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commodo

κόσμος σκηνή, ὁ βίος πάροδος· ἦλθες, εἶδες, ἀπῆλθες -> The world is a stage, life is a performance, you came, you saw, you departed
Democritus, fr. 115 D-K

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

commŏdŏ: adv., v. commodus, adv. B. 2.
commŏdo: āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. 1. commodus.
I To adjust according to a measure, to make fit, suitable, or right, to adapt, accommodate, put in order (ante-class. and post-Aug.): trapetum, Cato, R. R. 135 fin.; Col. 4, 22, 5; Cael. Aur. Tard. 4, 3 al.—
   B Trop.: commoda loquelam tuam, Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 75: ita praeceptorem eloquentiae ... se commodaturum singulis, Quint. 2, 8, 4: si te commodaveris mihi, Sen. Ben. 2, 34, 2: (arithmetica) avaritiae commodat digitos, fits, adapts, id. Ep. 88, 10: (servi) nulli sceleri manus commodabunt, id. Ben. 3, 20, 2: operam suam Prisco ad turpissimum ministerium commodasse, Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 23: orationi oculos, vocem, manum, id. Pan. 71, 6.—Absol.: caecus claudo pede commodat, Aus. Epigr. 133.—
II Commodare aliquid (alicui), to give something to one for his convenience or use, to give, bestow, lend (acc. to accurate jurid. distinction, of things that are themselves, in natura, to be returned, while mutuum dare is used of things for which an equivalent is given; cf. Dig. 44, 7, 1; freq. and class.): aquam hosti, operam civi, Plaut. Rud. 2, 4, 21 sq.; cf. Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 23: nam meritus de me est, quod queam illi ut commodem, Ter. Hec. 5, 1, 34: quibus tu quaecumque commodaris, erunt mihi gratissima, Cic. Fam. 13, 48 init.: quicquid sine detrimento possit commodari, id tribuatur vel ignoto, id. Off. 1, 16, 51: ut dando et accipiendo mutuandisque facultatibus et commodandis nullā re egeremus, id. ib. 2, 4, 15 B. and K.; cf. Non. p. 275, 15: paenulam, Quint. 6, 3, 64: testes falsos, to furnish, supply, Sall. C. 16, 2: manum morituro, Vell. 2, 70 fin.: aurum Caelio, Cic. Cael. 13, 32; cf. Quint. 5, 13,30: aedes ad nuptias, Auct. Her. 4, 51, 64: nomen suum alicui, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 42, § 91; cf. Tac. A. 15, 53: vires suas aliis eas commodando, minuere, Liv. 34, 12, 5: sanguinem alienae dominationi, Tac. Agr. 32 Orell. N. cr.: parvis peccatis veniam, magnis severitatem, id. ib. 19: aurem patientem culturae, as in Engl., to lend an ear to, * Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 40; Ov. Am. 1, 8, 86; Stat. Th. 4, 75 (opp. donare): ut haec a virtute donata, cetera a fortunā commodata esse videantur, Cic. Marcell. 6, 19 al.—Hence,
   B Of time for a payment, to grant, allow: ut rei publicae, ex quā crevissent, tempus commodarent, Liv. 23, 48, 10 Weissenb. ad loc.—
   C Commodare alicui, aliquā re, in aliquā re, or absol., to please one, be kind or obliging to, to serve, favor (class.): ut omnibus rebus, quod sine molestiā tuā facere possis, ei commodes, Cic. Fam. 13, 35, 2; 13, 53, 1; cf.: alicui omnibus in rebus, id. ib. 13, 32, 2; and: commodare tantum ei in hac re, id. ib. 13, 37 fin.: si tuam ob causam cuiquam commodes, id. Fin. 2, 35, 117: ut eo libentius iis commodes, id. Fam. 13, 54: credetur; commodabo, Plaut. Pers. 2, 5, 19: publice commodasti, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 9, § 20: illis benignis usus est ad commodandum, id. ib, 2, 4, 3, § 6: studiis commodandi favetur, id. de Or. 2, 51, 207: cui ego quibus cumque rebus potero lubentissime commodabo, id. Fragm. ap. Non. p. 275, 17.—Hence, commŏdā-tum, i, n.; in the jurists,
   1    A thing lent, a loan: commodatum accipere, Dig. 13, 6, 3, § 3; cf. the whole title 6.—
   2    A contract for a loan, Dig. 13, 6, 1, § 1; 13, 6, 17, § 3; Gai Inst. 4, 33.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) commŏdō, adv., à propos, à point : Pl. d. Char. 193, 15.
(2) commŏdō,¹⁰ āvī, ātum, āre (commodus), tr.,
1 disposer convenablement : trapetum Cato Agr. 135, 7, monter un pressoir
2 [fig.] aliquid alicui, mettre à la disposition de qqn qqch., prêter à qqn qqch. [qui sera rendu] : ut hæc a virtute donata, cetera a fortuna commodata esse videantur Cic. Marc. 19, en sorte que ces avantages apparaissent comme un don de la vertu, et le reste comme un prêt de la fortune ; aurum alicui Cic. Cæl. 31, prêter à qqn de la vaisselle d’or ; alicui aurem patientem Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 40, prêter à qqn une oreille docile
3 appliquer à propos, approprier : parvis peccatis veniam Tac. Agr. 19, appliquer à propos l’indulgence aux fautes vénielles ; rei publicæ tempus Liv. 23, 48, 10, accorder à l’État le temps voulu [pour payer]
4 abst] se montrer complaisant, rendre service (alicui) : publice commodasti Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 20, tu [leur] as fait des avantages officiels ; alicui omnibus in rebus Cic. Fam. 13, 32, 2 (omnibus rebus Cic. Fam. 13, 35, 2 ), obliger qqn en toutes choses ; nec, cum tua causa cui commodes, beneficium illud habendum est Cic. Fin. 2, 117, quand tu rends service à qqn dans ton propre intérêt, il ne faut pas considérer cela comme un bienfait.

