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supercilium

Ἓν οἶδα, ὅτι οὐδὲν οἶδα –> I know only one thing, that I know nothing | all I know is that I know nothing.
Diogenes Laertius, Lives of the Philosophers, Book 2 sec. 32.

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

sŭper-cĭlĭum: ii, n. super and root kal-; Gr. καλύπτω;> Lat. celāre, to hide, cover; cf. Gr. κύλον, ἐπικύλιον,> eyelid; cf. also, Ang.-Sax. hlid; Engl. lid; Germ. Augenlid:
I cilium est folliculus, quo oculus tegitur, unde fit supercilium, Fest. p. 43 Müll.; Plin. 11, 37, 57, § 157.
I Lit., the eye-brow (good prose; more freq. in the plur.).
   (a)    Plur.: ex superciliorum aut remissione aut contractione facile judicabimus, etc., Cic. Off. 1, 41, 146: supercilia abrasa, id. Rosc. Com. 7, 20: superiora superciliis obducta sudorem a capite defluentem depellunt, id. N. D. 2, 57, 143: nec sedeo duris torva superciliis, Ov. H. 16 (17), 16: constricta, Quint. 1, 11, 10: torta, Plaut. Rud. 2, 2, 12: conjuncta, Suet. Aug. 79: usque ad malarum scripturam currentia, Petr. 126; Plin. 11, 37, 51, § 138: balenae, id. 9, 62, 88, § 186; Quint. 11, 3, 78; 11, 3, 79; 11, 3, 160: mulieres potissimum supercilia sua attribuerunt ei deae (Junoni Lucinae), Varr. L. L. 5, § 69 Müll.; cf. Fest. p. 305 ib.—
   (b)    Sing.: altero ad frontem sublato, altero ad mentum depresso supercilio, Cic. Pis. 6, 14: triste, Lucr. 6, 1184: altero erecto, altero composito supercilio, Quint. 11, 3, 74: quo supercilio spicit, Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 100: hirsutum, Verg. E. 8, 34; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 94; Ov. A. A. 3, 201; Juv. 2, 93 al.: supercilium salit (as a favorable omen), Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 105.—
   B Transf., the prominent part of a thing, the brow, ridge, summit (not ante-Aug.): clivosi tramitis, Verg. G. 1, 108: tumuli, Liv. 34, 29, 11: infimo stare supercilio, at the bottom of the projection, id. 27, 18, 10; cf. Stat. Th. 6, 63: supercilium quoddam excelsum nacti, Auct. B. Afr. 58, 1; Plin. 6, 5, 5, § 17.—In archit., a projecting moulding over the scotia of a column or cornice, Vitr. 3, 3 med.; a threshold, id. 4, 6, 5.—Of the coast of the sea: supercilia ejus sinistra, Amm. 22, 8, 8; the shore of a river: Nili, id. 14, 8, 5: Rheni, id. 14, 10, 6: fluminis, id. 17, 9, 1: amnis, App. M. 5, p. 169, 34.—
II Trop.
   A The nod, the will: cuncta supercilio movens, Hor. C. 3, 1, 8; Claud. Ep. ad Ser. 2, 58.—
   B Pride, haughtiness, arrogance, sternness, superciliousness (class.; mostly sing.): supercilium ac regius spiritus, Cic. Agr. 2, 34, 93; id. Sest. 8, 19; id. Red. in Sen. 7, 14; Sen. Ben. 2, 4, 1; Juv. 6, 169; 5, 62: triste Catonis, Mart. 11, 2, 1: pone supercilium, id. 1, 5, 2: supercilii matrona severi, Ov. Tr. 2, 309; cf.: contegere libidines fronte et supercilio, non pudore et temperantiā, Cic. Prov. Cons. 4, 8.

Latin > French (Gaffiot 2016)

sŭpercĭlĭum,¹⁰ ĭī, n.,
1 sourcil : a) sing., Cic. Pis. 14 ; Quint. 11, 3, 74 ; Lucr. 6, 1184 ; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 94 ; b) pl., superciliorum remissio aut contractio Cic. Off. 1, 146, le mouvement de détente ou de froncement des sourcils, cf. Cic. Com. 20 ; Nat. 2, 143 ; Quint. 1, 11, 10, etc.; c) [fig.] partie saillante, saillie proéminence, sommet : Virg. G. 1, 108 ; Liv. 34, 29, 11 || hauteur, crête : Liv. 27, 18, 10 ; Plin. 6, 17
2 [fig.] fierté, orgueil, morgue, arrogance : Cic. Agr. 2, 93 ; Sen. 14 ; Sest. 19 ; Sen. Ben. 2, 4, 1 || sévérité, air sourcilleux : Mart. 1, 5, 2 ; 11, 2, 1, cf. Cic. Prov. 8.

