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sic

Ὁ δ' ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ -> The unexamined life is not worth living
Plato, Apology of Socrates 38a

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

sīc: (old form sīce, Plaut. Rud. 2, 4, 12; also seic, C. I. L. 818), adv. for si - ce; si, locat. form of pron. stem sa- = Gr. ὁ, ἁ>, or ἡ>, and demonstr. -ce; v. Corss. Ausspr. 1, 777,
I so, thus, in this or that manner, in such a manner, in the same way or manner, in like manner, likewise, to this or that extent or degree, to such a degree, in this or that state or condition, in such a condition (syn. ita); sic refers, I. To a previous fact, description, or assumption.—II. To a subsequent independent sentence, = thus, as follows.—III. As a local demonstrative (δεικτικῶς), referring to something done or pointed out by the speaker, = thus, as I do it; thus, as you see, etc.—IV. As a correlative, preceding or following clauses introduced by conjunctions. —V. In certain idiomatic connections.
I Referring to something said before, = hoc modo: sic ille annus duo firmamenta rei publicae evertit, so, i. e. in the manner mentioned, Cic. Att. 1, 18, 3: sic et nata et progressa eloquentia videtur, id. Inv. 1, 2, 3: facinus indignum Sic circumiri, Ter. Phorm. 4, 3, 9: sic deinceps omne opus contexitur, Caes. B. G. 7, 23: arare mavelim quam sic amare, Plaut. Merc. 2, 3, 21: sic se res habet, Cic. Brut. 18, 71: sic regii constiterant, Liv. 42, 58: sic res Romana in antiquum statum rediit, id. 3, 9, 1: sic ad Alpes perventum est, Tac. H. 1, 84; cf. Enn. Ann. 1, 104; Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 88; Ter. Ad. 5, 2, 11; Cic. Inv. 1, 46, 86; 2, 32, 100; id. de Or. 1, 32, 146; 2, 49, 201; 3, 29, 117; id. Brut. 40, 149; id. Rep. 2, 14, 27; 2, 20, 35; id. Lael. 9, 32; Liv. 4, 11, 5; 6, 17, 1; Caes. B. G. 3, 19; 6, 30; 7, 62.—Often sic does not qualify the main predicate, but a participle or adjective referring to it: sic igitur instructus veniat ad causas, Cic. Or. 34, 121: cum sic affectos dimisisset, Liv. 21, 43, 1: sic omnibus copiis fusis se in castra recipiunt, Caes. B. G. 3, 6: sic milites consolatus eodem die reducit in castra, id. ib. 7, 19; cf. id. ib. 7, 62; Ov. M. 1, 32.—
   2    In a parenthet. clause (= ita): quae, ut sic dicam, ad corpus pertinent civitatis, so to speak, Cic. Inv. 2, 56, 168: commentabar declamitans—sic enim nunc loquuntur, id. Brut. 90, 310; cf. id. Att. 12, 39, 2; id. Lael. 11, 39; Liv. 7, 31; Ov. M. 4, 660; 13, 597; 13, 866.—
   3    Referring not to the predicate, but to some intermediate term understood (= ita; cf. Engl. so): sic provolant duo Fabii (= sic loquentes), Liv. 2, 46, 7: sic enim nostrae rationes postulabant (sic = ut sic agerem), Cic. Att. 4, 2, 6: tibi enim ipsi sic video placere (sic = sic faciendo), id. ib. 4, 6, 2: sic enim concedis mihi proximis litteris (= ut sic agam), id. ib. 5, 20, 1: sic enim statuerat (= hoc faciendum esse), id. Phil. 5, 7, 208: Quid igitur? Non sic oportet? Equidem censeo sic (sic = hoc fieri), id. Fam. 16, 18, 1: sic soleo (i. e. bona consilia reddere), Ter. Ad. 5, 7, 25: sic soleo amicos (i. e. beare), id. Eun. 2, 2, 48: sic memini tamen (= hoc ita esse), Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 48: haec sic audivi (= ita esse), id. Ep. 3, 1, 79: sic prorsus existimo (= hoc ita esse), Cic. Brut. 33, 125: quoniam sic cogitis ipsi (= hoc facere), Ov. M. 5, 178.—
   4    As completing object, = hoc: iis litteris respondebo: sic enim postulas (= hoc postulas), Cic. Att. 6, 1, 1: hic adsiste. Sic volo (= hoc volo, or hoc te facere volo), Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 15: sic fata jubent (= hoc jubent, or hoc facere jubent), Ov. M. 15, 584: hic apud nos hodie cenes. Sic face, Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 8: sic faciendum est, Cic. Att. 4, 6, 2.—
   5    Predicatively with esse (appellari, videri, etc.), in the sense of talis: sic vita hominum est (= talis), Cic. Rosc. Am. 30, 84: vir acerrimo ingenio—sic enim fuit, id. Or. 5, 18: familiaris noster—sic est enim, id. Att. 1, 18, 6: sic est vulgus, id. Rosc. Com. 10, 20: sic, Crito, est hic, Ter. And. 5, 4, 16: sic sum; si placeo, utere, id. Phorm. 3, 2, 42: sic sententiest, Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 90: sic est (= sic res se habet), that is so, Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 21: qui sic sunt (i. e. vivunt) haud multum heredem juvant, id. Hec. 3, 5, 10: nunc hoc profecto sic est, Plaut. Merc. 2, 1, 42: sic est. Non muto sententiam, Sen. Ep. 10; cf. Plaut. Mil. 2, 3, 35; id. Am. 2, 1, 60; id. Aul. 2, 4, 43; id. As. 5, 2, 12; id. Most. 4, 3, 40; Ter. And. 1, 1, 35; id. Eun. 3, 1, 18; id. Ad. 3, 3, 44; Cic. Lael. 1, 5; id. de Or. 1, 19, 86; id. Or. 14, 46.—
   6    Rarely as subject (mostly representing a subject-clause): sic commodius esse arbitror quam manere hanc (sic = abire), Ter. Phorm. 5, 3, 31: si sic (= hoc) est factum, erus damno auctus est, id. Heaut. 4, 1, 15: Pe. Quid? Concidit? Mi. Sic suspicio est (= eam concidisse), Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 57: mihi sic est usus (= sic agere), Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 28: sic opus est (= hoc facere), Ov. M. 1, 279; 2, 785.—
   B To express relations other than manner (rare).
