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tenax

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

tĕnax: ācis, adj. id.,
I holding fast, griping, tenacious.
I Lit.
   A In gen. (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose): prensatque tenaci forcipe ferrum, Verg. A. 12, 404; 8, 453; cf.: dente tenaci Ancora fundabat naves, id. ib. 6, 3: vinclum, id. G. 4, 412; Ov. M. 11, 252: complexus, id. ib. 4, 377: lappa, id. P. 2, 1, 14: hedera arborem implicat, Cat. 61, 34: loca limosa tenacia gravi caeno, Tac. A. 1, 63: amplexus, App. M. 9, p. 219, 17: maltha, quae est res omnium tenacissima, Plin. 36, 24, 58, § 181.— With gen.: herba asperitate etiam vestium tenaci, Plin. 27, 5, 15, § 32. — Comp.: cutis tenacior capilli, Plin. 22, 22, 39, § 82.—
   b Subst.: tĕnāces, ĭum, m., things that hold fast. i. e. bands, stalks, or pedicles of fruit, etc., Pall. Febr. 18, 1; 25, 9; id. Mart. 10, 4 and 9; id. Sept. 17.—
   B In partic., holding fast to wealth, power, etc., griping, sparing, niggardly, stingy, tenacious (class.; syn. parcus): filius familias patre parco ac tenaci, Cic. Cael. 15, 36: He. Tenaxne pater ejus est? Phi. Immo edepol pertinax, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 39: parcus, truculentus, tenax, Ter. Ad. 5, 4, 12: eosdem restrictos et tenaces fuisse, Cic. Planc. 22, 54: non tenax in largitate, Spart. Car. 5.—With gen.: genus Quaesiti tenax, Ov. M. 7, 657.—Comp.: milites tenaciores eorum (armorum) in proelio, Suet. Caes. 67.—
   C Transf., of things, that holds or sticks fast: jacere in tenaci gramine, that clings together, i. e. matted, Hor. Epod. 2, 24.—Sup.: glaebis tenacissimum solum, Plin. Ep. 5, 6, 10: cerae, sticky, viscid, Verg. G. 4, 161: turpe referre pedem nec passu stare tenaci, Ov. P. 2, 6, 21.— Comp.: pondere tenacior navis, Liv. 28, 30, 11: panicula glutino tenacior, Plin. 16, 36, 64, § 158.—
II Trop.
   A Holding fast, retentive, firm, steadfast, persistent, tenacious (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose); usually joined with gen.: memoria tenacissima, Quint. 1, 1, 19: naturā tenacissimi sumus eorum, quae rudibus annis percepimus, id. 1, 1, 5: pertinacem ultra modum esse tenacem propositi, id. 11, 1, 90; so, propositi, Hor. C. 3, 3, 1; Ov. M. 10, 405: tenacem esse sui juris debet, Col. 1, 7, 2: disciplinae tenacissimus, Plin. Ep. 10, 85 (17): justitiae, Juv. 8, 25: ficti pravique (Fama), Verg. A. 4, 188: veri, Pers. 5, 48: amicitiarum, Vell. 2, 29, 3: exempli sui, id. 2, 84, 3 Ruhnk.: animi, Manil. 4, 165: longa tenaxque fides, Ov. Am. 2, 6, 14.—
   B In a bad sense, stubborn, obstinate: equus contra sua vincla tenax, Ov. Am. 3, 4, 13; so, equus, Liv. 39, 25, 13; and in a lusus verbb.: si esses equos, esses indomabilis ... nimis tenax es, Plaut. Cas. 4, 3, 13: cum video, quam sint mea fata tenacia, frangor, Ov. P. 1, 2, 63: ira Caesaris, id. ib. 1, 9, 28: morbi, Suet. Claud. 2.—Adv.: tĕnācĭter, closely, firmly, strongly, tightly, tenaciously.
   a Lit.: pressisse tenaciter ungues, Ov. H. 9, 21: vincire, Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 6.—Comp.: apprehendere, Val. Max. 7, 5, 2; Macr. S. 7, 3: habitare, Aug. Ep. 6.—
   b Trop., persistently, firmly: urgere, Ov. H. 3, 43.— Comp., Sol. 52, § 44; Amm. 25, 4, 4.—Sup., App. M. 5, p. 167, 22.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

