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deus

Τὸ νικᾶν αὐτὸν αὑτὸν πασῶν νικῶν πρώτη τε καὶ ἀρίστη -> The first and best victory is to conquer self.
Plato, Laws 626e

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

dĕus: i (
I voc. sing. deus, Vulg. Psa. 22, 3 al.; but, dee, Tert. adv. Marc. 1, 29; Prud. Hamart. 931; cf. Prob. Inst. Art. 532, p. 340. The nom. plur. is di and dei; dii is freq. in MSS., but prob. indicates only the length of the ī. Di alone is found in Verg. and Hor.; di and dei indifferently in post-Aug. poets.—Gen.: deōrum and deum. —Poet. also, divum or divom, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, 10, 65; Cic. N. D. 2, 2, 4; Ter. Ad. 4, 7, 28; Verg. A. 1, 46 et saep.; Hor. Od. 1, 2, 25 al.—Dat.: dis or diis, usually monosyl.; and, deis, mostly postAug.; also, DIBVS, Inscr. Orell. 1307; 1676; 3091; 3413; and DIIBVS, ib. 2118; 4608.—As monosyllable, deus, Plaut. Am. prol. 53: deorum, dissyl. id. ib. 45; but dĭī, Luc. 4, 493: dĕī, id. 4, 519: dĕīs, Val. Fl. 7, 29), m. root in Sanscr.: dī, div- (dyu-), to gleam: dyāus (Gr. ζεύς), heaven: dévas, God; cf. Gr. διος, εὐδία; but not θεός, Curt. Gr. etym. 503 sqq.. a god, a deity (for syn. cf.: divus, numen).
I Prop., Cic. N. D. 1, 22 sq.; id. Tusc. 1, 26, 65 sq.; Plin. 2, 7, 5, § 14: qualem te patriae custodem di genuerunt, etc., Enn. ap. Cic. Rep. 1, 41 (Ann. v. 116 sq. ed Vahl.): ab Jove ceterisque dis deabusque immortalibus ... deorum immortalium numen, Cic. Rab. perd. 2, 5 et innum. al.—
   B Special combinations.
   1    Forms of ejaculation: di, Ter. And. 1, 4, 5; id. Phorm. 5, 1, 13: di boni, id. And. 2, 2, 1; id. Eun. 2, 1, 19; Cic. Att. 6, 6 fin. al.: di immortales, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 299; id. Ep. 5, 1, 21; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 1; Cic. Fin. 2, 28 fin. et saep.; cf.: pro di immortales, Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 190; Ter. Ad. 3, 4, 1: di magni, Ov. F. 6, 187: di deaeque, Plin. H. N. prooem. § 24: di vostram fidem, Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 78; id. Trin. 2, 4, 190; Ter. And. 4, 3, 1; 4, 4, 5 al. (for which in full: di, obsecro vostram fidem, Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 78); cf.: pro deum atque hominum fidem, Ter. And. 1, 5, 2; id. Hec. 2, 1, 1 al.; and ellipt.: pro deum immortalium, Ter. Ph. 2, 3, 4.—
   2    Forms of wishing (well or ill), greeting, asseveration, etc.: di bene vortant, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 101; Ter. Ad. 4, 7, 10; and in the order: di vortant bene, Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 98; id. Hec. 1, 2, 121: utinam di faxint ut, ne, etc., Plaut. Am. 2, 1, 85; Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 109; cf.: ita di deaeque faxint, id. Hec. 1, 2, 27: di faciant, ut, ne, etc., Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 35; 2, 5, 13: di prohibeant, Ter. And. 3, 3, 36; cf.: di averruncent, Att. ap. Cic. Att. 9, 2 A, 1; and: quod di omen avertant, the gods forbid, Cic. Phil. 3, 14, 35: di melius faciant, Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 81; cf.: di melius duint, Ter. Ph. 5, 8, 16: di meliora ferant, Tib. 3, 4, 1: di meliora velint, Ov. M. 7, 37; also ellipt.: di meliora, God forbid! Cic. Phil. 8, 3, 9; id. de Sen. 14, 47; Liv; 39, 10 et saep.; and di