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oppidum

κόσμος σκηνή, ὁ βίος πάροδος· ἦλθες, εἶδες, ἀπῆλθες -> The world is a stage, life is a performance, you came, you saw, you departed
Democritus, fr. 115 D-K

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

oppĭdum: i (
I gen. plur oppidūm, Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 5, 4; old abl plur. oppedeis, Lex. Servil.), n. ob and pedum; Gr. πέδον; Sanscr pada-m, on or over the plain.
I A town (of towns other than Rome, which was called Urbs; though occasionally the term oppidum was applied to Rome) (class.): oppidum ab opi dictum, quod munitur opis causā, ubi sit: et quod opus est ad vitam gerundam, Varr. L. L. 5, § 141 Müll.; cf. Fest. p. 202: hi coetus (hominum) sedem primum certo loco domiciliorum causā constituerunt, quam cum locis manuque saepsissent, ejusmodi conjunctionem tectorum oppidum vel urbem appellaverunt, Cic. Rep. 1, 26, 41: Athenas anticum opulentum oppidum Contempla, Enn. ap. Non. 470, 5 (Trag. v. 324 Vahl.): fortunatum oppidum, Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 81: Segesta est oppidum pervetus in Siciliā, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 33, § 72: praesidia in oppidis, id. Att. 8, 11, B, § 1: Romana per oppida, Verg. G. 2, 176: urbe (i.e. Romā) oppidove ullo, Suet. Oth. 1.—Constr. with gen., of name of a town: Antiochiae, Cic. Att. 5, 18, 1.—Of Rome: per totum oppidum, all through the town, i.e. Rome, Varr. L. L. 6 § 14 Müll.: eos (legatos) in oppidum intromitti non placuit, Liv. 42, 36: oppidum Martis, Mart. 10, 30, 2.—In like manner oppidum denotes Athens, Nep. Milt. 4, 2; and Thebes, id. Pel. 1, 2.—In a fig. of an old man: ad hoc ego oppidum vetus continuo legiones meas Protinus adducam: hoc si expugno, etc., Plaut. Ps. 2, 1, 12.—
   B Transf., the inhabitants of a town: illic oppida tota canem venerantur, nemo Dianam, Juv. 15, 8.—
II A fortified wood or forest, among the Britons, Caes. B. G. 5, 21. —
III The barriers of the circus (anteclass.): in Circo primo unde mittuntur equi, nunc dicuntur carceres, Naevius oppidum appellat, Varr. L. L. 5, § 153 Müll.; cf. Fest. p. 184 ib.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) oppĭdum,⁶ ī, n. (ob, pedum, πέδον),
1 ville fortifiée, place forte : Cic. Rep. 1, 41 || tout endroit fortifié : Cæs. G. 5, 21 || = enceinte de Rome : Liv. 42, 36
2 chef-lieu d’un territoire, ville d’un pays civitas = pays, organisation politique] : Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 72
3 barrières du cirque : Varro L. 5, 153. gén. pl. oppidum Sulp. Ruf. d. Cic. Fam. 4, 5, 4.

Latin > German (Georges)

oppidum, ī, n. (aus *op-pedum; vgl. griech. πέδον, Grund, Boden), jeder umfriedigte Raum; dah. I) (altlat.) die Schranken des Zirkus, Naev. b. Varro LL. 5, 153. – II) als fester Sitz, fester Punkt, fester Platz = a) die Stadt als Aufenthaltsort, Wohnplatz, opp. Genabum, Caes.: opp. Mitylene, Vitr.: antiquum opulentum opp., Enn. fr.: opp. maritimum, Liv.: novum Gallorum opp., Liv.: opp. parvulum, Curt.: opp. pervetus in Sicilia, Cic.: libera ac foederata oppida, Suet:: oppidum aedificare, Liv.: post me erat Aegina, ante me Megara, dextrā Piraeus, sinistrā Corinthus; quae oppida quodam tempore florentissima fuerunt, nunc prostrata ac diruta ante oculos iacent, Sulp. in Cic. ep.: cum uno loco tot oppidûm cadavera proiecta iacent, Sulp. in Cic. ep.: sanguine per triduum in oppido (in der St. = in Rom) pluisse, Liv.: urbe oppidove (aus Rom od. einer Landstadt) egressus, Suet. – mit Genet. des Städtenamens (wie ἄστυ), in oppido Antiochiae, Cic. ad Att. 5, 18, 1. – Plur. oppida, dichterisch = die Prachtgebäude der Stadt, die Staatsgebäude, Hor. carm. 2, 15, 18. – b) ein verschanzter Wald bei den Britanniern, Caes. b. G. 5, 21, 3. – / Genet. Plur. oppidûm, Sulp. in Cic. ep. 4, 5, 4.

Latin > English

oppidum oppidi N N :: town