Latin > German (Georges)

supercilium, iī, n., die Augenbraue, Plur. (u. oft Sing. kollektiv) die Augenbrauen, I) eig. u. meton.: A) eig.: α) Sing.: hirsutum supercilium promissaque barba, Verg.: supercilii subducti carptores, Laev. fr.: quod candidum splenium in hoc aut in illud supercilium transferebat, Plin. ep.: altero ad frontem sublato, altero ad mentum depresso supercilio, Cic.: altero erecto, altero composito supercilio, Quint.: fere id in capillo fit, rarius in barba, aliquando etiam in supercilio, Cels.: quo supercilio spicit? Plaut.: deme supercilio nubem, Hor.: supercilium salit, als günstiges Omen, Plaut. Pseud. 107. – β) Plur.: superciliorum aut remissio aut contractio, Cic.: grandia supercilia, Varro fr.: hirsuta supercilia, Non.: supercilia constricta, dissidentia, Quint.: supercilia subducta, Turpil. com. u. Varro fr.: capite et superciliis semper esse rasis, Cic.: caput et supercilia illa penitus abrasa malitiam olere videntur, Cic.: ira contractis superciliis, tristitia deductis, hilaritas remissis ostenditur, Quint.: primum superiora, superciliis obducta, sudorem a capite et a fronte defluentem repellunt, die oben liegenden Teile, die mit Bramen umgeben sind, Cic.: nares oculique et palpebrae et supercilia aliquave ex his pervertuntur, Cels.: quem dicere nolo nomine, ne tollat rubra supercilia, daß er nicht die vor Zorn roten A. erhebe = daß er nicht zornig werde, Catull.: supercilia attrahere od. subducere, wir »die Stirn falten, eine ernste Miene annehmen«, Sen. – B) meton.: a) finstere Augenbrauen = das finstere Wesen, der finstere, strenge Ernst, der finstere Stolz, supercilii severi matrona, Ov.: triste supercilium durique severa Catonis frons, Mart.: censorium supercilium, Sen. rhet. u. Val. Max.: maritale superc., Val. Max.: gravissimum patris superc., Val. Max.: grande sup., wichtige Miene, Iuven.: lateant libidines illae tenebricosae, quas fronte et supercilio, non pudore et temperantiā contegebat, Cic.: quid ego de supercilio dicam, quod tum hominibus non supercilium (finsterer Stolz), sed pignus rei publicae videbatur? Cic.: numquam principibus defuerunt, qui fronte tristi et gravi supercilio utilitati fisci contumaciter adessent, Plin. pan.: terrarum dominûm pone supercilium, Mart. – b) Hochmut, Stolz, Vornehmtuerei, affinium grave supercilium, lästiger H., Val. Max.: hunc Capuae Campano supercilio ac regio spiritu (Übermut) cum videremus, Cic.: ut plerique sunt, qui beneficia asperitate verborum et supercilio in odium adducunt, Sen.: pone profecto supercilium, quo nunc mihi deditionem imperas, Vopisc.: ad ardua imperii supercilia etiam acerbitatem naturae adiungi, daß zum übermütigen Bewußtsein der Regentengewalt noch grausame Gemütsart hinzukomme, Amm.: divitiis demere supercilium, dem R. seinen Hochmut benehmen, Sen. – c) der Wink, Hor. carm. 3, 1, 8. Claud. ep. ad Ser. 2, 58. Arnob. 4, 21 in. – II) übtr.: a) (wie ὀφρύς) der Vorsprung, die Anhöhe, Höhe, Spitze, supercilium clivosi tramitis, Verg.: tumuli, Liv.: supercilium quoddam excelsum nacti, Auct. b. Afr.: infimo stans supercilio, am Fuße der Anhöhe, Liv. – u. der Rand, das Gestade, das Ufer eines Flusses supercilium amnis, Apul.: supercilia Nili, fluminis Rheni, Amm., riparum fluminalium, Amm. – das Gestade, die Küste des Meeres, supercilia eius sinistra, Amm. 22, 8. § 8. – u. poet. – der Gipfel des Scheiterhaufens, molle superc., Stat. Theb. 6, 63. – b) als t.t. der Baukunst: α) der Vorsprung der Säule usw., der überragende Rand, der Überschlag, Vitr. 3, 5, 3 (3, 3, 8). – β) die Oberschwelle der Türen, crassitudo supercilii, Vitr. 4, 6, 2: itinerum supercilia, die Überwölbungen der Gänge, Vitr. 4, 6, 5 (4, 7, 2).

