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celer

Μή, φίλα ψυχά, βίον ἀθάνατον σπεῦδε, τὰν δ' ἔμπρακτον ἄντλει μαχανάν -> Oh! my soul do not aspire to eternal life, but exhaust the limits of the possible
Pindar, Pythian, 3.61f.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

cĕler: ĕris, e (
I masc. cĕleris, Cato ap. Prisc. p. 760 P.; fem. celer, Liv. Andron. ap. Prisc. l. l.; cf. acer; sup. celerissimus, Enn. and Manlius ap. Prisc. l. l.) cello; cf. Doed. Syn. 2, pp. 123 and 93, urging, pressing forward; cf. also 1. cello, swift, fleet, quick, speedy (with the access. idea of energy, struggling, and even power; v. Doed. above cited; syn.: expeditus, promptus, velox, citatus; opp. tardus, segnis, lentus).
I Of corporeal objects: face te propere celerem, Plaut. Trin. 4, 3, 1: hasta, Liv. Andron. ap. Prisc. l. l.: sagitta, Hor. C. 3, 20, 9; Ov. M. 5, 367: configebat tardus celeres (sc. aves), Att. ap. Cic. Fin. 5, 11, 32: pennae, Hor. C. 3, 29, 53: Mercurius, id. ib. 2, 7, 13: Cynthia, id. ib. 3, 28, 12: Diana, Ov. M. 4, 304: deae, id. ib. 2, 119: rivi, Hor. C. 3, 11, 14: curriculum, Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 13: flamma, Lucr. 2, 192; cf. id. 5, 302: ignis, Hor. C. 3, 4, 76: motus, Lucr. 4, 177; cf.: celer atque instabilis motus, Caes. B. G. 4, 23, 5: receptus, id. B. C. 1, 59: lapsus, Lucr. 4, 324; Ov. M. 6, 216: ictus, Lucr. 3, 636: impete, id. 6, 334: turbo, Verg. A. 12, 855: venti, Hor. C. 1, 12, 10; 1, 15, 3; 1, 14, 5: cerva, Cat. 64, 341: canis, Tib. 4, 3, 14: equus, id. 1, 2, 70; 4, 1, 91: lupi, id. 2, 1, 20: classis, Cat. 64, 53: ratis, id. 63, 1: navis, id. 4, 2: carina, Ov. M. 9, 447: lintres, Prop. 1, 14, 3: pedes, id. 3 (4), 9, 18: remedia, quickly working, efficacious, Nep. Att. 21, 2.—Poet. with gen. gerund: nandi, Sil. 4, 587.—With inf.: excipere aprum, Hor. C. 3, 12, 11; so id. ib. 4, 6, 39; id. Ep. 1, 20, 25.—Poet., celer for celeriter, Ov. M. 2, 119; 2, 838; 9, 765.—
II Of mental and abstract objects: oderunt Sedatum celeres, lively, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 90; cf. Vell. 2, 73: mens, quā nihil est celerius, Cic. Or. 59, 200; cf. Lucr. 3, 183: oratio celeris et concitata, rapid, hurried, Cic. de Or. 2, 21, 88; cf. Quint. 9, 4, 138; 9. 4, 83; 9, 4, 111; 9, 4, 135: consilium, Ter. Phorm. 1, 4, 1.—
   B Implying reproach, rash, hasty, precipitate: consilia, Liv. 9, 32, 3; so id. 22, 38, 13; cf. id. 2, 51, 7; and so iambi (of the fire of youth), rash, hasty, Hor. C. 1, 16, 24: victoria, Caes. B. G. 7, 47, 3: desperatio rerum, Liv. 21, 1, 5: ratione, Lucr. 4, 144; 4, 255; 4, 775: fata celerrima, Verg. A. 12, 507: mors, Tib. 4, 1, 205.—Adv., quickly, speedily (syn.: velociter, cito, continuo, confestim, festinanter).
   a cĕlĕrĕ, Enn. et Nov. ap. Non. p. 510, 9 sq.; Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 4.—
   b cĕlĕrĭter, Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 2; Cic. Att. 15, 27, 1; id. Fam. 3, 1, 2; 9, 11, 2; Caes. B. G. 1, 18; 1, 52 et saep.—Comp. celerius, Cic. Verr 2, 3, 24, § 60; Caes. B. G. 1, 48; 2, 3; Nep. Cim. 3, 2 al.—Sup. celerrime, Cic. Fin. 2, 14, 45; Caes. B. G. 1, 37 al.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) cĕlĕr,⁸ ĕris, ĕre,
1 prompt, rapide, leste : face te celerem Pl. Trin. 1008, depêche-toi ; Fama pedibus celeris, Virg. En. 4, 180, la Renommée aux pieds rapides ; evadit celer ripam Virg. En. 6, 425, il franchit lestement la rive ; celerrimus Cic. Tim. 31, qui a le mouvement le plus rapide ; [av. infin.] celer sequi Hor. O. 1, 15, 18, prompt à suivre ; [av. gén. gérond.] celer nandi Sil. 4, 585, rapide à la nage
2 [fig.] prompt, rapide, vif : mens, qua nihil est celerius Cic. Or. 200, l’esprit, que rien ne surpasse en promptitude ; oratio celeris et concitata Cic. de Or. 2, 88, style vif et rapide ; [av. infin.] celer irasci Hor. Ep. 1, 20, 25, prompt à la colère
3 hâtif : fata celerrima Virg. En. 12, 507, le trépas le plus prompt ; nimis celeri desperatione rerum Liv. 21, 1, 5, par l’effet d’un désespoir trop prompt
4 bref [en parl. de syllabes] : tres celeres Quint. 9, 4, 111, trois brèves. arch. celeris, m., Cat. d. Prisc. Gramm. 7, 57 ; celer, f., L. Andr. ibid. ; gén. pl. celerum [au lieu de celerium ] C. Aur. Acut. 2, 1, 1 || celerissimus Enn. d. Prisc. Gramm. 7, 57.

