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I

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

I: i, the ninth letter of the Latin alphabet, a vowel; for even the old grammarians distinguished it from the consonant written with the same character; see the letter J. The short
I i is, next to ë, the least emphatic of the Latin vowels, and serves, corresp. to the Gr. o, as a connecting sound in forming compounds: aerĭfodina, aerĭpes, altitudo, altĭsonus, arcitenens, homĭcida, etc. It is often inserted in Latin words derived from Greek: mina, techina, cucinus, lucinus (for mna, techna, cycnus, lychnus, etc.); cf. Ritschl, Rhein. Mus. 8, p. 475 sq.; 9, p. 480; 10, p. 447 sq. And in similar manner inserted in arguiturus, abnuiturus, etc. The vowel i is most closely related to u, and hence the transition of the latter into the former took place not only by assimilation into a following i, as similis, together with simul and simultas; facilis, together with facul and facultas; familia, together with famul and famulus; but also simply for greater ease of utterance; so that, from the class. per. onward, we find i written in the place of the older u: optimus, maximus, finitimus, satira, lacrima, libet, libido, etc., instead of the earlier optumus, maxumus, finitumus, satura, lacruma, lubet, lubido, etc.; cf. also the archaic genitives cererus, venerus, honorus, nominus, etc., for the later Cereris, Veneris, honoris, nominis, etc., the archaic orthography caputalis for capitalis, etc. For the relation of i to a and e, see those letters. Examples of commutation between i and o are rare: -agnitus, cognitus, together with notus, ilico from in loco, the archaic forms ollus, ollic for ille, illic, and inversely, sispes and sispita for sospes and sospita. As an abbreviation, I (as the sign of the vowel i) denotes in, infra, ipse, Isis, etc.: IDQ iidemque, I. H. F. C. ipsius heres faciendum curavit, IM. immunis, IMP. imperium, imperator, etc. The capital letter I is often confounded with the numeral I. (unus, primus).

Latin > German (Georges)

I, i, neunter Buchstabe des griech.-lat. Alphabets; diente bei den Römern als Zeichen für vokalisches und konsonantisches i. Als Abkürzung ist I = idem, infra, impensa, iter, Iuno, Iuppiter u.a. – IDQ. = iidemque. – I. H. F. C. = ipsius heres faciundum curavit. – IM. = immunis. – IMP. = imperium, imperator.

