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stimulo

Ὁ δὲ μὴ δυνάμενος κοινωνεῖν ἢ μηδὲν δεόμενος δι' αὐτάρκειαν οὐθὲν μέρος πόλεως, ὥστε ἢ θηρίονθεός → Whoever is incapable of associating, or has no need to because of self-sufficiency, is no part of a state; so he is either a beast or a god
Aristotle, Politics

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

stĭmŭlo: āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. id.,
I to prick with a goad, to prick or goad on, to urge on (syn. pungo).
I Lit. (post-Aug. and rare): quadrijugos flagello, Sil. 4, 439: equos calcaribus, Val. Max. 3, 2, 9; for which, poet. transf.: turbatos currus, Luc. 7, 570; Sil. 16, 367: aries stimulatus, Col. 7, 3, 5.—
II Trop., to goad, torment, vex, trouble, disquiet, disturb (class. and freq.; syn. agito): jactor, crucior, agitor, stimulor, vorsor in amoris rota miser, Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 4: hunc sibi ex animo scrupulum, qui se dies noctesque stimulat ac pungit, ut evellatis, postulat, Cic. Rosc. Am. 2, 6: larvae stimulant virum, Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 66: te conscientiae stimulant maleficiorum tuorum, Cic. Par. 2, 18: me nunc et congressus hujus (Caesaris) stimulat, id. Att. 9, 15, 2: me haec solitudo minus stimulat quam ista celebritas, id. ib. 12, 13, 1: consulem cura de minore filio stimulabat, Liv. 44, 44: stimulatus furenti rabie, Cat. 63, 4: curis animum stimulantibus, Claud. in Ruf. 2, 326.—
   B In gen., to rouse up, set in motion; to spur on, incite, stimulate to any action (syn. cieo, excio).
   (a)    With simple acc.: Phrygio stimulat numero cava tibia mentes, Lucr. 2, 620: aliquem, Liv. 3, 68, 10: avita gloria animum stimulabat, id. 1, 22, 2: irā stimulante animos, id. 1, 12, 1; 30, 11: cupido animum stimulabat, Curt. 4, 7, 8; 6, 5, 19: stimulata pellicis irā, Ov. M. 4, 235.—With inanim. objects: jurgia praecipue vino stimulata, Ov. A. A. 1, 591: Persicorum sucus sitim stimulat, Plin. 23, 7, 67, § 132; so, venerem, id. 20, 5, 15, § 32; cf. conceptus, id. 2, 8, 6, § 38: fugam hostium, id. 9, 8, 9, § 32: iras functas, to revive, arouse, Stat. Th. 12, 437. —
   (b)    With ad: ad alicujus salutem defendendam stimulari atque excitari, Cic. Planc. 28, 69: ad perturbandam rempublicam, Sall. C. 18, 4: ad arma, Liv. 1, 23, 7: ad iram, Tac. H. 2, 44.—
   (g)    With in: injuriae dolor in Tarquinium eos stimulabat, Liv. 1, 40, 4: animos eorum irā in hostes stimulando, id. 21, 11, 3; cf. in a mixed construction: ad iram saepius quam in formidinem stimulabantur, Tac. H. 2, 44 fin.—
   (d)    With ut or ne: vetus nostra simultas antea stimulabat me, ut caverem, etc., Cic. Fam. 3, 12, 4: rubore stimulabantur, ne clientulorum loco numerarentur, Tac. Or. 37; Curt. 7, 7, 26.—(ε) Poet., with inf.: festinare fugam ... iterum stimulat, Verg. A. 4, 576: stimulante metu fati praenoscere cursus, Luc. 6, 423: juvencos jactare accensis stimulavi cornibus ignes, Sil. 12, 504.—(ζ) Absol.: stimulante fame, Ov. Tr. 1, 6, 9: stimulante conscientiā, Curt. 5, 11, 7: metu stimulante, id. 7, 7, 26.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

stĭmŭlō,¹⁰ āvī, ātum, āre (stimulus), tr.,
1 piquer de l’aiguillon : Sil. 4, 439 ; Col. Rust. 7, 3, 5
2 [fig.] a) aiguillonner, tourmenter : Cic. Amer. 6 ; Par. 18 ; Att. 9, 15, 2 ; 12, 13, 1 ; Liv. 44, 44 ; b) stimuler, exciter : aliquem, animum Liv. 3, 68, 10 ; 1, 22, 2, exciter qqn, l’âme de qqn ; ad alicujus salutem defendendam stimulari Cic. Planc. 69, être poussé à prendre la défense de qqn, cf. Sall. C. 18, 4 ; Liv. 1, 23, 7 ; in aliquem Liv. 1, 40, 4, exciter contre qqn, cf. Liv. 21, 11, 3 ; stimulare aliquem, ut Cic. Fam. 3, 12, 4, exciter qqn à ; stimulari ne Tac. D. 37, être poussé à éviter de || [poét. avec inf.] : Virg. En. 4, 576 ; Luc. 6, 423 || abst] stimulante fame Ov. Tr. 1, 6, 9, sous l’aiguillon de la faim, cf. Curt. 5, 11, 7 ; 7, 7, 26.

Latin > German (Georges)

stimulo, āvi, ātum, āre (stimulus), I) mit dem Stachel stechen, stacheln, turbatos currus (= equos), antreiben, lenken, Lucan.: equos vehementer calcaribus, Val. Max.: quadriiugos atro flagello, Sil. – II) übtr.: 1) martern, quälen, beunruhigen, larvae stimulant virum, Plaut.: te conscientiae stimulant maleficiorum, Cic. (u. so nec te conscientia stimulat, Apul.: stimulante conscientiā, Curt.): qui (scrupulus) dies noctesque stimulat ac pungit, Cic.: me nunc et congressus huius stimulat, Cic.: consulem cura de minore filio stimulabat, Liv. – 2) anspornen, anstacheln, anreizen, anregen, zusetzen, a) m. Acc.: alqm incitare et stimulare, Liv.: alqm stimulare et accendere (Ggstz. reconciliare et componere), Plin. ep.: animos (v. einer Begierde), Liv.: animum (v. Ruhmbegierde), Liv.: paelicis iram, Ov.: quod ne fames quidem, quae mutas accenderet bestias, curam eorum stimulare posset, Liv. – sucus stimulat sitim, Plin.: venerem stimulari hoc cibo certum est, Plin. – b) m. ad od. in u. Akk.: istorum caritate ad huius salutem defendendam maxime stimulari atque excitari, Cic.: cupido imperii duos cognatos populos ad arma stimulat, Liv.: iniuriae dolor in Tarquinium ipsum magis quam in Servium eos stimulabat, Liv.: et Flamininus relatione rerum gestarum recentissime suos stimulabat in proelium, Iustin.: extremā desperatione ad iram saepius quam in formidinem stimulabantur (wurden getrieben), Tac. – c) mit ut u. Konj.: vetus nostra simultas stimulabat me, ut caverem, Cic. ep. 3, 12, 4. – d) mit ne u. Konj.: eodem metu stimulante, ne regis exspectationem moraretur, Curt. 7, 7 (31), 26: u. so Tac. dial. 37. – e) poet. m. folg. Infin., Verg. Aen. 4, 576. Colum. 2, 2, 26. Lucan. 6, 423. Sil. 12, 504. Augustin. conf. 6, 8 extr.

Latin > English

stimulo stimulare, stimulavi, stimulatus V :: urge forward with a goad, torment,"sting"; incite, rouse to frenzy