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circum

τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

circum: properly acc. from circus = κίρκος, adv. and prep., designates either an entire encompassing or surrounding of an object, or a proximity only partially em. bracing or comprehending it,
I around, about, all around, περί, ἀμφί
I Adv.
   A Around, round about, all around, etc., πέριξ: furcas circum offigito, Cato, R. R. 48, 2; Varr. R. R. 3, 14, 1; Verg A 3, 230: quia (locus) vastis circum saltibus claudebatur, Tac. A. 4, 25: molli circum est ansas amplexus acantho, Verg. E. 3, 45: age tu interim Da cito ab Delphio Cantharum circum, Plaut. Most. 1, 4, 33: quae circum essent opera tueri, Caes. B. C 2, 10: interea Rutuli portis circum omnibus instant, Verg. A. 10, 118 (i. e. circumcirca fusi: nam modo circum adverbium loci est, Serv.): omnem, quae nuno .umida circum Caligat, nu. bem eripiam, id. ib. 2, 605; Tib. 1, 3, 77; 1, 5, 11. sed circum tutae sub moenibus urbis aquantur, round about under the walls, Verg. G 4, 193. faciundum haras quadratas circum binos pedes, all around, i. e. on every side, two feet, Varr. R. R. 3, 10, 3 Schneid.—
   b Strengthened with undique (in later Latin also sometimes written as one word, circumundique), from everywhere around, around on all sides: circum Undique convenere, Verg. A. 4, 416; Lucr. 3, 404: clausis circum undique portis, Stat. S. 2, 5, 13; 5, 1, 155; id. Th. 2, 228: oppositu circumundique aliarum aedium, Gell. 4, 5, 3; 13, 24, 1; 14, 2, 9; so with totus and omnis, Varr. R. R. 3, 14, 1; Verg. A. 10, 118.—
   B Of an incomplete circuit, esp. of the part that meets the view, lies on the hither side, etc. (v. under II.): hostilibus circum litoribus, Tac. A. 2, 24: aestas... aperto circum pelago peramoena, id. ib. 4, 67: gentibus innumeris circum infraque relictis, Ov. M. 4, 668; Stat. Achill. 1, 56: corpus servans circumque supraque vertitur, id. Th. 9, 114; Albin. Carm. ap. Maecen. 46.
II Prep. with acc.
   A Around, abow (implying a complete circuit): armillas quattuor facito, quas circum orbem indas, Cato, R. R. 21, 4: terra circum axem se summā celeritate convertit, Cic. Ac. 2, 39, 123; Quint. 2, 17, 19 Zumpt N. cr.: ligato circum collum sudario, Suet. Ner. 51: terque novas circum felix eat hostia fruges, Verg. G. 1, 345: at genitor circum caput omne micantes Deposuit radios, Ov. M. 2, 40.—
   B As in adv. B., of an incomplete circuit, about, upon, around, near: capillus sparsus, promissus, circum caput Rejectus neglegenter, Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 49: flexo circum cava tempora cornu, Ov. M. 7, 313; 10, 116; 11, 159: tum Salii ad cantus incensa altaria circum adsunt, Verg. A. 8, 285: varios hic flumina circum Fundit humus flores, on the borders of the rivulets, id. E. 9, 40: urgeris turbā circum te stante, Hor. S. 1, 3, 135; cf. id. C. 2, 16, 33: circum renidentes Lares, id. Epod. 2, 66; Verg. G. 2, 484; cf. Luc. 2, 557: illi indignantes Circum claustra fremunt, Verg. A. 1, 56: oras et litora circum errantem, id. ib. 3, 75.—
   C Circum very freq. expresses, not a relative motion around a given central point, but an absol. circular movement, in which several objects named form separate points of a periphery, in, into, among... around, to... around, etc.: te adloquor, Quae circum vicinos vages, Plaut. Mil. 2, 5, 14: ego Arpini volo esse pridie Cal., deinde circum villulas nostras errare, not round about our villas, but in our villas around, Cic. Att. 8, 9, 3; cf Hor. S. 1, 6, 58: tum Naevius pueros circum amicos dimittit, to friends around, Cic. Quint. 6, 25; Suet. Ner. 47: cum praetorem circum omnia fora sectaretur, Cic. Verr 2, 2, 70, § 169: Apronius ducebat eos circum civitates, id. ib. 2, 3, 26, § 65: ille circum hospites cursabat, id. ib. 2, 4, 19, § 41: lenonem quondam Lentuli concursare circum tabernas, id. Cat. 4, 8, 17: dimissis circum municipia litteris, Caes. B. C. 3, 22: circum oram maritimam misit, ut, etc., Liv. 29, 24, 9: legatio sub idem tempus in Asiam et circum insulas missa, id. 42, 45, 1; Suet. Aug. 64; id. Caes. 41; id. Calig. 28; 41; Hor. S. 2, 3, 281; id. Ep 1, 1, 49: et te circum omnes alias irata puellas Differet, to or among all the other maidens around, Prop. 1, 4, 21—
   D With the prevailing idea of neighborhood, vicinity, in the environs of, in the vicinity of, at, near: circum haec loca commorabor, Cic. Att. 3, 17, 2; Pompei ib. 8, 12, C, 1 exercitu in foro et in omnibus templis, quae circum forum sunt, conlocato, Cic. Opt. Gen. 4, 10: urbes, quae circum Capuam sunt, id. Agr. 1, 7, 20: cum tot essent circum hastam illam, id. Phil. 2, 26, 64 Wernsd. N. cr.: non succurrit tibi, quamdiu circum Bactra haereas? Curt. 7, 8, 21, Tac. A. 4, 74. —
   E Of persons who surround one (as attendants, friends, etc.); in Gr.περι or ἀμφί τινα: paucae, quae circum illam essent, Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 33; Cic. Att. 9, 9, 4: omnium flagitiorum atque facinorum circum se tamquam stipatorum catervas habebat, Sall. C. 14, 1; cf. id. ib. 26, 4: Hectora circum, Verg. A. 6, 166.—Circum pedes for ad pedes, of servants in attendance, is rare, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 36, § 92; v ad, I. D. 3. b.—!*? Circum is sometimes placed after its subst., Varr. L. L. 5, § 31 Müll., Lucr 1, 937; 4, 220; 6, 427; Cic. N. D. 2, 41, 105; Verg. E. 8, 12; 8, 74; 9, 40; id. A. 1, 32; 2, 515; 2, 564; 3, 75: 6, 166; 6, 329; 9, 440; Tib. 1, 1, 23; 1, 5, 51; Stat. Th. 3, 395.—
III In composition the m remains unchanged before consonants; before vowels it was, acc. to Prisc. p. 567 P., and Cassiod. p. 2294 ib., written in like manner, but (except before j and v) not pronounced. Yet in the best MSS. we find the orthography circuitio, circuitus, and even circueo together with circumeo; cf. Neue, Formenl. 2, p. 736 sq. —Signif.,
   a Acc. to II. A.: circumcido, circumcludo, circumculco, circumfluo, circumfodio, circumfundo, etc.—
   b Acc. to II. B.: circumcolo, circumflecto, circumjaceo, circumicio.—
   c Acc. to II. C.: circumcellio, circumcurso, circumduco, circumfero, circumforaneus.—In many compounds, circum has sometimes one and sometimes another signif., as in circumdo, circumeo, circumsisto, etc.; v. h. vv.—!*? With verbs compounded with circum, this preposition is never repeated before the following object; e. g. circumcursare circum aliquid and similar phrases are not found.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

