Ask at the forum if you have an Ancient or Modern Greek query!

licet

Μολὼν λαβέ -> Come and take them
Plutarch, Apophthegmata Laconica 225C12

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

lĭcet: cŭit and cĭtum est, 2 (old form, licessit for licuerit, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 13;
I imp. liceto, Lex ap. Inscr. Grut. 202, 508 al.), v. n. and impers. root lic-; Gr. λιπ->; v. 1. liceo, it is lawful, it is allowed or permitted; one may or can, one is at liberty to do so and so; constr. with neutr. of the demonstr. or rel. pron., with inf. or a subject-clause, with or without a dat., or dat. and inf., with ut or (more freq.) with the simple subj., or entirely absol.
   (a)    With neutr. of the demonstr. or rel. pron. as a subject, with or without a dat.: licere id dicimus, quod legibus, quod more majorum institutisque conceditur. Neque enim quod quisque potest, id ei licet, Cic. Phil. 13, 6, 14: cui facile persuasi, mihi id, quod rogaret, ne licere quidem, non modo non lubere, id. Att. 14, 19, 4: quid deceat vos, non quantum liceat vobis, spectare debetis, id. Rab. Post. 5, 11; cf.: si hominibus tantum licere judicas, quantum possunt: vide, ne, etc., id. Phil. 13, 7, 15: si illud non licet, Saltem hoc licebit, Ter. Eun. 4, 2, 12: neque idem ubique aut licet aut decorum est, Quint. 5, 10, 40: quod in foro non expedit, illic nec liceat, id. 9, 2, 67: sin et poterit Naevius id quod lubet et ei lubebit, quod non licet, quid agendum est? Cic. Quint. 30, 94: nihil, quod per leges liceret, id. Mil. 16, 43: cui tantum de te licuit? Verg. A. 6, 502; Anthol. Lat. 1, 172, 150: cui tantum fata licere In generum voluere tuum, Luc. 9, 1025; cf.: tantumque licere horruit, Sil. 14, 670.—Rarely in plur.: cum in servum omnia liceant, est, etc., Sen. Clem. 1, 18, 2.—
   (b)    With inf. or a subject-clause, with or without a dat.: neque terram inicere, neque cruenta Convestire corpora mihi licuit, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Trag. v. 168 Vahl.): licet nemini contra patriam ducere exercitum, Cic. Phil. 13, 6, 14: ut tibi id facere liceat, id. Rep. 1, 6, 10: M. Catoni licuit Tusculi se in otio delectare, id. ib. 1, 1, 1: sceleris crimine liceat Cn. Pompeio mortuo, liceat multis aliis carere, id. Lig. 6, 18; Sulp. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 5, 3; Cic. Att. 2, 1, 5: quaerere, qui licuerit aedificare navem senatori, id. Verr. 2, 5, 18, § 45: meamet facta mihi dicere licet, Sall. J. 85, 24.—Without a dat.: introire in aedes numquam licitum est, Plaut. Am. 2, 1, 70: impune optare istuc licet, Ter. Hec. 3, 5, 14: modo liceat vivere, id. Heaut. 