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dolor

Ἔρως ἀνίκατε μάχαν -> O love, invincible in battle!
Sophocles, Antigone, 781

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

dŏlor: ōris, m. doleo,
I pain, smart, ache (freq. and class.; for syn. cf.: aegrimonia, maeror, maestitia, luctus, plangor, tristitia, angor, anxietas, cura, sollicitudo).
I Corporeal: dolor est motus asper in corpore, alienus a sensibus, Cic. Tusc. 2, 15: dolores atque carnificinas facere, Cato ap. Gell. 10, 3, 17: corporis, Lucr. 4, 1075: capitis, id. 6, 785: dentium, oculorum, id. 6, 660: pedum, Cic. Brut. 34, 130: articulorum, id. Att. 1, 5 fin.: laterum, Hor. S. 1, 9, 32 et saep.—Of the pangs of childbirth, Plaut. Truc. 4, 3, 33; id. Cist. 1, 2, 22: utero exorti dolores, id. Am. 5, 1, 40; cf. id. ib. 48; 3, 1, 19; id. Truc. 4, 3, 33 (with labor); Ter. And. 1, 5, 33 (with laborare); id. Ad. 3, 1, 2 al.—Comic., of the gripings in the stomach of a hungry person, Plaut. Stich. 1, 3, 11.—
II Mental, as a general designation of every painful, oppressive feeling, pain, distress, grief, tribulation, affliction, sorrow, anguish, trouble, vexation, mortification, chagrin, etc. (syn. luctus): dolor (est) aegritudo crucians, Cic. Tusc. 4, 8, 18: si cadit in sapientem animi dolor, id. Lael. 13, 48: quanta est cura in animo, quantum corde capio dolorem, Plaut. Truc. 2, 5, 5; so with cura, Cic. Fam. 4, 6, 2: in labore atque in dolore, Plaut. Ps. 2, 3, 20: majorem laetitiam ex desiderio bonorum percepimus, quam ex laetitia improborum dolorem, Cic. Rep. 1, 4; cf. opp. laetatio, Caes. B. G. 5, 52 fin.: te dolorem, quem acceperis cum summi viri tum amicissimi morte, ferre moderate, Cic. Lael. 2, 8; cf. id. de Or. 2, 48 fin.; and: magno esse Germanis dolori Ariovisti mortem, Caes. B. G. 5, 29, 3; cf. also id. ib. 7, 38, 3: magnum et acerbum dolorem commovere, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 21 fin.: dolore angi, id. Fam. 4, 3; cf. id. Phil. 8, 6, 18. —
   2    Esp., indignation, wrath, animosity, anger, resentment: sed ego in hac sententia dicenda non parebo dolori meo, non iracundiae serviam, Cic. Prov. Cons. 1, 2; cf. id. ib. 18, 44: et rei publicae injuriam et suum dolorem condonare, Caes. B. G. 1, 20, 5: qui accipit injuriam, et meminit et prae se fert dolorem suum, Cic. Off. 2, 22 fin.: magno dolore affici, Caes. B. G. 1, 2, 4; cf. id. ib. 5, 4 fin.; id. B. C. 2, 33, 1; cf. also: in eas (naves) indiligentiae suae ac doloris iracundia erupit, id. ib. 3, 8, 3: quis indomitas tantus dolor excitat iras? Verg. A. 2, 594; Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 60; id. Epod. 15, 15: amator agit ubi secum, Accedam? an potius mediter finire dolores, the torments of love, id. S. 2, 3, 263; cf. Ov. A. A. 2, 519; Prop. 1, 13, 9; 3, 20, 27 (4, 20, 17 M.) et saep.: Catonem veteres inimicitiae Caesaris incitant et dolor repulsae, Caes. B. C. 1, 4, 2; so, repulsae, Ov. M. 3, 395: injuriae, Liv. 1, 40: ignominiae, Suet. Vesp, 8: conjugis amissae, Ov. M. 7, 688 et saep.: justus mihi dolor etiam adversus deos esset, quod, etc., Tac. A. 2, 71.—Prov.: dolorem longa consumit dies, Sen. ad Marc. 8; cf.: dolor decrescit, ubi quo crescat non habet, Pub. Syr. 129 (Rib.).—
   3    Terror, Amm. 14, 2, 15.—
   B Meton.
   1    A grief, i. e. an object or cause of grief: illa (potest) etiam duris mentibus esse dolor, Prop. 1, 14, 18; Ov. P. 3, 3, 73.—
   2    In rhet. lang. for the Gr. πάθος, passionate, warm expression; pathos, Cic. de Or. 3, 25; id. Brut. 24, 93; id. Or. 37, 130; id. de Or. 2, 17 fin.; Quint. 6, 2, 36.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