Latin > German (Georges)

celer, eris, ere, Abl. ī (κέλεσθαι, κέλης) der Renner), schnell, rasch, eilend, I) eig. (Ggstz. tardus), face te propere celerem, Plaut.: Cynthia, Mercurius, Hor.: canis, equus, classis, Tibull.: navis, Ov.: pedes, Prop.: sagittae, Ov.: ventus, Sturmwind, Ov.: m. Abl., iaculo, Verg. Aen. 9, 178: pennā, Ov. met. 8, 686 (676 R.): motu, Lucan. 1, 662: m. Genet. Gerundii, c. nandi, Sil. 4, 585. – II) übtr.: A) im guten Sinne: oderunt sedatum celeres, Hor.: mens, quā nihil est celerius, Cic.: oratio c. et concitata, Cic.: consilium c., Ter. – victoria c., Caes.: mors, Tibull. u. Suet.: reditus, Cic. (vgl. reditus eius fuit celerior omnium opinione, Auct. b. Alex.): remedia celeria, schnell wirkende, Nep.: fata celerrima, Verg. – m. Abl., cogitatione od. sensu celer, von schneller Auffassungskraft, Vell. 2, 73, 1 u. 2, 118, 2: uvae celeres proventu, Plin. 14, 42. – m. Infin., celer sequi Aiax, Hor. carm. 1, 15, 18; u. so ibid. 3, 12, 11 u. 4, 6, 39. – B) im üblen Sinne = zu rasch, übereilt, hitzig, consilia celeriora (Ggstz. tutiora), Liv.: iambi c., Hor.: m. folg. Infin., celer irasci, Hor. ep. 1, 20, 25. – / neutr. celere = celeriter, Pacuv. Paul. 2. Enn. sat. fr. 2. Plaut. Curc. 283. Lex ap. Frontin. de aqu. 129. Cypr. de spect. 8. – celer als fem., Liv. Andr. Odyss. fr. bei Prisc. 7, 57. Lucr. 4, 158. Cael. Aur. chron. 3, 8, 100. Cael. Aur. de sign. diaet. pass. 17. – celeris als masc., Naev. tr. 42. Cato de re mil. fr. 12 (bei Prisc. 7, 57). – Genet. Plur. celerum (st. celerium), Cael. Aur. acut. 2, 1. § 1. – Ungewöhnl. Superl. celerissimus bei Enn. ann. 448 u. 579 V. (= 504 u. 505 M.). Matius b. Prisc. 7, 57.

Latin > English

celer celeris -e, celerior -or -us, celerrimus -a -um ADJ :: swift, quick, agile, rapid, speedy, fast; rash, hasty, hurried; lively; early