5, 2, 28: licetne scire ex te? id. Hec. 5, 4, 33: hic subitam rerum commutationem videre licuit, Caes. B. C. 3, 27, 1; 3, 96, 4: si facere omnino non licebit, Cic. Phil. 13, 6, 14: licet ora ipsa cernere iratorum, id. Off. 1, 29, 102; cf. id. Div. 1, 41, 91: licet hoc videre, id. de Or. 3, 25, 99; id. Div. 1, 7, 13; id. Inv. 1, 15, 21; 2, 23, 71; 2, 9, 29: veretur ne non liceat tenere hereditatem, id. Att. 13, 48, 1: licetne extra ordinem in provocantem hostem pugnare? Liv. 23, 47, 1: poscere ut perculsis instare liceat, id. 2, 65, 2. —With inf. pass. (cf. Krebs, Antibarb. p. 660 sq.): intellegi jam licet, nullum fore imperium, Cic. Rep. 1, 38, 60: idque e pontificio jure intellegi licet, id. Tusc. 1, 12, 27; cf.: his cognosci licuit, quantum, etc., Caes. B. C. 3, 28; Cic. Off. 1, 7, 20: evocari ex insula Cyprios non licet, id. Att. 5, 21, 6: in senatu dici nihil liceat, id. ib. 3, 12, 1: coöptari sacerdotem licebat, id. Fam. 3, 10, 9: in eum ordinem coöptari licet, id. Verr. 2, 2, 49, § 120: id primum in poëtis cerni licet, id. de Or. 3, 7, 27; id. Ac. 1, 4, 17.—The noun of the subject-clause is regularly in the acc.: licet me id scire quid sit? Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 14: non licet hominem esse, etc., Ter. Heaut. 4, 1, 53: si licet me latere, id. ib. 4, 2, 5: hocine me miserum non licere meo modo ingenium frui! id. ib. 2, 4, 21; cf.: eodem ut jure uti senem Liceat, id. Hec. prol. alt. 3: non licet me isto tanto bono uti, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 59, § 154: cum non liceret Romae quemquam esse, etc., id. ib. 2, 2, 41, § 100: ex eis locis, in quibus te habere nihil licet, id. ib. 2, 5, 18, § 45: quare licet etiam mortalem esse animum judicantem aeterna moliri, id. Tusc. 1, 38, 91: cur his per te frui libertate sua, cur denique esse liberos non licet? id. Fl. 29, 71 B. and K. (al. liberis;
v. infra).—So with esse: liceat esse miseros, Cic. Lig. 6, 18; cf.: medios esse jam non licebit, id. Att. 10, 8, 4; id. Tusc. 5, 15, 44; 1, 38, 91 Klotz N. cr.; also with fieri: ut eum liceat ante tempus consulem fieri, Auct. Her. 3, 2, 2: ut jam liceat una comprehensione omnia complecti non dubitantemque dicere, etc., Cic. Fin. 5, 9, 26: haec praescripta servantem licet magnifice vivere, id. Off. 1, 26, 92: licet tamen opera prodesse multis, beneficia petentem, etc., id. ib. 2, 19, 67.—So with acc. with a subject-inf., esse or fieri, even when licet is accompanied by the dat.: si civi Romano licet esse Gaditanum, Cic. Balb. 12, 29: potest incidere quaestio, An huic esse procuratorem liceat? Quint. 7, 1, 19: procuratorem tibi esse non licuit, id. 4, 4, 6 Zumpt N. cr.: mihi non licet esse piam, Ov. H. 14, 64: is erat annus, quo per leges ei consulem fieri liceret Caes. B. C. 3, 1 Oud. N. cr.—But more freq., in this case, there is an attraction of the predicate-noun to the dative dependent on licet.—Hence,
   (g)    Licet alicui with inf., esp. with esse: per hanc tibi cenam incenato esse hodie licet, Plaut. Stich. 4, 2, 31: per hanc curam quieto tibi licet esse, id. Ep. 3, 2, 2: licuit esse otioso Themistocli, Cic. Tusc. 1, 15, 33; cf.: ut tibi abesse liceat, et esse otioso, id. Att. 9, 2, A, 1: quare judici mihi non esse liceat, id. Rab. Post. 7, 17: ut iis ingratis esse non liceat, id. Off. 2, 18, 63: quo in genere mihi neglegenti esse non licet, id. Att. 1, 17, 6: cur iis per te frui libertate sua, cur denique esse liberis non licet? id. Fl. 29, 71 (B. and K. liberos;