Translations

Abenaki: nia; Abkhaz: сара; Acehnese: lôn; Achang: ngos, oengs; Adangme: i; Adyghe: сэ; Afar: anu; Afrikaans: ek; Ainu Akan: me; Aklanon: ako; Albanian: unë; Alviri-Vidari: اه‎, ا‎; American Sign Language: 1@Sternum-FingerBack; Amharic: እኔ; Guerrero Amuzgo: ja; Apache Western Apache: shíí; Arabic: أَنَا‎; Egyptian Arabic: انا‎; Levantine Arabic: أنا‎; Moroccan Arabic: آنا‎, أنا‎; Tunisian Arabic: آنا‎; Aragonese: yo; Aramaic Classical Syriac: ܐܢܐ‎; Jewish Aramaic: אֲנָא‎; Arapaho: hìnee; Armenian: ես; Aromanian: io, eu, iou, mini, mine; Assamese: মই; Asturian: yo; Avar: дун; Avestan: 𐬀𐬰𐬇𐬨‎; Aymara: naya; Azerbaijani: mən; Bakhtiari: مو‎; Bambara Bavarian: i; Bashkir: мин; Basque: ni, nik; Belarusian: я; Bengali: আমি; Bislama: mi; Blackfoot: niisto; Bouyei: gul, nyeez, wois; Breton: me; Middle Breton: me; Bulgarian: аз; Burmese: ကျွန်တော်, ကျွန်မ, ငါ, ကျုပ်; Buryat: би; Carrier: si; Catalan: jo; Cebuano: Ako; Central Dusun: yoku, yoku; Central Huishui Hmong: Kuv; Central Tarahumara: ne; Chamicuro: u'ti; Chechen: со; Cherokee: ᎠᏯ; Cheyenne: na-; Chichewa: ine; Chinese Cantonese: 我; Dungan: вә; Gan: 我; Hakka: 𠊎, 我; Jin: 我; Mandarin: 我, 俺; Min Bei: 我; Min Dong: 我; Min Nan: 我; Teochew: 我; Wu: 我, 阿拉; Xiang: 我; Chukchi: гым; Chuvash: эпӗ; Coptic: ⲁⲛⲟⲕ; Cornish: my; Corsican: eiu; Cree: ᓂᔭ; Crimean Tatar: men; Czech: já; Dalmatian: ju; Danish: jeg; Drung: vgò; Dutch: ik, 'k; Dyirbal: ŋaɖa; Dzongkha: ང; Eastern Mari: мый; Egyptian: jnk; Erzya: мон; Eshtehardi: از‎; Esperanto: mi; Estonian: mina, ma; Etruscan: mi; Even: би; Evenki: би; Ewe: nye; Faliscan: eco; Faroese: eg; Suðuroy dialect: jeg; Fijian: au; Finnish: minä, mä, mää, mie, ma, meikä, meitsi; French: je; Old French: jo, jou, je; Friulian: jo; Ga: mi; Galician: eu; Georgian: მე; German: ich; East Central German: ich, ihch, iech; East Franconian: i; Middle High German: ich; Old High German: ih, ihh; Gondi: నన్న; Gothic: 𐌹𐌺; Greek: εγώ; Ancient Greek: ἐγώ; Greenlandic: uanga; Guaraní: che; Gujarati: હું; Haida: łʌ; Haitian Creole: mwen; Hausa: ni; Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai: nya; Hawaiian: au, wau; Hebrew: אֲנִי‎, אנוכי \ אָנֹכִי‎; Hindi: मैं, हम, अहम्, अहं; Hittite: 𒌑𒊌; Hopi: nu'; Hungarian: én; Icelandic: ég, eg; Ido: me; Igbo: mụ,; Indonesian: saya, aku, daku; Ingrian: miä; Ingush: со; Interlingua: io; Inuktitut: uvanga; Irish: mé, mise; Old Irish: mé, messe; Istro-Romanian: io; Italian: io; Iu Mien: yie; Japanese: 私, わたくし, あたし, こちら, 内, 僕, 俺, 我, 小生, 愚生, 朕, わて, あっし, あたい, 自分, うち, わっし, わし, 我輩, 予; Javanese: aku; Jingpho: ngai; Jurchen: bi; Kabardian: сэ; Kabuverdianu: mi, ami,; Kabyle: nekk; Kaingang: inh; Kalmyk: би; Kannada: ನಾನು; Kansa: a; Karachay-Balkar: мен; Karakalpak: men; Karakhanid: مَنْ‎; Karelian: mie; Kashmiri Perso-Arabic: بہٕ‎; Devanagari: बॖ; Kashubian: jô; Kazakh: мен; Khakas: мин; Khinalug: зы; Khmer: ខ្ញុំ, ខ្ញុំបាទ, នាងខ្ញុំ, ខ្ញុំព្រះករុណា, ខ្ញុំព្រះអង្គ, ខ្ញុំម្ចាស់; Kikuyu: nĩ; Klallam: cən; Klamath-Modoc: no·; Komi-Zyrian: ме; Korean: 나, 저; Kristang: yo; Kurdish Central Kurdish: من‎; Northern Kurdish: ez, min; Kyrgyz: мен; Ladino: yo; Lahu: ngal, nga˯; Lak: на; Lakota: wa-, ma-; Lampung Api: ñaʔ; Lao: ຂ້ອຍ, ຜູ້ຂ້າ, ຂ້າພະເຈົ້າ; Lashi: ngo; Latgalian: es; Latin: ego; Latvian: es; Lezgi: зун; Lhao Vo: ngo; Ligurian: mi; Limburgish: ich, 'ch; Lingala: ngáí; Lithuanian: aš, eš; Livonian: minā; Livvi: minä; Lombard: