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cena

Μολὼν λαβέ -> Come and take them
Plutarch, Apophthegmata Laconica 225C12

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

cēna: (not coena, caena; old form caesna; cf.
I Casmena for Camena, Fest. p. 205, 15 Müll.), ae, f. Sanscr. khad-, eat; Umbr. çes-na; cf. Gr. κνίζω, the principal meal of the Romans in the early period, taken about midday, dinner, supper (Paul. ex Fest. p. 54, 4; Fest. p. 338, 4 and 368, 8 Müll.); subsequently, the prandium was taken at noon, and the cena was usually begun about the 9th hour, i. e. at 3 o'clock P. M. (v. Dict. of Antiq. s. v. coena; cf.: prandium, jentaculum): cena apud antiquos dicebatur quod nunc est prandium. Vesperna, quam nunc cenam appellamus, Paul. ex Fest. l. l.; Cic. Fam. 9, 26, 1; Mart. 4, 8, 6; Plin. Ep. 3, 1; to begin sooner was an indication of gluttony, Plin. Pan. 49, 6.
   (a)    With substt.: cenarum ars, Hor. S. 2, 4, 35: caput cenae, Cic. Fin. 2, 8, 25; cf.: mullus cenae caput, Mart. 10, 31, 4: ejus cenae fundus et fundamentum omne erat aula una lentis Aegyptiae, Gell. 17, 8, 1: genus cenae sollemne, viaticum, adventicium, geniale, Philarg. ad Verg. E. 5, 74: honos cenae, Suet. Vesp. 2: inpensae cenarum, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 38: cenarum magister, Mart. 12, 48, 15: ordo cenae, Petr. 92: cenae pater, Hor. S. 2, 8, 7: o noctes cenaeque deūm! id. ib. 2, 6, 65: mero Pontificum potiore cenis, id. C. 2, 14, 28: Thyestae, id. A. P. 91.—
   (b)    With adjj.: abundantissima, Suet. Ner. 42: aditialis, Varr. R. R. 3, 6, 6; Sen. Ep. 95, 41: sumptuosa, id. ib. 95, 41: adventicia, Suet. Vit. 13: quorum omnis vigilandi labor in antelucanis cenis expromitur, i. e. lasting all night, Cic. Cat. 2, 10, 22: auguralis, id. Fam. 7, 26, 2: amplior, Juv. 14, 170: bona atque magna, Cat. 13, 3: brevis, Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 35: Cerialis, Plaut. Men. 1, 1, 25: dubia, Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 28; Hor. S. 2, 2, 77: ebria, Plaut. Cas. 3, 6, 31: grandes, Quint. 10, 1, 58: lautissima, Plin. Ep. 9, 17, 1: libera, open table, Petr. 26: multa de magnā fercula cenā, Hor. S. 2, 6, 104: munda, id. C. 3, 29, 15: cena non minus nitida quam frugi, Plin. Ep. 3, 1, 9: sororia, nuptialis. Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 60 sq.: Suet. Calig. 25: opimae, Hor. S. 2, 7, 103: popularem quam vocant, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 69: prior, i. e. a previous invitation, Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 27: publicae, Suet. Ner. 16: recta, id. Dom. 7; Mart. 2, 69, 7; 7, 19, 2: Saliares, App. M. 4, p. 152, 30: sollemnes, Suet. Tib. 34: subita, Sen. Thyest. 800; Suet. Claud. 21: terrestris, of vegetables, Plaut. Capt. 1, 2, 86: varia, Hor. S. 2, 6, 86: viatica, Plaut. Bacch. 1, 1, 61.—