melius, Ov. H. 3, 125; Sen. Ep. 98 med.: dent tibi di multa bona, Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 80; cf. id. ib. 3, 3, 54; id. Trin. 5, 2, 28; Ter. Ad. 5, 9, 21: di te servassint, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 64; id. Trin. 2, 2, 103 et saep.: di me servatum volunt, Plaut. Men. 5, 9, 61; id. Trin. 4, 3, 69 et saep.: di te perduint (perdant), Plaut. As. 2, 4, 61; id. Ps. 4, 7, 129; Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 10 al.; cf.: di te eradicent, Ter. And. 4, 4, 22; id. Heaut. 3, 3, 28; and: di tibi male faciant, id. Phorm. 2, 3, 47; Cic. Fam. 11, 21 al.: di te ament (amabunt), as a form of greeting, God bless you! Plaut. Most. 1, 4, 27; 3, 2, 28; id. Men. 2, 2, 6 al.: ita me di ament (amabunt), so help me the gods! Plaut. Poen. 1, 3, 30; Ter. And. 5, 4, 44 et saep.; cf.: ita me di bene ament, id. Eun. 4, 1, 1; id. Phorm. 1, 3, 13: per deos immortales, by the immortal gods! Cic. Phil. 3, 14: per deos, id. Off. 2, 2 al.: cum dis volentibus, by the gods' help, Enn. in Cic. Off. 1, 12, 38 (Ann. v. 207 ed. Vahl.); Plaut. Mil. 4, 8, 41; id. Pers. 3, 1, 4; cf.: dis volentibus, God willing, Sall. 3, 14, 19: si dis placet, if it please the gods, Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 94; for which: si di volent, id. Poen. 4, 2, 88; more freq.: si dis placet, ironically or contemptuously, an't please the gods; if you please; forsooth, Ter. Eun. 5, 3, 10; Cic. Pis. 16 fin.; Liv. 6, 40; 34, 32; Quint. 8, 3, 44; Flor. 3, 4, 1 al.: di hominesque, i. e. all the world, every body, Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 19; Sall. C. 15, 4; Liv. 3, 17; 3, 19 al.: dis hominibusque invitis, in spite of every body, Cic. Vatin. 16, 38; id. Q. Fr. 3, 2, 1.—
   C Esp.
   1    In poets sometimes a goddess; cf. Gr. θεός: ducente deo (sc. Venere), Verg. A. 2, 632: audentes deus ipse juvat (sc. Fortuna), Ov. M. 10, 586; Macr. Sat. 3, 8; cf. of Aurora, Cat. ap. Cic. N. D. 1, 28 fin.; of Alecto, Verg. A. 7, 498 (but in all these passages, some regard deus as absol., = τὸ θεῖον, the divinity, Heyne ad Verg. A. 2, 632).—
   2    Of Bacchus, Verg. A. 9, 337; 1, 636.—
   D In eccl. Lat., esp. the God of the Hebrews and Christians, God: Deus summus, Lact. 1, 1: omnipotens, Vulg. Gen. 17, 1 et passim. Also of the Son of God, God the Son, Christ: Deus pater et Deus filius, Lact. 4, 29, 1; Vulg. Johan. 1, 1 al.
II Transf., of highly distinguished or fortunate persons: te in dicendo semper putavi deum, Cic. Or. 1, 23, 106; cf. id. ib. 2, 42, 179: facio te apud illum deum, Ter. Ad. 4, 1, 19: audiamus Platonem quasi quendam deum philosophorum, Cic. N. D. 2, 12; cf.: deus ille noster Plato, id. Att. 4, 16, 3: ubi nunc nobis deus ille magister, Eryx, Verg. A. 5, 392: deos quoniam propius contingis (i. e. Augustus and Maecenas), Hor. S. 2, 6, 52: deus sum, si hoc ita est, Ter. Hec. 5, 4, 3; cf.: sum deus, Plaut. Curc. 1, 3, 11; esp. of great patrons or protectors, a guardian god: Lentulus consul, parens deus, salus nostrae vitae, Cic. post Red. ad Quir. 5, 11: Lentulus, cujus pater deus ac parens nominis mei, id. Sest. 69, 144.—Hence freq. in inscriptions and on coins of the period of the empire, as an epithet of the emperors: DEO AUG., Inscr. Orell. 609 et saep.; cf. Nem. Venat. 71; Calp. Ecl. 7.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

