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mare

Τὰ πάντα ῥεῖ καὶ οὐδὲν μένει -> Everything flows and nothing stands still
Heraclitus

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 514.jpg

subs.

P. and V. ἵππος, ἡ, P. θήλεια ἵππος, ἡ (Plat.).

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

măre: is (
I abl. sing. mare, Varr. ap. Charis. p. 45 and 111 P.; and in Prisc. p. 759 ib.; Lucr. 1, 161; Ov. Tr. 5, 2, 20; id. P. 4, 6, 46; 198; Lact. Mort. Pers. 21, 11; gen. plur. marum, Naev. ap. Prisc. p. 770 P.), n. root mar-, gleam, glimmer (cf. ἅλς μαρμαρέη, Il. 14, 273); Gr. μάρμαρος; Lat. marmor; Sanscr. mīras, sea; Goth. marei; Angl. - Sax. mere; Germ. Meer. Curtius, however, refers these words to root mar-, die; cf. morior, marceo, the sea, opp. to dry land.
I Lit.
   A In gen.: sol, qui Mare, terram, caelum contines tuo cum lumine, Enn. ap. Prob. Verg. E. 6, 31 (Trag. v. 322 Vahl.): indu mari magno, id. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Ann. v. 425 ib.): mare infidum, Plaut. Trin. 4, 1, 13: fluctuosum, id. Rud. 4, 2, 5: ventosum, Hor. C. 3, 4, 45: tumultuosum, id. ib. 3, 1, 26: tumidum, Verg. A. 8, 671: placidum, id. E. 2, 26: tranquillum, Plaut. Poen. 3, 1, 4: vastissimum, Cic. Pis. 24, 57: vastum atque apertum, Caes. B. G. 3, 12: profundum et immensum, Cic. Planc. 6, 15: planum, Juv. 12, 62: numquam ingressus es mare, Ter. Hec. 3, 4, 5: mare pedibus ingredi, Lact. 4, 15, 21: remenso ire mari, Verg. A. 3, 144: terrā marique, by sea and by land: terra marique acquirenda, i. e. at all hazards, Juv. 14, 222; v. terra.—In plur.: maria salsa, Enn. ap. Non. 183, 18 (Trag. v. 145 Vahl.): quibus cavernis maria sustineantur, Cic. Tusc. 5, 24 fin.: in reliquis maribus, Caes. B. G. 5, 1, 2.—Poet. as a figure for hard-heartedness: te saevae progenuere ferae Aut mare, etc., Ov. H. 7, 39; cf. Cat. 64, 155; cf. also: Nam mare haud est mare; vos mare acerrumum; nam in mari repperi, hic elavi bonis, Plaut. As. 1, 2, 8 sq.: meretricem ego item esse reor mare ut est; quod des devorat, numquam abundat, id. Truc. 2, 7, 17 sq.—In apposition with Oceanus: proximus mare Oceanum in Andibus hiemarat, Caes. B. G. 3, 7, 2; Tac. H. 4, 12; cf. also: ecce maris magna claudit nos obice pontus, the depths of the sea, Verg. A. 10, 377: maria omnia caelo Miscere, id. ib. 5, 790.—Prov.: mare caelo miscere, to mingle sea and sky, i. e. to raise a terrific storm, bluster: clames licet, et mare caelo Confundas, homo sum, Juv. 6, 282: quis caelum terris non misceat et mare caelo, id. 2, 25: terrā marique aliquid quaerere or conquirere, to search for a thing by sea and land, i. e. everywhere, Plaut. Poen. prol. 105; Vatin. ap. Cic. Fam. 5, 9; Sall. C. 13: maria et montes polliceri, to promise seas and mountains, i. e. more than one can perform, id. ib. 23, 2: his qui contentus non est, in mare fundat aquas, pour water into the sea, i. e. fill that which is already full, Ov. Tr. 5, 6, 44.—
   B In partic., of single seas: mare nostrum, i. e. the Mediterranean Sea, Caes. B. G. 5, 1; Sall. J. 17; Plin. 6, 28, 30, § 126; Luc. 8, 293: mare superum, the Upper Sea, the Adriatic, Plaut. Men. 2, 1, 11; Cic. de Or. 3, 19, 69; Mel. 2, 4; Plin. 3, 5, 6, § 41; 3, 5, 10 al.: mare inferum, the Etruscan Sea, Cic. l. l.; Att. 8, 3, 5; Mel. l. l.; Plin. l. l. al.: mare Aegeum, Juv. 13, 246: mare rubrum, v. ruber; of a fresh - water lake: Galileae, Vulg. Matt. 4, 18.—
II Transf. (poet. and in post-Aug. prose).
   A Sea-water, salt-water: Chium maris expers, unmixed Chian wine, Hor. S. 2, 8, 15 (id est, sine aqua marina, Schol. Acr.); so, vinum mari condire, Plin. 14, 7, 9, § 73.—
   B The color of the sea, sea-green: smaragdi virens mare, Plin. 37, 6, 21, § 80. —*
   C Of the air: mare aëris, the sea, i. e. expanse of air: id omne Aëris in magnum fertur mare, Lucr. 5, 276.—
   D A large vessel: bases et mare aëneum, Vulg. 4 Reg. 25, 13.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

