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flumen

Ἦθος ἀνθρώπῳ δαίμων -> A man's character is his fate
Heraclitus, fr. B 119 Diels

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

flūmen: ĭnis, n. id.,
I a flowing of water; and concr., a flood, stream, flowing or running water (syn.: fluvius, amnis, rivus).
I In gen. (mostly poet.): Romane, aquam Albanam cave lacu contineri, cave in mare manare suo flumine sinas, an old prophetic formula ap. Liv. 5, 16, 9: rapidus montano flumine torrens, Verg. A. 2, 305; cf. Ov. R. Am. 651: visendus ater flumine languido Cocytos errans, Hor. C. 2, 14, 17: inde sequemur Ipsius amnis iter, donec nos flumine certo Perferat, Val. Fl. 8, 189: et Tiberis flumen vomit in mare salsum, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 4 (Ann. v. 453 ed. Vahl.); cf.: teque pater Tiberine tuo cum flumine sancto, id. ib. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 55 ib.): donec me flumine vivo Abluero, in a living, running stream, Verg. A. 2, 719; cf.: quin tu ante vivo perfunderis flumine? Auct. ap. Liv. 1, 45, 6 (for which: aqua viva, Varr. L. L. 5, § 123 Müll.).—In plur.: nymphae venas et flumina fontis Elicuere sui, streams, Ov. M. 14, 788: frigida Scamandri, Hor. Epod. 13, 14: Symaethia circum Flumina, Verg. A. 9, 585: limosa potat, Ov. M. 1, 634; cf.: Tantalus a labris sitiens fugientia captat Flumina, Hor. S. 1, 1, 69: maritima immittere in piscinas, Varr. R. R. 3, 17, 9.
II In partic., a river.
   A Lit. (the predominant signif. of the word both in prose and poetry): quod per amoenam urbem leni fluit agmine flumen, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 4 (Ann. v. 177 ed. Vahl.); cf.: ut flumina in contrarias partes fluxerint, Cic. Div. 1, 35, 78: Scipio biduum moratus ad flumen, quod inter eum et Domitii castra fluebat, Caes. B. C. 3, 37, 1: aurea flumina, Lucr. 5, 911: habet non tantum venas aquarum terra, ex quibus corrivatis flumina effici possunt, sed et amnes magnitudinis vastae, etc., Sen. Q. N. 3, 19; cf. Cic. Rep. 2, 5: nec ullum hoc frigidius flumen attigi, id. Leg. 2, 3, 6: nos flumina arcemus, dirigimus, avertimus, id. N. D. 2, 60, 152: una pars (Galliae) initium capit a flumine Rhodano, continetur Garumna flumine ... attingit etiam flumen Rhenum, etc., Caes. B. G. 1, 1, 6 sq.; 1, 2, 7: inter montem Juram et flumen Rhodanum, id. ib. 1, 6, 1: flumen est Arar, quod, etc., id. ib. 1, 12, 1: flumen Dubis, id. ib. 1, 38, 4: non Seres, non Tanain prope flumen orti, Hor. C. 4, 15, 24: Veliternos ad Asturae flumen Maenius fudit, Liv. 8, 13, 5 Drak. N. cr.: terrarum situs et flumina dicere, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 252: secundo flumine ad Lutetiam iter facere coepit, with the stream, Caes. B. G. 7, 58, 5 (cf. secundus, 2. a.): magnum ire agmen adverso flumine, against the stream, Caes. B. G. 7, 60, 3; cf. Verg. G. 1, 201; Liv. 24, 40. —Prov.: flumine vicino stultus sitit, like, starves in the midst of plenty, Petr. Fragm. p. 899 Burm.—
   2    Transf., of other things which flow in streams or like streams, a stream, flood (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): sanguinis, Lucr. 2, 354; 4, 1029: largoque humectat flumine vultum, flood of tears, Verg. A. 1, 465: laeta magis pressis manabunt flumina mammis, streams of milk, id. G. 3, 310: flumina jam lactis, jam flumina nectaris, Ov. M. 1, 111: rigido concussae flumine nubes Exonerabantur, a torrent of rain, Petr. poët. Sat. 123; cf.: ut picis e caelo demissum flumen, a stream of pitch, Lucr. 6, 257: magnesia flumine saxa, in the magnetic stream, id. 6, 1064: effusaeque ruunt inopino flumine turbae, i. e. in a vast stream, Sil. 12, 185; cf. Verg. A. 11, 236: aëris, a current of air, App. de Mund. p. 61, 33 Elm. p. 258 Bip.—
   B Trop., of expression, a flow, fluency, stream: orationis flumine reprehensoris convicia diluuntur, Cic. N. D. 2, 7, 20: flumen orationis aureum, id. Ac. 2, 38, 119: orationis, id. de Or. 2, 15, 62; cf.: flumen verborum volubili tasque, id. Or. 16, 53: gravissimorum op timorumque verborum, id. de Or. 2, 45, 188: inanium verborum, id. N. D. 2, 1, 1: Lysias ... puro fonti quam magno flumini propior, Quint. 10, 1, 78; 9, 4, 61; cf. id. 10, 1, 61; Petr. 5 fin.—And fig.: neque concipere neque edere partum mens potest, nisi ingenti flumine litterarum inundata, Petr. 118.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

