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tribus

Μή, φίλα ψυχά, βίον ἀθάνατον σπεῦδε, τὰν δ' ἔμπρακτον ἄντλει μαχανάν -> Oh! my soul do not aspire to eternal life, but exhaust the limits of the possible
Pindar, Pythian, 3.61f.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

trĭbus: ūs (dat. and
I abl. plur.: tribubus, Cic. Rep. 2, 9, 16; Liv. 5, 18, 2; 23, 12, 16, etc.; but trebibos, Ephem. Epigr. 2, 208, n. 299; never tribibus; cf. Serv. ad Verg. G. 3, 376, and v., in gen., Neue, Formenl. 1, 361 sqq.), f. tri-; root in tres (dat. tribus) and bhū; Gr. φυ-> in φυλή;> v. Corss. Ausspr. 1, 163, orig. a third part of the Roman people; as their numbers increased it came to mean,
I Lit., a division of the people, a tribe (the number of these tribes finally increased to thirty-five, of which thirty-one were rusticae tribus or country tribes, and four urbanae tribus or city tribes; the following are the names of the tribes, the city tribes being printed in Italics, viz.: Aemilia, Aniensis, Arniensis, Claudia, Collina, Cornelia, Crustumina, Esquilina, Fabia, Falerina, Galesia, Horatia, Lemonia, Maecia, Menenia, Oufentina, Palatina, Papiria, Pollia, Pomptina, Popilia, Pupinia, Quirina, Romilia, Sabatina, Scaptia, Sergia, Stellatina, Suburana, Terentina, Tromentina, Veientina, Velina, Veturia, Voltinia. Some of these names are the same as the names of Roman gentes, and others are derived from the names of places where these tribes at first resided), Varr. L. L. 4, 9, 17; Cic. Rep. 2, 8, 14; Liv. 1, 36, 7; 8, 37, 12; 9, 46, 2 Weissenb. ad loc.; id. Epit. 19; Col. 5, 1, 7; Val. Max. 7, 1, 2; 9, 10, 1; cf. Niebuhr, Röm. Gesch. 1, p. 426 sq.; and see the names of these tribes in Inscr. Orell. II. pp. 11-28 and 147: inventum tamen esse fortem amicum ex eādem familia Q. Verrem Romilia, of the Romilian tribe, Cic. Verr. 1, 8, 23; cf. Ser. Sulpicius, Q. F. Lemonia, Rufus, id. Phil. 9, 7, 15: L. AVRELIVS L. FIL. CAMILIA FIRMVS, etc., Inscr. Orell. 3070: Africanus censor tribu movebat eum centurionem, qui in Pauli pugna non affuerat, removed, expelled from the tribe, Cic. de Or. 2, 67, 272; so, tribu movere aliquem, id. Clu. 43, 122; Liv. 45, 15, 4; 4, 24, 7; 24, 18, 6; 45, 15, 4; Val. Max. 2, 4, 4: urbanae (tribus) in quas transferri ignominia esset, desidiae probro, Plin. 18, 3, 3, § 13: populus in tribus convocatus, Cic. Leg. 3, 19, 44: ea multitudo tribus circuit, genibus se omnium advolvens, Liv. 8, 37, 9.—
   B Trop., comicè: grammaticas ambire tribus, to canvass the Grammarian tribe, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 40.—
II Transf.
   1    Of Macedonians: satellites illi ex tribu suā legunt, Just. 13, 3, 1 (al. turbā).—
   2    In gen., the commonalty, the mass, mob, poor people, Mart. 8, 15, 4; Plin. 19, 4, 19, § 54: equitem imitatae tribus, Flor. 2, 6, 25. — Prov.: sine tribu, without rank or position: homo sine tribu, sine nomine, Flor. 3, 13, 1.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) trĭbŭs, dat. abl. de tres.
(2) trĭbŭs,⁹ ūs, f., tribu [division du peuple romain ; primt au nombre de trois] : tribus urbanæ, rusticæ, tribus urbaines, rustiques ; tribu movere Cic. Clu. 122, exclure de la tribu, cf. Cic. de Or. 2, 272 ; Liv. 24, 43, 3 ; 45, 15, 4, etc.; v. fero ; in tribus discurrere Liv. 25, 2, 7, aller voter [dans les comices par tribus ; in tribus populus convocatus Cic. Leg. 3, 44, le peuple convoqué par tribus || grammaticas ambire tribus Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 40, briguer les suffrages des tribus lettrées [du peuple des critiques] || pl. tribus, les tribus = la foule, la masse du peuple : Plin. 19, 54 ; Mart. 8, 15, 4. dat. abl. pl. tribubus Cic. Rep. 2, 16 ; Liv. 23, 12, 16, etc.

Latin > German (Georges)

tribus, ūs, f., I) einer der drei Stämme od. Stammtribus (Ramnes, Tities, Luceres) der freien röm. Bürger, s. Ramnēsdas Nähere. – seit Servius Tullius eine der nach den Stammtribus genannten Abteilungen der röm. Vollbürger, vier für die Stadt (tribus urbanae), und 26, später 31 für den ager Romanus (tribus rusticae), der Bezirk, der Gau, die Tribus, s. Mommsen Staatsrecht. Bd. 3. S. 95 ff. u.S. 161 ff.: die Namen der Tribus bei Mommsen Röm. Staatsrecht. Bd. 3. S. 163. 168. 171. – tribu movere, aus der Tribus stoßen (v. Zensor), Cic. u. Liv. (u. so Omnibus V et XXX tribubus emovere, Liv. 45, 15, 41 u. libertinos tribubus amovere, Aur. Vict. de vir. ill. 32, 2): populum in tribus convocare, Cic.: tribum Papiriam ferre, die Stimme der papir. Tr. erhalten, Liv.: u. unam tribum ferre, die Stimme einer einzigen Tr. erhalten, Cic.: tribus iure vocatae, die gleich nach der praerogativa in ihrer Ordnung abstimmten, Liv.: pro tribu fieri aedilem, von der Prärogativtribus zum Adilen bestimmt werden, Liv.: in tribus urbanas transferri = (versetzt werden) ignominia est, Plin. – scherzh. übtr., grammaticas ambire tribus, die Stimme der Grammatikerzünfte, Hor. ep. 1, 19, 40. – II) meton., Plur. tribus = das niedere-, arme Volk, der Pöbel, equitem imitatae tribus, Flor.: in quo nasci tribus negant, Plin. – / Dat. u. Abl. Plur. immer tribubus, s. Neue-Wagener Formenl.2 1, 554; vulg. trebibos (so!), Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 198, 65.

Spanish > Greek

ἔθνος

Dutch > Greek

tribus = τρίβος

(Translation based on the reversal of Mijnwoordenboek's Ancient Greek to Dutch dictionary)

Latin > English

tribus tribus N F :: third part of the people; tribe, hereditary division (Ramnes, Tities, Luceres)