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elegans

Σκιᾶς ὄναρ ἄνθρωπος -> Man is a dream of a shadow
Pindar, Pythian 8.95f.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

ēlĕgans: (in some MSS. eligans; cf. Beier Cic. Orr. Fragmm. p. 105), antis, adj. prob. collat. form of eligens, from eligo, Cic. N. D. 2, 28, 72.
I In the ante-class. period in a bad sense, luxurious, effeminate, fastidious, nice: elegans homo non dicebatur cum laude; sed id fere verbum ad aetatem M. Catonis vitii, non laudis fuit ... ex quibus verbis (Catonis) apparet, elegantem dictum antiquitus non ab ingenii elegantia, sed qui nimis lecto amoenoque cultu victuque esset, etc., Gell. 11, 2, 1; cf. Non. 465, 11 sq.: heia, ut elegans est! how choice! how nice! Ter. Heaut. 5, 5, 19 Ruhnk.; cf. id. Eun. 3, 1, 18; 3, 5, 18 (but not in Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 14, v. Ritschl ad h. l.).—
II Class. in a good sense, choice, nice, fine, neat, tasteful, elegant.
   A Of persons: tu festivus, tu elegans, tu solus urbanus, quem decet muliebris ornatus, etc., Cic. Clod. et Cur. 5, p. 105, ed. Beier; cf. (with mundus) id. Fin. 2, 8, 23; (with splendidus) Nep. Att. 13, 5; and opp. parcus, Cic. Brut. 40, 148; id. Or. 25, 83: auctor, Vell. 1, 13: mulier (Phrynewith formosa), Val. Max. 4, 3, 3 ext.: intelligo te hominem in omni judicio elegantissimum, Cic. Fam. 7, 23 et saep.: scriptor, id. Brut. 9; 16, 63; 68, 239; Quint. 10, 1, 78 al.; cf. in the comp.: quis verbis aut ornatior aut elegantior (sc. Caesare)? Cic. ap. Suet. Caes. 55; in the sup.: poëta, Nep. Att. 12, 4: elegans et concinnus (pictor), Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 111.—As subst.: ēlĕgantes, ium, m., fine gentlemen, city people (opp. agrestes), Col. 7, 2, 1.—
   B Of things: nec magis compositum quicquam, nec magis elegans, Ter. Eun. 5, 4, 13; cf. (with decorum) Cic. Div. 1, 30: a necessariis artificiis ad elegantiora defluximus, id. Tusc. 1, 25, 62; cf. Liv. 44, 9: artes elegantes et ingenuae, Cic. Fin. 3, 2: temperamentum, Tac. A. 11, 4: color, Plin. 15, 8, 8, § 34 et saep.: perspicitis, hoc genus (jocandi) quam sit facetum, quam elegans, quam oratorium, Cic. de Or. 2, 59, 241; cf. id. Off. 1, 29, 104; id. Brut. 85; Quint. 6, 3, 39; 10, 1, 65 al.— Comp.: ego autem a te elegantiora desidero, Cic. Fin. 4, 10; and sup.: epistola, id. Att. 16, 13 a.; cf.: scripta Terentii, Quint. 10, 1, 99: utrum sit elegantius, Anton. ap. Cic. Phil. 13, 18: solum, Plin. 14, 4, 5, § 50. —Hence, adv.: ēlĕganter, with correct choice, tastefully, neatly, finely, gracefully, elegantly: lautiores eleganter accepti, Cic. Att. 13, 52, 2: quiete et pure atque eleganter acta aetas, id. de Sen. 5; cf.: acta vita, Liv. 35, 31: herba foliis rotundis eleganter vestita, Plin. 25, 5, 19, § 43 et saep.—Comp.: psallere et saltare, Sall. C. 24, 2: quid enim facere potuit elegantius ad hominum existimationem? Cic. Div. in Caecil. 17: elegantius aut justius fieri, id. Fam. 3, 8, 2: facturos si, etc., Liv. 37, 1: neminem elegantius loca cepisse, more fitly, judiciously, Liv. 35, 14: causam accurate eleganterque dicere, Cic. Brut. 22, 86; so of speech, id. Fam. 5, 13, 3; id. Tusc. 2, 3; Quint. 6, 3, 102; 8, 2, 21 al.; cf. in the sup., Cic. Brut. 72, 252; Quint. 11, 1, 74.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