   1    Of consequence; un der these circumstances, accordingly, hence: sic Numitori ad supplicium Remus deditur, Liv. 1, 5, 4: sic et habet quod uterque eorum habuit, et explevit quod utrique defuit, Cic. Brut. 42, 154: sic victam legem esse, nisi caveant, Liv. 4, 11, 5: suavis mihi ructus est. Sic sine modo, Plaut. Ps. 5, 2, 17. —
   2    Of condition; on this condition, if this be done, etc.: reliquas illius anni pestes recordamini, sic enim facillime perspicietis, etc., Cic. Sest. 25, 55: displiceas aliis; sic ego tutus ero (sic = si displicebis), Tib. 4, 13, 6: Scironis mediā sic licet ire viā (sic = si amantes eunt), Prop. 4, 15 (3, 16), 12: sic demum lucos Stygios Aspicies (= non aspicies, nisi hoc facies), Verg. A. 6, 154 (for sic as antecedent of si,
v. infra, IV. 5).—
   3    Of intensity: non latuit scintilla ingenii: sic erat in omni sermone sollers (= tam sollers erat ut non lateret ingenium), Cic. Rep. 2, 21, 37; cf. infra, IV. 4.
II Referring to a subsequent sentence, thus, as follows, in the following manner (= hoc modo, hoc pacto, hujusmodi, ad hunc modum): ingressus est sic loqui Scipio: Catonis hoc senis est, etc., Cic. Rep. 2, 1, 1 (cf.: tum Varro ita exorsus est, id. Ac. 1, 4, 15): hunc inter pugnas Servilius sic compellat, etc., Enn. ap. Gell. 12, 4, 4 (Ann. v. 256 Vahl.): puero sic dicit pater: Noster esto, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 38: sic faciam: adsimulabo quasi quam culpam in sese admiserint, id. Stich. 1, 2, 27 dub.: salem candidum sic facito: amphoram puram impleto, etc., Cato, R. R. 88: sic enim dixisti: Vidi ego tuam lacrimulam, Cic. Planc. 31, 76: res autem se sic habet: composite et apte sine sententiis dicere insania est, the truth is this, id. Or. 71, 236: sic loquere, sic vive: vide, ne te ulla res deprimat, Sen. Ep. 10, 4; cf. id. ib. 10, 1; Cato, R. R. 77 sqq.; Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 177; Ter. Phorm. prol. 13; Auct. Her. 4, 6, 9; 4, 21, 29; 4, 4, 30; Cic. Inv. 1, 39, 71; id. Or. 1, 45, 198; 2, 40, 167; 2, 40, 172; id. Att. 2, 22, 1; 5, 1, 3; 6, 1, 3; Verg. A. 1, 521.—
   2    Esp., with ellipsis of predicate: ego sic: diem statuo, etc. (sc. ago), Cic. Att. 6, 1, 16.—Sometimes sic introduces detached words: sic loqui nosse, judicasse vetant, novisse jubent et judicavisse (=they forbid to say nosse, etc.), Cic. Or. 47, 157.—
   3    For instance (= hoc modo, hoc pacto, ut hoc, verbi gratiā, ut si; cf. Cic. Inv. 1, 49, 91 sq. infra): disjunctum est, cum unumquodque certo concluditur verbo, Auct. Her. 4, 27, 37: mala definitio est ... cum aliquid non grave dicit, sic: Stultitia est immensa gloriae cupiditas, Cic. Inv. 1, 49, 91.
III As a local demonstrative, thus, so, etc. (δεικτικῶς; colloq.; mostly comice): ne hunc ornatum vos meum admiremini, quod ego processi sic cum servili schemā, as you see me now, Plaut. Am. prol. 117: sed amictus sic hac ludibundus incessi, id. Ps. 5, 1, 31: nec sic per totam infamis traducerer urbem, Prop. 2, 24 (3, 18), 7: sic ad me, miserande, redis? Ov. M. 11, 728; cf. Plaut. Ps. 5, 2, 4.—So accompanied with a corresponding gesture: Quid tu igitur sic hoc digitulis duobus sumebas primoribus? Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 25: Pe. Quid si curram? Tr. Censeo. Pe. An sic potius placide? (the speaker imitating the motion), id. Rud. 4, 8, 10: non licet te sic placidule bellam belle tangere? id. ib. 2, 4, 12: quod non omnia sic poterant conjuncta manere, Lucr. 5, 441.— Here belong the phrases sic dedero, sic dabo, sic datur, expressing a threat of revenge, or satisfaction at another's misfortune: sic dedero! aere militari tetigero lenunculum, I will give it to him, Plaut. Poen. 5, 5, 6; id. As. 2, 4, 33: sic dabo! Ter. Phorm. 5, 9, 38: doletne? hem, sic datur si quis erum servos spernit, Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 21: sic furi datur, id. Stich. 5, 5, 25; so id. Men. 4, 2, 46.—Referring to an act just performed by the speaker: sic deinde quicunque alius transiliet moenia mea (= sic pereat, quicunque deinde, etc.), Liv. 1, 7, 2: sic eat quaecunque Romana lugebit hostem, so will every one fare who, id. 1, 26, 5: sic ... Cetera sit fortis castrorum turba tuorum (= sic ut interfeci te), Ov. M. 12, 285.—So with a comp.-clause expressed: sic stratas legiones Latinorum dabo, quemadmodum legatum jacentem videtis, Liv. 8, 6, 6; cf. id. 1, 24, 8 (v. IV. 1. infra).