   (g)    With verbs: quid ego istius prandia, cenas commemorem? Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 19, § 49; Suet. Vit. 13: cenam apparare, Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 74: curare, Plaut. Poen. 5, 3, 37: coquere, id. Aul. 2, 7, 3; id. Cas. 3, 6, 28; 4, 1, 8; 4, 2, 2; id. Rud. 4, 7, 38 al.; Nep. Cim. 4, 3: cenas facere, Cic. Att. 9, 13, 6; cf. id. Fam. 9, 24, 2 sq.: anteponere, Plaut. Rud. 2, 6, 25: committere maturo ovo, Varr. ap. Non. p. 249, 8: praebere ternis ferculis, Suet. Aug. 74: ducere, to prolong, Hor. A. P. 376: ministrare, id. S. 1, 6, 116: producere, id. ib. 1, 5, 70: apponere, Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 28; Suet. Galb. 12: deesse cenae, Quint. 7, 3, 31: instruere pomis et oleribus, Gell. 2, 24 al.: cenam dare alicui, Plaut. Capt. 4, 4, 2; 3, 1, 34; Cic. Fam. 9, 20, 2: cenae adhibere aliquem, Quint. 11, 2, 12; Plin. Ep. 6, 31, 13; Suet. Caes. 73; id. Aug. 74; id. Claud. 32; id. Calig. 25; id. Tit. 9: Taurus accipiebat nos Athenis cenā, Gell. 17, 8, 1: cenam cenavi tuam, Plaut. Rud. 2, 6, 24: obire cenas, Cic. Att. 9, 13, 6: cenam condicere alicui, to engage one's self to any one as a guest, promise to be one's guest, Suet. Tib. 42.—
   (d)    With prepp.: ante cenam, Cato, R. R. 114; 115, 1: inter cenam, at table, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 6, § 19; id. Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 3, 58; id. Phil. 2, 25, 63; Quint. 6, 3, 10; Suet. Galb. 22; id. Aug. 71; in this sense in Suet. several times: super cenam, Suet. Aug. 77; id. Tib. 56; id. Ner. 42; id. Vit. 12; id. Vesp. 22; id. Tit. 8; id. Dom. 21: post cenam, Quint. 1, 10, 19.—(ε) With substt. and prepp.: aliquem Abduxi ad cenam, Ter. Heaut. 1, 2, 9; Cic. Tusc. 5, 32, 91: aliquem ad cenam aliquo condicam foras, Plaut. Men. 1, 2, 18; id. Stich. 3, 1, 38: holera et pisciculos ferre in cenam seni, Ter. And. 2, 2, 32: fit aliquid in cenam, is preparing, Val. Max. 8, 1, 8: ire ad cenam, Ter. Eun. 3, 2, 6: venire ad cenam, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 6, § 19; Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 61: itare ad cenas, Cic. Fam. 9, 24, 2: invitare ad cenam, id. ib. 7, 9, 3; Quint. 7, 3, 33; Suet. Claud. 4: venire ad cenam, Cic. Fin. 2, 8, 25: promittere ad cenam, Plin. Ep. 1, 15, 1: vocare ad cenam, Cic. Att. 6, 3, 9; Hor. S. 2, 7, 30; Suet. Tib. 6: devocare, Nep. Cim. 4, 3: redire a cenā, Cic. Rosc. Am. 35, 98. —Prov.: cenā comesā venire, i. e. to come too late: post festum, Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 11: cenam rapere de rogo, of unscrupulous greed, Cat. 59, 3.—
II Meton.
   A A dish, course, at dinner: prima, altera, tertia, Mart. 11, 31, 5 and 6.—*
   B A company at table: ingens cena sedet, Juv. 2, 120.—*
   C The place of an entertainment (cf. cenatio and cenaculum), Plin. 12, 1, 5, § 11.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

