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ambo

Φιλοκαλοῦμέν τε γὰρ μετ' εὐτελείας καὶ φιλοσοφοῦμεν ἄνευ μαλακίας -> Our love of what is beautiful does not lead to extravagance; our love of the things of the mind does not makes us soft.
Τhucydides, 2.40.1

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

ambō̆: bae, bo,
I num. (nom. plur. ambo for ambae, Plaut. Merc. 2, 1, 7; acc. plur. orig. ambo, analog. to the Gr. ἄμφω, but from the adj. use of the word ambos arose; acc. ambo is found in Plaut. Am. 1, 2, 8; 5, 1, 67; id. As. 3, 3, 121; id. Curc. 5, 3, 14; id. Cist. 2, 1, 49; id. Ep. 2, 2, 19; id. Bacch. 4, 8, 19; 5, 2, 69; id. Most. 3, 2, 140; id. Rud. 3, 5, 7; Afran. ap. Charis. p. 96 P.; Cic. (who never uses ambos) Fam. 5, 8; 9, 13; Caes. (who never uses ambos) B. C. 1, 48; Verg. (who never uses ambos) E. 6, 18; id. G. 4, 88; id. A. 12, 342; Hor. (who never uses ambos) S. 2, 3, 180; 2, 7, 62; Liv. 3, 62; 7, 19; 26, 7; 26, 26; 27, 27; 30, 14; 35, 22; 38, 53; 40, 46; 41, 18; 45, 19; Mart. 7, 40; Sil. 4, 175; 17, 427 al.; ambos is found in Afran. Com. Rel. p. 194 Rib. bis; Plaut. Bacch. 5, 1, 29; id. Ps. 1, 3, 21; Ter. (who never uses ambo) Eun. 5, 8, 39; id. Heaut. 4, 3, 33; 5, 2, 42; id. Ad. 1, 2, 51; 5, 9, 5; Prop. 3, 13, 18; Liv. 2, 10, 6; 22, 34, 10; Sall. (who never uses ambo) J. 21, 4; id. Fragm. 4, 19, 5 Kritz; Ov. (who never uses ambo) H. 10, 51; Tac. (who never uses ambo) A. 13, 54; Vulg. Tob. 3, 25; ib. Eph. 2, 16; cf. Charis. p. 95; Prisc. p. 744 P.; Rudd. I. p. 57; Kühn. ad Cic. Tusc. 1, 46, 110; Neue, Formenl. II. p. 145 sqq.) [[[ἄμφω]], ἀμφότεροι, Paul. ex Fest. p. 4 Müll.; kindr. with Sanscr. ubhāu, dual nom. = ambo; Zend. uba; Slav. oba; Lith. abù; Goth. bai, bajōths; Germ. beide; Engl. both, both (of two objects whose duality is assumed as already known; when not already known, they are designated by duo. The difference between ambo and uterque is thus given by Charis. p. 49 P.: Ambo non est dicendum, nisi de his, qui uno tempore quid faciunt, utpote reges Eteocles et Polynices ambo perierunt quasi unā; Romulus autem et Africanus non ambo triumphārunt, sed uterque; quia diverso tempore).
I Of objects naturally in pairs, as the parts of the body, both: manusque ambas, Verg. A. 6, 496; 10, 868: ambas palmas, id. ib. 5, 425; 10, 844: tinnient ambae aures ejus, Vulg. 1 Reg. 3, 11; ib. 4 Reg. 21, 12: circum unum ambove genua, Plin. 28, 6, 17, § 59 (but even here we find duo: sumes duos renes (vituli) et adipem, Vulg. Exod. 29, 13; 29, 22: duas manus, ib. Matt. 18, 8 bis; 18, 9: duae palmae manuum ejus, ib. 1 Reg. 5, 4: duorum luminum, of both eyes, ib. Jud. 16, 28; so Shaksp., her two eyes, Love's Lab. Lost, iv. 3; Haml. i. 4).—So of other things: Tristior illā Terra sub ambobus non jacet ulla polis, Ov. P. 2, 7, 64: Atridas Priamumque, et saevum ambobus Achillen, angry with both parties, id. ib. 1, 458.—
II In gen., of two objects and no more, the two, both: QVOM. PERORANT. AMBO. PRAESENTES. (i.e. actor et reus), Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 17, 2, 10: consules, alter ambove, si eis videretur, Cic. Phil. 5, 19, 53: ambo accusandi estis, Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 67: jam hisce ambo, et servos et era, frustra sunt duo, Plaut. Am. 3, 3, 19: erroris ambo complebo, id. ib. 1, 2, 8: emit hosce ambos, id. Capt. prol. 34: ut eos ambos fallam, Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 33; so Vulg. Tob. 3, 25: hic, qui utrumque probat, ambobus debuit uti, Cic. Fin. 2, 7, 20: una salus ambobus erit, Verg. A. 2, 710: plebiscitis cautum, ne quis duos magistratus uno anno gereret, utique liceret consules ambos plebeios creari, Liv. 7, 42: Caesar atque Pompeius diversa sibi ambo consilia capiunt ... eodemque die uterque eorum ex castris exercitum educunt, Caes. B. C. 3, 30: amborum verba, Tac. A. 3, 35: civitate Romanā ambos donavit, id. ib. 13, 54: ambo occisi, Suet. Aug. 11: errant autem ambo senes, Vulg. Gen. 18, 11; ib. Matt. 15, 14: applicuit ambos ad eum, ib. Gen. 48, 13; ib. Eph. 2, 16.—
III Poet. = duo: partīs ubi se via findit in ambas, into two, Verg. A. 6, 540.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) ambō,⁸ æ, ō (grec ἄμφω), deux en même temps, tous deux ensemble, les deux [on dit « Eteocles et Polynices ambo perierunt», Étéocle et Polynice périrent tous deux ensemble ; mais on ne dit pas « Romulus et Africanus ambo triumphaverunt», on dit uterque Romulus et l’Africain remportèrent tous deux (chacun de leur côté) le triomphe : Char. 55, 26 ] : duæ res quæ ambæ in consulatu multum Murenæ profuerunt Cic. Mur. 37, deux choses qui pour l’élection au consulat ont été toutes deux fort utiles à Muréna ; quorum extant amborum orationes Cic. Br. 94, il nous reste des discours de tous deux ; hoc unum esse tempus de pace agendi, dum sibi uterque confideret et pares ambo viderentur Cæs. C. 3, 10, 7, c’est par excellence le moment de traiter de la paix, pendant que chacun d’eux a confiance en soi et que tous deux apparaissent égaux en forces.
(2) ambō, ōnis, m. (ἄμβων) = umbo : Varro L. 5, 115 ; Cassiod. Hist. eccl. 10, 4.