v. supra): quibus otiosis ne in communi quidem otio liceat esse, id. Cael. 1, 1: quibus licet jam esse fortunatissimis, Caes. B. G. 6, 35, 8: illis timidis et ignavis licet esse, Liv. 21, 44, 3.—With other verbs than esse: ut sibi per te liceat innocenti vitam in egestate degere, Cic. Rosc. Am. 49, 144: cum postulasset ... ut sibi triumphanti urbem invehi liceret, Liv. 38, 44 fin.— Very rarely, in this construction, the dative with licet is wanting, and is to be supplied from the connection: atqui licet esse beatis (sc. iis), Hor. S. 1, 1, 19: licet eminus esse Fortibus, Ov. M. 8, 405: Hannibal precatur deos ut incolumi cedere atque abire liceat, Liv. 26, 41, 16: sibi vitam filiae suā cariorem fuisse, si liberae ac pudicae vivere licitum fuisset, id. 3, 50, 6. Cf. on this and the preced. construction, Krüger, Untersuchungen, vol. iii. p. 359 sq.; Ruddim. 2, p. 15; Zumpt, Gram. § 601; Madv. Gram. § 393, c. and obs. 1.—
   (d)    With ut, and more freq. with the simple subj.: neque jam mihi licet neque est integrum, ut, etc., Cic. Mur. 4, 8: facto nunc laedat licet, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 53: mea quidem causa salvos sis licet, id. Rud. 1, 2, 51: ludas licet, Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 33: fremant omnes licet, Cic. de Or. 1, 44, 195: sed omnia licet concurrant, id. Att. 14, 4, 2: ex qua licet pauca degustes, id. ib. 1, 16, 8: vel ipsi hoc dicas licet, id. ib. 5, 1, 4: quamvis licet insectemur istos, metuo ne soli philosophi sint, id. Tusc. 4, 24, 53; cf. id. Leg. 3, 10, 24; id. N. D. 3, 36, 88: sequatur Hermagoram licebit, id. Inv. 1, 51, 97; id. Rosc. Am. 17, 49: sis pecore et multa dives tellure licebit, Hor. Epod. 15, 19: detrahat auctori multum fortuna licebit, Ov. Tr. 5, 14, 3; Verg. A. 6, 400. Cf. also under II. a.—(ε) As a v. impers. absol., with or without dat.: immo, aliis si licet, tibi non licet, Ter. Heaut. 4, 15, 49: cum licitum est ei, id. And. 2, 6, 12: nec crederem mihi impunius Licere, id. Heaut. 3, 2, 50: quod profecto faciam, si mihi per ejusdem amicitiam licebit, Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 3: Ph. Sed quaeso, hominem ut jubeas arcessi. He. Licet, that may be or may be done, I have no objection, Plaut. Capt. 5, 1, 29: si per vos licet, id. As. prol. 12: id quod postea, si per vos, judices, licitum erit, aperietur, Cic. Rosc. Am. 44, 127: dum per aetatem licet, Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 28: fruare, dum licet, id. Heaut. 2, 3, 104; cf.: dum licet, loquimini mecum, id. Phorm. 3, 3, 16: sic ut quimus, aiunt, quando, ut volumus, non licet, id. And. 4, 5, 10: ut id, quoad posset, quod fas esset, quoad liceret, populi ad partes daret, Cic. Agr. 2, 7, 19.
II Transf. When licet introduces a subordinate proposition, which makes a concession, without abandoning the main proposition, it is used as a conjunction corresponding to quamvis, quamquam, etsi. In late Latin it is, like these, connected with the indicative, and in the class. per. it is not unfreq. opposed to tamen and certe in the main proposition; even if, although, notwithstanding.
