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classis

Φιλοκαλοῦμέν τε γὰρ μετ' εὐτελείας καὶ φιλοσοφοῦμεν ἄνευ μαλακίας -> Our love of what is beautiful does not lead to extravagance; our love of the things of the mind does not makes us soft.
Τhucydides, 2.40.1

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

classis: (old orthog. CLASIS, Column. Rostr.; v. under I. B. 2.), is (
I acc. sing. usu. classem; classim, Auct. B. Afr. 9, 2; abl. usu. classe; classi, Verg. A. 8, 11; Liv. 23, 41, 8; Vell. 2, 79), f. root cal-, cla-, of clamo, καλέω; prop. the people as assembled or called together, hence,
I After the division of the Roman people by Servius Tullius into six (or, the citizens who paid tribute alone being reckoned, into five) classes,
   1    A class, Liv. 1, 42, 5; 1, 43, 2 sq.; Cic. Rep. 2, 22, 39 sq.; Gell. 6 (7), 13, 1 sq.; Cic. Fl. 7, 15; Liv. 1, 42, 5; 1, 43, 1 sqq.; Plin. 33, 3, 13, § 43; cf. Dion. Halic. 4, 16 sq.; 7, 59: prima classis vocatur... tum secunda classis, etc., Cic. Phil. 2, 33, 82: infra classem; v. classicus, I.—
   2    Trop.: qui (philosophi) mihi cum illo collati, quintae classis videntur, i.e. of the lowest rank, Cic. Ac. 2, 23, 73; cf. classicus, I. B.—Hence,
   B In milit. lang., the whole body of the citizens called to arms, an army. 1 Of the land army (mostly very ancient): procincta, Lex Numae in Fest. s. v. opima, p. 189, 13 Müll.: classis procincta [id est exercitus armatus, Gloss.], Fab. Pictor. ap. Gell. 10, 15, 4; cf. Gell. 1, 11, 3; Paul. ex Fest. p. 56, 3: classi quoque ad Fidenas pugnatum cum Vejentibus quidam in annales rettulere, Liv. 4, 34, 6 Weissenb. ad loc.: Hortinae classes populique Latini, Verg. A. 7, 716 Serv.—
   2    Of men at sea, the fleet, including the troops in it (the usu. signif. in prose and poetry): CLASESQVE. NAVALES. PRIMOS. ORNAVET.... CLASEIS. POENICAS...., Column. Rostr., v. 7 sq.: nomina in classem dare, Liv. 28, 45, 19: cetera classis... fugerunt, id. 35, 26, 9: ut classem duceret in Ligurum oram, id. 40, 26, 8; 41, 24, 13; cf. id. 42, 48, 10: navium classis, id. 22, 37, 13: posteaquam maximas aedificasset ornassetque classes, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 4, 9: classem instruere atque ornare, id. Verr. 2, 5, 51, § 135: classis ornandae reficiendaeque causā, Liv 9, 30, 4: comparare, Cic. Fl. 14, 33: facere, Caes. B. C. 3, 42 al.: classe navigare, by ship, Cic. Fl. 14, 32; cf. Verg. A. 1, 379; 8, 11; Hor.C. 3, 11, 48: classes = naves, Verg. A. 2, 30: geminasque legit de classe biremis, id. ib. 8, 79: omittere, id. ib. 5, 794: armare, id. ib. 4, 299: deducere, id. G. 1, 255: efficere, Nep. Them. 2, 3: (Suiones) praeter viros armaque classibus valent, Tac. G. 44. —
II In the post-Aug. per., sometimes, a class, division, in gen.: pueros in classes distribuerant, Quint. 1, 2, 23; so id. 1, 2, 24; 10, 5, 21; Suet. Tib. 46: operarum, Col. 1, 9, 7: servorum, Petr. 74, 7.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

