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rusticus

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Plutarch, Apophthegmata Laconica 225C12

Latin > English (Lewis & Short)

rustĭcus: a, um, adj. rus,
I of or belonging to the country, rural, rustic, country- (very freq. and class.; syn. agrestis; opp. urbanus).
I Lit.: vita, Varr. R. R. 3, 1, 1; cf.: vita haec rustica, quam tu agrestem vocas, Cic. Rosc. Am. 27, 75: duae vitae hominum, rustica et urbana, id. ib. 17, 48: Romani (opp. urbani), Varr. R. R. 2, praef. § 1; cf. plebes (opp. urbana), Col. praef. § 17; praedia, Cic. Rosc. Am. 15, 42: hortus, Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 15: instrumentum, Phaedr. 4, 4, 24: opus, Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 90: res, Cic. de Or. 1, 16, 69; 1, 58, 249; Col. praef. § 19 sq.: homo (with agricola), Cic. Rosc. Am. 49, 143; id. N. D. 3, 5, 11: colona, Ov. F. 2, 645; cf. Phidyle, Hor. C. 3, 23, 2: mus (opp. urbanus), id. S. 2, 6, 80; 115: gallinae, heathcocks, Varr. R. R. 3, 9, 16; Col. 8, 2, 1 sq. (cf. infra, B. 2. b.): numina, Ov. M. 1, 192: fistula, id. ib. 8, 191: sedulitas, id. F. 6, 534: regna, id. H. 4, 132: opprobria versibus alternis, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 146: carcer, Juv. 14, 24.—
   B Substt.
   1    ru-stĭcus, i, m., a countryman, rustic, peasant; in plur.: rustici, country people, rustics: urbani fiunt rustici, etc., Plaut. Mere. 4, 3, 15 sq.: omnes urbani, rustici, Cic. Fin. 2, 23, 77; cf. id. Or. 24, 81; semper occant prius quam sarriunt rustici, Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 5; id. Most. 5, 1, 28; Col. 2, 4, 8; 9, 10 et saep.—In sing., Ov. M. 2, 699; Hor. Epod. 2, 68; id. Ep. 1, 7, 83; 2, 2, 39; Vulg. Sap. 17, 16.—
   2    rustĭca, ae, f.
   a A country girl, Ov. M. 5, 583.—
   b (Sc. gallina.) A heath-cock, Mart. 13, 76 (cf. supra, A., and rusticulus, II. B.).—
II Transf., countrylike, rustic, simple, in a good or (more freq.) in a bad sense, i. e. plain, simple, provincial, rough, coarse, gross, awkward, clownish, etc. (in this sense not freq. till after the Aug. period; previously, as in Cic., agrestis was more used): rustica vox et agrestis quosdam delectat, etc. ... neque solum rusticam asperitatem, sed etiam peregrinam insolentiam fugere discamus, Cic. de Or. 3, 11, 42; 12, 44: pro bardā et pro rusticā haberi, Plaut. Pers. 2, 1, 2: rusticus inlitteratusque litigator, Quint. 2, 21, 16: manus (with indoctae), id. 1, 11, 16; cf. with indoctus, id. 12, 10, 53; with barbarus, id. 2, 20, 6; (opp. disertus) 7, 1, 43: id vitium sermonis non barbarum esse, sed rusticum, Gell. 13, 6, 2: Germana illuvies, rusticus, hircus, hara suis, etc., a lout, clown, Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 39 Lorenz ad loc.: rusticus es, Corydon, Verg. E. 2, 56: quid coeptum, rustice, rumpis iter? Ov. Am. 3, 6, 88: addidit obscenis convicia rustica dictis, id. M. 14, 522: sive procax aliqua est; capior, quia rustica non est, very prudish, id. Am. 2, 4, 13; cf. id. A. A. 1, 607: nec tamen est, quamvis agros amet illa feraces, Rustica, id. Am. 3, 10, 18.—In a good sense: mores, Cic. Rosc. Am. 27, 75: veritas, Mart. 10, 72, 11. —Comp.: simus hoc titulo rusticiore contenti, Sen. Ep. 88, 33.—Hence, adv.: ru-stĭcē (acc. to II.), in a countrified manner, clownishly, boorishly, awkwardly: loquinon aspere, non vaste, non rustice, Cic. de Or. 3, 12, 45: urgere, id. Off. 3, 9, 39: facere aliquid, id. Att. 12, 36, 2: cum eo vitio loquentes rustice loqui dictitabant, Gell. 13, 6, 2.— Comp.: rusticius toga defluit, Hor. S. 1, 3, 31.—Sup. does not occur.

