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odi

Ἐδιζησάμην ἐμεωυτόν -> I searched out myself
Heraclitus, fr. 101B

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

ōdi: ōdisse (old form of the
I pres., odio: osi sunt ab odio, declinasse antiquos testis est C. Gracchus, Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll. From this are formed: odis, Ambros. in Psa. 118, 17; odiant, Arn. in Psa. 37; odiebant, id. Psa. 73; odies, Tert. adv, Marc. 4, 35; odiet, Hier. Ep. 22, 31; odivi, Vulg. Psa. 118, 104; odientes, id. Deut. 7, 10; Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 16; odiendi, App. Dogm. Plat. 3 init. —Pass. oditur, Tert. Apol. 3 fin.; Vulg. Ecclus. 20, 8: odiremur, Hier. Ep. 43, 2: oderem and odere, acc. to Charis. p. 228 P.—Collat. form of the perf. osus sum, C. Gracch. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll.; Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19; Gell. 4, 8; and odivit, Anton. ap. Cic. Phil. 13. 19, 42), v. a. Sanscr. root badh-, strike, thrust; Gr. ὠθέω.
I To hate (class.; cf.: detestor, abominor, aversor, abhorreo); constr. with acc. of the person or thing, with inf. or absol.
   (a)    With acc.: quem omnes oderunt quā viri quā mulieres, Plaut. Mil. 4, 9, 15: uxor ruri est tua, quam dudum dixeras te odisse aeque atque angues, id. Merc. 4, 4, 20 sq.: quid enim odisset Clodium Milo, Cic. Mil. 13, 35: aliquem acerbe et penitus, id. Clu. 61, 171: lucemque odit, Ov. M. 2, 383: vitam, id. ib. 7, 583: scelus est odisse parentem, id. ib. 10, 314: qui hominem odiit, Tert. Anim. 10: semper eos osi sunt, C. Gracch. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 201 Müll.: quas (partes) Pompeius odivit, M. Anton. ap. Cic. Phil. 13, 19, 42.—
   (b)    With inf.: inimicos semper osa sum obtuerier, Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19: peccare, Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 52; cf. id. C. 2, 16, 26.—
   (g)    Absol.: oderint dum metuant, Att. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 28, 97 (Trag. Rel. p. 136 Rib.); cf. Tiber. ap. Suet. Tib. 59: ita amare oportere, ut si aliquando esset osurus, Cic. Lael. 16, 59; id. Imp. Pomp. 15, 43: neque studere neque odisse, Sall. C. 51, 13: furialiter, Ov. F. 3, 637: sic objurgans, quasi oderint, Quint. 2, 2, 7; 7, 2, 37 al.—
II Transf., in gen., to dislike; to be displeased or vexed at any thing: illud rus, Ter. Ad. 4, 1, 7: Persicos apparatus, Hor. C. 1, 38, 1: odi cum cera vacat, Ov. Am. 1, 11, 20.—Of subjects not personal: ruta odit hiemem et umorem ac fimum, Plin. 19, 8, 45, § 156.—Esp.: se odisse, to be ill at ease, discontented, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 13; Juv. 7, 35.—Pass.: oditur ergo in hominibus innocuis etiam nomen innocuum, Tert. Apol. 3: si de mundo non essemus, odiremur a mundo, Hier. Ep. 43, n. 2 (but in class. Lat. the pass. of odi is odio esse; v. odium).

