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amor

Ἦθος ἀνθρώπῳ δαίμων -> A man's character is his fate
Heraclitus, fr. B 119 Diels

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

ămor: (old form ămŏs, like honos, labos, colos, etc., Plaut. Curc. 1, 2, 2; v. Neue, Formenl. I. p. 170), ōris, m. amo,
I love (to friends, parents, etc.; and also in a low sense; hence in gen., like amo, while caritas, like diligere, is esteem, regard, etc.; hence amor is used also of brutes, but caritas only of men; v amo init.): Amicitiae caritate et amore cernuntur. Nam cum deorum, tum parentum, patriaeque cultus, eorumque hominum, qui aut sapientiā aut opibus excellunt, ad caritatem referri solet. Conjuges autem et liberi et fratres et alii, quos usus familiaritasque conjunxit, quamquam etiam caritate ipsā, tamen amore maxime continentur, Cic. Part. Or. 25, 88; cf. id. ib. 16, 56; Doed. Syn. IV. p. 100 (but amor is related to benevolentia as the cause to the effect, since benevolentia designates only an external, friendly treatment; but amor a real, internal love): amor, ex quo amicitia nominata, princeps est ad benevolentiam conjungendam, Cic. Am. 8, 26: nihil enim est, quod studio et benevolentiā, vel amore potius effici non possit, id. Fam. 3, 9; cf. Doed. Syn. IV. p. 105 (very freq. in all periods, and in every kind of style; in a low sense most freq. in the com. and eleg. poets, Petron., and similar authors; v. amo init.); constr. with in, erga, or the obj. gen. (with the gen. of the gerund, never in Cic., and perh. in no prose writer; but it is so found in Lucr., Ovid, and Hor.).
I Lit.: ab his initiis noster in te amor profectus, Cic. Fam. 13, 29: si quid in te residet amoris erga me, id. ib. 5, 5: amori nostro (i. e. quo a te amamur) plusculum etiam, quam concedit veritas, largiare, id. ib. 5, 12; Postquam primus amor deceptam morte fefellit, Verg. A. 4, 17: amabilis super amorem mulierum, Vulg. 2 Reg. 1, 26: in paternitatis amore, brotherly love (Gr. φιλαδελφία), ib. 1 Pet. 1, 22; ib. 2 Pet. 1, 7 bis: amplecti aliquem amore, Cic. Att. 7, 1: habere amorem erga aliquem, id. ib. 9, 14: respondere amori amore, id. ib. 15, 21: conciliare amorem alicui, id. de Or. 2, 51 et saep.—Of sexual love, whether lawful or unlawful: Medea amore saevo saucia, Enn. Med. ap. Auct. ad Her. 2, 22 (as a transl. of the Gr. ἔρωτι θυμὸν ἐκπλαγεῖσ Ἰάσονος, Eur. Med. prol. 8): videbantur illi (septem anni) pauci dies prae amoris magnitudine, Vulg. Gen. 29, 20; 29, 30: is amore projecticiam illam deperit, Plaut. Cist. 1, 3, 43: amore perdita est, id. Mil. 4, 6, 38: in amore haec omnia sunt vitia, Ter. Eun. 1, 1, 14: aeterno devictus volnere amoris, Lucr. 1, 35: qui vitat amorem, id. 4, 1069: Nec te noster amor tenet? Verg. A. 4, 307; 4, 395; Ov. M. 4, 256: ne sit ancillae tibi amor pudori, Hor. C. 2, 4, 1: meretricis amore Sollicitus, id. S. 2, 3, 252: ut majus esset odium amore, quo ante dilexerat, Vulg. 2 Reg. 13, 15: ambo vulnerati amore ejus, ib. Dan. 13, 10 al.—In both significations also in the plur.: amores hominum in te, Cic. Att. 5, 10: amores sancti, id. Fin. 3, 20, 68; cf. id. Tusc. 4, 34, 72: Ille meos, primus qui me sibi junxit, amores Abstulit, Verg. A. 4, 28: est is mihi in amoribus, i. e. valde a me amatur, Cic. Fam. 7, 32: meos amores eloquar, Plaut. Merc. 1, 1, 2: meretricii amores, Ter. And. 5, 4, 10: quem amore venerio dilexerat, Nep. Paus. 4, 1: amores et hae deliciae, quae vocantur, Cic. Cael. 19: quando Dido tantos rumpi non speret amores, Verg. A. 4, 292: Tabuit ex illo dementer amoribus usa, Ov. M. 4, 259: insanos fateamur amores, id. ib. 9, 519 et saep.; Hor. C. 3, 21, 3 et saep.—
II Meton.
   A For the beloved object itself: amores et deliciae tuae, Cic. Div. 1, 36; Pompeius, nostri amores, id. Att. 2, 19; 16, 6; and ironic.: sed redeo ad amores deliciasque nostras, L. Antonium, id. Phil. 6, 5; Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 79; Ov. M. 1, 617; 4, 137 al.—
   B Personified: Amor, the god of love, Love, Cupid, Ἔρως: O praeclaram emendatricem vitae poëticam, quae Amorem flagitii et levitatis auctorem in concilio deorum collocandum putet, Cic. Tusc. 4, 32, 69: Deum esse Amorem turpis et vitio favens finxit libido, Sen. Phaedr. 195: Illum conjugem, quem Amor dederat, qui plus pollet potiorque est patre, vet. poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 4, 32, 69: Omnia vincit Amor, et nos cedamus Amori, Verg. E. 10, 69: Improbe Amor, quid non mortalia corpora cogis? id. A. 4, 412: Paret Amor dictis carae genetricis, id. ib. 1, 689: Amor non talia curat, id. E. 10, 28: nec quid Amor curat, Ov. M. 1, 480: Amori dare ludum, Hor. C. 3, 12, 1; Prop. 1, 2, 8: non tot sagittis, Spicula quot nostro pectore fixit Amor, id. 3, 4, 2: pharetratus, Ov. Tr. 5, 1, 22: Notaque purpureus tela resumit Amor, id. Am. 2, 9, 34: movit Amor gemmatas aureus alas, id. R. Am. 39 et saep.—Also in the plur., Cupids, Loves: corpora nudorum Amorum, Ov. M. 10, 516: lascivi Amores, Hor. C. 2, 11, 7: parvi Amores, Prop. 3, 1, 11: Amores volucres, Ov. Ep. 16, 201: pharetrati, id. R. Am. 519 al.—
   C A strong, passionate longing for something, desire, lust: consulatūs amor, Cic. Sull. 26, 73: gloriae, id. Arch. 11, 28: amicitiae, id. Tusc. 4, 33, 70: lactis, Verg. G. 3, 394: vini, Liv. 9, 18: auri, Verg. A. 1, 349: argenti, Hor. S. 2, 3, 78: nummi, Juv. 14, 138: laudum, Verg. A. 9, 197 et saep.: cognitionis, Cic. Fin. 4, 7, 18.—With gerund: edundi, Lucr. 4, 870: habendi, Ov. M. 1, 131, and Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 85: scribendi, id. S. 2, 1, 10.—Poet., with inf.: si tantus amor casus cognoscere nostros, Verg. A. 2, 10: seu rore pudico Castaliae flavos amor est tibi mergere crines, Stat. Th. 1, 698.—*
   D Poet., a love-charm, philtre: quaeritur et nascentis equi de fronte revolsus Et matri praereptus amor, Verg. A. 4, 516; upon which passage Serv. remarks: Secundum Plinium, qui dicit in Naturali Historiā (8, 42, 66, § 163 sqq.) pullos equinos habere in fronte quandam carnem, quam eis statim natis adimit mater; quam si quis forte praeripuerit, odit pullum et lac ei denegat; v. hippomanes.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