dĕus,⁴ ī, m. (arch. deivos )
1 Dieu, Divinité : Cic. Rep. 6, 17 ; Tim. 26 ; etc. || di boni ! Cic. Mil. 59, grands dieux ! dieux bons ! di immortales ! Cic. Nat. 1, 72, dieux immortels ! ou pro di immortales ! Cic. Par. 42 ; v. fides ; [avec ellipse de fidem ] pro deum immortalium ! Cic. Fr. F 1, 8, au nom des dieux immortels ! per deos ou per deos immortales Cic. Off. 2, 5 ; Balbo 23, au nom des dieux, par les dieux immortels || di melius duint (dent), di meliora ferant, velint. Ter. Phorm. 1005 ; Tib. 3, 4, 1 ; Ov. M. 7, 37 ou simplt di meliora Cic. Phil. 8, 9, que les dieux nous assistent ! aux dieux ne plaise ! les dieux nous en préservent ! di vortant bene ! Ter. Eun. 390, que les dieux nous protègent ! cf. Ad. 728 ; Hec. 196, etc.; quod di omen avertant ! Cic. Phil. 3, 35, que les dieux détournent ce présage ! si dis placet Cic. Pis. 38, [ironique] dieu me pardonne !
2 [fig., en parl. de qqn] un dieu : Cic. de Or. 1, 106 ; Nat. 2, 32 ; Att. 4, 16, 3 ; Sest. 144 ; Quir. 11. voc. sing. inus., mais à la décad. deus Vulg. Psalm. 22, 3 ou dee Tert. Marc. 1, 29 || pl. nom. di, dii, dei ; gén. deorum et deum ; dat. dis, diis, deis || deus monos. Pl. Amph. 53.

Latin > German (Georges)