   A With subj. (class.): quoniam quidem semel suscepi, licet hercules undique omnes mihi minae et terrores periculaque impendeant omnia, succurram atque subibo, Cic. Rosc. Am. 11, 31: improbitas, licet adversario molesta sit, judici invisa est, Quint. 6, 4, 15: in comoedia maxime claudamus: licet Varro Musas Plautino dicat sermone locuturas fuisse, si Latine loqui vellent; licet, etc., id. 10, 1, 99: vita brevis est, licet supra mille annos exeat, Sen. Brev. Vit. 6: licet ingens janitor ... exsanguis terreat umbras, Verg. A. 6, 400. —With part. for subj.: isque, licet caeli regione remotos, mente deos adiit, Ov. M. 15, 62.—With a corresp. tamen: licet laudem Fortunam, tamen, ut ne Salutem culpem, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 28: licet saepius tibi hujus generis litteras mittam ... sed tamen, etc., Cic. Fam. 13, 27, 1: licet tibi significarim, ut ad me venires, tamen, etc., id. Att. 3, 12, 3; Quint. 2, 2, 8; 8, 3, 69: licet ergo non sint confirmati testamento, a me tamen, ut confirmati, observabuntur, Plin. Ep. 2, 16, 3; Quint. 7 praef. § 2: constet illi licet fides et benevolentia, tranquillitas tamen, etc., Sen. Tranq. Anim. 7, 6.—With ellips. of subj.: immatura licet, tamen huc non noxia veni (sc. venias), Prop. 5, 11, 17.—With a corresp. certe: licet enim haec quivis arbitratu suo reprehendat ... certe levior reprehensio est, Cic. Ac. 2, 32, 102.—
   B With indic. (post-class.): licet inter gesta et facta videtur quaedam esse subtilis differentia, attamen, etc., Dig. 50, 16, 58; 2, 15, 8, § 25: licet directae libertates deficiunt, attamen, etc., ib. 29, 7, 2: obduxi licet arma, sum Priapus, Poëta ap. Anth. Lat. 5, 218; Macr. S. 1, 11; App. M. 2, p. 117, 25.—
   C As an adv. with adj. or part., although (post-class.): licet contumacissimum, tamen efficacissimum, etc., Sen. Cons. ad Marc. 8, 1: miles, licet membris vigentibus firmus, se solum circumspicit, Amm. 14, 10, 12; 17, 12, 11; Claud. Mam. Paneg. Max. 1.—Hence,
   1    lĭcens, entis, P. a., free, unrestrained, uncurbed, bold, forward, presumptuous, licentious.
   A Of persons (only poet. and in post-class. prose): quam audaces et quam licentes sumus qui, etc., Gell. 15, 9, 4: unde licens Fabius sacra Lupercus habet, Prop. 4, 1, 26: turba licens, Naides improbae, Sen. Hippol. 777.—
   B Of inanim. and abstr. things (once in Cic.; elsewh. only poet. and in post-Aug. prose): licentior dithyrambus, Cic. de Or. 3, 48, 185: hic tibi multa licet sermone licentia tecto Dicere, Ov. A. A. 1, 569: joci, Stat. S. 1, 6, 93: licentior epistula, Plin. N. H. prooem. § 1: imperium, Val. Max. 6, 4, 2: vita, id. 9, 1, 3. —Hence, adv.: lĭcenter, freely, according to one's own pleasure or fancy; and, in a bad sense, without restraint, boldly, impudently, licentiously (class.): at quam licenter! Cic. N. D. 1, 39, 109: ut ingredi libere, non ut licenter videatur errare, id. Or. 23, 77: Graeci licenter multa, Quint. 1, 8, 6: aliquid facere, Liv. 26, 10.—Comp.: (servos) licentius, liberius, familiarius cum domina vivere, Cic. Cael. 23, 57: Romanos, remoto metu, laxius licentiusque futuros, more remiss in their discipline, Sall. J. 87 fin.: gerere res communes, id. ib. 108: ausi aliquid, Quint. 2, 4, 14: si quid licentius dixerint, id. 1, 2, 7: translata, id. 8, 3, 37; 12, 10, 50: Liberum et Cererem pro vino et pane licentius, quam ut fori severitas ferat, id. 8, 6, 24; Tac. A. 6, 13.—
   2    lĭcĭtus, a, um, P. a., permitted, allowed, allowable, lawful (poet. and post-Aug. for permissus, honestus): sermo, Verg. A. 8, 468: torus, Petr. 34, 8: acies, Stat. Th. 11, 123: negotiatio, Dig. 37, 14, 2: contractus, ib. 50, 14, 3.—In plur. as subst.: lĭcĭta, ōrum, n., things that are lawful: ipse per licita atque illicita foedatus, Tac. A. 15, 37.—Hence, adv., in two forms: lĭcĭtē and lĭcĭtō, rightfully, lawfully (post-class. for juste, honeste, legitime).—Form licite, Dig. 30, 114, § 5.— Form licito, Sol. 11, 8; Cod. Th. 11, 8, 3.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) lĭcĕt,⁵ cŭit et cĭtum est, ēre, intr. et impers.
