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contagio

Ἓν οἶδα, ὅτι οὐδὲν οἶδα –> I know only one thing, that I know nothing | all I know is that I know nothing.
Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Philosophers, Book 2 sec. 32.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

contāgĭo: ōnis, f., contāgĭum, ii, n., and contāmen, ĭnis, n. (contagium only in poets—and in plur.—and in postAug. prose writers; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 59, 12; Non. p. 199, 2; Marc. Vict. 1, p. 2469 P.; cf. also colluvio: contamen only in late Lat.) [id.],
I a touching, contact, touch, in a good or bad sense.
I In gen.
   (a)    Contagio, Cato, R. R. 132 fin.: anima calescit ... contagione pulmonum, Cic. N. D. 2, 55, 138: corporis, id. Div. 1, 30, 63; 2, 43, 92; id. Fat. 3, 5: ab omni mentione et contagione Romanorum abstinere, Liv. 40, 20, 6.—
   (b)    Contagium, Lucr. 3, 346; 3, 740; Plin. 2, 20, 18, § 82; Mart. 11, 47.—
   B Pregn., a union, connection: contagio naturae valet, Cic. Fat. 3, 5.—
II Freq., in a bad sense, a contacl with something physically or morally unclean, a contagion, infection.
   A Lit.
   (a)    Contagio: nolite ad me adire, ne contagio mea bonis obsit, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 12, 26 (Trag. Rel. v. 405 Vahl.); cf. Cic. de Or. 3, 41, 164: velut contagione quādam pestiferā insanire, Liv. 28, 34, 4: tum praecipue oves contagione vexentur, Col. 7, 5, 6; so id. 7, 5, 16: lichenis, Plin. 26, 1, 3, § 3: vini, id. 14, 21, 27, § 134 al.—
   (b)    Contagium: morbi, Lucr. 3, 472; 6, 1235; Curt. 9, 10, 1; cf. pestilentiae, Plin. 23, 8, 80, § 157: vicini pecoris, Verg. E. 1, 51.—Absol.: agunt contagia late, Ov. M. 7, 551; Hor. Epod. 16, 61 al.—
   B Trop., an infection, pollution, vicious companionship or intercourse, participation, contamination, etc.
   (a)    Contagio: contagione mei patris metuo malum, Plaut. Am. prol. 31; so with the gen.: illius sceleris, Cic. Mur. 37, 78; id. Sull. 2, 6: criminis, Liv. 9, 34, 14: turpitudinis, Cic. Att. 1, 16, 3: conscientiae, id. Verr. 2, 5, 71, § 183: furoris, Liv. 28, 24, 10: cujus facti dictive, id. 2, 37, 7: noxae, id. 9, 1, 6: imitandi belli, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 3, § 6; cf. belli, Flor. 2, 13, 1: bellorum, id. 2, 2, 4: aspectus, Cic. Clu. 68, 193.—Plur.: contagiones malorum, quae a Lacedaemoniis profectae manaverunt latius, Cic. Off. 2, 23, 80.— Absol.: haec (vitia) primo paulatim crescere; post, ubi contagio quasi pestilentia invasit, civitas immutata, etc., * Sall. C. 10 fin.; Liv. 5, 6, 11; 5, 12, 7; 10, 18, 2 al.; Flor. 1, 9, 8.—
   (b)    Contagium: aegrae mentis, Ov. Tr. 3, 8, 25: scelerum, Luc. 3, 322: lucri (connected with scabies), Hor. Ep. 1, 12, 14: belli, Flor. 1, 15, 1: deditionis, id. 3, 14, 2: terrae, Ov. M. 15, 195.—
   (g)    Contamen, Tert. Carm. adv. Marc. 1, 1; 4, 4; Mart. Cap. 1, § 10 Kopp.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

contāgĭō,¹¹ ōnis, f. (cum, tango),
1 contact : contagio pulmonum Cic. Nat. 2, 138, contact avec les poumons, cf. Domo 108 ; Div. 1, 63 ; cum corporibus Cic. Tusc. 1, 72, contact avec les corps || [fig.] relation, rapport : contagio naturæ Cic. Fato 5, rapport des phénomènes naturels entre eux (συμπάθεια), cf. Div. 2, 33
2 contagion, infection : Enn. d. Cic. Tusc. 3, 26 ; contagio pestifera Liv. 28, 34, 4, épidémie de peste || [fig.] contagion, influence pernicieuse : contagio imitandi ejus belli Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 6, l’exemple contagieux de cette guerre ; contagiones malorum Cic. Off. 2, 80, la contagion du mal.

Latin > German (Georges)

contāgio, ōnis, f. (contingo), die Berührung, bes. die einwirkende, die Einwirkung, der Einfluß, I) im allg., gew. lebl. Ggstde., cum est somno sevocatus animus a societate et contagione corporis, Cic.: anima... calescit contagione pulmonum, Cic.: quae potest igitur contagio ex infinito intervallo pertinere ad lunam vel potius ad terram, Cic.: contagio naturae valet, Cic. – selten der Pers., die gesellschaftl. Berührung, Annäherung, ne quid ex contagione incommodi accipiant, Caes. b. G. 6, 13, 7: ab omni mentione et contagione Romanorum abstinere, Liv. 40, 20, 6. – II) im üblen Sinne, die ansteckende Berührung, die Ansteckung, a) die physische, c. pestifera, Liv.: ministeria invicem et contagio ipsa vulgabant morbos, Liv.: contagionem luis importare, Plin.: contagione morbosi pecoris perire (v. Vieh), ICt. – b) die moralische = der üble, verderbliche Einfluß, das ansteckende, üble, verderbliche Beispiel, die Mitbefleckung u. dgl., ubi contagio quasi pestilentia invasit, Sall.: Tusci consciverant bellum; traxerat contagio proximos Umbriae populos, Liv. – m. Genet., c. imitandi belli, ansteckende Sucht, Cic.: latius patet illius sceleris contagio, quam quisquam putat; ad plures pertinet, Cic.: ne serpat latius contagio eius mali, Liv.: extemplo hinc domum abire in animo est, ne cuius facti dictive contagione praesens violer, Liv.: belli Fidenatis contagione irritati animi, Liv.: contagionem aspectus fugere, Cic.: se ab omni contagione vitiorum reprimere ac revocare, Plin. pan.: pectus purum ab omni sceleris contagione praestare, Lact. – Plur., contagiones malorum, quae a Lacedaemoniis profectae manaverunt latius, Übel, die von den Lazedämoniern ausgegangen wie eine ansteckende Seuche weiter um sich griffen, Cic. de off. 2, 80.

Spanish > Greek

ἀντίληψις, διαδρομή, ἁφή

Latin > English

contagio contagionis N F :: contact/touch (to contagion/infection); social contact/intercourse; influence