As correlative, with, 1. A comparative clause (sic far more frequent than ita); 2. A contrasted clause, mostly with ut; 3. A modal clause, with ut (ita more freq. than sic); 4. A clause expressing intensity, introduced by ut; 5. A conditional clause (rare; ita more freq.); 6. With a reason, introduced by quia (ante-class. and very rare); 7. With an inf. clause; 8. With ut, expressing purpose or result.
   1    With comp. clauses, usu. introduced by ut, but also by quemadmodum (very freq.), sicut, velut, tamquam, quasi, quomodo, quam (rare and poet.), ceu (rare; poet. and post-class.), quantus (rare and poet.), qualis (ante-class. and rare).
   (a)    With ut: ut cibi satietas subamara aliquā re relevatur, sic animus defessus audiendi admiratione redintegratur, Cic. Inv. 1, 17, 25: ut non omnem frugem, neque arborem in omni agro reperire possis, sic non omne facinus in omni vitā nascitur, id. Rosc. Am. 27, 75: ex suo regno sic Mithridates profugit ut ex eodem Ponto Medea quondam profugisse dicitur, id. Imp. Pomp. 9, 22: ut tu nunc de Coriolano, sic Clitarchus de Themistocle finxit, id. Brut. 11, 42: sic moneo ut filium, sic faveo ut mihi, sic hortor ut et pro patriā et amicissimum, id. Fam. 10, 5, 3: ut vitā, sic oratione durus fuit, id. Brut. 31, 117: de Lentulo sic fero ut debeo, id. Att. 4, 6, 1: sic est ut narro tibi, Plaut. Most. 4, 3, 40; Cic. Inv. 2, 8, 28; id. Div. 2, 30, 93; id. de Or. 1, 33, 153; 3, 51, 198; Liv. 1, 47, 2; 2, 52, 7; Ov. M. 1, 495; 1, 539; 2, 165 et saep.—So in the formula ut quisque ... sic (more freq. ita), rendered by according as, or the more ... the ...: ut quisque rem accurat suam, sic ei procedunt postprincipia denique, Plaut. Pers. 4, 1, 3: ut quaeque res est tur pissima, sic maxime et maturissime vindicanda est, Cic. Caecin. 2, 7; v. Fischer, Gr. II. p. 751.—
   (b)    With quemadmodum: quemadmodum tibicen sine tibiis canere, sic orator, nisi multitudine audiente, eloquens esse non potest, Cic. Or. 2, 83, 338: quemadmodum se tribuni gessissent in prohibendo dilectu, sic patres in lege prohibenda gerebant, Liv. 3, 11, 3: sic vestras hallucinationes fero, quemadmodum Juppiter ineptias poëtarum, Sen. Vit. Beat. 26, 6; cf. Cic. Inv. 1, 23, 33; 2, 8, 28; 2, 27, 82; id. Or. 3, 52, 200; id. Lael. 4, 16; id. Rosc. Com. 1, 2; id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 5; Liv. 2, 13, 8; 5, 3, 8; Sen. Ep. 5, 6 (bis); id. Clem. 1, 3, 5; id. Vit. Beat. 23, 4.—
   (g)    With sicut: tecum simul, sicut ego pro multis, sic ille pro Appio dixit, Cic. Brut. 64, 230; 46, 112; id. Or. 2, 44, 186; id. Clu. 2; Caes. B. G. 6, 30; Liv. 4, 57, 11; 7, 13, 8; Sen. Vit. Beat. 9, 2.—
   (d)    With velut: velut ipse in re trepidā se sit tutatus, sic consulem loca tutiora castris cepisse, Liv. 4, 41, 6; cf. Cic. Tusc. 1, 10, 20; Verg. A. 1, 148; Ov. M. 4, 375; 4, 705.—(ε) With tamquam: tamquam litteris in cerā, sic se ajebat imaginibus quae meminisse vellet, perscribere, Cic. Or. 2, 88, 360: quid autem ego sic adhuc egi, tamquam integra sit causa patriciorum? Liv. 10, 8: sic Ephesi fui, tamquam domi meae, Cic. Fam. 13, 69, 1; cf. id. Or. 2, 42, 180; id. Brut. 18, 71; 58, 213; 66, 235; 74, 258; id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 16; 2, 14, 1; id. Prov. Cons. 12, 31; Sen. Ep. 101, 7.—(ζ) With quasi: hujus innocentiae sic in hac calamitosā famā, quasi in aliquā perniciosissimā flammā subvenire, Cic. Clu. 1, 4: ea sic observabo quasi intercalatum non sit, id. Att. 6, 1, 12: Quid tu me sic salutas quasi dudum non videris? Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 51; cf. Cic. Or. 2, 11, 47; id. Inv. 1, 3, 4; id. Sen. 8, 26: ego sic vivam quasi sciam, etc., Sen. Vit. Beat. 20, 3.—(η) With quomodo: quomodo nomen in militiam non daret debilis, sic ad iter quod inhabile sciat, non accedet, Sen. Ot. Sap. 3 (30), 4: sic demus quomodo vellemus accipere, id. Ben. 2, 1, 1; id. Ep. 9, 17; id. Ot. Sap. 6, 2 (32 med.); Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 4, 4.—(θ) With ceu: ceu cetera nusquam Bella forent ... sic Martem indomitum Cernimus, Verg. A. 2, 438.—(ι) With quam: non sic incerto mutantur flamine Syrtes, quam cito femineā non constat foedus in irā, Prop. 2, 9, 33; Claud. IV. Cons. Hon. 281.—(κ) With quantus: nec sic errore laetatus Ulixes ... nec sic Electra ... quanta ego collegi gaudia, Prop. 2, 14 (3, 6), 5 sqq.—(λ) With qualis: imo sic condignum donum quali'st quoi dono datum est, Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 40.—(μ) Without a correlative particle, in an independent sentence: Quis potione uti aut cibo dulci diutius potest? sic omnibus in rebus voluptatibus maximis fastidium finitimum est (= ut nemo cibo dulci uti diutius potest, sic, etc.), Cic. Or. 3, 25, 100; cf. id. ib. 19, 63.—
