Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!

cupido

Ἦθος ἀνθρώπῳ δαίμων -> A man's character is his fate
Heraclitus, fr. B 119 Diels

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

cŭpīdo: (cūpēdo or cuppēdo, Lucr. 1, 1082; 4, 1090; 5, 45), ĭnis, f. (m., Plant. Am. 2, 2, 210; Hor. C. 2, 16, 15; 3, 16, 39; 3, 24, 51; id. S. 1, 1, 61; id. Ep. 1, 1, 33; Ov. M. 8, 74; 9, 734; Sil. 4, 99; and personified in all authors;
I
v. the foll.) cupidus, access. form of cupiditas, desire, wish, longing, eagerness, in a good and (more usu.) in a bad sense (very freq. in the poets and histt., esp. in Sall.; twice in Quint., but in Cic. only as personified).
I In gen.
   A In a good sense: cupido cepit miseram nunc me proloqui, etc. (transl. from Eurip. Med. 57: ἵμερος μ ὑπῆλθε, etc.), Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 26, 63 (Trag. Rel. v. 291 Vahl.); cf.: Romulum cupido cepit urbis condendae, Liv. 1, 6, 3: cupido eum ceperat in verticem montis ascendendi, id. 40, 21, 2; and with inf.: cupido incessit Aethiopiam invisere, Curt. 4, 8, 3: aquae, Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 50; cf.: laticum frugumque, Lucr. 4, 1093: gloriae, Sall. C. 7, 3: aeternitatis perpetuaeque famae, Suet. Ner. 55: lucis, Quint. 6, prooem. § 13: placendi, id. 10, 7, 17 al.—
   2    Trop., of things: res medii cuppedine victae, overcome by their tendency to a centre, Lucr. 1, 1082.—
   B In a bad sense, desire, passion, lust, greed.
   (a)    With gen.: honorum caeca (with avarities), Lucr. 3, 59; cf. honoris, Sall. C. 3, 5: mala vitaï, Lucr. 3, 1077: immitis uvae (i. e. virginis immaturae), Hor. C. 2, 5, 9: praedae caeca, Ov. M. 3, 620: intempestiva concubitūs, id. ib. 10, 689; cf. Veneris, id. ib. 14, 634 et saep.: difficilia faciundi, Sall. J. 93, 3: ejus (oppidi) potiundi, id. ib. 89, 6: quarum (rerum) inmodica cupido inter mortales est, Liv. 6, 35, 6: populos ad cupidinem novae fortunae erigere, id. 21, 19, 7.—In plur.: malae dominationis cupidinibus flagrans, Tac. A. 13, 2.—
   (b)    Absol.: homines cupidine caeci, Lucr. 4, 1153; so id. 4, 1090: cuppedinis acres curae, id. 5, 45; Hor. C. 2, 16, 15 et saep.: femineus, Ov. M. 9, 734; cf. muliebris, Tac. A. 4, 39.—In plur., Hor. S. 1, 2, 111; 2, 7, 85; Tac. A. 3, 52: eo provectas Romanorum cupidines, ut non corpora, ne senectam quidam aut virginitatem inpollutam relinquant, id. ib. 14, 35.—
II In partic.
   A The desire that springs from love, desire, love: differor Cupidine ejus, Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 29; cf.: visae virginis, Ov. M. 13, 906; Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 210; cf. id. Poen. 1, 1, 68. —In plur.: me, Contactum nullis ante cupidinibus, Prop. 1, 1, 2.—Hence,
   2    Personified: Cŭpīdo, ĭnis, m., the god of love, Cupid, son of Venus, Cic. N. D. 3, 23, 58 sq.; Prop. 2, 14, 5 (3, 18, 21); Ov. M. 1, 453; 5, 366 et saep.; Hor. C. 1, 2, 34; 2, 8, 14 al.; in the form CVPEDO, Inscr. Orell. 1367.—In plur.: mater saeva Cupidinum, Hor. C. 1, 19, 1 Orell. ad loc.; 4, 1, 5 al.; cf. of sculptured figures: exstant caelati scyphi ... Myos in eādem aede Silenos et Cupidines, Plin. 33, 12, 55, § 155; 36, 5, 4, § 41. —Hence,
   (b)    Cŭpīdĭnĕus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Cupid (poet.): tela, Ov. Tr. 4, 10, 65: sagittae, id. R. Am. 157.—Transf., lovely, charming ( = formosus), Mart. 7, 87, 9.—
   B In animals, the sexual impulse: equina, Col. 6, 27, 3: equi cupidine sollicitati, id. 6, 27, 8.—
   C (Cf. cupidus, II. A. 2., and cupiditas, II. B. 1.) Avarice, covetousness: Narcissum incusat cupidinis ac praedarum, Tac. A. 12, 57; in plur., id. H. 1, 66.—*
   2    Personified: Cupido sordidus, sordid Avarice, Hor. C. 2, 16, 15.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) cŭpīdō,⁸ ĭnis, f. (cupio),
1 [poét.] désir, envie : urbis condendæ Liv. 1, 6, 3, le désir de fonder une ville ; gloriæ Sall. C. 7, 3, désir de la gloire || cupido incesserat Æthiopiam invisere Curt. 4, 8, 3, l’envie lui était venue de visiter l’Éthiopie
2 désir passionné, passion : honorum cæca cupido Lucr. 3, 59, l’aveugle amour des honneurs || passion amoureuse : Lucr. 4, 1153, etc. ; Hor. S. 1, 2, 111 ; 2, 7, 85 ; Tac. Ann. 3, 22 ; 14, 35 || cupidité, convoitise : Tac. Ann. 12, 57 || ambition démesurée : Sall. J. 64, 5. m., Pl. Amph. 840 ; Hor. S. 1, 1, 61 ; Ep. 1, 1, 33 ; O. 2, 16, 15, etc. || cuppedo Lucr. 1, 1082 ; 4, 1090.

