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τό

Γελᾷ δ' ὁ μωρός, κἄν τι μὴ γέλοιον ᾖ -> The fool laughs even when there's nothing to laugh at
Menander

French (Bailly abrégé)

1 neutre de l’art. ὁ, ἡ, τό;
2 neutre poét. du pron. relat. ὅς, ἥ, ὅ;
3 équivalent du neutre démonstr. τοῦτο (v. οὗτος).

English (Autenrieth)

epic forms, gen. τοῖο, du. τοῖιν, pl. τοί, ταί, gen. τάων, dat. τοῖσι, τῆς(ι): (1) as demonstrative pronoun, that, those, often merely an emphatic he, she, it, pl. they, them; οὐδὲ παλαιῶν (γυναικῶν), | τάων αἳ πάρος ἦσαν, ‘those ancient,’ Od. 2.119; the emphatic after-position being common when the word is adjectival, cf. Il. 5.320, 332; the pron. is often foll. by a name in apposition, αὐτὰρ ὃ μήνιε.. Ἀχιλλεύς, ‘he, namely Achilles,’ Il. 1.488 ; ἣ δ' ἕσπετο Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη, Od. 1.125; freq. ὃ μὲν.. ὃ δέ, τὸ μὲν.. τὸ δέ, etc., the one.. the other, this.. that, etc. The word should be accented when used as a demonstrative.—(2) as definite article, the, a use denied by some to Homer, but the sense imperatively demands the later weakened force in many passages, and does not admit the stronger, Αἴᾶς δ' ὁ μέγας, Il. 16.358; αἰὲν ἀποκτείνων τὸν ὀπίστατον, Il. 8.342; τά τ ἐόντα τά τ ἐσσόμενα, Il. 1.70, and oftenest w. adjectives.—(3) as relative pronoun, who, which, esp., but not exclusively, the forms beginning with τ. The masc. sing. as rel. occurs, Il. 16.835, Il. 21.59, , Od. 1.254, Od. 2.262, Od. 4.777; πατρὸς, ὅ σ' ἔτρεφε τυτθὸν ἐόντα, Od. 11.67. τέ is often appended to the word when used relatively, ταί τε, ὅ τε, Od. 12.40.—For ὅ γε, see ὅγε.

Russian (Dvoretsky)

τό:
1) n к ὁ;
2) n к ὅς;
3) = τοῦτο I.