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navis

Ἐς δὲ τὰ ἔσχατα νουσήματα αἱ ἔσχαται θεραπεῖαι ἐς ἀκριβείην, κράτισται -> For extreme diseases, extreme methods of cure, as to restriction, are most suitable.
Corpus Hippocraticum, Aphorisms 1.6.2

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

nāvis: is (
I acc. sing. usually navem, Charis. 101 P.; Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 57; Cic. de Or. 1, 38, 174; Caes. B. C. 3, 39, 2 et saep.; but navim, Cic. Att. 7, 22, 1; Sall. J. 25, 5; Hor. C. 1, 32, 8; id. Ep. 2, 1, 114; Prop. 2 (3), 22, 41; Ov. M. 11, 663; 14, 218; Liv. 24, 34, 11; 40, 4, 11; Pers. 5, 141; Juv. 6, 98; Lact. 2, 7, 12 al.; abl. navi, Plaut. Bacch. 1, 1, 73; Ter. Hec. 3, 4, 7; Cic. de Or. 3, 40, 159 et saep.; but nave, id. Inv. 2, 42, 124; id. Verr. 2, 5, 25, § 64; id. Fam. 10, 31, 1; 14, 5, 1; Caes. B. C. 2, 32, 12; Cat. 64, 84; Verg. A. 5, 188; 487; Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 200; Prop. 1, 8, 6; Ov. H. 13, 99; Liv. 5, 28, 2 et saep.; cf. Charis. p. 33 P.; Diom. 1, p. 283 P.; v. Neue, Formenl. 1, p. 200 sq.; 216 sq.), f. ναῦς; Sanscr. nau, the same, a ship (syn.: navigium).
I Lit.: navis longa, a ship of war, Liv. 24, 36: oneraria, a transport, id. 24, 40: mercatoria, Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 2; praedatoria, id. Men. 2, 3, 87: praetoria, the admiral's ship, id. 29, 25: tecta, id. 22, 21; or, constrata, having a deck, decked, id. 35, 46: aperta, open, without a deck, id. 32, 21: auri navem evertat gubernator, an paleae, laden with gold or chaff, Cic. Par. 3, 1, 20: navem construere, id. Sen. 20, 72: triremis instar aedificata, id. Verr. 2, 5, 17, § 44: navem adornare, Caes. B. C. 1, 26: armare, id. B. G. 5, 1: reficere, id. ib. 4, 31: fabricari, Tac. A. 14, 29: deducere, to launch, Caes. B. G. 5, 23: deducere in aquam, Liv. 28, 17: moliri ab terrā, id. 28, 7: ex portu educere, Caes. B. C. 1, 57: subducere, id. B. G. 5, 11: subducere in aridum, id. ib. 4, 29: agere, to work a ship, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 114: mercibus implere, Juv. 14, 288: solvere, to set sail, Caes. B. C. 3, 6; so, naves leni vento solverunt, id. B. G. 4, 28: mea Hodie solutast navis, Plaut. Stich. 3, 1, 16: navem appellere ad aliquem locum, to land, Cic. Att. 13, 21, 3: applicare terrae, Liv. 28, 17: appellere litori, Curt. 4, 2, 24: navem fregit, was shipwrecked, cast away, Ter. And. 1, 3, 17: in portu evertere, Cic. de Or. 1, 38, 174: impingere, Quint. 4, 1, 61: deprimere, Tac. H. 4, 79: gubernare et salvam in portu collocare, Cic. Pis. 9, 20: remis incitare, Caes. B. G. 4, 25: in navibus vehi, Cic. N. D. 3, 37, 89: e navi egredi, id. Vatin. 5, 12: lassus sum hercle e navi, from my voyage, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 173: navis cursum suum tenens, Cic. Planc. 39, 94: navem statuere, to heave to, Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 57: navium tutela, the image of a deity placed on the stern of the vessel, under whose protection the ship was placed, Ov. Tr. 1, 10, 1; cf. id. H. 16, 112; Val. Fl. 1, 301. The proper badge of a vessel, after which it was named, was placed on the prow: Aeneia puppis Prima tenet rostro Phrygios subjuncta leones. Verg. A. 10, 157; cf. id. ib. 5, 116 sq.: TRIREME MARTE, Inscr. Mur. 780, 5.—Prov.: navibus atque quadrigis petere aliquid, i. e. with all one's power, with might and main, Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 28; cf. Juv. 9, 131: navem perforare quā ipse quis naviget, i. e. to do one's self an injury, Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 8, 6, 47: navem mortuo applicare, to rescue a drowned man from the water, i. e. to bring assistance when too late, Quint. Decl. 12, 23.—
   B Transf.
   1    = pudenda muliebria, Plaut. Men. 2, 3, 51; id. Rud. 2, 3, 24; Macr. S. 2, 5.—
   2    Navis Argolica, or simply Navis, the ship Argo, placed among the constellations, Cic. Arat. 277.—
II Trop., of political affairs: una navis est jam bonorum omnium, Cic. Fam. 12, 25, 5: navis rei publicae fluctuans in alto tempestatibus seditionum ac discordiarum, id. Sest. 20, 46.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