deus, ī (im Nom. Plur. dei, dii, gew. di, Genet. Plur. deorum u. deûm, Dat. Plur. deis, diis, gew. dis, s. Neue-Wagener Formenl.3 Bd. 1. S. 161 ff. u. Georges Lexik. d. lat. Wortf. S. 210; in Inschr. auch diibus u. dibus, s. Neue-Wagener Formenl.3 Bd. 1, S. 190 [Abl. diibus auch *Petron. 44, 16 B.]; Vokat. Sing. deus, erst spätlat. dee, s. Neue-Wagener Formenl.3 Bd. 1. S. 133), m. (verwandt mit θεός), der Gott, die Gottheit, I) eig.: deus hospitalis, Plaut.: di hospitales, Tac.: deus marinus, Serv. Verg. Aen. 1, 144 u. Varro bei Serv. Verg. Aen. 5, 824: di marini, Porphyr. Hor. od. 1, 5, 12: dea marina, Serv. Verg. Aen. 1, 144: di, quibus est imperium pelagi, Verg.: deus verus (Ggstz. dei falsi), Lact.: sospitalis et medicus deus (v. Äskulap), Macr.: deus pater et deus filius (v. Christus), Lact.: deus maritus, deus pastor, deus commeator, fabricator deus, aedificator mundi deus, Apul. (s. Koziol Stil des Apul. S. 258): unus illis deus nummus est, Hadr. imp. bei Vopisc. Sat. 8, 6: deum unum colere, praedicare (predigen), Lact.: multos ac falsos deos colere (Ggstz. uni et vero deo supplicare), Lact.: suos aut novos alienigenas deos colere, Cic.: alqm ut deum colere, Cic.: reges suos inter deos colere, Curt.: naturam tamquam deum sequi, Cic.: naturam quasi deum ducem subsequi, Cic.: tum sapientiae vocem audire videar eique quasi dei paream, Cic.: ab Iove optimo maximo ceterisque dis deabusque immortalibus pacem ac veniam peto, Cic.: homines sumus, non dei, Petron.: dis carus ipsis, Hor.: di hominesque, alle Welt, Cic. u.a. – v. weibl. Gottheiten, ducente deo, v. der Venus, Verg.: nec dextrae erranti deus afuit, v. der Alekto, Verg.: audentes deus ipse iuvat, v. der Fortuna, Ov.; vgl. Burmann Anthol. Lat. 3, 240, 4. Wagner Verg. Aen. 2, 632. – Besondere Verbindungen: a) Ausrufungsformeln: di, Ter.: di od. di boni, Ter. u. Cic. (s. Spengel Ter. Andr. 338): (pro) di immortales, Komik. u. Cic., di (obsecro) vostram fidem, weiß Gott (ma foi), Komik. (s. Brix Plaut. trin. 591): pro deûm atque hominum fidem, Ter. u. Cic.: elliptisch pro deûm immortalium, Ter. – b) Formeln des (freundlichen oder feindlichen) Wunsches, der Begrüßung, Beteurung u. dgl., di bene vortant! Gott schenke sein Gedeihen! Plaut. u. Ter.: di melius duint (dent) ! Ter., od. di meliora ferant! Tibull., od. bl. di meliora! Cic., od. di melius! Ov., d.i. das wolle Gott nicht! behüte Gott! Gott bewahre! di meliora piis (sc. dent)! Gnade, o Götter, den Frommen! Verg.: di tibi faciant bene! Plaut.: dent tibi di multa bona! Komik.: di tibi omnia omnes semper optata offerant! Plaut.: di te servassint mihi, Plaut.: di te perduint, Komik.: di me perdant (perduint), infelicitent, si etc., Gott straf mich, wenn usw., Komik. (s. Brix Plaut. mil. 833): di te ament (als Begrüßungsformel), Gott grüße dich! Plaut.: ita me di ament od. amabunt od. servent! so wahr mir Gott gnädig sein möge, als mir Gott helfe! Komik.: cum dis volentibus, mit Gottes Hilfe, Plaut.: u. so dis volentibus, Sall.: si di volent, Plaut., od. si di volunt, Cic.: si dis placet, so Gott will, Plaut. u. Liv.; häufig ironisch u. verächtlich = will's Gott, Ter., Cic. u.a.: vos rogo per deos superos inferosque, Inscr. – II) übtr.: a) v. ausgezeichneten Menschen, te in dicendo semper putavi deum, Cic.: audiamus Platonem quasi quendam deum philosophorum, Cic. – b) v. gütig schützenden, der Behüter u. Bewahrer, Schutzgott, P. Lentulus consul, parens, deus, salus nostrae vitae, fortunae, memoriae, nominis, Cic. post red. ad Quir. 11: P. Lentulus, cuius pater deus ac parens fortunae ac nominis mei, Cic. Sest. 144. – c) v. sehr glücklichen, deus sum, si hoc ita est, Ter.: sum deus, Plaut. – d) auch Benennung der Machthaber im Staate, deos quoniam propius contingis, d.i. Augustus u. Mäcenas, Hor. sat. 2, 6, 52: dah. seit der Kaiserzeit gew. Epitheton der Kaiser auf Münzen u. Inschriften. – / deus einsilb., Plaut. Amph. prol. 53: deorum zweisilb., ibid. 45.

Latin > English

deus N 2 1 VOC S M :: god; God!: Oh God