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ruin

τύμβος, ὦ νυμφεῖον, ὦ κατασκαφής οἴκησις αἰείφρουρος, οἷ πορεύομαι πρὸς τοὺς ἐμαυτῆς -> Tomb, bridal chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither I go to find mine own.
Sophocles, Antigone, 883

English > Greek (Woodhouse)

woodhouse 725.jpg

subs.

destruction: P. and V. ὄλεθρος, ὁ, φθορά, ἡ, διαφθορά, ἡ, V. ἀποφθορά, ἡ.

overthrow: P. and V. ἀνάστασις, ἡ, κατασκαφή, ἡ, P. καθαίρεσις, ἡ, V. ἀναστροφή, ἡ.

loss: P. and V. ζημία, ἡ, βλαβή, ἡ, βλάβος, τό.

that which ruins: P. and V. ὄλεθρος, ὁ, κακόν, τό, V. πῆμα, τό, ἄτη, ἡ, σίνος, τό.

ruins, fallen buildings: P. οἰκίαι καταπεπτωκυῖαι.

wreckage (of ships): P. and V. ναυάγια, τά, V. ἀγαί, αἱ; (of other things besides): V. ἐρείπια, τά, ναυάγια, τά.

ruins of, all that is left of: P. and V. λείψανον, or pl. (gen.).

lay in ruins, v.: P. and V. ἐξανιστάναι, κατασκάπτειν.

fall in ruins: Ar. and P. καταρρεῖν, P. περικαταρρεῖν; see fall.

a doom of utter ruin: V. πάμφθαρτος μόρος (Aesch., Choe. 296).

you unhappy city are involved in this ruin: V. σύ τʼ ὦ τάλαινα συγκατασκάπτει πόλις (Eur., Phoen. 884).

(I seemed to see) all the house dashed in ruins to the ground from top to bottom: V. πᾶν ἐρείψιμον στέγος βεβλημένον πρὸς οὖδας ἐξ ἄκρων σταθμῶν (Eur., I.T. 48).

v. trans.

destroy: P. and V. φθείρειν, διαφθείρειν, καταφθείρειν (Plat. but rare P.), ἀπολλύναι, διολλύναι, ἐξολλύναι, ἀποφθείρειν (Thuc. but rare P.), V. ὀλλύναι, ἐξαπολλύναι, διεργάζεσθαι, ἐξεργάζεσθαι, Ar. and P. ἐπιτρίβειν; see destroy.

mar, spoil: P. and V. διαφθείρειν, λυμαίνεσθαι (acc. or dat.), Ar. and V. διαλυμαίνεσθαι.

injure: P. and V. βλάπτειν, κακοῦν, διαφθείρειν; see injure, corrupt.

corrupt: P. and V. διαφθείρειν, λυμαίνεσθαι (acc. or dat.); see corrupt.

be ruined: P. and V. ἀπολωλέναι (2nd perf. ἀπολλύναι), ἐξολωλέναι (2nd perf. ἐξολλύναι) (Plat.), σφάλλεσθαι, V. ὀλωλέναι (2nd perf. ὀλλύναι), διαπεπορθῆσθαι (perf. pass. διαπορθεῖν), ἔρρειν (rare P.); see undone.

be brought to ruin: V. ἀτᾶσθαι.

Spanish > Greek

δυσγενής, ἀνελεύθερος