classis,⁷ is, f.,
1 division du peuple romain, classe : tum classes centuriasque descripsit Liv. 1, 42, 5, alors il répartit les Romains en classes et centuries ; prima classis vocatur Cic. Phil. 2, 82, on appelle la première classe [pour voter] || [fig.] quintæ classis esse Cic. Ac. 2, 73, être de la cinquième classe [au dernier rang]
2 division [en gén.], classe, groupe, catégorie : pueros in classes distribuere Quint. 1, 2, 23, répartir les enfants en classes ; tribus classibus factis pro dignitate cujusque Suet. Tib. 46, les répartissant en trois catégories d’après le rang
3 [arch.] armée : classis procincta Fab. Pict. d. Gell. 10, 15, 4, l’armée en tenue de combat ; Hortinæ classes Virg. En. 7, 715, les contingents d’Hortina
4 flotte : ædificare et ornare classes Cic. Pomp. 9, construire et équiper des flottes ; Pœnos classe devincere Cic. Or. 153, battre les Carthaginois sur mer || [poét.] vaisseau : Virg. En. 6, 334.

Latin > German (Georges)

classis, is, f. (κλασις = κλησις [v. κλέω, altlat. calo, s. Quint. 1, 6, 33], die Herbeirufung: konkret = »die herbeigerufene od. versammelte Menge«, dah.) I) nach der von Servius Tullius eingeführten Einteilung des röm. Volks in sechs (od. die tributpflichtigen Bürger allein gerechnet in fünf) Klassen (s. Arnob. 2, 67), eine solche Volksklasse, deren jede aus iuniores u. seniores bestand, 1) eig., Liv. 1, 42, 5 u. 1, 43, 1 sqq. (dazu die Auslegg.). Cic. de rep. 2, 39 sq.; Phil. 2, 82. – bildl., quintae classis esse, vom niedrigsten Range, Cic. Acad. 2, 73. – scherzh., tutior at quanto merx est in classe secunda, Libertinarum dico, Gesellschaft vom zweiten Rang, Hor. sat. 1, 2, 47. – 2) übtr., die Klasse = die Abteilung übh., c. servorum, Petr.: formicarum, ein Volk, eine Menge, Apul.: pueros in classes distribuere, Quint. 1, 2, 23: classem ducere, der erste in der (Schul.) Klasse sein, Quint. 1, 2, 24. – II) in der Militärspr., das Heer, A) die Landmacht, das Landheer, c. procincta, Fab. Pict. fr.: Hortinae classes, Verg. – B) die Flotte nebst den darauf befindlichen Truppen, classem ornare, ausrüsten, Cic.: classem comparare, Cic.: classem facere, Caes.: classem aedificare, Cic.: classe minore navigare, Sall. fr.: classem appellere ad Delum, landen, Cic.: alqm mari exuere classi pulcherrimā, Sall. fr.: cetera classis, quantum quaeque remis valuit, fugerunt, der übrige Teil der Flotte, Liv. 35, 26, 9: classis navium, Gell. 10, 6, 2: classis lemborum, Liv. 45, 10, 1. – dah. classe od. classi, zu Schiffe, zur See, zB. classe proficisci, Nep.: classi pugnare, Liv.: classi felicissime geruntur res, Liv. (vgl. Fabri Liv. 24, 40, 2). – poet. von einem Schiff, Hor. carm. 3, 11, 48. Verg. Aen. 6, 334: dah. Plur. classes = naves, Fahrzeuge, Verg. Aen. 2, 30. Sall. hist. fr. 4, 6 (19), 14. Tac. ann. 14, 11. – / Acc. Sing. gew. classem; classim nur Auct. b. Afr. 9, 2: Abl. Sing. gew. (bei Cicero immer) classe, aber auch classi, s. Drak. Liv. 23, 41, 8. Duker u. Weißenb. Liv. 24, 40, 2. Kreyßig Liv. 32, 8. p. 164. Kritz Vell. 2, 79, 2. Vgl. Neue-Wagener Formenl.3 Bd. 1. S. 328.

Latin > English

classis classis N F :: class/division of Romans; grade (pupils); levy/draft; fleet/navy; group/band