nāvis,⁶ is (acc. sing. habituellement navem ; qqf. navim Cic. Att. 7, 22, 1 ; Sall. J. 25, 5 ; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 114 ; abl. navī Cic. de Or. 3, 159 et souvent, mais aussi nave Cic. Fam. 10, 31, 1 ; Cæs. C. 2, 32, 12 ), f. (ναῦς), navire, bâtiment : auri navis Cic. Par. 20, navire chargé (un chargement) d’or ; navem deducere Cæs. G. 5, 23, 2, mettre un navire à la mer ; subducere Cæs. G. 5, 11, 5, mettre un vaisseau à sec sur le rivage ; solvere Cæs. G. 3, 6, mettre à la voile ; navem appellere ad Cic. Att. 13, 21, 3, faire aborder à ; naves applicare terræ Liv. 28, 17, 13, aborder ; navis longa, oneraria Cæs. G. 3, 9, 1 ; G. 4, 22, 3, vaisseau de guerre, vaisseau de transport ; constrata Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 89, vaisseau ponté ; aperta Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 104, vaisseau découvert ; v. conscendere, egredi, exponere ; navem facere Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 19 ; ædificare Verr. 2, 4, 18, construire un navire || [prov.] navibus et quadrigis Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 28, par tous les moyens, de toutes ses forces || [fig.] reipublicæ Cic. Sest. 46, le vaisseau de l’État || Navis, ou Navis Argolica le Navire des Argonautes [constellation antique de grande envergure, divisée, depuis, en trois constallations plus petites : la Carène, la Poupe et les Voiles] : Cic. Arat. 34, 277.

Latin > German (Georges)