   2    In contrasted clauses, mostly with ut, which may generally be rendered while: ut ad bella suscipienda Gallorum acer ac promptus est animus, sic mollis ad calamitates perferendas mens eorum est (almost = etsi ad bella suscipienda ... tamen mollis est, etc., while, etc.), Caes. B. G. 3, 19: a ceteris oblectationibus ut deseror, sic litteris sustentor et recreor, while I am deserted, I am sustained, etc., Cic. Att. 4, 10, 1; cf. id. Rosc. Am. 18, 55; id. Fam. 10, 20, 2; Liv. 4, 57, 11; Ov. M. 4, 131; 11, 76.—So freq. two members of the same sentence are coordinated by ut... sic (ita) with almost the same force as a co-ordination by cum ... tum, or by sed: consul, ut fortasse vere, sic parum utiliter in praesens certamen respondit (= vere fortasse, sed parum utiliter), Liv. 4, 6, 2: ut nondum satis claram victoriam, sic prosperae spei pugnam imber diremit, id. 6, 32, 6: (forma erat) ut non cygnorum, sic albis proxima cygnis, Ov. M. 14, 509; cf. Liv. 1, 27, 2; 5, 38, 2; 6, 6, 10; Ov. M. 1, 370.—In this use etiam or quoque is sometimes joined with sic (never by Cic. with ita): nostri sensus, ut in pace semper, sic tum etiam in bello congruebant (= cum ... tum), Cic. Marcell. 6, 16: ut sunt, sic etiam nominantur senes, id. Sen. 6, 20: utinam ut culpam, sic etiam suspitionem vitare potuisses, id. Phil. 1, 13, 33: ut superiorum aetatum studia occidunt, sic occidunt etiam senectutis, id. Sen. 20, 76: ut voce, sic etiam oratione, id. Or. 25, 85; id. Top. 15, 59; id. Leg. 2, 25, 62; id. Lael. 5, 19.—More rarely with quem ad modum, quomodo: ut, quem ad modum est, sic etiam appelletur tyrannus, Cic. Att. 10, 4, 2: quo modo ad bene vivendum, sic etiam ad beate, id. Tusc. 3, 17, 37. —
   3    With a clause of manner introduced by ut = so that: sic fuimus semper comparati ut hominum sermonibus quasi in aliquod judicium vocaremur, Cic. Or. 3, 9, 32: eam sic audio ut Plautum mihi aut Naevium videar audire, id. ib. 3, 12, 45: sic agam vobiscum ut aliquid de vestris vitiis audiatis, id. ib. 3, 12, 46: omnia sic suppetunt ut ei nullam deesse virtutem oratoris putem, id. Brut. 71, 250: omnis pars orationis esse debet laudabilis, sic ut verbum nullum excidat, id. Or. 36, 125: sic tecum agam ut vel respondendi vel interpellandi potestatem faciam, id. Rosc. Am. 27, 73: nec vero sic erat umquam non paratus Milo contra illum ut non satis fere esset paratus, id. Mil. 21, 56: sic eum eo de re publicā disputavit ut sentiret sibi cum viro forti esse pugnandum, id. Fam. 5, 2, 8; cf. Plaut. As. 2, 4, 49; id. Mil. 2, 2, 82; Cic. de Or. 1, 57, 245; 2, 1, 3; 2, 6, 23; id. Brut. 22, 88; 40, 148; id. Sest. 40, 87; id. Planc. 10, 25; id. Fam. 5, 15, 4; Caes. B. G. 2, 32; 5, 17; id. B. C. 3, 56; Prop. 1, 21, 5.—Sometimes the correlative clause is restrictive, and sic = but so, yet so, only so: mihi sic placuit ut cetera Antisthenis, hominis acuti magis quam eruditi, Cic. Att. 12, 38, 4: sic conveniet reprehendi, ut demonstretur etc., id. Inv. 1, 46, 86; id. Brut. 79, 274; id. Marcell. 11, 34; id. Att. 13, 3, 1 (ita is more freq. in this sense).—
   4    With a clause expressing intensity (so both with adjj. and verbs; but far less freq. than ita, tam, adeo), to such a degree, so, so far, etc.: sic ego illum in timorem dabo, ipse sese ut neget esse eum qui siet, Plaut. Ps. 4, 1, 20 sq.: conficior lacrimis sic ut ferre non possim, Cic. Fam. 14, 4, 1: sic rem fuisse apertam ut judicium fieri nihil attinuerit, id. Inv. 2, 28, 84: cujus responso judices sic exarserunt ut capitis hominem innocentissimum condemnarent, id. Or. 1, 54, 233; cf. id. ib. 3, 8, 29; id. Brut. 88, 302; id. Or. 53, 177; 55, 184; id. Rep. 2, 21, 37; 3, 9, 15; id. Lael. 1, 4; id. Planc. 8, 21; id. Verr. 1, 36, 91; id. Balb. 5, 13; id. Att. 1, 8, 2; 1, 16, 1; Caes. B. G. 6, 41; Hor. S. 2, 3, 1.—
