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mille

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Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

mille: in the plur. mīlia (or millia;
I archaic, MEILIA, Inscr. Orell. 3308; abl. sing. milli, Lucil. ap. Gell. 1, 16, and ap. Macr. S. 1, 5), num. adj. Sanscr. root mil-, combine, associate; Gr. ὅμιλος; cf. miles, a thousand, thousands.
I Lit.
   A In gen., sometimes in sing. subst, with gen.; in plur, only subst. with gen.: equites mille viā breviore praemissi, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 9, 3: mille et quingentis passibus abesse, Caes. B. G. 1, 22.—With gen.: mille drachumarum Olympicūm, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 23: spondeo et mille auri Philippum dotis, id. ib. 5, 2, 34; cf.: mille nummūm, Cic. Phil. 6, 5, 15; id. ap. Gell. 1, 16, 5: mille denariūm, Gell. 1, 16, 9: mille quingentos aeris in censum adferre, Cic. Rep. 2, 22, 40: ibi occiditur mille hominum, Quadrig. ap. Gell. 1, 16, 1: hominum mille versabatur, Cic. Mil. 20, 53.—So with verb in sing., Cic. Att. 4, 16, 14; Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 4; Ter. Heaut. 3, 3, 40: mille equitum, Caes. B. C. 3, 84; Liv. 21, 61: mille militum, Nep. Milt. 5, 1: plus mille et centum annorum est, Varr. ap. Gell. 1, 16, 3: mille annorum, Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 87: passuum, Cato ap. Gell. l. l.; Caes. B. G. 1, 25, 5 al.; cf. Zumpt, Gr. § 116.—In plur. with gen.: Thracum mille aut duo milia occidere, Cic. Phil. 14, 5, 12: sexcenta milia mundorum, id. N. D. 1, 34, 96.—Without gen.: censa sunt civium capita centum quadraginta tria milia septingenta quatuor, Liv. 35, 9: sagittarios tria milia numero habebat, Caes. B. C. 3, 4: tot milia, gentes Arma ferunt Italae, Verg. A. 9, 132: decem milia talenta, Hier. in Evang. Matt. 18, 24: quatuor milia, funditores et sagittarii, Liv. 37, 40, 9; cf. id. 37, 40, 11; 38, 38, 13; 37, 58, 4: tritici modios CXX milia polliceri, Caes. B. C. 2, 18, 4; 3, 4, 3: Graecis peditibus mercede conductis, triginta milibus, praepositus, Curt. 3, 9, 2; 9, 3, 21; 5, 1, 41; Liv. 34, 52, 7.—Distributively: in milia aeris asses singulos, on every thousand, Liv. 29, 15.—
   B In partic.: mille passus, mille passuum, or simply mille, a thousand paces, i. e. a Roman mile, which is estimated at 1618 English yards, or 142 yards less than the English statute mile: milli passum dixit (sc. Lucilius) pro mille passibus ... aperteque ostendit mille et vocabulum esse et singulari numero dici, Gell. 1, 16, 13; Cic. Att. 4, 16, 4: ultra quadringenta milia, id. ib. 3, 4.—Prov.: mille passuum mora, a mile's delay, i. e. a long delay, Plaut. Truc. 2, 3, 13; cf.: mille passuum commoratu's cantharum, id. Men. 1, 2, 64.—
II Transf., like the Gr. μυρία, a thousand, for innumerable, infinite (mostly poet.): mille pro uno Kaesones exstitisse, Liv. 3, 14, 4; 2, 28, 4: mille trahens varios adverso sole colores, Verg. A. 4, 701: tentat mille modis, Hor. C. 3, 7, 12: mille pericula saevae urbis, Juv. 3, 8; 12, 46: quomodo persequatur unus mille, Vulg. Deut. 32, 30. —Plur.: ante milia annorum, Plin. 14 praef. 1, § 3: milia tumulorum, Prud. cont. Symm. 1, 516: erat numerus eorum milia milium, Vulg. Apoc. 5, 11; so, mille alia, alia mille, innumerable others, Quint. 2, 15, 23; Sen. Ep. 24, 14.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