Latin > German (Georges)

cupīdo, inis, f., selten u. nur bei Dichtern, zB. Plaut. Amph. 840 u. Hor. ep. 1, 1, 33, m. (cupio), das Begehren, die Begierde, im üblen Sinne = die Sucht, der Hang, die Leidenschaft, I) im allg.: animus cupidine caecus, Sall.: c. immodica, Liv.: ingens, Sall.: cupidines pravae, Sall.: accensis egestate longā cupidinibus, Tac. – m. subj. Genet., c. animi, Sall.: c. avaritiae, Aur. Vict.: cunctae malae dominationis cupidines, Tac. – m. obj. Genet., c. auri, Tac.: divitiarum, Iustin.: opum furiosa, Ov.: pecuniae, Sall.: vini, Curt.: voluptatum, Tac.: c. aeternitatis perpetuaeque famae, Suet.: c. gloriae, Sall.: c. gloriae laudisque iusto maior, Curt.: avaritia gloriae et insatiabilis c. famae, Curt.: c. honoris, Sall.: c. lucis, Liebe zum Leben, Lebenslust, Quint.: c. regni, imperii, Sall. – c. habendi, Plin. ep.: imperitandi, Mela: nocendi, Val. Max.: placendi, Quint.: proferendi imperii, Tac.: humani ingenii c. difficilia faciundi, Sall. – accendi cupidine auri ad bellum, Tac.: cupidine regis visendi accensus, Curt. – capit alqm cupido in his locis urbis condendae od. cupido in verticem Haemi montis ascendendi, Liv.: captus pravis cupidinibus, Sall.: coërcere tam profusas cupidines, Tac.: igitur primo pecuniae, deinde imperii cupido crevit, Sall. – multos trans Hiberum populos ad cupidinem novae fortunae erigere, Liv.: explere animi cupidinem, Sall. – flagrare cupidine regni, Liv.: flagrare cunctis malae dominationis cupidinibus, Tac. – contrectandae pecuniae cupidine incensus, Suet.: tanta cupido gloriae incesserat, Sall.: Hannibalem ingens cupido incesserat Tarenti potiundi, Liv.: ea invasit homines habendi c., ut etc., Plin. ep. – omnium cupido languescit, cum facilis occasio, Plin. ep. – alcis cupido non minuitur, Sall.: cupidinem sui movere, das Verlangen nach sich erwecken (v. Lebl.), Tac. – cupido alcis rei me sollicitat, Plin. ep.: cupidinibus statuat natura modum quem, Hor.: cupido ingens animum stimulabat adeundi Iovem, Curt. – me honoris cupido vexat, Sall. – captus cupidine m. folg. Infin., Iustin. 12, 7, 13.
II) insbes.: a) die phys. Begierde, der tierische Trieb, die Lust, m. obj. Genet., c. somni, Sall.: c. coëundi, der Begattungstrieb, Col.: u. so c. concubitus, Veneris, Ov. – absol. = der Begattungstrieb, die Brunst, equina, Col. 6, 27, 3: equi cupidine sollicitati, ibid. § 8. – u. Plur. absol. = die Lüste, eo provectas Romanorum cupidines, ut non corpora, ne senectam quidem aut virginitatem impollutam relinquant, Tac. ann. 14, 35. – b) die Leidenschaft = das Liebesverlangen, die Liebe, c. visae virginis, Ov.: c. femineus, zu einem Weibe, Ov.: ebenso muliebris, Tac.: differor cupidine eius, Plaut. – dah. personifiz. Cupīdo, inis, m., der Liebesgott Kupido, Sohn der Venus, griech. Ἔρως, Plaut. trin. 673; merc. 854. Cic. de nat. deor. 3, 58 sqq. Prop. 2, 18, 21. Hor. carm. 1, 2, 34 u.a. – im Plur. Cupīdinēs, Liebesgötter, Amoretten, Prop. 1, 1, 2. Hor. carm. 1, 19, 1. – c) die Begehrlichkeit, der Eigennutz (das Interesse), der allg. Ausdr. für das spez. Habsucht, Geldgier, c. sordidus, Hor.: Narcissum incusat cupidinis ac rapinarum, Tac. – d) das ehrsüchtige Streben, die Ehrsucht, ita cupidine atque irā, pessumis consultoribus, grassari, Sall. Iug. 64, 5.

Latin > English

cupido cupidinis N C :: desire/love/wish/longing (passionate); lust; greed, appetite; desire for gain