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hibernus

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Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

hībernus: a, um, adj. root Sanscr. himas, Gr. χιών, snow, v. hiems; for hiemernus (hīm-), cf. χειμερινός,
I of or belonging to winter, wintry, winter-.
I Adj.: hiberno tempore, Lucr. 5, 699: tempus, id. 5, 940; cf.: in aprico maxime pratuli loco, quod erat hibernum tempus anni, considerent, Cic. Rep. 1, 12: temporibus hibernis, id. Verr. 2, 5, 10, § 26: menses, id. ib.: annus, i. e. winter-time, Hor. Epod. 2, 29: exortus solis, Plin. 6, 17, 21. § 57: occasus, id. 5, 5, 5, § 34: navigatio, Cic. Att. 15, 25: ignis, id. de Sen. 14, 46: grando, Ov. M. 5, 158; cf. nix, Hor. C. 4, 12, 4: cubiculum, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 1, § 2: tunica, winter dress, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 94; cf.: calceatus feminarum, Plin. 16, 8, 13, § 34: pira, id. 16, 26, 43, § 106: agni, id. 8, 47, 72, § 187: Alpes, wintry, cold, Hor. S. 2, 5, 41; so, Caucasus, Val. Fl. 6, 612; and transf. Borysthenidae, i. e. inhabiting a cold country, Prop. 2, 7, 18: Cori, stormy, Verg. A. 5, 126: flumen, Hor. S. 1, 7, 27: mare, id. Epod. 15, 8: aequor, id. S. 2, 3, 235: Neptunus, id. Epod. 17, 55: noctes, Verg. A. 6, 355: pulvis, a dry winter, id. G. 1, 101; quoted in Plin. 17, 2, 2, § 14: Lycia, cold, Verg. A. 4, 143: legiones, lying in winter-quarters, Suet. Calig. 8: tumulus vergens in occidentem hibernum, to the south-west, Liv. 44, 46, 5.—
   b In neut. adverb.: increpui (sc. Arcturus) hibernum, et fluctus movi maritimos, stormily, tempestuously, Plaut. Rud. prol. 69.—
II Subst.: hībernum, i, n., the winter: hiberno, in the winter, Cael. Aur. Tard. 3, 1, 2.—
   B hīberna, ōrum, n. (sc. castra), winter-quarters: tres (legiones), quae circum Aquileiam hiemabant, ex hibernis educit, Caes. B. G. 1, 10, 3: in hiberna in Sequanos exercitum deduxit, id. ib. 1, 54 fin.; 2, 35, 3; 3, 2, 1; 3, 29 fin.; 4, 38, 4 et saep.: quo (tempore) neque frumenta in hibernis erant neque multum a maturitate aberant, in the winter camp, winter magazines, id. B. C. 1, 48, 5 Oud. N. cr.: consules hiberna egerunt, Liv. 9, 28, 2: hiberna aedificavit, id. 23, 48, 2; 7, 38, 4.—
   2    (Sc. loca.) The range of cattle in winter, Dig. 32, 1, 67.—
   3    (Sc. tempora.) Winters = years, Verg. A. 1, 266.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

hībernus,¹⁰ a, um (hiems), d’hiver : hibernum tempus anni Cic. Rep. 1, 18, la saison d’hiver, cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 26 ; hiberna navigatio Cic. Att. 15, 25, 1 navigation pendant l’hiver ; hibernæ Alpes Hor. S. 2, 5, 41, Alpes à l’hiver éternel || orageux : Virg. En. 6, 355 ; Hor. Epo. 17, 55 || acc. n. de l’objet intérieur : increpui hibernum Pl. Rud. 69, j’ai fait gronder la tempête.

Latin > German (Georges)

hībernus, a, um (hiems), winterlich, Winter-, I) eig.: tempus, Cic.: tempus anni, Auct. b. Alex.: mensis, Cic. u. (Ggstz. aestivus mensis) Sen.: annus, Winterzeit, Hor.: sol, Cels.: aër, Vitr.: imber, Mela: Lycia, wo sich Apollo den Winter über aufhält, Verg.: Alpes, winterlich, kalt, Hor.: occĭdens, die Winterabendseite, Liv. u. Vitr.: pirum, Winterbirne, Plin.: castra, Winterlager, Winterquartier, Cato fr., Liv. u.a.: legio, in Winterquartieren liegend, Suet.: expeditio, Liv.: vigiliae, schlaflose Winternächte, Gell.: rosa, Mart. – Insbes. subst., A) hībernum, ī, n., a) die Winterzeit, in hiberno, Min. Fel. 34, 11: Abl. adv. hībernō, zur W. (Ggstz. aestate), Plin. 6, 197. Venul. dig. 42, 8, 25. § 6. Solin. 5, 8. Cypr. ep. 37, 2. Pallad. 12, 8, 1. Cael. Aur. de morb. chron. 3, 1, 2. Dosith. fab. Aesop. 17 extr. p. 37 ed. Boecking: verno potius quam hiberno, Varro r. r. 3, 16, 21: verno hibernoque, Greg. Tur. de curs. stell. § 24 H. – b) = hibernaculum, Cic. ad Q. fr. 3, 1, 2. – B) hīberna, ōrum, n., a) (sc. castra) das Winterlager, das Winterquartier (Ggstz. aestiva), dies hibernorum, die Zeit des Aufenthalts im W., Caes.: terna hiberna, das dritte W. (poet. = der dritte Winter), Verg. Aen. 1, 366: ibi hiberna aedificare, Liv.: in Belgis omnium legionum hiberna constituere, Caes.: cohortes in hiberna mittere, Cic.: exercitum in hiberna in Sequanos deducere, Caes.: Fabium cum sua legione remittere in hiberna, Caes.: exercitum in hibernis collocare, Caes.: in hiberna proficisci, mature ad hiberna proficisci, Sall.: in hiberna Antiocheam concedere, Liv.: cum tribus legionibus circum Samarobrivam trinis hibernis hiemare, Caes.: ibi hiberna habere, Liv.: tres legiones ex hibernis educere, Caes.: ex hibernis discedere, egredi, Caes.: milites mense Ianuario ex hibernis in expeditionem evocare, Sall. – b) (sc. stabula), der Winteraufenthalt des Viehs, das Wintergehege (Ggstz. aestiva), Varro r. r. 2, 1, 26. Marcian. dig. 32, 1, 67. – II) übtr., winterlich = stürmisch, mare, Hor.: ventus, Verg. – neutr. Sing. adv., increpui hibernum, Auct. prol. Plaut. rud. 69.

Latin > English

hibernus hiberna, hibernum ADJ :: wintry; stormy, of/for winter time/rainy season; [hiberno => in winter]