   5    Rarely conditional clauses have the antecedent sic.
   a Poet. and in post-Aug. prose, to represent the result of the condition as sure: sic invidiam effugies, si te non ingesseris oculis, si bona tua non jactaveris, si scieris in sinu gaudere, Sen. Ep. 105, 3: sic hodie veniet si qua negavit heri, Prop. 2, 14 (3, 6), 20.—
   b Denoting with the proviso that, but only if (usu. ita): decreverunt ut cum populus regem jussisset, id sic ratum esset si patres auctores fuissent, that the choice should be valid, but only if the Senate should ratify it, Liv. 1, 17, 9: sic ignovisse putato Me tibi si cenes hodie mecum, Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 69.—
   6    Sic quia = idcirco quia (very rare): Th. Quid vos? Insanin' estis? Tr. Quīdum? Th. Sic quia foris ambulatis, Plaut. Most. 2, 2, 20.—
   7    With inf. clause (freq.): sic igitur sentio, naturam primum atque ingenium ad dicendum vim afferre maximam, Cic. Or. 1, 25, 113: sic a majoribus nostris accepimus, praetorem quaestori suo parentis loco esse oportere, id. Div. in Caecil. 19, 61: ego sic existimo, in summo imperatore quattuor res inesse oportere, id. Imp. Pomp. 10, 38; cf. Ter. Hec. 5, 4, 5; Cic. Inv. 2, 55, 167; id. de Or. 1, 20, 93; 2, 28, 122; id. Brut. 36, 138; 41, 152; id. Div. in Caecil. 3, 10; id. Verr. 1, 7, 20; Liv. 5, 15, 11.—Esp., after sic habeto (habe, habeas) = scito (only Ciceron.): sic habeto, in eum statum tuum reditum incidere ut, etc., Cic. Fam. 2, 3, 1; so id. ib. 1, 7, 3; 2, 6, 5; 2, 10, 1; 7, 18, 1; 9, 16, 2; id. Att. 2, 25, 1; 5, 1, 5; 5, 20, 1 et saep.—
   8    With ut, expressing purpose or result: nunc sic faciam, sic consilium est, ad erum ut veniam docte atque astu, Plaut. Rud. 4, 2, 23: ab Ariobarzane sic contendi ut talenta, quae mihi pollicebatur, illi daret, Cic. Att. 6, 1, 3: sic accidit ut ex tanto navium numero nulla omnino navis ... desideraretur, Caes. B. G. 5, 23; cf. Cato, R. R. 1, 1; Cic. Att. 8, 1, 4; id. Or. 2, 67, 271.
Idiomatic usages of sic.
   1    In a wish, expressed as a conclusion after an imperative (poet.): parce: sic bene sub tenerā parva quiescat humo (= si parces, bene quiescat), Tib. 2, 6, 30: annue: sic tibi sint intonsi, Phoebe, capilli, id. 2, 5, 121: pone, precor, fastus ... Sic tibi nec vernum nascentia frigus adurat Poma, nec excutiant rapidi florentia venti, Ov. M. 14, 762: dic mihi de nostrā quae sentis vera puellā: Sic tibi sint dominae, Lygdame, dempta juga, Prop. 4, 5, 1; Tib. 2, 6, 30.—The imperative may follow the clause with sic: sic tua Cyrneas fugiant examina taxos ... Incipe (sc. cantare) si quid habes (= si incipies cantare, opto tibi ut tua examina, etc.), Verg. E. 9, 30: sic tibi (Arethusa) Doris amara suam non intermisceat undam: Incipe (= si incipies, opto tibi ut Doris, etc.), id. ib. 10, 4: sic mare compositum, sic sit tibi piscis in undā Credulus ... Dic ubi sit, Ov. M. 8, 857; Sen. Troad. 702; cf.: sic te Diva potens Cypri ... Ventorumque regat pater, Navis ... Reddas incolumem Vergilium (= si tu, navis, reddes Vergilium, prosperum precor tibi cursum), Hor. C. 1, 3, 1; cf. also: sic venias hodierne: tibi dem turis honores (=si venies, tibi dem), Tib. 1, 7, 53; cf. Ov. H. 3, 135; 4, 148.—
   2    Sic (like ita) with ut in strong asseveration (poet.): sic me di amabunt, ut me tuarum miseritum'st fortunarum (= by the love of the gods, I pity, etc.), Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 54: Diespiter me sic amabit ut ego hanc familiam interire cupio, Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 47: sic has deus aequoris artes Adjuvet, ut nemo jamdudum littore in isto constitit, Ov. M. 8, 866: sic mihi te referas levis, ut non altera nostro limine intulit ulla pedes, Prop. 1, 18, 11; cf. id. 3, 15 (4, 14), 1; cf.: vera cano, sic usque sacras innoxia laurus vescar, Tib. 2, 5, 63.—
   3    In a demonstrative temporal force, like the Gr. οὕτως, so, as the matter stands now, as it now is, as it then was, etc.