ēlĕgāns,¹¹ antis, adj. (eligo), cf. Cic. Nat. 3, 72.
    I [primitt sens péjor.] homme raffiné dans son genre de vie et sa toilette, petit-maître : Cat. d. Gell. 11, 2, 1 ; cf. Non. 465, 11.
    II [sens class.]:
1 [personnes] distingué, de bon goût : qui se elegantes dici volunt Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 98, qui aspirent au titre de gens distingués, gens de goût ; homo elegantissimus Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 126, homme aux goûts délicats, cf. Fam. 7, 23, 1 ; Fin. 2, 23 ; Nep. Att. 13, 5
2 [choses] opus tam elegans Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 126, œuvre d’art si délicate, si exquise ; elegantiora desidero Cic. Fin. 4, 24, je demande des choses qui sortent davantage du commun ; genus hoc scribendi etsi sit elegans, personæ tamen et dignitatis esse negant Cic. Fin. 1, 1, ils déclarent que, pour distinguée qu’elle soit, cette occupation littéraire n’est pas digne de mon rôle et de mon rang ; verborum delectus elegans Cic. Br. 272, choix de mots exquis ; jejunitas... dummodo sit urbana, elegans Cic. Br. 285, la sécheresse du style, pourvu qu’elle soit de bon ton et de bon goût, cf. de Or. 2, 241 ; Off. 1, 104
3 [en part., rhét.] [écrivain ou style] châtié, correct, pur (v. elegantia ) : Cic. Br. 148 ; Or. 30, etc.

Latin > German (Georges)

ēlegāns, antis, Adi. m. Compar. u. Superl. (Nbf. zu eligens v. eligo, s. Cic. de nat. deor. 2, 72), wählerisch, I) im üblen Sinne (vgl. Gell. 11, 2, 1 sqq. Non. 465, 11 sqq.), sumptuosus, cupidus, elegans (ein Zieraffe), Cato de mor. fr. 1 (bei Plaut. trin. 240 Glosse). – II) im guten Sinne, wählerisch, gewählt, sein, a) übh.: α) v. Pers., gewählt, geschmackvoll, nobel, anständig, sein, sein gebildet, ut elegans est, Ter.: el. formarum spectator, Ter.: elegans, non magnificus, Nep.: non parcus solum, sed etiam elegans, Cic.: mulier formosa et elegans, Val. Max.: elegantissimae familiae, Cic.: convivii apparatu elegantem esse, Eutr.: subst., elegantes, seine Leute, Cic. de fin. 2, 23; seine Städter (Ggstz. agrestes), Col. 7, 2, 1. – β) v. Lebl., geschmackvoll, f ein, anständig, schicklich, morbus, Catull.: artes, Cic.: a necessariis artificiis ad elegantiora defluximus, Cic.: quid potest elegantius facere praetor cupidus existimationis bonae? Cic. – b) in bezug auf Darstellung, Gedanken u. Urteil, gewählt, geschmackvoll, sein, fein gebildet richtig (korrekt), logisch richtig, α) v. Pers.: Lysias subtilis atque elegans, Quint.: elegans in dicendo, Cic.: elegans in versibus componendis, Hieron.: homo in omni iudicio elegans, ein Mann von allseitig gebildetem Geschmack, Cic.: elegantissimus poëta, Nep. – subst., elegantes, feine Redner (Ggstz. parci), Cic. Brut. 148. – β) v. Lebl.: lingua, Catull.: comoedia, Quint.: genus orationis, Cic.: quae autem adhuc protulisti popularia sunt, ego autem a te elegantiora (spekulativere Gedanken) desidero, Cic.: quae scripta in hoc genere elegantissima sunt, Quint.: epistula elegantissima, Cic. u. Plin. ep.

Latin > English

elegans (gen.), elegantis ADJ :: elegant, fine, handsome; tasteful; fastidious, critical; discriminating, polite