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externus

Γελᾷ δ' ὁ μωρός, κἄν τι μὴ γέλοιον ᾖ -> The fool laughs even when there's nothing to laugh at
Menander

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

externus: a, um, adj. exter,
I outward, external (class.).
I In gen.: nec enim ille externus et adventicius habendus est tepor, sed ex intimis maris partibus agitatione excitatus, Cic. N. D. 2, 10, 26: externa et adventicia visio, id. Div. 2, 58, 120: corpus, id. N. D. 1, 11, 26: pulsus, id. Rep. 6, 26: domina rerum externarum, id. Tusc. 5, 9, 25: commoda vel incommoda, id. Top. 23, 89: bona, Ov. P. 2, 3, 35: vir rebus externis magis laudandus quam institutis domesticis, Cic. Phil. 2, 28, 69.—Subst.: externi ne quid, Hor. S. 2, 7, 87: nos autem illa externa cum multis: haec interiora cum paucis ex ipso saepe cognovimus, outward goods, Cic. Ac. 2, 2, 4.—
II In partic., with respect to one's family or country, of or belonging to another country, foreign, strange (syn.: alienus, peregrinus; opp. noster, domesticus, oppidanus, etc.): auxilia (opp. domesticae opes), Caes. B. G. 2, 5 fin.: qui (dii) jam non procul ab externo hoste atque propinquo, sed hic praesentes sua templa defendunt, Cic. Cat. 2, 13, 29: hostis (opp. oppidani), Hirt. B. G. 8, 37, 2; cf. bella (opp. civilia), Quint. 8, 3, 78: neque haec externa vobis est religio neque aliena, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 51, § 114: superstitiones, Tac. A. 11, 15: quam minime peregrina et externa verba, Quint. 8, 1, 2: verba (opp. nostra), id. 1, 5, 58: apud externos populos, Cic. Off. 2, 18, 64: gens, Verg. A. 7, 367: in externis locis, Cic. Fam. 4, 9 fin.: gratiae, Tac. A. 12, 15: mores, id. ib. 11, 16; cf.: mutatio morum, Curt. 8, 5: amor, i. e. for a foreigner, Ov. H. 5, 102: orbis, i. e. Asia and Africa, Plin. 22, 24, 56, § 118 et saep.—As subst. in masc. and neutr.: canum tam amans dominorum adulatio tantumque odium in externos, towards strangers, Cic. N. D. 2, 63, 158: externa libentius quam domestica recordor, id. Off. 2, 8, 26: externa armis falsis velare, hostile feelings or designs, Tac. H. 4, 32: moliri, id. ib. 3, 5.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

externus,⁸ a, um (exter), extérieur, externe, du dehors : Cic. Div. 2, 120 ; Nat. 2, 26 ; illa externa Cic. Ac. 2, 4, ces faits extérieurs || étranger, exotique : externus hostis Cic. Cat. 2, 29, ennemi étranger ; externi populi Cic. Off. 2, 64, peuples étrangers ; in externis locis Cic. Fam. 4, 9, 4, à l’étranger || externi, ōrum, m., les étrangers : Cic. Nat. 2, 158 ; pl. n. externa Cic. Off. 2, 27, exemples pris à l’étranger || externa Tac. H. 3, 5 ; 4, 32, desseins hostiles.

Latin > German (Georges)

externus, a, um (exter), I) äußerlich, tepor, Cic.: res externae, Dinge außer uns, Cic. – subst., externa, ōrum, n., Außendinge, äußere Erscheinungen (Ggstz. interiora), Cic. Acad. 2, 4. – II) insbes., auswärtig, ausländisch, fremd (Ggstz. domesticus), hostis, Cic.: amor, eines Fremden, Ov.: timor, terror, vor einem auswärtigen Feinde, Liv. – substv., a) externus, ī, m., ein Auswärtiger, ein Fremdling, Verg. u. Curt.; Ggstz. civis, Liv. 34, 49, 10: Plur., Sall. fr. u.a.: externi alienique (Ggstz. homines eiusdem et gentis et sanguinis), Vell.; im engern Sinne Fremde = nicht zum Hause Gehörige, canum odium in externos, Cic. de nat. deor. 2, 158. – b) externa, ōrum, n., auswärtige Dinge, Auswärtiges, Fremdes, Fremdartiges, omnia externa, Tac.: ad (bei Gelegenheit der) externa, Tac.: adversus externa (dem Ausland gegenüber) floruimus, Tac.: dum in externis moror, incĭdi in rem domesticam, während ich bei außeritalischen Angelegenheiten verweile, Vell. 2, 7, 2: externa (auswärtige Beispiele) libentius in tali re quam domestica recordor, Cic. de off. 2, 26.

Latin > English

externus externa, externum ADJ :: outward, external; foreign, strange