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centurio

κόσμος σκηνή, ὁ βίος πάροδος· ἦλθες, εἶδες, ἀπῆλθες -> The world is a stage, life is a performance, you came, you saw, you departed
Democritus, fr. 115 D-K

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

centŭrĭo: (in many inscriptions before the time of Quintilian erroneously aspirated chenturio, like
I choronae, praechones, etc., Quint. 1, 5, 20; cf. the letter C), ōnis, m. (access. form centŭrĭōnus, like curionus and decurionus, acc. to Fest. p. 49 Müll.) centuria, II.], the commander of a century, a captain, centurion, occupying a station below the tribunus, Caes. B. G. 1, 40; 2, 25; 6, 39; Cic. Balb. 15, 34; Sall. J. 59, 3; Liv. 2, 27, 6; 7, 41, 5; Hor. S. 1, 6, 73; cf. Dict. of Antiq.
centŭrĭo: āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. centuria,
I to divide into centuries (acc. to centuria, I.).
I Of land: agrum, Hyg. Lim. p. 195 Goes.; cf. Fest. p. 53 Müll.—
II Of the army (only of infantry; cf. decurio), to arrange in centuries, assign to companies: cum homines in tribunali Aurelio palam conscribi centuriarique vidissem, Cic. Red. Quir. 5, 13: rem gerit palam (Octavius); centuriat Capuae; dinumerat. Jam jamque vides bellum, id. Att. 16, 9 fin.: juventutem, Liv. 25, 15, 9: seniores quoque, id. 6, 2, 6; 29, 1, 2: equites decuriati, centuriati pedites, id. 22, 38, 3; so id. 10, 21, 4: Juventus Romana... equis delapsa se ipsam centuriavit, i. e. reduced to infantry, Val. Max. 3, 2, n. 8: mulus centuriatus, for carrying provisions, Aur. ap. Vop. Aur. 7, 7.—
   B Facetiously: eripiam ego hodie concubinam militi, Si centuriati bene sunt maniplares mei, Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 3; cf. id. Curc. 4, 4, 29.—
III Of the people in the meeting of the council, only part. perf.: comitia centuriata, in which all the Roman people voted according to centuries (this was done in the choice of higher magistrates, in decisions in respect to war and peace, and, until Sulla's time, in questions affecting life or citizenship; cf. Messala ap. Gell. 13, 15, 4; Lael. Felix ib. 15, 27, 4; Cic. Red. Sen. 11, 27), Cic. Leg. 3, 19, 44: quod ad populum centuriatis comitiis tulit, id. Phil. 1, 8, 19; Liv. 3, 55, 3; 8, 12, 15.—Facetiously: Pseudolus mihi centuriata capitis habuit comitia, i. e. has sentenced me to death, Plaut. Ps. 4, 7, 134 Lorenz ad loc.—Hence, P. a.: centŭrĭā-tus, a, um, of or belonging to the comitia centuriata: Centuriata lex, advised in the comitia centuriata, Cic. Agr. 2, 11, 26.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) centŭrĭō,¹⁴ āvī, ātum, āre (centuria), tr.,
1 former en centuries : centuriare seniores Liv. 6, 2, 6, former en centuries le deuxième ban || [absolt] centuriat Capuæ Cic. Att. 16, 9, il constitue ses compagnies à Capoue
2 diviser par groupes de 200 arpents : Grom. 120, 3.
(2) centŭrĭō,⁸ ōnis, m. (centuria), centurion, commandant d’une centurie militaire : Cæs. G. 6, 36, 3 || centurio classiarius Tac. Ann. 14, 8, commandant d’une compagnie d’infanterie de marine.

Latin > German (Georges)

(1) centurio1, āvī, ātum, āre (centuria), in od. nach Zenturien einteilen, -abteilen, u. zwar (nach centuria I-III): I) die Legionstruppen: c. iuventutem, Liv.: inter sese decuriati equites, centuriati pedites coniurabant, die Reiter in ihren Dekurien, das Fußvolk in seinen Zenturien, Liv.: iuventus Romana... equis delapsa se ipsam centuriavit, d.i. kämpfte zenturien-, kompagnienweise, Val. Max. – absol., centuriat Capuae, Cic. – Scherzh., eripiam ego hodie concubinam militi, si centuriati bene sunt (gut organisiert) maniplares mei, Plaut. mil. 815. – mulus centuriatus, der jeder Zenturie zugeteilte Proviantmaulesel, der Maulesel der Zenturie (Kompagnie), Aurel. bei Vopisc. Aurel. 7. § 7. – II) die röm. Bürger; dah. comitia centuriata, die Zenturiatkomitien = die Versammlung des röm. Volkes, in denen es nach Zenturien stimmte (bei der Wahl der höhern Magistrate, bei Entschließungen über Krieg und Frieden, übb. bei allen bedeutenden Verhandlungen), Cic.: Pseudolus mihi centuriata habuit capitis comitia, hat das Todesurteil über mein Dasein ausgesprochen, Plaut. Pseud. 1232. – centuriata lex, in den Zenturiatkomitien beraten, Cic. – III) Äcker, agrum, Gromat. vet. 120, 3 u. 204, 5.
(2) centurio2, ōnis, m. (centuria), der Befehlshaber einer Zenturie, der Zenturio, Cic. u.a.: c. classiarius, Marinekapitän, Tac. ann. 14, 8 (u. so centurio ex triere Neptuno, Corp. inscr. Lat. 10, 3375): cohortes sibi quaeque centuriones legerunt, Liv. 3, 69, 8.

Latin > English

centurio centuriare, centuriavi, centuriatus V TRANS :: arrange/assign (soldiers) in military centuries; divide land into centuriae
centurio centurio centurionis N M :: centurion, captain/commander of a century/company