mīllĕ,⁶ n. [indécl. au sing.], pl. mīllia et mīlia, ĭum, mille : Cic.
1 mille : a) mille passus, mille pas, cf. Cæs. G. 1, 22, 1 ; b) mille passuum Cæs. G. 1, 25, 5, un millier de pas, cf. Cic. Phil. 6, 15 ; [abl.] illo mille nummum Pl. Trin. 959, [l’escroquer] de ce millier de philippes || [avec verbe au sing.] hominum mille versabatur Cic. Mil. 53, un millier d’hommes se tenait, cf. Att. 4, 16, 4 ; Ter. Haut. 601 ; Gell. 1, 16, 1 ; c) [= un nombre indéfini] Liv. 2, 28, 4 ; 3, 14, 4 ; Virg. En. 4, 701 ; Hor. O. 3, 7, 12
2 milia [quand il s’agit de plus. milliers] a) [en apposition] sagittorios (mss β) tria milia numero habebat Cæs. C. 3, 4, 3, il avait des archers au nombre de trois mille ; talenta Attica duodecim milia Liv. 38, 38, 13, des talents attiques au nombre de douze mille ; quadraginta milibus sestertiis Varro R. 3, 2, 17, au prix de quarante mille sesterces, cf. Liv. 37, 40, 11 ; 37, 58, 4 ; b) [avec gén.] Cic. Nat. 1, 96, etc. ; c) [distributif] in milia æris asses singulos Liv. 29, 15, 9, demander un as par mille as de capital ; d) = mille pas, un mille : quadringenta milia Cic. Att. 3, 4, quatre cents milles. arch. meile, meilia Lucil. Sat. 358 ; abl. sing. milli Lucil. Sat. 327 ; cf. Gell. 1, 16, 11 ; Macr. Sat. 1, 5, 7.

Latin > German (Georges)

mīlle, Numer., I) adi. tausend, mille et quingentis passibus abesse, Caes.: primus de mille (procis) fuisses, Ov.: bis mille equi, Hor. – II) subst. neutr., das Tausend, A) eig., Sing. mille mit Genet. (s. Brix Plaut. trin. 425. Lorenz Plaut. mil. 1055. Kühnast Liv. Synt. S. 80), mille drachumarum, nummûm, Komik.: mille modiûm, annorum, Plaut.: mille militum, Nep.: mille hominum versabatur, Cic. – Plur. gew. milia (auch in Inschriften, zB. Corp. inscr. Lat. 3, 3198 u. 5, 121; s. Neue-Wagener Formenl.3 2, 304 u. Georges Lexik. der lat. Wortformen S. 425), tausend, Tausende, centum milia, Cic. sescenta milia, Cic.: viginti milia peditum, quattuor equitum, Liv.: multa milia frumenti, viele tausend Scheffel G., Sen.: u. so milia frumenti, Hor.: HS deciens centena milia, Cic.: tot milia, gentes Italae (Apposition), Verg. Aen. 9, 132; vgl. Sil. 1, 340. – distribut., viritim milia nummûm singula dedi, Monum. Ancyr.: milia talentûm per duodecim annos, Liv.: in milia aeris asses singulos, auf jedes Tausend, Liv. – insbes., mille passuum, tausend Schritte = eine römische Meile (deren fünf eine deutsche od. geographische Meile ausmachen), Plaut., Cic. u.a.: mille passuum erant, Liv.: u. oft ohne Genet. passuum, ut mihi ultra quadringenta milia liceret esse, Cic.: Marcius et Atilius ad Gitanas Epiri oppidum decem milia a mari cum escenderent, Liv.: aberat mons fere milia viginti, Sall.: castra, quae sedecim milium vallo obduxerat, Flor. – B) übtr., tausend = unzählige (s. Korte Lucan. 3, 689), mille pro uno Caesones exstitisse, Liv.: cui mille in dies nova consilia vel fortuna iam vel ingenium posset facere, Liv.: in mille curias contionesque dispersam atque dissipatam esse rem publicam, Liv.: mille trahens vario colore soles, Verg.: temptat mille modis, Hor.: milia crabronum coëunt, Ov.: si te vidissem, primus de mille fuisses, Ov.: mille praeterea sunt usus earum, Plin.: alia mille non minus lauta, Plin. ep.: fama, quae mille, ut aiunt, linguis rerum mire exaggerat fidem, Amm. 21, 9, 3. – / Archaist. meile, meilia, Lucil. 358. Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 551: Abl. Sing. milli, Lucil. 327 u. 506; vgl. Gell. 1, 16, 11 u. Macr. sat. 1, 5, 7.

Latin > English

mille milis N N :: thousand (men); thousands (pl.) [milia (passuum) => mile]
mille mille millesimus -a -um, milleni -ae -a, milie(n)s NUM :: thousand; a thousand; [mille passuum => thousand paces = a mile]