Latin > German (Georges)

(1) commodō1, Adv. (eig. Abl. v. commodum), nach Bequemlichkeit, beliebig, dictitare, Plaut. fr. b. Charis. 193, 15. – / C. F. W. Müller liest (Nachtr. usw. S. 36. A. 1) Plaut. mil. 644 convivas commodos u. Sen. ep. 70, 19 nach Senekas Sprachgebrauch ex commodo mori.
(2) commodo2, āvī, ātum, āre (commodus), gehörig od. angemessen einrichten, I) eig.: a) zurecht machen, herrichten, trapetum, Cato r. r. 135, 7: fere plurimarum stirpium natura sic se commodat, ut etc., Col. 4, 22, 5. – b) ansetzen, spongias podici, Cael. Aur. chron. 4, 3, 26. – II) übtr.: A) = einer Sache anbequemen, mit etwas in Einklang bringen, orationi oculos, vocem, manum, Plin. pan. 71, 6. – B) annehmlich, gefällig machen, 1) v. Pers.: a) absol. = sich gefällig erweisen, zu Gefallen handeln, α) ganz absol.: commodabo, Plaut.: at publice (dem Staat) commodasti, Cic. – β) m. Dat. pers.: ut eo libentius iis commodes, Cic. ep. 13, 54: nec enim, cum tuā causā cui commodes, beneficium illud habendum est, Cic. de fin. 2, 117. – m. Dat. pers. u.m. Ang. womit? durch Abl., caecus claudo (Dat.) pede commodat, Auson. epigr. 133, 3: cui ego, quibuscumque rebus potero, libentissime commodabo, Cic. ep. fr. p. 46 K. (p. 253 Kl.): m. Dat. pers. u.m. Ang. worin? durch in u. Abl., alci omnibus in rebus, Cic. ep. 13, 32, 2 u. 53, 1. – m. Dat. pers. u.m. Ang. in betreff wessen? durch de u. Abl., alci de habitatione, Cic. ep. 13, 2 M. (cod. M u. Baiter accommodes). – b) mit Acc. rei = aus Gefälligkeit auf Zeit etw. hergeben, gewähren, zukommen od. angedeihen lassen, widmen, verleihen, leihen, α) im weitern Sinne: Am. Quor tu aquam gravare (vorenthalten) amabo, quam hostis hosti commodat ? Sc. Quor tu operam gravare mihi, quam civis civi commodat ? Plaut.: commoda loquelam tuam, Plaut.: ut quicquid sine detrimento possit commodari, id tribuatur vel ignoto, Cic.: ut haec a fortuna donata, cetera a fortuna commodata esse videantur, Cic.: commoda manum, leih (mir) die Hand (= töte mich), Petr.: c. manum morituro, Vell.: vocem et manum candidato in senatu, Sen.: alci aurem, Ov., alci aurem patientem, ein ged. Ohr leihen, Hor.: suas vires aliis eas commodando minuere, Liv.: c. alci diplomata, Plin. ep.: veniam parvis peccatis, magnis severitatem, Tac.: rei publicae tempus, dem Staate Zeit (zur Zahlung) gewähren, Liv.: alci operam suam ad turpissimum ministerium, Plin. ep.: nomen suum alci ad translationem criminis, Cic.: se c. singulis, sich widmen (v. Lehrer), Quint. 2, 8, 4: ex illis (iuvenibus) testes signatoresque falsos, stellen, Sall. Cat. 16, 2. – β) im engern Sinne = auf Zeit leihen, zur zeitweisen Benutzung überlassen (u. zwar etwas, was, so wie es war, zurückgegeben wird; vgl. mutuum dare unter mutuus), paenulam, Quint.: alci aurum, Cic.: aedes cuidam amico ad nuptias, Cornif. rhet. – 2) von Lebl., jmdm. gelegen sein od. kommen, jmdm. günstig sein, für jmd. einträglich sein, absol., quo (foro) parum commodante, Aur. Vict. Caes. 20, 28. – m. Dat., optamus evenisse, quod nobis commodet, Macr. de diff. etc. 18, 1: atque ideo vitae nostrae magis commodant, Macr. somn. Scip. 1, 19, 25: agrum rei publicae commodantem facere, Aur. Vict. Caes. 40, 9.

Latin > English

commodo ADV :: suitably; seasonably; just, this very minute (L+S); even now, at this moment
commodo commodo commodare, commodavi, commodatus V :: lend, hire; give, bestow, provide; put at disposal of, oblige; make fit, adapt