cēna,⁸ æ, f. (arch. cesna, v. P. Fest. 209 ),
1 dîner [repas principal vers 15 h., les affaires étant terminées vers 14 h., cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 47 et 71 ] : cenam coquere Pl. Aul. 365, faire cuire le dîner ; cenas facere, obire Cic. Att. 9, 13, 6, donner des dîners, assister à des dîners ; ad cenam invitare Cic. Fam. 7, 9, 3 ou vocare Cic. Att. 6, 3, 9, prier à dîner ; dare cenam alicui Cic. Fam. 9, 20, 2, offrir à dîner à qqn ; inter cenam Cic. Q. 3, 1, 19, à table ; ter super cenam bibere Suet. Aug. 77, boire à trois reprises pendant le dîner ; cena comesa venire Varro R. 1, 2, 11, arriver après le dessert
2 service : cena prima, altera Mart. 11, 31, 5, le premier, le second service
3 salle à manger : Plin. 12, 11
4 réunion de convives : ingens cena sedet Juv. 2, 120, les convives sont nombreux.

Latin > German (Georges)

cēna (nicht caena od. coena), ae, f. (altlat. cesna, oskisch kerssnaís ›cenis‹), die tägliche Hauptmahlzeit der Römer, gew. um 3 od. 4 Uhr nachmittags, die Tafel, die Mahlzeit, das Mahl, das Mittagessen, Essen (Ggstz. ientaculum u. prandium), I) eig.: tempus cenae, Sen.: caput cenae, Hauptgericht, Cic.: c. recta, eine förmliche M., Suet.: c. bona, Sen.: c. ternis ferculis, Suet.: c. abundantissima, Suet.: lauta, Cic.: Cerealis (s. d.), Plaut.: magnifica (Ggstz. cotidiana), Plin.: sumptuosa, Cic.: luxuriosa, Sen. rhet.: magna, Hor.: grandis, Quint.: exigua, Cels.: familiaris, Suet.: c. terrestris, ländliches M., Plaut. – argenti facti cenae gratiā decem pondo libras habere, zehn Pfund silbernes Tafelgeschirr haben, Gell. 17, 21, 39. – c. tempestiva, Cic.: antelucana, Cic. – c. adventicia, Suet.: aditialis, Varr. u. Sen.: auguralis, Cic.: nuptialis, Plaut. u. Suet.: cena pura, Fastenspeise, meton. = Fasttag, Eccl. (s. Rönsch Itala p. 306 u. Semias. 1. p. 13). – cenam coquere (alci), Plaut., Cato fr. u. Nep.: cenam apparare, Ter.: apponere lautiorem cenam, Suet., alci cotidianam cenam, Plin. – alqm ad cenam invitare, Cic.: alqm rogare ad cenam ut veniat, Ter.: alqm ad cenam rogare, Aur. Vict. u. Macr.: alqm ad cenam vocare, Cic.: ad cenam promittere (alci), renuntiare, s. promitto, re-nūntio: ad cenam condicere, s. con-dīco. – alqm cenae adhibere, Quint.: alqm cenā accipere, Suet.: alqm cenā excipere,
Vell.: alqm abducere ad cenam in Academiam, Cic. – alci cenam dare (zB. apud villam), Cic.: alci cenam facere, Plaut.: cenas et facere et obire, Cic.: ire ad cenam, Ter.: itare ad cenas desisse, Cic.: venire ad cenam, Cic.: cenae deesse, Quint.: redire a cena, Cic. – cenam protrahere, Suet.: cenam producere iucunde, Hor.: cenam repetere, Suet. – cenae tempore, Suet.: ad praedictam cenae horam, Suet.: in cena, Cels. (u. so in cenis grandibus, Quint.): inter cenam, Cic.: super cenam, Suet.: per cenam, Suet.: post cenam, Cic. – Sprichw., cenā comesā venire, unser »post festum kommen«, Varr. r. r. 1, 2, 11: cenam rapere de rogo, v. hungerigen Leuten, Catull. 59, 3. – II) meton.: a) der einzelne Gang einer Mahlzeit, cena prima, altera, tertia, Mart. 11, 31, 6 sq. – b) der Speiseort, Speisesaal, Plin. 12, 11. – c) die Speisegesellschaft, Iuven. 2, 120.

Spanish > Greek

αἶκλον, δορπορή, δόρπιον, δορπηστός, δειπνοσύνη, δόρπον, δεῖπνον, δειπνίζω, δειπνοποιία

Latin > English

cena cenae N F :: dinner/supper, principle Roman meal (evening); course; meal; company at dinner