Latin > German (Georges)

(1) ambō1, ae, ō (ἄμφω), beide (zusammen od. zu gleicher Zeit handelnd, während uterque = »beide« in Zeit und Ort vereinzelt), oculi vel ambo vel singuli, Cels.: frequentius singulis, ambobus interdum propitius Caesarem precabantur, Plin. ep.: alter ambove consules, Cic. (s. alterno. I, B, 1): aut ambo imperatores Romani... aut alter ex iis, Liv.: verum utrique mos geratur amborum ex sententia, Plaut.: qui utramvis recte norit, ambas noverit, Ter.: hic qui utrumque probat, ambobus debuit uti, Cic.: duae res vehementissime in praetura desideratae sunt, quae ambae in consulatu multum Murenae profuerunt: una... altera... Horum utrumque ei fortuna ad consulatus petitionem reservavit, Cic. Muren. 37. – subst., ambae, ārum, f. (sc. manus), beide Hände, rex ambas ultra fossam protendere coepit, Enn. ann. 555. – / ambo als alter Dual gew. im Akk. ambo, seltener (bei Cic. nie) ambos, s. Neue-Wagener Formenl.3 Bd. 2. S. 279 u. 280 u. Georges, Lexik. der lat. Wortf. S. 40.
(2) ambo2, ōnis, m. = umbo, Varr. LL. 5, 115. Cassiod. hist. 10, 4. Vgl. Gloss. V, 491, 15.