    I intr., être permis [avec pron. n. pour sujet] : non idem licet mihi, quod iis qui... Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 188, je n’ai pas les mêmes prérogatives que ceux qui..., cf. [défin. du mot] Cic. Phil. 13, 14 ; nihil, quod per leges liceret Cic. Mil. 43, rien qui fût permis par les lois || [pl. rare : cum in servum omnia liceant Sen. Clem. 1, 18, 2, quoique tout soit permis envers un esclave.
    II impers., il est permis :
1 si per te licebit Cic. Phil. 2, 51, si tu le permets ; si per vos licitum erit Cic. Amer. 127, si vous le permettez ; [fut. d. st. ind.] liciturum esset Cic. Att. 2, 1, 5 || quoad licet Cic. Agr. 2, 17, tant que cela est permis
2 avec inf. : videre licuit Cæs. C. 3, 27, 1, on aurait pu voir ; stultitiam accusare quamvis copiose licet Cic. Tusc. 3, 73, on peut accuser autant qu’on voudra la sottise ; [inf. passif] intellegi jam licet Cic. Rep. 1, 60, on peut comprendre dès lors, cf. Cic. Or. 202 ; Cæs. C. 3, 28, 4 || licet nemini contra patriam ducere exercitum Cic. Phil. 13, 14, personne n’a le droit de conduire une armée contre sa patrie ; licuit esse otioso Themistocli Cic. Tusc. 1, 33, Thémistocle eût pu jouir du repos ; si civi Romano licet esse Gaditanum Cic. Balbo 29, si un citoyen romain peut être citoyen de Gadès || [avec prop. inf.] : loci in quibus te habere nihil licet Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 46, lieux, où tu ne peux rien avoir, cf. Verr. 2, 5, 84 ; 5, 154, etc. ; licet etiam mortalem esse animum judicantem æterna moliri Cic. Tusc. 1, 91, il est permis à qqn même qui croit l’âme mortelle de méditer l’éternité, cf. Cic. Off. 1, 92 ; Tusc. 5, 44 || [avec inf. pass.] totum illud concludi sic licet Cic. Fin. 2, 104, on peut conclure tout cela par ce raisonnement, cf. Cic. Tusc. 1, 27 ; Off. 1, 20 ; Div. 2, 34 || [av. subj.] : Pl. Capt. 303 ; Rud. 139 ; Ter. Phorm. 347 ; licet dicat... Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 133, il peut dire..., cf. Att. 1, 16, 8 ; 5, 1, 4 ; studium deponat licebit Cic. Amer. 49, il lui sera loisible de renoncer à ses goûts, cf. Pis. 87 || avec ut [bas-latin]. arch. licessit = licuerit Pl. As. 603 ; impér. liceto CIL 1, 582, 12, etc.
(2) lĭcĕt,⁸ employé comme conj. avec subj., bien que, encore que : Cic. Att. 3, 12, 3 ; Tusc. 1, 55, etc. || quamvis licet insectemur, Cic. Tusc. 4, 54, nous pouvons bien attaquer tant que nous voudrons... pourtant..., cf. Cic. Leg. 3, 24 || devant des adj. ou des adv. : Sen. Marc. 8, 1 ; Prop., Ov. || avec indic. [décad.].