ămŏr,⁶ ōris, m.,
1 amour, affection : in aliquem Cic. Fl. 105 ; erga aliquem Cic. Pis. 76 ; alicujus Cic. Att. 1, 13, 5, affection pour qqn ; amor in patriam Cic. Fl. 103 ; patriæ Cic. de Or. 1, 247, amour pour la patrie ; [avec gén. subj.] amor multitudinis Cic. Off. 2, 32, affection de la foule ; in amore esse Cic. Fl. 18, être aimé
2 amour : ex amore insanit Pl. Merc. 325, l’amour lui fait perdre la raison ; in amore atque in voluptatibus adulescentiam suam conlocare Cic. Cæl. 39, consacrer sa jeunesse à l’amour et aux plaisirs || [dans la poésie élégiaque] amores, les amours ; Amor, Amour (Éros), le dieu Amour || objet d’amour : primus amor Phœbi Daphne Ov. M. 1, 452, Daphné, premier amour de Phébus ; amores ac deliciæ tuæ, Roscius Cic. Div. 1, 79, Roscius, tes amours et tes délices, cf. Phil. 13, 26, etc.
3 amour, vif désir : consulatus Cic. Sulla 73 ; gloriæ Cic. Arch. 28 ; cognitionis et scientiæ Cic. Fin. 5, 48, passion du consulat, de la gloire, d’apprendre et de savoir ; otii et pacis Cic. Rep. 2, 26, amour de la tranquillité et de la paix ; amore senescit habendi Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 85, il vieillit à force de vouloir posséder || [poét.] si tantus amor casus cognoscere nostros Virg. En. 2, 10, si telle est ton envie d’apprendre nos infortunes, cf. En. 12, 282.
     ămōr Pl. Merc. 590 ; Most. 142 ; Trin. 259 ; Virg. En. 11, 323, etc.