dŏlŏr,⁶ ōris, m. (doleo),
1 douleur physique, souffrance : articulorum Cic. Att. 1, 5, 8, ou pedum Cic. Br. 130, goutte ; laterum Hor. S. 1, 9, 32, ou lateris Cic. de Or. 3, 6, pleurésie, cf. Cels. Med. 4, 13 || vulneris Cic. Fam. 5, 12, 5, douleur d’une blessure
2 douleur morale, peine, tourment, affliction, chagrin : dolorem alicui afferre Cic. Sulla 3 ; commovere Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 47 ; facere Cic. Att. 11, 8, 2, causer de la douleur à qqn ; dolorem accipere Cic. Læl. 8 ; percipere Cic. Rep. 1, 7 ; suscipere Cic. Vat. 19 ; capere Cic. Fam. 4, 6, 2, éprouver, ressentir de la douleur || ressentiment : Cic. Prov. 2 ; Off. 2, 79 ; Verr. 2, 3, 95 ; Cæs. G. 1, 20, 5 ; 5, 4, 4 ; Virg. En. 1, 25, etc.; Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 60 || dépit d’un échec : Cæs. C. 1, 4, 2
3 sujet de douleur : Prop. 1, 14, 18 ; Ov. P. 3, 3, 73
4 [rhét.] a) émotion, faculté de pathétique : naturalis quidam dolor Cic. Br. 93, une sorte de sensibilité naturelle, cf. 278 ; Or. 130 ; b) expression passionnée, pathétique : oratio, quæ dolores habeat Cic. de Or. 3, 96, éloquence pathétique ; detrahere actionis dolorem Cic. Or. 209, enlever le pathétique de la plaidoirie.

Latin > German (Georges)

dolor, ōris, m. (doleo), der Schmerz, die schmerzliche Empfindung, I) körperlich, corporis, Cic.: totius corporis dolores, Cic. – d. capitis, dentium, Lucr., Cels. u.a.: pedum, articulorum, Cic.: laterum, Hor.: coxae, Cels.: oculorum, Aur. Vict.: podagrae, Cic. fr.: calculi dolore consumi, Liv. epit.: dolorem corporis pati, Cic.: dolorem morbi ferre non posse, Cic.: e dolore laborare, Geburtsschmerzen haben, Ter. – II) geistig, mit u. ohne animi, Schmerz, Betrübnis, Kummer Wehmut, Unmut, Unwille, Ärger u. dgl. (Ggstz. gaudium, voluptas), A) eig.: 1) im allg.: dolor coniugis amissae (über den Verlust der G.), Ov.: desiderii futuri, Nep.: dolor repulsae, Caes.: dolor ex civibus amissis, Liv. – d. muliebris, Liv.: femineus, virgineus, Ov.: mutuus, Curt.: liber, liberior, Unabhängigkeit in der Äußerung des Unwillens, freie, ungebundene Äußerung des Unwillens, Tac. u. Curt. – pro dolor, Oros. 4, 6, 34: o dolor! Corp. inscr. Lat. 12, 825: ah dolor! Calp. ecl. 3, 49 u. 4, 44. – dolorem accipere alqā re od. ex alqa re, Cic.: dolorem suscipere pro patria, Cic.: dolores quosvis suscipere malle quam etc., Cic.: dolorem capere ab alqa re, Cic., in u. ex alqa re, Cic.: dolorem haurire, Cic.: tanto dolore affici, ut etc., Cic.: in dolore esse, Cic.: dolorem alci facere od. efficere od. dare od. afferre, Cic.: dolorem commovere, Cic.: dolorem tegere, Liv.: dolorem abicere od. deponere, Cic.: hoc est mihi dolori, Cic. – 2) insbes.: a) Kränkung, quo dolore incensus, Nep.: quasi obliteratā iam doloris memoriā, Suet.: bes. Leiden, Kränkung in der Liebe, Prop. – b) Groll, innerer Grimm, der auf Rache sinnt, Rachegefühl, Erbitterung (vgl. Obbarius Hor. ep. 1. 2, 60. Ochsner Cic. ecl. p. 88), Cic. u.a.: quo dolore exarsit, Caes. – B) meton.: 1) der »Gegenstand«, der Schmerz od. Betrübnis macht, Ov.: esse dolor potest, kann Schmerz bringen, Prop. – 2) in der Rhetor. = πάθος, leidenschaftlicher-, affektvoller-, dah. auch wehmütiger Ausdruck od. Ton, Cic.; vgl. die Auslgg. zu Cic. Brut. 93. Ernesti Lex. techn. Lat. rhet. (in v. sensus) p. 346 sq. – / spät. Nbf. dolus, ī, m., Corp. inscr. Lat. 3, 1903; 5, 1638; 10, 1760. Commod. instr. 1, 26, 19 u. 2, 32, 1. Symm. orat. 2, 17.

Spanish > Greek

ἀνία, διάπτωσις, ἀγγρία, γαβης, ἄγρις, ἀετασία, ἄλγησις, ἀλγηδωνία, ἄχος, ἄλγος, ἄλγις, ἄλγημα, ἄση, ἀλγηδών, ἆθλος, βολή, ἐνόχλησις, ἀγανάκτησις, ἀδιή, ἀνίημα, αἴσθησις, βαρύθυμος

Latin > English

dolor doloris N M :: pain, anguish, grief, sorrow, suffering; resentment, indignation