măre,⁶ is, n.,
1 la mer : Cic., Cæs., Virg., etc. || terra marique, v. terra || pl. maria Cic. Tusc. 5, 69 ; Cæs. G. 5, 1, 2 || mare Oceanus Cæs. G. 3, 7, 2, l’Océan || nostrum mare Cæs. G. 5, 1, 2 ; Sall. J. 17, 4, mer Méditerranée
2 eau de mer, eau salée : Hor. S. 2, 8, 15 ; Plin. 14, 73 || vert de mer [couleur] : Plin. 37, 80
3 [fig.] aeris magnum mare Lucr. 5, 276, le vaste océan de l’air ; mare cælo confundere Juv. 6, 283, remuer ciel et terre ; maria et montes polliceri Sall. C. 23, 3, promettre monts et merveilles ; in mare fundere aquas Ov. Tr. 5, 6, 41, porter de l’eau à la rivière || vaste récipient : mare æreum Vulg. 4 Reg. 25, 13. au lieu de mari, abl. mare Pl. Mil. 1309 ; Lucr. 1, 161 ; Ov. Tr. 5, 2, 20 || gén. pl. marum Næv d. Prisc. Gramm. p. 770.

Latin > German (Georges)

mare, is, Abl. ī, n. (gotisch marei, ahd. meri), das Meer (Ggstz. terra, u. Ggstz. ager), I) eig.: mare Aegaeum, Cic., Hadriaticum, Caes., Ionium, Liv.: mare Oceanus, Caes. u. Tac.: mare fluctuosum, Plaut.: vadosum, Caes. u. Sen.: mare tranquillum, Plaut., Cic. u.a., lene et tranquillum, Curt.: mare placidum, Verg. u. Plin. ep.: latum ac turbidum, Sen.: turbatum, turbatius, Plin. ep. u. Suet.: aestuans (Ggstz. tranquillum), Ps. Quint. decl.: mare vastum atque apertum, Caes.: nostrum mare, das Mittelländische Meer, Caes.: superum, das obere Adriatische u. Jonische, Cic.: inferum, das Etrurische, Cic.: conclusum, ein Binnenmeer, wie das Mittelländische, im Gegensatz zum offenen Weltmeere, Caes.: clausum, nicht schiffbares, Cic.: maris pontus, Meerestiefe, Verg. Aen. 10, 377: poet. Meeresflut, ibid. 1, 114. – se in mare deicere (vom Schiffe aus), Nep.: mare ingredi, zur See gehen, Cic.: mare turbatius ingredi, Suet.: mare pedibus ingredi, Lact. 4, 15, 21: numquam ingressum esse mare, Ter.: placido od. turbato mari vehi, Plin. ep.: infero mari hieme maximā navigare, Cic.: mare vastissimum hieme transire, Cic.: mare sulcare, Verg.: per mare currere (fahren), Hor.: ire mari, Verg.: mare infestum habere, unsicher machen (v. Seeräubern), Cic.: mari exactum esse, Plin. pan. – poet. übtr., mare aëris, Luftmeer = Luft, Lucr. – mari, zur See, Nep.: terrā marique, terrā et (ac) mari u. dgl., s. terra. – poet., v. einem Hartherzigen, e mari natus, od. mare te genuit, Catull., Tibull. u. Ov. – maria omnia caelo miscere, Himmel u. Erde vermengen = entsetzlichen Sturm erregen, Verg. Aen. 5, 790: mare caelo confundere, Himmel u. Erde vermengen = alles Mögliche versuchen, Iuven. 6, 283. – maria montesque polliceri, sprichw., goldene Berge versprechen, Sall. Cat. 23, 3. – in mare fundere aquas, sprichw., Wasser in einen Brunnen tragen, Ov. trist. 5, 6, 44. – II) meton.: 1) das Meerwasser, Seewasser, vinum mari condire, Plin.: Chium (vinum) maris expers, nicht mit Meerwasser vermischt, Hor. – 2) die Meerfarbe, Plin. 37, 80. – / Ungew. Abl. mare, Varro fr. u.a. bei Charis. 61, 6 sqq. Lucr. 1, 161. Ov. art. am. 3, 94; trist. 5, 2, 20; ex Pont. 4, 6, 46. Lact. de mort. pers. 21, 11: Genet. Plur. marum, Naev. bell. Pun. I. fr. V III. p. 10 ed. Vahlen. – Nbf. Nomin, maris, Corp. inscr. Lat. 5, 3014: Akk. marem, Inscr. in Visconti Mus. Pio-Clem. 1. p. 67 (wo usque ad marem).

Latin > English

mare maris N N :: sea; sea water