Latin > English

supercilium supercili(i) N N :: eyebrow; frown; arrogance

Translations

Afrikaans: wenkbrou; Albanian: vetull; Arabic: حَاجِب‎; Egyptian Arabic: حاجب‎; Aragonese: cella, zella; Armenian: ունք, հոնք; Aromanian: sprindzeanã, sufrãmtseauã, dzeanã; Assamese: চেলাউৰি; Asturian: ceya; Azerbaijani: qaş; Bakhtiari: برگ‎; Baluchi: بروان‎; Bashkir: ҡаш; Basque: bekain; Bau Bidayuh: koning; Belarusian: брыво́; Bengali: ভুরু; Bikol Central: kiray; Bulgarian: ве́жда; Burmese: မျက်ခုံး; Catalan: cella; Cebuano: kilay; Central Dusun: kudou; Central Melanau: likau; Chinese Cantonese: 眼眉, 眼眉毛; Mandarin: 眉毛, 眼眉; Chuvash: куҫ; Classical Nahuatl: īxcuahmōlli; Coptic: ⲙⲉϫⲉⲛϩ; Cornish: abrans; Corsican: sopracigliu; Crimean Tatar: qaş; Czech: obočí; Dalmatian: čeja; Danish: øjenbryn; Dhivehi: އައިބްރޯ‎; Dupaningan Agta: kiray; Dutch: wenkbrauw; Elfdalian: ogenbråin; Esperanto: brovo; Estonian: kulmud; Faroese: eygnabrún, eygnabrúgv; Finnish: silmäkulma, kulma, kulmakarvat; French: sourcil; Friulian: cee, sorecee; Galician: sobrecella; Georgian: წარბი; German: Braue, Augenbraue; Alemannic German: Augbraame; Greek: φρύδι; Ancient Greek: ὀφρύς; Greenlandic: qallu; Guaraní: tyvyta; Hebrew: גַּבָּה‎; Hindi: अब्रू, भव; Hungarian: szemöldök; Icelandic: augabrún; Ido: brovo; Indonesian: alis; Inuktitut: ᖃᓪᓗ; Iranun: kirai; Irish: mala, fabhra; Italian: sopracciglio; Japanese: まゆ, 眉, まゆ毛, 眉毛; Kalmyk: күмсг; Kazakh: қас; Khmer: ចិញ្ចើម; Kimaragang: kudou; Korean: 눈썹; Kurdish Central Kurdish: بِرۆ‎; Northern Kurdish: birû; Kyrgyz: каш; Lao: ຄິ້ວ; Latgalian: izacs; Latin: supercilium; Latvian: uzacs; Lezgi: рацӏан; Lithuanian: antakis; Lotud: kudou, kiar; Luxembourgish: Aperhoer; Macedonian: веѓа; Malay: kening, bulu kening, alis, kirai; Maltese: ħaġeb; Manchu: ᡶᠠᡳᡨᠠᠨ; Manx: mollee; Maori: pewa; Mazanderani: بلفه‎; Meriam: iraw; Mongolian: хөмсөг; Navajo: anátʼéézh, anátsʼiin; Nepali: आँखीभौं; Ngazidja Comorian: nɗazi; Norman: soucile; Norwegian Bokmål: øyebryn, øyenbryn; Nynorsk: augebryn, augnebryn, augebrun, augnebrun; Occitan: ussa; Old Church Slavonic Cyrillic: брꙑ; Old English: oferbrū; Ossetian: ӕрфуг, ӕрфыг; Ottoman Turkish: ابرو‎, حاجب‎, قاش‎; Pashto: وروځه‎; Persian: ابرو‎, برو‎; Polish: brew; Portuguese: sobrancelha; Romanian: sprânceană, arcadă; Romansch: survantscheglia; Rungus: sambakon; Russian: бровь; Sabah Bisaya: kirai; Sami Inari: čalmekulme; Northern: gulbmi, gulbmeguolga; Skolt: čâʹlmmkuʹlmm; Southern: haermie; Sardinian: chíciu, cígiu; Scottish Gaelic: mala; Sebop: likau; Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: обрва, веђа; Roman: obrva, veđa; Sicilian: supraccigghiu; Slovak: obočie; Slovene: obrv; Sorbian Lower Sorbian: wobwóco, wobwócyjo; Upper Sorbian: brjowka; Southern Altai: каш; Spanish: ceja; Swedish: ögonbryn; Tagal Murut: kurou; Tagalog: kilay; Tajik: абрӯ; Tamil: புருவம்; Tatar: каш; Telugu: కనుబొమ; Thai: ภมุ, คิ้ว; Tibetan: མིག་སྤུ; Timugon Murut: ruru; Tiwi: alangarrika, alangurrupwanga; Tocharian A: pärwāṃ; Tocharian B: pärwāne; Tok Pisin: gras bilong ai; Turkish: kaş; Turkmen: gaaş; Tuvan: хавак кирбии; Ukrainian: бро́ва; Urdu: ابرو‎; Uyghur: قاش‎; Uzbek: qosh; Vietnamese: lông mày; Volapük: logabob; Waray-Waray: kiray; Welsh: ael, aeliau; West Coast Bajau: kirei; West Frisian: eachbrau, winkbrau, wynbrau; White Winnebago: ceexahį; Yakut: хаас; Yiddish: ברעם‎; Zazaki: birwe; Zhuang: bwnda