   (a)    In gen.: e Graecis cavendae sunt quaedam familiaritates, praeter hominum perpaucorum, si qui sunt vetere Graeciā digni. Sic vero fallaces sunt permulti et leves, but as things now stand, Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 5, § 16: at sic citius quī te expedias his aerumnis reperias, Ter. Hec. 3, 1, 8: Pe. Pol tibi istuc credo nomen actutum fore. Tr. Dum interea sic sit, istuc actutum sino, provided it be as it is, Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 71: quotiens hoc tibi ego interdixi, meam ne sic volgo pollicitarere operam, thus, as you are doing now, id. Mil. 4, 2, 65: si utrumvis tibi visus essem, Non sic ludibrio tuis factis habitus essem, Ter. Hec. 4, 1, 11: non sic nudos in flumen deicere (voluerunt), naked, as they are, Cic. Rosc. Am. 26, 71: sub altā platano ... jacentes sic temere, Hor. C. 2, 11, 14.—Esp., with sine and abl.: me germanam meam sororem tibi sic sine dote dedisse, so as she is, without a dowry, Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 65: sic sine malo, id. Rud. 3, 5, 2: at operam perire meam sic ... perpeti nequeo, without result, id. Trin. 3, 2, 34 Ritschl, Fleck. (Brix omits sic): nec sic de nihilo fulminis ira cadit (= without cause), Prop. 2, 16 (3, 8), 52: mirabar hoc si sic abiret, so, i. e. without trouble, Ter. And. 1, 2, 4: hoc non poterit sic abire, Cic. Fin. 5, 3, 7; so, sic abire, id. Att. 14, 1, 1; Cat. 14, 16; Plaut. Men. 5, 7, 39. —Hence,
   (b)    With imperatives, esp. with sine: Quid ego hoc faciam postea? sic sine eumpse, just let him alone, i. e. leave him as he is, Plaut. Most. 1, 4, 32: si non vult (numerare), sic sine adstet, id. As. 2, 4, 54: sine fores sic, abi, let the door alone, id. Men. 2, 3, 1; so id. Cas. 3, 6, 36; id. Ps. 1, 5, 62.—
   (g)    Pregn., implying a concession (= καὶ οὕτως), even as it is now, even without doing so, in spite of it: nolo bis iterare, sat sic longae fiunt fabulae, narratives are long enough anyhow, as they are, without saying them twice over, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 154: sed sic quoque erat tamen Acis, even as it was, in spite of what has been said, Ov. M. 13, 896; so, sic quoque fallebat, id. ib. 1, 698: sed sic me et libertatis fructu privas et diligentiae, anyhow, not taking into account what is mentioned, Cic. Fam. 5, 20, 4: exhibeas molestiam si quid debeam, qui nunc sic tam es molestus, who art so troublesome even as it is, i. e. without my owing you any thing, Plaut. Pers. 2, 44: sic quoque parte plebis affectā, fides tamen publica potior senatui fuit, Liv. 7, 27; cf. Ov. F. 2, 642; Suet. Aug. 78.—
   4    Ellipt., referring to something in the mind of the speaker: Quod si hoc nunc sic incipiam? Nihil est. Quod si sic? Tantumdem egero. At sic opinor? Non potest, Ter. Heaut. 4, 2, 8: illa quae aliis sic, aliis secus videntur, to some in one way, to others in another (= aliis aliter), Cic. Leg. 1, 17, 47: Quid vini absumpsit! Sic hoc dicens, asperum hoc est, aliud lenius, = this wine is so (the speaker not saying what he thinks of it), Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 49: deinde quod illa (quae ego dixi) sive faceta sunt, sive sic, fiunt narrante te venustissima, or so, i. e. or otherwise, Cic. Fam. 15, 21, 2: monitorem non desiderabit qui dicat, Sic incede, sic cena ... sic amico utere, sic cive, sic socio, Sen. Ep. 114.—
   5    In answers, yes = the French, Italian, and Spanish si (ante - class. and rare): Ph. Phaniam relictam ais? Ge. Sic, Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 2: De. Illa maneat? Ch. Sic, id. ib. 5, 3, 30: Ch. Sicine est sententia? Me. Sic, id. Heaut. 1, 1, 114.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

sīc(arch. sīce, seic), adv., ainsi, de cette manière,
1 [renvoyant à ce qui précède] ainsi, c’est ainsi, voilà comment : sic omnibus hostium copiis fusis se in castra recipiunt Cæs. G. 3, 6, 3, ainsi, après avoir mis en déroute toutes les forces ennemies, ils rentrent dans le camp || [en parenth.] : sic enim nunc loquuntur Cic. Br. 310, car c’est ainsi qu’on s’exprime maintenant || sic prorsus existimo Cic. Br. 125, tel est absolument mon avis ; his litteris respondebo ; sic enim postulas Cic. Att. 6, 1, 1, je répondrai à cette lettre ; car c’est là ce que tu demandes || vir acerrimo ingenio, sic enim fuit Cic. Or. 18, cet homme très pénétrant, car il le fut, cf. Cic. Att. 1, 18, 6 ; etc. || [en réponse] : sic Ter. Phorm. 316, c’est cela, oui || par conséquent : Cic. Br. 154 || dans ces conditions : Cic. Læl. 39 ; recordamini... ; sic enim perspicietis Cic. Sest. 55, rappelez-vous : car ainsi vous verrez pleinement...
2 [annonçant ce qui suit] : ingressus est sic loqui : Catonis hoc senis est... Cic. Rep. 2, 1, il commença à parler en ces termes : voici une pensée du vieillard Caton... || [ellipse] : ego sic : diem statuo... Cic. Att. 6, 1, 16, moi, j’opère ainsi : je fixe un jour... || sic loqui nosse, judicasse vetant Cic. Or. 157, ils interdisent ces formes nosse, judicasse || sic sentio, naturam adferre... Cic. de Or. 1, 113, mon sentiment est que la nature apporte... ; ego sic existimo, oportere... Cic. Pomp. 38, voici mon avis, il faut... || [réponse]: quidum ? — sic : quia... Pl. Most. 450, comment cela ? — voici ; parce que...
