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rursus

Γηράσκω δ᾽ αἰεὶ πολλὰ διδασκόμενος -> I grow old always learning many things
Solon the Athenian

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

rursus: rursum, and arch. rūsum or russum (rursum and rusum are the most usual forms in the ante-class., and rursus in the class. per.), adv. contr. from revorsus or revorsum, from reverto; cf. prorsus and sursum,
I turned back or backwards, back, backwards (opp. prorsus): rursus retro, Non.
I Lit. (only ante-class.): rursus prorsus reciprocat fluctus feram, Enn. ap. Non. 164, 11, and 384 fin. (Trag. v. 143 Vahl.); cf.: trepidari sentio et cursari rursum prorsum, Ter. Hec. 3, 1, 35: mortales multi rursus ac prorsus meant, Varr. ap. Non. 384, 32: cum ex alto puteo sursum ad summum escenderis, Maximum periculum inde esse, a summo ne rursum cadas? Plaut. Mil. 4, 4, 15: ego cunas recessim rursum vorsum trahere et ducere, id. Am. 5, 1, 60; cf. id. Ep. 2, 2, 63.—
II Transf.
   A To indicate the reverse of something, on the contrary, on the other hand, in return, again (freq. in all periods and kinds of composition; syn.: retro, contra, in vicem): in hominum aetate multa eveniunt hujusmodi: Capiunt voluptates: capiunt rursum miserias; Irae interveniunt, redeunt rursum in gratiam, etc., Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 58 sq.: bellum, pax rursum, Ter. Eun. 1, 1, 16; Plaut. Merc. 2, 3, 15: quicquid dicunt, laudo: id rursum si negant laudo id quoque, Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 20: Mi. Salutat. Ag. Saluta hunc rursus Punice meis verbis, Plaut. Poen. 5, 2, 40: accipe a me rursum rationem doli, id. Mil. 3, 1, 178: succurrit Pulfioni Varenus et laboranti subvenit... Huic (Vareno) rursus circumvento fert subsidium Pulfio, Caes. B. G. 5, 44: eos ipse rursus singulos exceptans, id. ib. 7, 47 fin.; 51; id. B. C. 1, 45, 3: clamore sublato excipit rursus ex vallo clamor, id. B. G. 7, 88; Sall. J. 69, 1: postquam luxu atque desidiā civitas corrupta est, rursus respublica magnitudine suā imperatorum vitia sustentabat, id. C. 53, 5: primum Metellum esse rati, portas clausere; deinde rursus Jugurtham arbitrati obvii procedunt, id. J. 69, 1: ut illae superiores (partes) in medium locum mundi gravitate ferantur, sic hae rursum rectis lineis in caelestem locum subvolent, Cic. Tusc. 1, 17, 40: cum totam terram contueri licebit ... tum et habitabiles regiones et rursum omni cultu propter vim frigoris vacantes, id. ib. 1, 20, 45; id. Rep. 2, 4, 9: quod (Gorgias) judicaret hoc oratoris esse maxime proprium, rem augere posse laudando vituperandoque rursus affligere, id. Brut. 12, 47: necesse erit cupere et optare ... rursus autem recte factis angi, id. Lael. 16, 59; id. Tusc. 4, 31, 65: neque rursum eam totam repudiaret, id. de Or. 1, 24, 110; so, neque rursum, Quint. 1, 10, 2; 2, 4, 3; 10, 3, 10; 12, 5, 4: Iliacos intra muros peccatur et extra. Rursus, quid virtus et quid sapientia possit, etc., Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 17: aequum est, Peccatis veniam poscentem reddere rursus, id. S. 1, 3, 75; Curt. 9, 2, 9; Tac. Agr. 29; id. A. 1, 80: his, rursus illis exitiabile, id. H. 3, 22.—Hence sometimes with retro, contra, invicem: concede, nihil esse bonum, nisi, etc.... Vide rursus retro, Cic. Fin. 5, 28, 83: hi rursus invicem anno post in armis sunt: illi domi remanent, Caes. B. G. 4, 1: in amicorum vitiis tam cernis acutum? etc. At tibi contra Evenit, inquirant vitia ut tua rursus et illi, Hor. S. 1, 3, 28.—
   B Denoting return to a former action or its repetition, back again, again, anew (syn.: iterum, denuo): em rursum nunc nugas agis, Plaut. Men. 4, 2, 61: quem (Peliam) Medea dicitur Fecisse rursus ex sene adulescentulum, id. Ps. 3, 2, 82; cf.: uti quidque in sua corpora rursum Dissolvat natura, Lucr. 1, 215: eadem gigni rursusque augescere dixi, id. 5, 250: obloquere rursum? Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 88: feri malam tu illi rursum, id. Cas. 2, 6, 55: te suam (causam) rogavit rursum ut ageres, Ter. Phorm. 5, 5, 8: quo loco, si tibi hoc sumis ... facis, ut rursus plebes in Aventinum sevocanda esse videatur, Cic. Mur. 7, 15: Helvetii, qui in montem sese receperant, rursus instare et proelium redintegrare coeperunt, Caes. B. G. 1, 25; cf.: bellum inferre, id. ap. Cic. Att. 9, 16, A: confligere cum Bruti classe, Caes. B. C. 2, 3 fin.; 4 fin.: terga vertere, id. ib. 1, 45: rursus minuente aestu, id. B. G. 3, 12; 5, 8; cf. Varr. L. L. 5, § 40 Müll.: rursus aliam in partem fugam petebant, Caes. B. G. 2, 24: has (cohortes) subsidiariae ternae, et rursus aliae totidem, suae cujusque legionis, subsequebantur, id. B. C. 1, 83; cf. id. ib. 2, 9; Sall. J. 103, 2. —In beginning a new strophe (= Gr. πάλιν): rursus, et hoc iterum repetamus carmen, Val. Cat. Dir. 14.—Pleon., with denuo, etc.: Diphilus hanc Graece scripsit, post id rursum denuo Latine Plautus, Plaut. Cas. prol. 34: revortor rursus denuo Karthaginem, id. Poen. prol. 79; Auct. B. Hisp. 35.—Freq. with words compounded with re; like reverti, regredi, se recipere, reducere, revocare, etc., v. h. vv.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

