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argentum

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Plutarch, Apophthegmata Laconica 225C12

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

argentum: i, n. ἀργήεις, ἀργής, Dor. ἀργᾶς, white, like Tarentum, from Τάρας, Doed. Syn. III. p. 193; prop. white metal; cf. Sanscr. arǵunas = bright; raǵatam = silver; hence,
I silver, whose mineralogical description is found in Plin. 33, 6, 31, § 95.
Lit.: argenti metalla, Plin. 33, 6, 33, § 101: argenti aerisque metalla, Vulg. Exod. 35, 24: argenti vena, Plin. 33, 6, 31, § 95: argenti fodina, v. argenti-fodina; argenti scoria, id. 3, 6, 5, § 105: spuma argenti, id. 33, 6, 35, § 106: argenti duae differentiae (sunt), id. 33, 10, 44, § 127: argentum candidum, rufum, nigrum, id. ib.: argentum infectum, unwrought silver, Liv. 26, 47; Dig. 34, 2, 19: argenti montes, Plaut. Mil. 4, 2, 73: argentum purum, Foedus ap. Gell. 6, 5: argento circumcludere cornua, Caes. B. G. 6, 28: Concisum argentum in titulos faciesque minutas, Juv. 14, 291: quod usquam est Auri atque argenti, id. 8, 123: argentum et aurum, Tac. G. 5; id. A. 2, 60, id. H. 4, 53; Vulg. Gen. 24, 35: aurum argentumque, Tac. H. 2. 82: aurum et argentum, Vulg. Gen. 13, 2.—
   B Meton.
   1    Wrought silver, things made of silver; silver-plate, silver-work: tu argentum eluito, Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 29: nec domus argento fulget auroque renidet, Lucr. 2, 27; so, ridet argento domus, Hor. C. 4, 11, 6: argenti quod erat solis fulgebat in armis, Juv. 11, 109: argentumque expositum in aedibus, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 15: navis plena argenti facti atque signati, full of wrought and stamped silver, id. ib. 2, 5, 25; so Liv. 34, 25 and 26: argentum caelatum, Cic. Verr. 4, 23, 52; id. Tusc. 5, 21, 61: apponitur cena in argento puro et antiquo, Plin. Ep. 3, 1, 9: argentum et marmor vetus aeraque et artīs Suspice, Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 17; so id. ib. 1, 16, 76; 2, 2, 181; id. S. 1, 4, 28: argenti vascula puri, Juv. 9, 141; 10, 19: vasa omnia ex argento, Vulg. Num. 7, 85; ib. Act. 17, 29: leve argentum, Juv. 14, 62: argentum paternum, id. 6, 355: argentum vetus, id. 1, 76: argentum mittere, id. 12, 43: Empturus pueros, argentum, murrina, villas, id. 7, 133 et saep.—
   2    Silver as weighed out for money, or money coined from silver, silver, silver money; and, as the most current coin, for money in gen.: appendit pecuniam, quadringentos siclos argenti, Vulg. Gen. 23, 16: Ratio quidem hercle adparet; argentum οἴχεται, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 15 sq. (quoted by Cic., Pis. 25 fin.): expetere, id. Cist. 4, 2, 73: adnumerare, Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 15; so id. Heaut. 4, 4, 15; id. Ad. 3, 3, 56; 4, 4, 20; 5, 9, 20 al.: argenti sitis famesque, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 23; id. S. 1, 1, 86: quis audet Argento praeferre caput, Juv. 12, 49: tenue argentum venaeque secundae, id. 9, 31: hic modium argenti, id. 3, 220: venter Argenti gravis capax, id. 11, 41: Argentum et aurum non est mihi, Vulg. Act. 3, 6; 20, 35 et saep.—
II Argentum vivum, quicksilver, Plin. 33, 6, 32, § 100; Vitr. 7, 8, 1 sqq.; so, argentum liquidum, Isid. Orig. 16, 19, 2.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

argentum,⁷ ī, n.,
1 argent [métal] : Cic. Nat. 2, 98, etc. ; argentum infectum Liv. 26, 47, 7, argent brut ; argentum factum Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 63, argent ciselé
2 objets en argent, argenterie : in suo argento aliquid habere Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 32, faire figurer un objet dans son argenterie
3 argent monnayé, monnaie en général : Nep. Hann. 9, 3 ; Liv. 26, 35, 5 ; argentum signatum Plin. 33, 42, argent monnayé || argentum adnumerare Ter. Ad. 369, compter une somme d’argent ; mutuum argentum quærere Pl. Pers. 5, chercher à emprunter de l’argent
4 argentum vivum Plin. 33, 100, vif-argent, mercure.

Latin > German (Georges)

argentum, ī, n. (ἀργής, dor. ἀργας wie v. Τάρας Tarentum, weißen Glanz habend, dah.) das Weißmetall, I) das Silber, A) das Material übh., argentum aurumque omne, Liv.: auri argentique fulgor, Quint.: auro argentoque constare, Suet.: fulgenti splendere auro atque argento, Catull.: vilius argentum est auro, Hor.: ignotum argenti pondus et auri, Verg. – arg. purum putum, Alfen. b. Gell.: pustulatum, Suet. u. Mart.: solidum, Lampr.: factum (verarbeitetes), Cic., Ggstz. infectum, Liv.: signatum, geprägtes S., Silbergeld, Cic. – B) insbes., verarbeitet, 1) Silbergeschirr, plenum artis argentum, Cic.: optimum (herrlich gearbeitetes) argentum, Cic.: purum, Cic. u. Plin. ep.: dass. lēve, Iuven.: caelatum, Cic.: argentum grave rustici patris, Sen.: argentum ad vescendum factum, silbernes Tafelgeschirr, Liv.: argentum escarium et potarium, Corp. inscr. Lat. 6, 10229, 38: proponere (aufsetzen) argentum, Cic.: argentum ordinare, Sen. – 2) Silbergeld u. (als die gangbarste Münze) übh. Geld (s. Weißenb. Liv. 27, 51, 10. Georges in Jahns Jahrbb. 83, 858 f.), argentum bigatum, Liv.: Oscense, Liv.: creditum, Liv.: mutuum, Sall. fr.: multaticium, Strafgeld, Liv.: lena delenita argento, Trabea fr.: argentum cudere (schlagen, prägen), Ter.: ab amico aliunde argentum mutuom rogare, Plaut.: argentum solvere, Ter.: argentum creditum solvere, Liv.: argentum aere solvere, Sall.: exercitum argento facere, Sall. fr.: negotiandi causā argentum in zonis habere, Liv.: perdere vidulum cum auro atque argento multo, Plaut.: multum enim differt in arcane positum sit argentum, an in tabulis debeatur, Cic.: cum tu argento post omnia ponas, Hor. – II) argentum vivum, Quecksilber, Vitr. u. Plin. – / Arch. Nomin. arcentum, Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 195, 14. – arch. Genet. argentei, Plaut. most. 1080.

Latin > English

argentum argenti N N :: silver; money, cash; silver-plate; [argentum vivum => quicksilver/mercury]