3 [démonstratif] : processi sic Pl. Amph. 117, je me présente ainsi, dans cet accoutrement que vous voyez, cf. Pl. Bacch. 675 ; Rud. 1274, etc. || sic dedero Pl. Pœn. 1286, voila à quoi il faut s’attendre de moi, cf. Ter. Phorm. 1027 ; sic datur, si quis Pl. Ps. 155, voilà ce qui l’attend, celui qui ; sic deinde, quicumque alius transiliet mœnia mea Liv. 1, 7, 2, voilà le sort de quiconque franchira désormais mes murailles, cf. Liv. 1, 26, 5
4 [en corrélation] a) sic... ut Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 68, de même que, comme ; ut... sic Cic. Br. 42, de même que... de même, ou quemadmodum... sic Cic. Inv. 2, 28, ou sicut... sic Cic. Br. 230, ou quomodo... sic Cic. Tusc. 3, 37, ou tamquam... sic Cic. Br. 213 || sic... quasi Cic. Clu. 4 de même que, ou sic... tamquam Cic. Fam. 13, 69, 1 || sic... quomodo Sen. Ben. 2, 1, 1, de même que, ou sic... quam Prop. 2, 9, 33 || nec sic lætatus Ulixes... quanta ego collegi gaudia Prop. 2, 14, 5, Ulysse n’a pas eu autant d’allégresse que j’ai éprouvé de transports ; b) ut quisque (superl.)... sic (superl.) Cic. Cæc. 7, plus... plus ; v. ut ; c) sic... quasi subj. Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 120, comme si, ou sic... tamquam si Cic. Phil. 6, 10 ; sic atque si Dig. 7, 19, 1, comme si ; d) sic... ut subj., de telle sorte que, à tel point que : Cic. Br. 250 ; Mil. 56 ; etc. ; sic ut rapprochés] Cic. Or. 125 || [restrictif.] : sic tamen ut Cic. Br. 274, mais de telle façon pourtant que, cf. Cic. Marc. 34 ; e) sic effugies... si Sen. Ep. 105, 3, tu éviteras à condition que..., cf. Liv. 1, 17, 9 ; Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 69
5 [avec le subj. optatif] : a) parce : sic bene sub tenera quiescat humo Tib. 2, 6, 30, épargne-moi ; qu’alors (à cette condition, à ce prix, en retour) elle repose en paix sous la terre légère, cf. Tib. 2, 5, 121 ; Ov. M. 14, 762 ; b) sic te diva potens Cypri... regat..., reddas incolumem Hor. O. 1, 3, 1, puisse la déesse qui règne sur Chypre diriger ta course à ce prix : rends sain et sauf..., cf. Ov. M. 8, 857 ; c) sic mihi te referas, ut non altera nostro limine intulit ulla pedes Prop. 1, 18, 11, puisses-tu revenir à moi, comme il est vrai que nulle autre n’a franchi mon seuil, cf. Ov. M. 8, 866 || sic me di amabunt, ut Ter. Haut. 463, les dieux me seront propices aussi vrai que...
6 comme cela, purement et simplement, sans plus : non sic nudos in flumen dejicere Cic. Amer. 71, les précipiter non pas comme cela nus dans le fleuve, cf. Cic. Fin. 5, 7 ; Att. 14, 1, 1 ; Pl. Rud. 781 ; Ter. Andr. 175 ; Hor. O. 2, 11, 14
7 comme cela : illa, sive faceta sunt, sive sic Cic. Fam. 15, 21, 2, ces propos, qu’ils soient spirituels ou couci-couci.

Latin > German (Georges)

sīc, Adv. (von der Wurzel i [[[wovon]] auch is u. ita] mit angenommenem Spiranten u. dem demonstrativen ce, also eig. si-ce, dann apokopiert sic), so, also, I) im allg., so, also, auf diese-, auf solche Weise, solchergestalt, dergestalt, a) übh.: ventulum huic sic facito, so (indem sie es vormacht), Ter.: sive enim sic est, sive illo modo, videri possunt etc., Cic.: illa, quae aliis sic, aliis secus... videntur, Cic.: illa civitas popularis (sic enim appellant), in qua in populo sunt omnia, Cic.: sic se infert, so gestaltet, Verg.: ebenso sic venias hodierne, Tibull. – b) einen folgenden Gedanken einleitend, so, also, folgendermaßen, sic in animo habeto, uti ne cupide emas, Cato: ingressus est sic loqui Scipio, Cic.: so auch verborum ordinem immuta, fac sic: Comprobavit filii temeritas etc., Cic.: u. sic est: acerba fata Romanos agunt, Hor. – bes. einen folg. Acc. u. Infin., qui voluptatem sic definiunt, sublationem animi sine ratione opinantis se magno bono frui, Cic.: sic velim existimes, te nihil gratius facere posse, Cic.: u. so sic habeto mit folg. Acc. u. Infin., Cic. – c) sic est u. dgl. als bestätigende Aussage od. Antwort, S. Et illud vide, si etc. L. Sic, inquit, est... S. subregno igitur tibi esse placet omnes animi partes? L. Mihi vero sic placet, Cic. de rep. 1, 60: S. Vides igitur, ne illam quidem, quae tota sit in factionis potestate, posse vere dici rem publicam. L. Sic plane iudico, Cic. de rep. 3, 44: u. so sic erit, so ist es jedenfalls, Ter. heaut. 1014 u. Phorm. 801: sed profecto hoc sic erit, Plaut. Pseud. 677. – dah. in der Umgangsspr. absol. sic = so ist es, ja, s. Ter. Phorm. 