circum,⁸
    I adv.
1 autour, à l’entour : quæ circum essent opera tueri Cæs. C. 2, 10, 1, voir quels étaient les ouvrages construits à l’entour ; turbati circum milites Tac. Ann. 1, 65, tout autour les soldats en désordre ; una undique circum fundimur Virg. En. 3, 635, tous à la fois nous l’environnons de toutes parts ; circum undique Gell. 4, 5, 3, etc., de toutes parts, de tous côtés
2 des deux côtés : aram amicitiæ effigiesque circum Cæsaris ac Sejani censuere Tac. Ann. 4, 74, on décréta un autel à l’amitié, (entouré de) avec de part et d’autre les statues de Tibère et de Séjan.
    II prép. avec acc. :
1 autour de : terra circum axem se convertit Cic. Ac. 2, 123, la terre tourne autour de son axe || hunc circum Arctœ duæ feruntur Cic. Nat. 2, 105, autour de lui tournent les deux Ourses || templa quæ circum forum sunt Cic. Opt. 10, les temples qui entourent le forum (qui forment le pourtour du...)
2 à la ronde, dans des endroits divers, successivement : pueros circum amicos dimittit Cic. Quinct. 25, il dépêche des esclaves à tous ses amis à la ronde ; eos circum omnia provinciæ fora rapiebat Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 76, il les entraînait successivement dans tous les centres d’assises de la province ; concursare circum tabernas Cic. Cat. 4, 17, courir de boutique en boutique, faire le tour des boutiques ; circum oram maritimam misit ut Liv. 29, 24, 9, par toute la côte il envoya l’ordre de
3 à proximité de, dans le voisinage de : circum hæc loca commorabor Cic. Att. 3, 17, 2, je m’arrêterai près de ces lieux (dans le voisinage) ; legiones quæ circum Aquileiam hiemabant Cæs. G. 1, 10, 3, les légions qui avaient leurs quartiers d’hiver dans les parages d’Aquilée ; urbes quæ circum Capuam sunt Cic. Agr. 1, 20, les villes qui sont dans les alentours de Capoue (qui avoisinent...)
4 auprès de qqn, dans l’entourage de qqn : eos qui circum illum sunt Cic. Att. 9, 9, 4, ceux qui l’accompagnent (son entourage) ; Hectora circum pugnas obibat Virg. En. 6, 166, aux côtés d’Hector, il prenait part aux combats.