mi; Low German German Low German: ik; Lü: ᦃᦾᧉ; Luganda: nze; Luxembourgish: ech; Lycian: 𐊚𐊎𐊒; Lydian: 𐤠𐤪𐤰‎; Macedonian: јас; Malagasy: aho; Malay: saya, aku, daku, hamba, patik, beta; Malayalam: ഞാന്; Maltese: jien; Manchu: ᠪᡳ; Mansi: ам; Manx: mee, mish; Maori: au, ahau; Marathi: मी; Maricopa: nyaa; Mauritian Creole: mo; Mayo: ínapo; Mazanderani: من‎; Middle English: i, ich; Middle Mongolian: ᠪᠢ; Minigir: iau; Mirandese: you; Miyako: 我ん; Moksha: мон; Mon: အဲ; Mongolian: би; Classical Mongolian: ᠪᠢ; Mòcheno: i; Naga Pidgin: moi, ami; Nanai: ми; Navajo: shí; Neapolitan: i; Negidal: би, мин-; Nenets: мань; Nepali: म; Nez Perce: ˀí·n; Ngarrindjeri: ngapi; Niuean: au; Nivkh: ни; Nootka: siy̕aa; Norman: jé, j'; North Frisian: ik; North Marquesan: au; Northern Amami-Northern Sami: mun, mon; Northern Thai: ᩁᩣ; Norwegian Bokmål: jeg; Nynorsk: eg; Occitan: ieu, jo; Ojibwe: ᓃᓐ; Okinawan: 我ん; Old Church Slavonic Cyrillic: азъ; Glagolitic: ⰰⰸⱏ; Old Czech: jáz; Old East Slavic: ꙗзъ, азъ, ꙗ; Old English: iċ, iċċ, ih; Old Frisian: ik; Old Norse: ek; Old Prussian: as; Old Saxon: ik; Old Swedish: iak; Old Turkic: 𐰋𐰤‎, 𐰢𐰤‎; Oriya: ମୁଁ; Oroch: би; Orok: би; Ossetian: ӕз; Panamint: nüü; Pashto: زه‎; Pela: ŋa⁵⁵; Persian: من‎, مو‎, مه‎; Old Persian: 𐎠𐎭𐎶; Pipil: naja, naha; Pitjantjatjara: nganku, ngankulu, ngayulu; Polabian: joz, jo; Polish: ja; Portuguese: eu; Proto-Norse: ᛖᚲ; Punjabi: ਮੈਂ; Quechua: ñuqa; Kamta: মুই; Rapa Nui: au; Rarotongan: au; Rohingya: aññi; Romani: me; Romanian: eu; Romansch: jau; Russian: я, аз; Rusyn: я; Saanich: ESE; Sami Inari: mun; Lule: mån; Northern: mun, mon; Skolt: mon; Southern: manne; Samoan: aʻu, ʻou; Sango: mbï; Sanskrit: अहम्; Sardinian: eo; Saterland Frisian: iek; Scots: A, I; Scottish Gaelic: mi, mise; Serbo-Croatian Roman: ja; Cyrillic: ја; Shor: мен; Shoshone: ne; Sichuan Yi: ꉢ; Sicilian: iò, iù, iu; Silesian: jo; Sindhi: آئون‎; Sinhalese: මම; Slovak: ja; Slovene: jàz; Somali: aniga; Sorbian Lower Sorbian: ja; Upper Sorbian: ja; Southern Altai: мен; Southern Sami: manne; Spanish: yo; Squamish: mn; Sumerian: 𒂷𒂊; Sundanese: kuring, abdi; Swahili: mimi; Swedish: jag; Sylheti: ꠝꠥꠁ; Tabasaran: узу; Tagalog: ko, akin, ako; Tahitian: au, vau; Tajik: ман; Talysh: از‎, من‎; Tamil: நான்; Tangsa: ngiz; Tangut: 𘘮; Taos: ną; Tashelhit: ⵏⴽⴽⵉ; Tatar: мин; Telugu: నేను; Tetum: ha'u; Thai: ผม, ดิฉัน, ฉัน, กระหม่อม, หนู, ข้าพเจ้า, กู; Thracian: asn; Tibetan: ང, བདག; Tigrinya: ኣነ; Tlingit: x̱át; Tocharian A: ñuk, näs; Tocharian B: ñiś; Tok Pisin: mi; Tokelauan: au; Tolai: iau; Tongan: u, ou, ku; Tsafiki: la, čiʰké, če; Tsimshian: y̓; Tupinambá: ixé, xe; Turkish: ben; Turkmen: men; Tuvaluan: au; Tuvan: мен; Udi: зу; Udihe: би; Udmurt: мон; Ugaritic: 𐎀𐎐; Ukrainian: я; Ulch: би; Umbrian: eho; Umbundu: ame; Unami: ni; Urdu: مَیں‎, ہم‎, خاکسار‎; Uyghur: مەن‎; Uzbek: men; Veps: minä; Vietnamese: tôi, tớ, ta, tui, tao, mình, depending on gender, age, social status and relationship between speakers.); Vilamovian: ych; Volapük: ob; Votic: miä; Võro: maq; Wallisian: au; Walloon: dji; Wappo: ˀàh; Welsh: mi, fi, i; Middle Welsh: mi; West Frisian: ik; White Hmong: kuv; Winnebago: né; Wiradhuri: ngadhu; Wolof: man; Xhosa: ndi-; Yagara: atta; Yakut: мин; Yiddish: איך‎, כ׳‎; Yoruba: mo,, mi, mà; Yucatec Maya: tehn; Yup'ik: wiinga; Yámana: xay; Zaiwa: ngò; Zazaki: ez; Zealandic: ik, 'k; Zhuang: gou; Zulu: mina; Zuni: hoˀ; ǃKung: mi; ǃXóõ:̄,̄ʻn̄