316. II) insbes.: A) bei Vergleichungen, so, a) übh., gew. korresp. mit ut, seltener quemadmodum, tamquam, quasi u. dgl., Atticum sic amo, ut alterum fratrem, Cic.: sic suscipias, ut si esset etc., Cic.: u. so quemadmodum... sic, Cic.: sic... tamquam, Cic. u. Liv.: sic... quasi, Cic.: sic... quomodo, Plaut. – b) ut... sic, zur Angabe, daß das eine neben dem anderen eingeräumt wird, obgleich man es nicht erwartet, wenn auch... doch; zwar... doch, ut errare potuisti, sic decipi te non potuisse quis non videt? Cic.: ut naturam fautricem habuerat in tribuendis animi virtutibus, sic maleficam nactus est in corpore fingendo, Nep. – c) (wie οὕτως) bei Versicherungen, Schwüren und Wünschen (bei Dichtern, in Prosa gew. ita), sic mit Konjunktiv.... ut mit Indikat., so wahr ich wünsche, daß usw.... so gewiß, quoque minus dubites, sic has deus aequoris artes adiuvet, ut nemo iam dudum litore in isto constitit, Ov. – statt des Konjunktivs auch der Indikat. Fut., sic me di amabunt, ut me tuarum miseritum est fortunarum, Ter. – in Wünschen (wie οὕτως) verkürzt (ohne korresp. ut), sic tua Cyrneas fugiant examina taxos, incipe, si quid habes, Verg.: post damnum sic vendas omnia pluris, Hor.
B) zur Angabe der Beschaffenheit, so, so beschaffen, von der Art, sic sum: si placeo, utere, Ter.: sic est vulgus: ex veritate pauca, ex opinione multa existimat, Cic.: sic est ingenium, Ter.: sic vita hominum est, ut ad maleficium nemo conetur sine spe atque emolumento accedere, Cic.: Laelius sapiens (sic enim est habitus, als ein solcher galt er nämlich) etc., Cic. Vgl. Matthiä Cic. Rosc. Am. 84.
C) zur Angabe der Art und Weise des Erfolges bereits angedeuteter Tatsachen, a) so, auf diese Weise = unter solchen Umständen, in dieser Lage, nach solchen Vorgängen, demgemäß, und nun, crimini maxime dabant in Numitoris agros ab iis impetum fieri... Sic ad supplicium Numitori Remus deditur, Liv.: sic Eumenes... talem exitum habuit, Nep. Vgl. Fabri Liv. 24, 2, 1. – b) zur Angabe der bloßen Ursache, so = deswegen, Th. Quid vos insanin estis? Tr. Quidum? Th. Sic, quia foris ambulatis, Plaut. most. 450 sq.: u. so Apul. met. 4, 32 H. (mit cod. F) – c) zur Angabe der Folge einer Ursache, so = daher, demgemäß, quia non est obscura tua in me benevolentia, sic fit, ut multi per me tibi velint commendari, Cic. ep. 13, 70 in.
D) zur Angabe der Bedingung u. Einschränkung, so = mit od. unter der Bedingung (Voraussetzung), mit der Bestimmung, mit der Einschränkung, insofern, gew. korresp. mit ut (daß), also sic... ut = inso fern... daß; doch so... daß, sed tamen recordatione nostrae amicitiae sic fruor, ut beate vixisse videar, Cic. – u. sic... ne, doch so... daß nicht, sic positum servabis onus, ne forte sub ala fasciculum portes librorum, ut rusticus agnum, Hor. – u. sic... si, mit od. unter der Bedingung (Voraussetzung), insofern... wenn; dann... wenn, decreverunt, id sic ratum esset, si patres auctores fierent, Liv.: sic enim facillime putavit se Graecā linguā loquentes, qui Asiam incolerent, sub sua retenturum potestate, si amicis suis oppida tuenda tradidisset, Nep.
E) zur Bezeichnung des Grades, u. zwar: a) eines besonders hohen Grades, bes. mit folg. Effektsatze (mit ut), so (betont), so sehr, in dem Grade, dergestalt... daß usw., Caecinam a puero sic semper dilexi, ut non ullo cum homine coniunctius viverem, Cic.: repente ex omnibus partibus advolaverunt, sic uti ab signis legionibusque non absisterent, Caes. – ohne folg. Effektsatz, sic erat in omni vel officio vel sermone sollers, Cic. – b) eines niederen Grades, der Mittelmäßigkeit, so, so so, Da. Quid rei gerit? Ge. Sic tenuiter, Ter.: Sy. Et quidem hercle forma luculenta. Ch. Sic satis, es geht schon an, Ter.: sic hoc, das geht so ziemlich, Ter.: nosne? sic, Ter.: sub pinu iacentes sic temere, Hor.
F) (wie οὕτως) zum Ausdrucke des Leichtnehmens, der Vernachlässigung, so, nur so, so oben hin, schlechthin, ohne weiteres (vgl. Wopkens Lectt. Tull. 3, 5. Spengel Ter. Andr. 175. Obbarius Hor. carm. 2, 11, 14), sic nudos (nackt, wie sie sind) in flumen proicere, Cic.: quod me sic vides, so wie ich gehe und stehe, Petron.: mirabar hoc si sic abiret, Ter.: non posse istaec sic abire, Cic. – / arch. seic, Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 818 (zweimal).

Latin > English

sic ADV :: thus, so; as follows; in another way; in such a way