tĕnāx,¹⁰ ācis (teneo),
1 qui tient fortement : tenaci forcipe Virg. En. 12, 404, avec une pince mordante, cf. Virg. En. 6, 3 ; tenacia vincla Virg. G. 4, 412, des liens solides ; tenacissimus Plin. 36, 181 || vestium tenax Plin. 27, 32, qui s’attache aux vêtements ; cutis tenacior capilli Plin. 22, 82, peau qui retient plus fortement les cheveux
2 parcimonieux, dur à la détente : Pl. Capt. 289 ; Cic. Cæl. 66 ; Planc. 54
3 tenace, adhérent : in tenaci gramine Hor. Epo. 2, 24, dans un gazon qui tient fort, dru, épais ; tenacissimum solum Plin. Min. Ep. 5, 6, 10, sol très compact || pondere tenacior navis Liv. 28, 30, 11, navire que son poids rend plus capable de tenir la mer, plus résistant
4 [fig.] memoria tenacissima Quint. 1, 1, 19, mémoire très tenace ; tenax propositi Hor. O. 3, 3, 1, ferme dans ses desseins, cf. Ov. M. 7, 657 ; tenax justitiæ Juv. 8, 25, attaché à la justice fermement || obstiné, opiniâtre : equus Liv. 39, 25, 13, cheval rétif ; ira tenax Ov. P. 1, 9, 28, colère implacable.

Latin > German (Georges)

tenāx, ācis (teneo), festhaltend od. fest zu halten fähig, haltend, I) eig.: A) im allg.: forceps, Verg.: dens (v. Anker), Verg.: vinculum, Verg.: complexus, Ov.: hedera, Ov.: lappa, Ov.: m. Genet., herba asperitate etiam vestium tenaci, Plin.: cutis tenacior capilli, Plin. – subst., tenaces, haltende Dinge, zB. Bänder, Stiele am Obste, Pallad. – B) insbes.: a) Empfangenes, Erworbenes (bes. Vermögen, Geld) festhaltend, zurückhaltend, karg, zähe, geizig, pater parcus et tenax, Cic.: tenaxne pater est eius? Ph. Immo edepol pertinax (erzkarg). Plaut.: da cupidum, avidum, tenacem; iam tibi eum liberalem dabo, Liv. – m. Genet., quaesiti tenax, Ov.: tenaciores auri et argenti, Suet. – m. in u. Abl., in largiendo tenax, Lact. de mort. pers. 46, 12. – poet. v. der Unterwelt, regnum, Sen. poët.: umbrae, Sen. poët. – b) die Kräfte = sich schonend, eos restrictos et tenaces fuisse, Cic. – c) neutral, was in seinen Teilen fest zusammenhält, zähe, fest, dicht, loca limosa tenacia gravi caeno, Tac.: tenacissimum sabulum, Curt.: glaebis tenacissimum solum, Plin.: gramen, dicht, elastisch, Hor.: maltha, res omnium tenacissima, Plin.: panicula... glutino tenacior, Plin.: cerae, festklebend, festhaltend, Verg.: passu stare tenaci, Ov.: pondere tenacior navis, Liv. – II) übtr.: A) im allg., festhaltend, behaltenb, bewahrend, memoria non tenax, Augustin.: memoria tenacior et labida (vergeßliches), Chalcid. Tim.: memoria tenacissima, Quint.: m. Genet., sui iuris, Colum.: tenacissimi sumus eorum, quae rudibus annis percipimus, Colum.: quo tenaciores armorum essent, zu behalten suchten, Suet. – neutral = fest, innig, longa tenaxque fides, Ov. am. 2, 6, 14. – B) insbes., v. Charakter, a) im guten Sinne = an etw. festhaltend, in etw. fest, beharrlich, m. Genet., tenax propositi, Hor. u. Ov.: boni exempli, Sen.: iustitiae, Iuven.: iusti, Eutr.: veri, Pers.: amicitiarum, Vell.: animus parum tenax recti, Sen.: constantia bene iudicati tenax, Sen.: memoria benefaciendi tenacissima, Plin. ep. – b) im üblen Sinne = störrisch, starr, hartnäckig, equus, Liv.: ira, Ov.: morbi, Suet.: fata, Ov.: equus contra sua vincula tenax, Ov.: Ol. Edepol ne tu, si equos (= equus) esses, esses indomabilis. Lys. Quo argumento? Ol. Nimis tenax es, Plaut. Cas. 812.

Latin > English

tenax tenacis (gen.), tenacior -or -us, tenacissimus -a -um ADJ :: holding fast, clinging; tenacious; retentive; close-fisted/tight/niggardly
tenax tenax tenacis (gen.), tenacior -or -us, tenacissimus -a -um ADJ :: restrainging; (fetters/embrace); steadfast, persistent; obstinate, stubborn