rūrsŭs⁷ et rūrsŭm, arch. rūsum, russum (revorsus), adv.,
1 en arrière, en revenant sur ses pas : rursus revorti Pl. Pœn. 79, revenir ; rursus ac prorsus Varr. d. Non. 384, 32 ; rursus prorsum Ter. Hec. 315, en arrière et en avant, en reculant, en avançant
2 [fig.] a) en revanche, inversement, en retour : Cic. Tusc. 1, 40, etc.; et rursum Cic. Tusc. 1, 45, et en revanche, cf. Cic. Off. 2, 2 ; Fin. 3, 34 ; de Or. 1, 110 ; Br. 47 ; rursus autem Cic. Læl. 59, et par contre ; hi rursus in vicem Cæs. G. 4, 1, 5, ceux-ci en revanche à leur tour ; b) derechef, une seconde fois : sed redeamus rursus ad Hortensium Cic. Br. 291, mais revenons encore une fois à Hortensius, cf. Mur. 15 ; Cæs. G. 1, 25, 6 ; 3, 12, 1, etc.

Latin > German (Georges)

rūrsus u. rūrsum (altlat. rūsus, rūsum, russum), Adv. (zsgz. aus revorsus, revorsum, i.e. reversus, reversum), I) rückwärts, zurück, rursum cadere, zurückfallen, Plaut.: rursum se recipit, Caes.: rursum trahunt, Cic.: rursum reditum ad vada tetulit, Catull.: dah. rursum vorsum, rückwärts, Plaut.: rursum prorsum u. rursus prorsus, s. prorsumu. prorsus. – II) übtr.: A) zur Bezeichnung des Entgegengesetzten, umgekehrt, im Gegenteil, dagegen, andererseits, wiederum (s. die Auslegg. zu Cic. Tusc. 1, 17, 40. Kritz u. Dietsch Sall. Cat. 53, 5. Kritz Sall. Iug. 69, 1. Nipperd. Tac. ann. 13, 14. Heräus Tac. hist. 1, 1), rursus repudiaret, Cic.: rursus quidam arbitrantur, Quint. – B) zur Bezeichnung der Rückkehr zu einer früheren Tätigkeit oder ihrer Wiederholung, wieder, von neuem, noch einmal (s. Held Caes. b. G. 4, 12, 2. Schneider Caes. b. G. 4, 1, 5), em rursum tibi, da hast du's wieder, Plaut.: dic rursum, Ter.: rursus sevocanda videatur, Cic.: rursus resistere, inst are, Caes.: rursus minuente aestu, Caes.: hi rursus in vicem anno post in armis sunt, Caes. – / Über die archaist. Formen rusum u. russum s. Ritschl prolegg. ad Plauti trin. p. CIV. Ritschl opusc. 2, 259 Anm. u. 544 Anm. u. 715. Corsen Aussprache 1, 254.

Latin > English

rursus ADV :: turned back, backward; on the contrary/other hand, in return, in turn, again