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

ōdī,⁸ ōdisse, p. fut. ōsūrus, tr., haïr : aliquem Cic. Mil. 35, haïr qqn || abst] ita amare oportere ut si aliquando esset osurus Cic. Læl. 59, [il disait] qu’on devait aimer comme si l’on était pour haïr un jour, cf. Cic. Læl. 65, etc. || [avec inf.] haïr de faire qqch. : Pl. Amph. 900 ; Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 52 ; dum servire pejus odero malis omnibus aliis Brut. d. Cic. ad Br. 1, 16, 6, tant que la servitude me sera plus odieuse que tous les autres maux || [fig.] ruta odit hiemem Plin. 19, 156, la rue déteste (redoute) l’hiver. sur odio, odire v. Fest. 201 ; Char. 257, 16 ; 257, 21 ; Tert. Marc. 4, 16 ; 4, 35, etc. || pf odivit Ant. d. Cic. Phil. 13, 42 || pf dépon. osus sum Gracch. d. Fest. 201, 18 ; Pl. Amph. 900 ; Sen. Rhet. Suas. 1, 5 ; Gell. 1, 3, 30.

Latin > German (Georges)

ōdī, ōdisse, Partiz. Fut. ōsūrus (vom alten odio, odīvī od. ōdī, ōsum, īre, einen Haß gegen jmd. fassen; also im Perf. = einen Haß gefaßt haben, d.i.) I) hassen (Ggstz. amare, diligere, alci favere et cupere), a) v. Pers.: odi (sc. Romanos) odioque sum Romanis, ich hasse die Römer u. werde von den R. gehaßt, Liv.: odisse tribunos, seinen Haß auslassen an den Tr., Liv.: alqm multo peius quam illum ipsum Clodium, Cic.: celebritatem, Cic.: quosdam minus aut magis osos (esse) veritatem, Sen. rhet.: m. folg. Infin., inimicos semper osa sum optuerier, Plaut.: servire et pati contumelias peius odero malis omnibus aliis, Brut. in Cic. ep.: oderunt peccare boni virtutis amore, Hor.: falli odit anima, Augustin. – absol., Ggstz. amare, Cic., Ggstz. favere, Cic., Ggstz. timere, Tac. u.a.: oderint, dum metuant! Suet. – b) v. Lebl.: aeque (cucurbitae) hiemem odere, amant rigua et fimum, Plin. 19, 69: ruta odit hiemem et umorem ac fimum, Plin. 19, 156: m. folg. Acc. u. Infin., ferro laedi vitalia odit (balsamum), Plin. 12, 115. – II) übtr., es nicht gern sehen, verdrießlich sein, odi, cum late splendida cera vacat, Ov. am. 1, 11, 20. – / a) Praes. odio, Fest. 201 (a), 18: odis, Ambros. in psalm. 118, 17; Coniunctiv odiant, Arnob. in psalm. 37: Imperf. odiebant, ibid. 73; Coniunctiv odirem u. Infin. odire, Charis. 257, 16 u. 21 (ohne Beleg); Fut. odies, odiet, Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 35. Hieron. epist. 22, 31, odibunt, Vulg. Itala prov. 1, 22: Imperat. odito, Vulg. Sirach 17, 23, odite, Vulg. psalm. 96, 10: Gerund. odiendi, Ps. Apul. de Plat. 3 in.: Partic. Praes. odientes, Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 16. Vulg. deut. 7, 10, odientium, Vulg. Sirach 25, 20: Partic. Fut. oditurus, Tert. ad nat. 1, 1: Praes. Pass. oditur, Tert. apol. 3. Hieron. epist. 43, 2. Vulg. Sirach 20, 8: Infin. Praes. Pass. odiri ab omnibus populis, Cassiod. hist. eccl. 6, 2. – b) Ungew. Perf. odivi, Vulg. psalm. 118, 104: odivit, Anton, bei Cic. Phil. 13, 42. – c) Perf. depon. osus sum, ich bin verhaßt u. Partic. osus, C. Gracch. b. Fest. 201, 18. Plaut. Amph. 900. Sen. suas. 1, 5. Gell. 4, 8, 3. – d) Fut. periphr. si osurus esset, hassen würde, Civ. de arme. 59: Partic. Fut. osurus, Gell. 1, 3, 30. Vgl. übh. Charis. 257, 12 sqq.

Latin > English

odi odisse, osus V PERFDEF :: hate (PERF form, PRES force), dislike; be disinclined/reluctant/adverse to