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fluctus

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

fluctus: ūs (ante-class. form of the
I gen. sing. fluctuis, Varr. and Nigid. ap. Gell. 4, 16, 1; nom. plur. flucti, Pac. and Att. ap. Non. 488, 12), m. fluo; cf. fluctio, the peculiar motion of fluids, a flowing, waving.
I In abstr. (rare; cf.: unda, fluentum): jactetur aquae fluctu quoque terra vacillans, Lucr. 6, 554 sq.—Of the flowing motion of the magnetic fluid (v. aestus): Cogitur offensare pulsareque fluctu Ferrea texta suo, Lucr. 6, 1053.—In mal. part., Lucr. 4, 1271; cf. fluctuo, I. α fin.—
II Transf., a flow, flood.—In concr., a wave, billow, surge, esp. of the sea (the predom. signif. of the word in prose and poetry; esp. freq. in the plur.).
   (a)    Sing.: fons aquae dulcis, qui fluctu totus operiretur, nisi, etc., the flood, i. e. high tide, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 53, § 118: alia fluctus differt, dissipat visceratim membra, Maria salsa spumant sanguine, Enn. ap. Non. 183, 18 (Trag. v. 144 ed. Vahl.): ab saxo avortit fluctus ad litus scapham, Plaut. Rud. 1, 2, 76; 82: fluctum a saxo frangi, Cic. Fam. 9, 16, 6: fluctus uti ... volutus Ad terras immane sonat per saxa, Verg. G. 3, 237: ad fluctum aiunt declamare solitum Demosthenem, ut fremitum assuesceret voce vincere, to the waves, Cic. Fin. 5, 2, 5.—
   (b)    Plur.: indu mari magno fluctus extollere certant, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Ann. v. 425 ed. Vahl.): mulserat huc navim compulsam fluctibus pontus, id. ap. Prisc. p. 870 P. (Ann. v. 257 ed. Vahl.): excitatis maximis fluctibus, Cic. Rep. 1, 6: (insulae) fluctibus cinctae, id. ib. 2, 4; cf.: Massilia, quae cincta Gallorum gentibus barbariae fluctibus alluitur, id. Fl. 26, 63: sese fluctibus committere, id. Verr. 2, 2, 37, § 91: sedatis fluctibus, id. Inv. 2, 51, 154: puppes ad magnitudinem fluctuum tempestatumque accommodatae, Caes. B. G. 3, 13, 3: in fluctibus consistere, id. ib. 4, 24, 2: fluctibus compleri, id. ib. 4, 28 fin.: luctantem Icariis fluctibus Africum Mercator metuens, Hor. C. 1, 1, 15: o navis, referent in mare te novi Fluctus, id. ib. 1, 14, 2: mulcere fluctus et tollere vento, Verg. A. 1, 66: procella ... fluctus ad sidera tollit, id. ib. 1, 103: revomere salsos fluctus pectore, id. ib. 5, 182.—Prov.: excitare fluctus in simpulo, to raise a tempest in a tea-pot, i. e. to make much ado about nothing, Cic. Leg. 3, 16, 36.—
   2    Poet. transf., a stream of odors: unde fluens volvat varius se fluctus odorum, Lucr. 4, 675.—And of a stream of fire: atro volvens incendia fluctu, Val. Fl. 7, 572.—
   B Trop., like tempestas and unda, and our waves or billows, for turbulence, commotion, disturbance: qui in hac tempestate populi jactemur et fluctibus, Cic. Planc. 4, 11; cf. contionum, id. Mil. 2, 5: rerum Fluctibus in mediis, Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 85; cf. also Lucr. 5, 11: hoc omne tempus post consulatum objecimus iis fluctibus, qui per nos a communi peste depulsi, in nosmet ipsos redundarunt, Cic. de Or. 1, 1, 3; id. Att. 8, 3, 5: fluctus civiles, Nep. Att. 6: capere irarum fluctus in pectore, Lucr. 3, 298; so, irarum, id. 6, 74; Verg. A. 12, 831; Val. Max. 9, 3 init.: tristes curarum, Lucr. 6, 34: belli, id. 5, 1290.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

flūctŭs,⁸ ūs, m. (fluo), lame, vague, flot : [sing.] Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 118 ; Fam. 9, 16, 6 ; Fin. 5, 5 ; [pl.] Rep. 1, 6 ; Fl. 63 ; Cæs. G. 3, 13, 2 ; excitare fluctus in simpulo Cic. Leg. 3, 36, faire beaucoup de bruit pour rien [prov.] || ondes [magnétiques] : Lucr. 6, 1053 || [poét.] tourbillon [de feu] : Val. Flacc. 7, 572 || émanations : Lucr. 4, 675 || [fig.] agitation, trouble : contionum Cic. Mil. 5, le tumulte des assemblées ; fluctus civiles Nep. Att. 6, 1, les agitations civiles, les orages politiques. gén. arch. fluctuis Varr. d. Gell. 4, 16, 1 ; cf. Char. 143, 12 ; nom. pl. flucti Pacuv. 76 ; Acc. Tr. 33 ; 633.

Latin > German (Georges)

(1) flūctus1, ūs, m. (fluo, vom alten Supinum flūctum), das Strömen, Wogen, die Strömung, I) eig.: aquae, Lucr.: vom Strömen des magnet. Fluidums, Lucr. – übtr. im obszön. Sinne, die Renkung, Plur. bei Arnob. 5, 44. – II) meton., die Strömung = die hochgehende Welle, die Woge, bes. die Meereswoge, die Flut, α) Sing.: fluctu (maris) allui, Liv.: fluctu operiri, Cic.: ad fluctum declamare, Cic.: iam medio apparet fluctu Zacynthos, mitten auf dem Meere, Verg. – varius f. odorum, Strömung, Lucr.: atro volvens incendia fluctu (Strom), Val. Flacc.: tortos in fluctum ponere crines, wellenförmig, Manil. – β) Plur.: fractis iam et novissimis fluctibus leviter allui, Plin. ep.: fluctibus compleri, Caes.: fluctus sedare, Cic.: fluctus frangere, Sen.: ire per longos fluctus, das weite Meer, Hor. – sprichw., excitare fluctus in simpulo, viel Lärm um nichts machen, Cic. de legg. 3, 36. – im Bilde, die Wogen, Fluten, der Strudel = Unruhe, Ungemach usw. des Lebens, bes. des öffentl., emergere e fluctibus servitutis, Cic.: iactari populi fluctibus, auf den unruhigen Wogen des Volkslebens sich umhertreiben, Cic.; vgl. se civilibus fluctibus (den unruhigen Wogen, den Stürmen des politischen Lebens) committere, Nep.: f. contionum, stürmische V., Cic. – u. der Leidenschaften, irarum, Verg. – / Archaist. Genet. fluctuis, Varro bei Gell. 4, 16, 1; vgl. Charis. 143, 12: Nom. Plur. flucti, Pacuv. tr. 77. Acc. tr. 33 u. 633. Vgl. Georges Lexik. der lat. Wortf. S. 283.
(2) flūctus2, s. 1. flūxus.

Latin > English

fluctus fluctus N M :: wave; disorder; flood, flow, tide, billow, surge; turbulence, commotion