Latin > German (Georges)

licet, licuit u. licitum est, ēre, v. intr. u. impers. I) es ist erlaubt, vergönnt, steht frei, ich od. man kann, -darf, -mag u. dgl., mit Dat. pers. od. absol., α) m. Infin. als Subj., licet rogare? darf ich? Cic.: licet intellegi, man kann einsehen, Cic.: licet mirari, cernere, man mag (= man muß) bewundern usw., Cic. – m. Acc. u. Infin., non licet hominem esse etc., daß der Mensch usw., Ter.: nos frui liceret, Cic. – bei esse oft der Dat. des Prädik., Themistocli licuit esse otioso, Cic.: der Acc. des Prädik., civi Romano licet esse Gaditanum, Cic.: wie bei fieri, zB. fieri consulem, Caes., u. bei vivere der Dat., si ei (Virginiae) liberae vivere licitum fuisset, Liv.: ebenso quod ei liciturum esset plebeio rem publicam perdere... patriciis esset licitum, Cic. – β) mit Neutr. eines Adjektivs od. Pronomens als Subjekt, quid liceat, Cic.: omnia liceant, Sen.: cui tantum de te licuit? wer durfte solches dir tun? Verg. – γ) mit folg. Coniunctiv, fremant omnes licet, Cic.: amet licet, Ov.: sequatur licebit, er mag usw., Cic.: sis ignota licebit, du magst unbekannt bleiben, Prop. – δ) als v. impers., mit od. ohne Dat., aliis si licet, tibi non licet, Ter.: licetne? ist's erlaubt? Komik. (s. Brix Plaut. mil. 501. Wagner Ter. heaut. 973): licetne pauca? ist's erlaubt, ein paar Worte vorzubringen? Ter.: als Antwort, licet, meinetwegen, Plaut. – mit per u. Akk. der Person od. Sache, vor der etwas erlaubt ist, si mihi per eiusdem amicitiam licebit, Cic. ep.: per me licet, meinetwegen, Cic.: per leges liceret, Cic. – II) übtr., als einen Nebensatz einleitender konzessiver Ausdruck (dah. fälschlich als bloße Konjunktion betrachtet) = mag es auch sein, daß usw.; zugegeben, daß usw.; mag immerhin = wenngleich, ungeachtet, mit dem Coniunctiv, omnia licet concurrant, Cic.: licet tibi significarim, tamen etc., Cic. – verb. quamvis licet, mag immerhin noch so sehr, quamvis licet insectemur istos; metuo ne soli philosophi sint, Cic. Vgl. Kühner Cic. Tusc. 4, 53. p. 395, b (ed. 5). Gernh. Cic. de amic. 73. p. 152. – m. dem Indicat., licet imperator rescripsit, ICt. – bei Dichtern auch ohne Verbum, huic licet ingratae Tityrus ipse canam, Prop.: isque, licet caeli regione remotos, mente deos adiit, Ov. – Vgl. E. B. Lease Zur Konstruktion von licet in Wölfflins Archiv 11, 9 ff. – / Archaist. licessit = licuerit, Plaut. asin. 603. – Imperat. liceto, Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 197. lin. 12; 1, 198. lin. 87; 1, 200. lin. 26. 29. 41. 58; 1, 202. col. 1. lin. 4 u. 6 u.a. Lex Falcid. bei Paul. dig. 35, 2, 1 u.a. (s. Neue-Wagener Formenl.3 3, 663 u. Georges Lexik. der lat. Wortf. s. 389).

Latin > English

licet CONJ :: although, granted that; (with subjunctive)
licet licet V IMPERS :: it is permitted, one may; it is all right, lawful, allowed, permitted