Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!

belua

Τὰ πάντα ῥεῖ καὶ οὐδὲν μένει -> Everything flows and nothing stands still
Heraclitus

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

bēlŭa: (not bellŭa), ae, f. (belua, dissyl., Varr. ap. Non. p. 201, 26) [perh. kindr. with θήρ, fera, as uber with οὖθαρ, and paulus with παῦρος],
I a beast distinguished for size or ferocity, a monster (as an elephant, lion, wild boar, whale, etc.; cf.: bestia, fera): elephanto beluarum nulla prudentior, Cic. N. D. 1, 35, 97; id. Fam. 7, 1, 3; Curt. 8, 9, 29: ea genera beluarum, quae in Rubro Mari Indiāve gignantur, Cic. N. D. 1, 35, 97: singulas stellas numeras deos, eosque beluarum nomine appellas, id. ib. 3, 16, 40; cf. * Lucr. 4, 143: fera et immanis, Cic. Ac. 2, 34, 108: vasta et immanis, id. Div. 1, 24, 49: saeva, Hor. C. 1, 12, 22: ingens, id. S. 2, 3, 316: centiceps, id. C. 2, 13, 34 al.—
   B Esp. freq., κατ ἐξοχἠν, the elephant, Ter. Eun. 3, 1, 25 Ruhnk.: jam beluarum terror exoleverat, Flor. 1, 18, 9; cf. Graev. ib. 2, 6, 49; Sil. 11, 543: quis (gladiis) appetebant beluarum manus, Curt. 8, 14, 33 al. —Hence with the epithets, Inda, Ov. Tr. 4, 6, 7: Gaetula, Juv. 10, 158.—
II Sometimes, in gen., a beast, animal (even of small and tame animals): quo quidem agno sat scio magis curiosam nusquam esse ullam beluam, Plaut. Aul. 3, 6, 26.— The lower animals, as distinguished from man: quantum natura hominis pecudibus reliquisque beluis antecedat, Cic. Off. 1, 30, 105; 2, 5, 16 and 17; id. N. D. 2, 39, 99; 2, 47, 122.—
III Trop.
   A As a term of reproach, beast, brute (class.), Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 112; id. Most. 3, 1, 78; id. Rud. 2, 6, 59: age nunc, belua, Credis huic quod dicat? Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 37; id. Phorm. 4, 2, 11: sed quid ego hospitii jura in hac immani beluā commemoro? Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 42, § 109: beluae quaedam illae immanes ac ferae, forma hominum indutae, exstiterunt, id. Sull. 27, 76; id. Pis. 1, 1; id. Phil. 8, 4, 13; id. Leg. 3, 9, 22; id. Off. 3, 6, 32; Liv. 7, 10, 3. —
   B Of abstract objects: quod, ut feram et inmanem beluam, sic ex animis nostris adsensionem extraxisset, Cic. Ac. 2, 34, 108: amicos increpans, ut ignaros, quanta belua esset imperium, Suet. Tib. 24: avaritia, belua fera, Sall. Rep. Ordin. 2, 54 (p. 274 Gerl.).

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

bēlŭa¹⁶ (bellŭa), æ, f., gros animal : Cic. Nat. 1, 97 || bête [en gén.] : Cic. Off. 1, 30 ; 2, 29 || brute : Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 109 || chose monstrueuse : Suet. Tib. 24.

Latin > German (Georges)

bēlua (bēlva, nicht bellua), ae, f. (wie bestia viell. vom Stamme FE, wovon das alte feo), ein Tier, bes. großes, schwerfälliges (wie Elefant, Tiger, Löwe, wilder Eber, Walfisch u. andere große Seetiere), ein Untier, I) eig.: in homine mens, in belua quiddam simile mentis, Cic.: quantum natura hominis pecudibus reliquis que beluis antecedat, Cic.: quae in rebus inanimis quaeque in usu et tractatione beluarum fiunt utiliter ad hominum vitam, Cic. – Romulus silvestris beluae sustentatus uberibus, Cic.: b. fera et immanis, b. vasta et immanis. Cic.: ea genera beluarum, quae in rubro mari Indiave gignantur, Cic. – hoc beluarum est, Cic. – vorzugsw. a) der (von den Römern als Wundertier angestaunte) Elefant, quia habes imperium in beluas, Ter.: b. Inda, Ov.: b. Gaetula, Iuven.: beluarum manus (Rüssel), Curt.; vgl. Flach Mart. 1, 104, 10. Grävius Flor. 2, 6, 49. – b) der Wolf, beluae pellis, Wolfsfell, Cael. Aur. acut. 3, 16, 37. – c) die Hyäne, belua od. belva, Barnab. ep. vers. Lat. 10, 7: vulgär belba, Arnob. 7, 16. – II) übtr.: a) als Schimpfwort v. Menschen, α) = dummer Mensch, Rindvieh, Schafskopf, Komik. (s. Brix Plaut. trin. 952). – β) = unverschämter, vertierter Mensch, Untier, Ungetüm, Ungeheuer, furor impurae beluae, Cic.: quid ego hospitii iura in hac immani belua commemoro? Cic.: taetram et pestiferam beluam ne inclusam et constrictam dimittatis cavete, Cic.: volo ego illi beluae ostendere, me etc., Liv. – b) v. Abstr., avaritia belua fera, Ps. Sall. de rep. 2, 8, 4: ignari, quanta belua esset imperium, Suet. Tib. 24. – / Mommsen hat im Solin. immer belva geschrieben, zB. 12, 13; 32, 25. – Über die unrichtige Schreibung bellua s. Brambach Hilfsb. S. 27.

Latin > English

belua beluae N F :: beast, wild animal (incl. sea creature); monster, brute (great size/ferocity)