Latin > German (Georges)

circum (eig. Acc. v. circus = κίρκος, in die Runde), Adv. u. Praep. = ringsumher, ringsum, herum, um, I) Adv.: A) ringsumher, ringsum usw., furcas c. offigito, Cato: ›adustum‹ quod circum ustum est, Varr. LL.: quae c. essent, Caes.: c. sub moenibus, ringsum an den Mauern, Verg.: c. binos pedes, ringsum, d.i. auf jeder Seite, zwei Fuß, Varr. – Verstärkt circum undique (b. Spät. auch als ein Wort circumundique), von überall, überall umher, von-, an allen Seiten ringsum, um und um, Lucr., Verg., Gell. u.a. – B) = umher, in der Umgebung, zu den Seiten, zu beiden Seiten, hostilibus c. lictoribus, Tac.: gentibus innumeris c. infraque relictis, Ov.: corpus servans circumque supraque vertitur, Stat.: ara amicitiae effigiesque c. Caesaris ac Seiani, Tac.; vgl. Nipperd. Tac. ann. 4, 74. – II) Praep. m. Acc.: A) ringsum, um, terra c. axem se convertit, Cic.: ligato c. collum sudario, Suet. – B) = um, in der Umgebung von usw., zu den Seiten von usw., auf beiden Seiten von usw., capillus c. caput reiectus, Ter.: flumina c. fundit humus flores, um die Borde der Bächlein, Verg.: oras et litora c. errantem, Verg. – C) = in... umher, zu... umher, bei... umher, c. villulas nostras errare, in unsern Villen umher, Cic.: c. rura vectari, Hor.: pueros c. amicos dimittere, zu den Freunden umher, Cic.: legatio circum insulas missa, Liv.: c. omnes alias puellas differre, bei allen Mädchen umher, in der Runde, Prop. – D) = in der Umgegend von usw., in der Nähe von usw., bei, 1) im allg.: c. haec loca commorabor, Cic.: omnia templa, quae circum forum sunt, Cic.: c. Bactra haerere, Curt. – 2) insbes., v. Pers., die jmd. (als Begleiter, Freunde, Anhänger usw.) umgeben, griech. περί od. ἀμφί τινα, qui c. alqm sunt, seine Umgebung, Ter. u. Cic.: omnium flagitiorum atque facinorum c. se tamquam stipatorum catervas habebat, Sall.: c. Hectora pugnas obibat, Verg.: c. pedes (habere) homines formosos, als begleitende Diener, Cic. – / circum seinem Subst. nachgesetzt bei Lucr., Cic., oft bei Verg. u.a.

Latin > English

circum ADV :: about, around; round about, near; in a circle; in attendance; on both sides
circum circum PREP ACC :: around, about, among, near (space/time), in neighborhood of; in circle around