἴλιον, Ílion or Ἴλιος, Ílios; Latin: Troia and Ilium; Hittite: 𒌷𒃾𒇻𒊭 Wilusa or 𒋫𒊒𒄿𒊭 Truwisa; Turkish: Truva or Troya) was a city in the far northwest of the region known in late Classical antiquity as Asia Minor, now known as Anatolia in modern Turkey, just south of the southwest mouth of the Dardanelles strait and northwest of Mount Ida. The present-day location is known as Hisarlik. It was the setting of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle, in particular in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer. Metrical evidence from the Iliad and the Odyssey suggests that the name Ἴλιον (Ilion) formerly began with a digamma: Ϝίλιον (Wilion); this is also supported by the Hittite name for what is thought to be the same city, Wilusa.

A new capital called Ilium (from Greek: Ἴλιον, Ilion) was founded on the site in the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus. It flourished until the establishment of Constantinople, became a bishopric and declined gradually in the Byzantine era, but is now a Latin Catholic titular see.

In 1865, English archaeologist Frank Calvert excavated trial trenches in a field he had bought from a local farmer at Hisarlik, and in 1868, Heinrich Schliemann, a wealthy German businessman and archaeologist, also began excavating in the area after a chance meeting with Calvert in Çanakkale. These excavations revealed several cities built in succession. Schliemann was at first skeptical about the identification of Hisarlik with Troy, but was persuaded by Calvert and took over Calvert's excavations on the eastern half of the Hisarlik site, which was on Calvert's property. Troy VII has been identified with the city called Wilusa by the Hittites (the probable origin of the Greek Ἴλιον) and is generally (but not conclusively) identified with Homeric Troy.

Today, the hill at Hisarlik has given its name to a small village near the ruins, which supports the tourist trade visiting the Troia archaeological site. It lies within the province of Çanakkale, some 30 km south-west of the provincial capital, also called Çanakkale. The nearest village is Tevfikiye. The map here shows the adapted Scamander estuary with Ilium a little way inland across the Homeric plain. Due to Troy's location near the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Black Sea, it was a central hub for the military and trade.

Troy was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998.

Translations

af: Troje; am: ትሮያ; ang: Trōia; an: Troya; ar: طروادة; arz: طرواده; ast: Troya; az: Troya; ba: Троя; be_x_old: Троя; be: Троя; bg: Троя; bn: ট্রয়; br: Troia; bs: Troja; ca: Troia; ce: Тарша; cs: Trója; cy: Caerdroea; da: Troja; de: Troja; diq: Troya; el: Τροία; en: Troy; eo: Trojo; es: Troya; et: Trooja; eu: Troia; fa: تروآ (شهر); fi: Troija; fr: Troie; fy: Troaje; ga: An Traí; gd: Tròidh; gl: Troia; he: טרויה; hi: त्राय; hr: Troja; hu: Trója; hy: Տրոյա; ia: Troia; id: Troya; io: Troya; is: Trója; it: Troia; ja: イリオス; ka: ტროა; ko: 트로이아; ky: Троя; la: Ilium; lb: Troja; lfn: Troia; li: Troje; lt: Troja; lv: Troja; mai: ट्रोयक पुरातात्विक क्षेत्र; mk: Троја; ml: ട്രോയ്; mr: ट्रॉय; ms: Troy; mt: Trojja; my: ထရွိုင်းမြို့; ne: ट्रोयको पुरातात्विक क्षेत्र; nl: Troje; nn: Troja; no: Troja; nrm: Trouaie; oc: Tròia (Anatolia); pa: ਟਰੌਏ; pcd: Troée; pfl: Troja; pl: Troja; pnb: ٹرائے; pt: Troia; qu: REINO DE TROYA; rm: Troja; ro: Troia; ru: Троя; scn: Troia; sco: Troy; sh: Troja; simple: Troy; sk: Trója; sl: Troja; sq: Troja; sr: Троја; sv: Troja; sw: Troia; ta: திராய்; tl: Troya; tr: Troya; uk: Троя; ur: ٹرائے; uz: Troya; vec: Troia; vi: Troia; vo: Ilio; war: Troya; wuu: 特洛伊; xmf: ტროა; zh_min_nan: Troia; zh_yue: 特洛伊; zh: 特洛伊