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fight

Μὴ φῦναι τὸν ἅπαντα νικᾷ λόγον -> Not to be born is, past all prizing, best.
Sophocles, Oedipus Coloneus l. 1225

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

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substantive

P. and V. μάχη, ἡ, ἀγών, ὁ, V. ἀλκή, ἡ.

contest: P. and V. ἅμιλλα, ἡ, V. ἀγωνία, ἡ, πάλαισμα, τό, ἆθλος, ὁ, δῆρις, ἡ (Aesch.).

encounter: V. συμβολή, ἡ, Ar. and P. σύνοδος, ἡ.

warfare: Ar. and V. Ἄρης, ὁ, V. δόρυ, τό.

sea fight: P. ναυμαχία, ἡ.

land fight: P. πεζομαχία, ἡ.

without a fight: use adv., P. ἀμαχεί.

verb transitive

P. and V. μάχεσθαι (dat. or πρός, acc.), ἀγωνίζεσθαι (dat. or πρός, acc.), V. συμβάλλειν μάχην (dat.).

oppose: P. and V. ἐναντιοῦσθαι (dat.), ἀνθίστασθαι (dat.).

engage: see engage.

fight a battle: P. μάχην μάχεσθαι (Isoc.).

be fought (of a battle): P. and V. γίγνομαι, γίγνεσθαι.

fight a losing battle with: V. δυσμαχεῖν (dat.).

fight a land battle: P. πεζομαχεῖν.

fight a sea battle: Ar. and P. ναυμαχεῖν, P. διαναυμαχεῖν.

fight a sea battle with others: Ar. and P. συνναυμαχεῖν.

verb intransitive

P. and V. μάχεσθαι, ἀγωνίζεσθαι, Ar. and P. διαγωνίζεσθαι, V. μάρνασθαι, αἰχμάζειν.

go to war: P. and V. πολεμεῖν.

fight it out: P. and V. διαμάχεσθαι, P. διαπολεμεῖν.

fight again, renew the fight: P. ἀναμάχεσθαι.

fight against: see fight.

oppose: P. and V. ἐναντιοῦσθαι (dat.), ἀνθίστασθαι (dat.), ἀντιτείνειν (dat.), P. ἀνταγωνίζεσθαι (dat.); see oppose.

you indeed did shamelessly fight against dying: V. σὺ γοῦν ἀναιδῶς διεμάχου τὸ μὴ θανεῖν (Eur., Alc. 694).

fight against the gods: V. θεομαχεῖν.

fight by side of: V. παρασπίζειν (dat.).

fight for: P. προπολεμεῖν (gen. or absol.), Ar. προμάχεσθαι (gen.), V. ὑπερμάχεσθαι (gen.), ὑπερμαχεῖν (gen.).

the cause was worth fighting for: P. ἦν δὲ ἄξιος ὁ ἀγών (Thuc. 7, 56).

fight in: P. ἐναγωνίζεσθαι.

you made it (the land) a fair field for the Greeks to fight in: P. παρέσχετε αὐτὴν (τὴν γῆν) εὐμενῆ ἐναγωνίσασθαι τοῖς Ἕλλησι (Thuc. 2, 74).

fight with: see fight.

fight on the side of: P. συμμάχεσθαι (dat.), συναγωνίζεσθαι (dat).