flūmĕn,⁷ ĭnis, n. (fluo), masse d’eau qui coule : Virg. En. 2, 305 ; Liv. 5, 16, 9 || fleuve, rivière : Cic. Div. 1, 78 ; secundo flumine Cæs. G. 7, 58, 5 ; adverso flumine Cæs. G. 7, 60, 3, en suivant le courant, contre le courant || [fig.] [torrents de larmes] Virg. En. 1, 465 ; [flots de peuple] Sil. 12, 185 || abondance, richesse [en parl. du style] : verborum Cic. Or. 53, un flot de paroles, cf. Cic. Ac. 2, 119 ; Nat. 2, 20 ; ingenii Cic. Marc. 4, un flot d’inspiration.

Latin > German (Georges)

flūmen, inis, n. (fluo), die fließende Wassermasse, die Flut, das fließende Wasser, Gewässer, die Strömung, der Strom, I) eig.: 1) im allg.: fontis, Ov.: vivum, Flußwasser, Verg. u. Liv.: piscosum, Sen.: secundo flumine, stromabwärts, Caes.: adverso flumine, stromaufwärts, Caes.: cave aquam Albanam in mare manare suo flumine sinas, Orac. vet. bei Liv.: omnia flumina atque omnes rivi, qui ad mare pertinebant, Caes.: maritima flumina immittere in piscinas, Varro: hos omnes flumina continebant (hielten auf), Caes.: nusquam latius dominari mare, multum fluminum huc atque illuc ferre, Tac. – 2) im engern Sinne (Ggstz. ripa), a) der Fluß, Strom, als fließende Masse, Lucr., Caes., Cic. u.a.: Garumna fl., Caes.: Nilus fl., Amm.: fl. Rhenum, Hor.: Tiberinum, Tyrrhenum, Verg.: fluebat cruor fluminum modo, Aur. Vict. epit. 43, 14. – b) der Kanal, fl. fossile, Amm. 24, 6, 1: fl. angustum altissimis ripis, Auct. b. Alex. 29, 1. – II) übtr.: 1) phys., v. einer fließenden Menge, Strom, Blutes, Lucr. u. Cic.: Tränen, Verg.: aëris, Apul.: v. Menschen, effusae ruunt inopino flumine turbae, Sil. – 2) geistig: a) übh.: mens ingenti flumine litterarum inundata, von einer großen Belesenheit befruchtet, Petron. 118, 3. – b) v. Geist, Strom, Erguß, nullius tantum flumen est ingenii, Cic. Marc. 4: ingenii currant flumina quanta tui (scimus), Ov. fast. 1, 24. – c) in bezug auf Beredsamkeit u. Rede, Strom, velut quoddam eloquentiae fl., Quint.: vastissima flumina facundiae suae, Col.: fl. orationis, Cic.: fl. orationis aureum, Cic.: fl. verborum, inanium verborum, Cic.: velut prono decurrentis orationis flumine, Quint.

Latin > English

flumen fluminis N N :: river, stream; [adverso flumine => against the current]