Latin > French (Gaffiot)

(1) rūstĭcus,⁹ a, um (rus),
1 relatif à la campagne, de la campagne (v. rus ) : prædia rustica Cic. Amer. 42, propriétés rurales ; res rusticæ Cic. de Or. 1, 69, agriculture ; vita rustica Cic. Amer. 75, vie de la campagne, à la campagne [opp. à vita agrestis, vie des champs, vie paysanne] ; homo, agricola et rusticus Cic. Amer. 143, cet homme, qui cultive et vit à la campagne
2 m. subst., rusticus, homme qui vit à la campagne, campagnard : Cic. Fin. 2, 77 ; Or. 81
3 qui rappelle la campagne ; a) [en bonne part] rustique, simple, naïf : Cic. Amer. 75 ; Mart. 10, 72, 11 ; titulus rusticior Sen. Ep. 88, 38, titre plus simple, plus modeste ; b) [surt. en mauv. part] grossier, balourd, gauche : Cic. Off. 1, 129 ; Virg. B. 2, 56 ; Ov. M. 14, 522 ; c) prude, sauvage : Ov. Am. 2, 4, 13.

Latin > German (Georges)

rūsticus, a, um (rus), zum Lande (Felde, Landgute) gehörig, ländlich, Land-, Feld- (Ggstz. urbanus), I) eig.: 1) adi.: a) v. Lebl., praedium, Cic.: vita, Cic. (vgl. rusticanus): res rusticae, Cic., od. res rustica, Colum., Landwirtschaft: hortus, Plin. ep.: vox, Cic.: sedulitas, Ov.: opus rusticum facere, Ter.: vocabulum, Gell.: Musa, carmina, Verg. – b) v. leb. Wesen, homo, der Landmann, Bauer, Cic.: colona, die Bäuerin, Ov.: mus, Landmaus (Ggstz. mus urbanus), Hor.: gallina, Haselhuhn, Scriptt. r. r.: numina, Ov. – ›sermonari‹ rusticius videtur, mehr der Bauernsprache angehörig, Gell. – 2) subst., rūsticus, ī, m., der Landmann, Bauer, Plur. rustici, Landleute, Bauern (Ggstz. urbani), Sing., Hor. u.a., verb. agricola et rusticus, Cic.: Plur., Plaut., Cic. u.a. – rusticus (Ackerbauer), Ggstz. agricola (Grundbesitzer), et rusticum laboris sui effetum agro suo propulset agricola? Ambros. in Luc. 8. § 4. – II) meton., nach ländlicher Weise, A) im guten Sinne, ländlich = einfach, schlicht, ungeschminkt, mores, Cic.: veritas, Mart.: simus hoc titulo rusticiore contenti, Sen. – B) im üblen Sinne, bäuerisch = tölpisch, unbeholfen, plump, ungeschliffen, roh, r. vox et agrestis, Cic.: querela, Ov.: carmen, Ov.: Musa, Verg.: non rusticus hospes, Ov.: homines rustici et agrestes, roh u. ungeschliffen, Cic.: rusticus es Corydon, Verg.: nec Venus oranti rustica Gradivo difficilisque fuit, nicht spröde und taub gegen usw., Ov. art. am. 2, 566. – subst., rūsticus, ī, m., der grobe Bauer, Bauernlümmel, Grobian, rūstica, ae, f., die grobe Bäuerin, Plaut., Ov. u.a.: Plur. rustici, bäuerische Menschen, Quint. 6, 2, 17.

Latin > English

rusticus rustica, rusticum ADJ :: country, rural; plain, homely, rustic
rusticus rusticus rustici N M :: peasant, farmer