Latin > German (Georges)

amor, ōris, m. (v. Stamm AM, wovon auch amo u. amicus), die Liebe aus Neigung u. Leidenschaft (Ggstz. odium; hingegen caritas = die »Liebe aus Achtung, Ehrfurcht, Bewunderung usw.«; vgl. Cic. part. or. 16 u. 88), konstr. mit in, erga, adversus, od. m. obj. Genet., I) eig. u. meton.: 1) eig.: amor novus, vetus, Cic.: naturalis, Cic.: pravus, Sen.: nimius, Val. Max.: insanus, Sen.: fraternus, Cic. – noster in te amor, Cic.: fraternus in alqm amor, Cic.: amor in patriam, Nep.: pietas et amor in patriam, Cic.: tuus amor erga me singularis, Cic.: amor adversus eandem libertam, Tac. ann. 13, 13. – amor iuvenum (zu den J.), Cic.: caecus amor sui, Hor.: parvuli sui nimio amore correptus, Val, Max. – amplecti od. prosequi alqm amore, Cic.: amare alqm amore singulari, Cic.: in amore esse alci, von jmd. geliebt werden, Cic.: habere amorem erga alqm, Cic.: habere alqm in amore, lieben, Cic.: im unedlen Sinne, amore perdita est, Plaut.: novercae Stratonices infinito amore correptus, Val. Max.: in amorem virginis incidere, Liv.: in amore haec omnia sunt vitia, Ter.: qui vitat amorem, Lucr.: ne sit ancillae tibi amor pudori, Hor.: am. primus, erste Liebeserklärung, Herzensergießung, Prop. – v. der Liebe der Tiere, Verg. georg. 3, 244. – im Plur., amores hominum in te, Cic.: amores sancti, die griechische edle Knabenliebe, Cic.: amores puerorum (zu den Kn.), Nep.: mihi est in amoribus, er wird von mir geliebt, Cic.: u. im unedlen Sinne, von Liebschaften, Liebeleien, Buhlschaften, amores furtivi, Catull.: meos amores eloquar, Plaut.: amores et hae deliciae, quae vocantur, Cic.: nutrit amores Cynthia, das Liebesfeuer, Prop.: incīdere arboribus amores, seine Liebe, das Geständnis, wie sehr man liebt, Prop. – personif., Amor, der Liebesgott, Amor, Kupido, Ἔρως, Verg., Ov. u.a. – im Plur. Liebesgötter, Amoretten, Ov., Hor. u.a. – 2) meton.: a) der geliebte Gegenstand, der Liebling, amor et deliciae generis humani (v. Titus), Suet. u. Eutr.: u. so (von dems.) amor generis humani, Pacat. paneg., od. amor orbis, Auson.: u. bes. im Plur., amores et deliciae tuae, Cic. – in bezug auf Geschlechtsliebe, die Liebe = der, die Geliebte, Plaut. u. Ov. – b) poet., der Liebe erzeugende Gegenstand, quaeritur et nascentis equi de fronte revolsus et matri praereptus amor, jenes der Mutter entraffte Liebesgewächs, Verg. Aen. 4, 516 (vgl. hippomanes). – II) übtr., die Liebe zu-, d.i. das lebhafte, leidenschaftliche Verlangen, die Sehnsucht nach etw., das Gelüst, die Begier, Lust, der Wunsch, am. consulatus, Cic.: cognitionis, Cic.: mortis, Cic. poët.: argenti, Hor.: negotii suscepti, Vorliebe, Eingenommenheit für usw., Liv.: poet. im Plur., amores nostri, mein Verlangen (nach dem Gesange), Verg. ecl. 9, 56. – m. Genet. Gerundii, amor edendi, Lucr.: amor habendi, Verg.: amor scribendi, Hor.: amor generandi, Zeugungstrieb, Tac. – poet. m. Infin., Verg. Aen. 2, 10; 3, 298; 6, 133. Stat. Theb. 1, 698. – / amōr gemessen bei Plaut. merc. 590; most. 142; trin. 259. Vergl. ecl. 10, 69; Aen. 11, 323; 12, 668.

Spanish > Greek

ἀγαπησμός, ἀγάπη, ἀγάπησις, ἔρως

Latin > English

amor amoris N M :: love, affection; the beloved; Cupid; affair; sexual/illicit/homosexual passion