Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!


Ὁ δὲ μὴ δυνάμενος κοινωνεῖν ἢ μηδὲν δεόμενος δι' αὐτάρκειαν οὐθὲν μέρος πόλεως, ὥστε ἢ θηρίονθεός → Whoever is incapable of associating, or has no need to because of self-sufficiency, is no part of a state; so he is either a beast or a god
Aristotle, Politics

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

Woodhouse page for work - Opens in new window


P. and V. ἔργον, τό.

toil, labour: P. and V. πόνος, ὁ, Ar. and V. μόχθος, ὁ, V. μοχθήματα, τά, ἆθλος, ὁ, κάματος, ὁ.

thing made: P. and V. ἔργον, τό, V. ὄργανον, τό, πόνος, ὁ.

work of art: Ar. and P. σκεῦος, τό, V. τέχνη, ἡ, τέχνημα, τό, P. ἐργασία, ἡ.

duty, function: P. and V. ἔργον, τό; see duty.

handicraft: P. and V. τέχνη, ἡ, Ar. and P. χειρουργία, ἡ, P. χειροτεχνία, ἡ, V. χειρωναξία, ἡ.

occupation: P. ἐργασία, ἡ, πραγματεία, ἡ, ἐπιτήδευμα, τό, Ar. and P. διατριβή, ἡ. P. and V. σπουδή, ἡ.

needlework: P. and V. ποίκιλμα, τό; embroidery.

composition, writing: P. σύγγραμμα, τό.

book: P. and V. βίβλος, ἡ.

set to work: see under set.

begin: P. and V. ἄρχεσθαι.

military works, earthwork: P. and V. ἔρυμα, τό; see defences.

mound: P. χῶμα, τό, χοῦς, ὁ, πρόσχωσις, ἡ.

verb transitive

mould, fashion: P. and V. πλάσσειν.

knead: P. and V. ὀργάζειν; (Sophocles, Fragment).

cultivate (the soil): P. ἐργάζεσθαι, ἐξεργάζεσθαι, P. and V. γεωργεῖν; (Euripides, Rhesus 176, absol.), V. γαπονεῖν; (Euripides, Rhesus 75).

work a mine: P. ἐργάζεσθαι μέταλλον (Dem. 977).

work (stone or other materials): P. ἐργάζεσθαι.

make by work: P. and V. ἐργάζεσθαι, ἐξεργάζεσθαι, ἐκπονεῖν, V. ἐκμοχθεῖν, Ar. and P. ἀπεργάζεσθαι.

cause, bring about: P. and V. μηχανᾶσθαι, ποιεῖν, P. ἀπεργάζεσθαι, V. τεύχειν; see contrive.

produce: P. and V. γεννᾶν, τίκτειν (Plato), V. φυτεύειν, φιτύειν; see produce.

embroider: P. and V. ποικίλλειν, P. καταποικίλλειν.

he works his auger with double thongs: V. διπλοῖν χαλινοῖν τρύπανον κωπηλατεῖ (Euripides, Cyclops 461).

verb intransitive labour: P. and V. ἐργάζεσθαι, πονεῖν, ἐκπονεῖν, κάμνειν (rare P.), μοχθεῖν (rare P.).

be an artisan: P. δημιουργεῖν.

avail, do good: P. and V. ὠφελεῖν; see avail.

work at: P. and V. ἐργάζεσθαι; (acc.), σπουδάζειν (acc.), διαπονεῖν (acc.), V. πονεῖν; (acc.) (rare P.), μοχθεῖν (acc.).

work for (on behalf of): V. ὑπερκάμνειν; (gen.), προκάμνειν (gen.), ὑπερπονεῖσθαι (gen.).

work off: P. ἀποτρίβεσθαι.

work one's way: see advance.

work out: P. and V. ἐκπονεῖν; (or mid.) (acc.), ἐξεργάζεσθαι (acc.), διαπονεῖν (or mid.) (acc.), V. ἐκμοχθεῖν; (acc.), Ar. and P. ἀπεργάζεσθαι (acc.).

come to the end of: V. ἀντλεῖν, ἐξαντλεῖν, διαντλεῖν.

work round: see come round.

work round in the rear of an enemy: P. περιιέναι κατὰ νώτου (Thuc. 4, 36).

work up: Ar. and P. ἀπεργάζεσθαι (acc. ), P. and V. σπουδάζειν; (acc.), ἐκπονεῖν (acc.).

work upon, turn to account: P. and V. χρῆσθαι; (dat.); see influence.

he so worked upon the jury that they would not even hear a word from us: P. οὕτω διέθηκε τοὺς δικαστὰς ὥστε φωνὴν μηδ' ἡντινοῦν ἐθέλειν ἀκούειν ἡμῶν (Dem. 1103).

work with others: P. and V. συμπονεῖν; (dat.) (Xen.), V. συμμοχθεῖν; (dat.), συγκάμνειν (dat.).