nāvis (vulg. nābis), is, f. (altindisch nauḥ, griech. ναῦς), das Schiff, I) eig. u. übtr.: A) eig.: navis peregrina, Plaut.: maritima, Liv.: fluviatilis, Liv.: amnica, Edict. Diocl.: actuaria, Caes.: longa, Kriegsschiff, Liv.: oneraria, Transportschiff, Lastschiff, Liv.: mercatoria, Kauffahrteischiff, Plaut.: piratica, Seeräuberschiff, Liv.: piscatoria, Fischerkahn, Caes.: praetoria, Admiralschiff, Liv.: rostrata, mit einem Schnabel, Iustin.: tecta, Liv. u. Tac., od. constrata, Cic., mit einem Verdeck: aperta, ohne Verdeck, Cic.: navis frumento onusta, Liv.: navis vacua dominis, Liv.: navis exarmata et utroque patens latere, Sen. rhet.: navis quassa (leckes), Liv., vetus quassaque, Liv.: navis, quae simplici ordine agebatur (= moneris, w. s.), Tac.: navis quattuor scalmorum, Vell.: navis auri, paleae, ein Goldschiff, Spreuschiff, Cic.: n. mercium, Iustin. – navem construere od. aedificare, Cic., od. facere, Caes.: navem ornare, Liv., od. adornare, Caes.: navem fabricari, Tac.: navem armare, Caes., instruere armareque, Liv.: navem exarmare (abtakeln), Sen. rhet.: fatiscit navis rimis od. carie, Verg. u. Amm.: navem reficere, Liv.: navem deducere litore, Verg., od. in aquam, Liv., od. bl. deducere, Caes., ein Schiff ins Wasser (in See, vom Stapel usw.) lassen: navem subducere, ans Land ziehen, Caes.: navem ex portu educere, aus dem Hafen steuern, Caes.: navem moliri ab terra, Liv.: navem solvere, absegeln, Caes.: navis solvit, das Schiff segelt ab, Caes.: conscendere navem, Nep., od. in navem, Cic.: od. ascendere in navem, Nep., od. navem, Ter.: milites in navem imponere, einschiffen, Liv.: alqm in navem recipere (an Bord nehmen), Vell.: moderari navem, Liv., navem funiculo, Cic.: navibus rem gerere, zur See fechten, Hor.: egredi e (ex) navi, Ter. u. Caes., od. navi, Nep.: navem appellere ad locum, Cic.: od. applicare ad terram, Caes., od. terrae, Liv.: navis in portum pervehitur, Cic.: deligare navem ad ancoram od. ad terram, Caes.: navem supprimere od. deprimere, versenken, Liv. u. Tac.: navem mergere, versenken, in den Grund bohren, Liv. u.a. (vgl. mergo): navem stabilire (einen festen Stand geben), Liv.: navem frangere, Schiffbruch leiden, Cornif. rhet. (vgl. compluribus navibus fractis, Caes.): navem frangere apud Andrum insulam, Ter.: navem gubernare, steuern, Cic.: navem tenere in ancoris, vor Anker liegen, Nep.: nave, navibus venire, zu Schiffe kommen, Cic. u. Liv.: in navi vehi, Cic., od. nave ferri, Hor., im Schiffe fahren. – navem agere in litus, Liv.: navem capere (nehmen, erobern), Liv.: navem circumsistere, circumvenire, Liv.: navem concīdere, Liv.: navem concitare, Liv.: navem incendere, Cic.: navem praecīdere, Cic.: navem perforare Cic. fr.: navem retinere, festhalten, Caes., zurückbehalten, Liv. – Sprichw., navibus atque quadrigis, d.i. mit aller Macht, aus allen Kräften, Hor. ep. 1, 11, 28: navem mortuo applicare, den Ertrunkenen aus dem Wasser ziehen, zu spät Hilfe leisten, Ps. Quint. decl. 12, 23. – B) übtr.: 1) der Bürzel der Vögel, Apic. 6, 240. – 2) Navis Argolica od. bl. Navis, das Schiff Argo als Gestirn, Cic. Arat. 277. – II) bildl., v. Staate, una navis est bonorum omnium, Cic.: v. der Gemeinschaftlichkeit einerlei Schicksals desselben, ubicumque es, in eadem es navi, Cic. – / Akk. Sing. gew. navem, selten navim (welche Form Charis. 126, 7 sq. geradezu verwirft); Abl. Sing. nave, zB. Verg. Aen. 5, 188, gew. aber navi, s. Charis. 47, 19. Prisc. 7, 67, der Ter. Andr. 923 u. heaut. 182 u. Cic. Verr. 5, 45 als Belege anführt; vgl. oben die Redensarten.

Latin > English

navis navis N F :: ship; [navis longa => galley, battleship; ~ oneraria => transport/cargo ship]